Kristjan Eimre

Kristjan Eimre
École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne | EPFL

Doctor of Philosophy

About

51
Publications
14,794
Reads
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1,427
Citations
Citations since 2016
50 Research Items
1426 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
Introduction
I'm a computational materials scientist using atomistic methods to study carbon nanomaterials. https://kristjaneimre.eu/

Publications

Publications (51)
Article
Immobilization of organic molecules on metal surfaces and their coupling via thermally induced C–C bond formation is an important technique in organic and polymer synthesis. Using this approach, insoluble and reactive carbon nanostructures can be synthesized and the reactions monitored in situ using scanning probe microscopy methods. The diversity...
Article
Full-text available
Heteroatom substitution in acenes allows tailoring of their remarkable electronic properties, expected to include spin-polarization and magnetism for larger members of the acene family. Here, we present a strategy for the on-surface synthesis of three undecacene analogs substituted with four nitrogen atoms on an Au(111) substrate, by employing spec...
Article
Full-text available
The prediction of material properties based on density-functional theory has become routinely common, thanks, in part, to the steady increase in the number and robustness of available simulation packages. This plurality of codes and methods is both a boon and a burden. While providing great opportunities for cross-verification, these packages adopt...
Article
Full-text available
Fractionalization is a phenomenon in which strong interactions in a quantum system drive the emergence of excitations with quantum numbers that are absent in the building blocks. Outstanding examples are excitations with charge e/3 in the fractional quantum Hall effect1,2, solitons in one-dimensional conducting polymers3,4 and Majorana states in to...
Article
Full-text available
Nanographenes with zigzag edges are predicted to manifest non-trivial π-magnetism resulting from the interplay of concurrent electronic effects, such as hybridization of localized frontier states and Coulomb repulsion between valence electrons. This provides a chemically tunable platform to explore quantum magnetism at the nanoscale and opens avenu...
Preprint
Full-text available
Beginning with the early work of Clar et al. in 1955, zethrenes and their laterally-extended homologues, super-zethrenes, have been intensively studied in the solution phase, and are widely investigated as optical and charge transport materials. Super-zethrenes are also considered to exhibit an open-shell ground state. Zethrenes may thus serve as m...
Preprint
Full-text available
Fractionalization is a phenomenon in which strong interactions in a quantum system drive the emergence of excitations with quantum numbers that are absent in the building blocks. Outstanding examples are excitations with charge e/3 in the fractional quantum Hall effect, solitons in one-dimensional conducting polymers and Majorana states in topologi...
Article
Generating and detecting radiation in the technologically relevant range of the so-called terahertz gap (0.1–10 THz) is challenging because of a lack of efficient sources and detectors. Quantum dots in carbon nanotubes have shown great potential to build sensitive terahertz detectors, usually based on photon-assisted tunneling. A recently reported...
Preprint
The prediction of material properties through electronic-structure simulations based on density-functional theory has become routinely common, thanks, in part, to the steady increase in the number and robustness of available simulation packages. This plurality of codes and methods aiming to solve similar problems is both a boon and a burden. While...
Article
Full-text available
Cloud platforms allow users to execute tasks directly from their web browser and are a key enabling technology not only for commerce but also for computational science. Research software is often developed by scientists with limited experience in (and time for) user interface design, which can make research software difficult to install and use for...
Article
Triangulene and its π-extended homologues constitute non-Kekulé polyradical frameworks with high-spin ground states, and are anticipated to be key components of organic spintronic devices. We report a combined in-solution and on-surface synthesis of the hitherto largest triangulene homologue, [7]triangulene (C78H24), consisting of twenty-eight benz...
Article
Full-text available
On-surface synthesis has emerged as a powerful tool for the construction of large, planar, π-conjugated structures that are not accessible through standard solution chemistry. Among such solid-supported architectures, graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) hold a prime position for their implementation in nanoelectronics due to their manifold outstanding prop...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cloud platforms allow users to execute tasks directly from their web browser and are a key enabling technology not only for commerce but also for computational science. Research software is often developed by scientists with limited experience in (and time for) user interface design, which can make research software difficult to install and use for...
Article
Carbon-based magnetic structures promise significantly longer coherence times than traditional magnetic materials, which is of fundamental importance for spintronic applications. An elegant way of achieving carbon-based magnetic moments is the design of graphene nanostructures with an imbalanced occupation of the two sublattices forming the carbon...
Article
Nanographenes (NGs) have gained increasing attention due to their immense potential as tailor-made organic materials for nanoelectronics and spintronics. They exhibit a rich spectrum of physicochemical properties that can be tuned by controlling the size, the edge structure or by introducing structural defects in the honeycomb lattice. Here, we rep...
Article
The prototypical surface reaction of 10,10'-dibromo-9,9'-bianthryl (DBBA) towards the 7-atom-wide armchair graphene nanoribbon (7-AGNR) on the Au(111) surface has been investigated by means of vibrational spectroscopy, thermal desorption spectroscopy and density functional theory. Specifically, a direct correlation between annealing temperature and...
Article
Full-text available
Coronoids - polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons with geometrically defined cavities - are promising model structures of porous graphene. Here, we report the on-surface synthesis of C168 and C140 coronoids, referred to as [6]- and [5]-coronoid, respectively, using 5,9-dibromo-14-phenylbenzo[m]tetraphene as the precursor. These coronoids entail large ca...
Preprint
Full-text available
Quantum dots (QD) in metallic single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) have shown great potential to build sensitive terahertz (THz) detection devices usually based on photon-assisted tunneling. A recently reported mechanism based on a combination of resonant QD transitions and asymmetries in the tunneling barriers results in narrow linewidth photocur...
Article
Zethrenes are model diradicaloids with potential applications in spintronics and optoelectronics. Despite a rich chemistry in solution, on-surface synthesis of zethrenes has never been demonstrated. We report the on-surface synthesis of super-heptazethrene on Au(111). Scanning tunneling spectroscopy investigations reveal that super-heptazethrene ex...
Article
The ultimate challenge in the investigation of ferroelectric properties lies in the quantitative measurements of their polarization at the unit cell scale. Such investigations are commonly performed using an indirect approach, by measuring the atomic displacements from atomic resolution images. Differential phase-contrast (DPC) scanning transmissio...
Article
Full-text available
Multiple fused pentagon-heptagon pairs are frequently found as defects at the grain boundaries of the hexagonal graphene lattice and are suggested to have a fundamental influence on graphene-related materials. However, the construction of sp²-carbon skeletons with multiple regularly fused pentagon-heptagon pairs is challenging. In this work, we fou...
Preprint
Carbon-based magnetic structures promise significantly longer coherence times than traditional magnetic materials, which is of fundamental importance for spintronic applications. An elegant way of achieving carbon-based magnetic moments is the design of graphene nanostructures with an imbalanced occupation of the two sublattices forming the carbon...
Article
Full-text available
The on‐surface synthesis of covalently bonded triangulene dimers with or without a 1,4‐phenylene spacer was achieved on Au(111). Scanning tunneling spectroscopy measurements revealed collective magnetism in the dimers in the form of singlet–triplet spin excitations, demonstrating efficient and tunable intertriangulene magnetic coupling. Abstract T...
Article
Full-text available
Triangular zigzag nanographenes, such as triangulene and its π‐extended homologues, have received widespread attention as organic nanomagnets for molecular spintronics, and may serve as building blocks for high‐spin networks with long‐range magnetic order—of immense fundamental and technological relevance. As a first step toward these lines, we pre...
Article
Full-text available
Superficial interactions : On‐surface investigations of tribenzoazulene molecules functionalized with two dibromomethylene groups at the pentagon and heptagon ends reveal, after sequential annealing steps, the unambiguous formation of polymers linked by cumulene‐like bonds via selective C−C coupling induced by the sequential activation of the precu...
Article
Full-text available
Cumulene compounds are notoriously difficult to prepare and study due to dramatically increasing reactivity with increasing number of consecutive double bonds. In this respect, the emerging field of on‐surface synthesis provides exceptional opportunities because it relies on reactions on clean metal substrates under well‐controlled ultrahigh vacuum...
Article
Full-text available
Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) have attracted much interest due to their largely modifiable electronic properties. Manifestation of these properties requires atomically precise GNRs which can be achieved through a bottom–up synthesis approach. This has recently been applied to the synthesis of width‐modulated GNRs hosting topological electronic quantu...
Preprint
Full-text available
Nanographenes with zigzag edges are predicted to manifest non-trivial pi-magnetism resulting from the interplay of hybridization of localized frontier states and Coulomb repulsion between valence electrons. This provides a chemically tunable platform to explore quantum magnetism at the nanoscale and opens avenues toward organic spintronics. The mag...
Preprint
Triangular zigzag nanographenes, such as triangulene and its pi-extended homologues, have received widespread attention as organic nanomagnets for molecular spintronics, and may serve as building blocks for high-spin networks with long-range magnetic order - of immense fundamental and technological relevance. As a first step toward these lines, we...
Article
Full-text available
The chemical versatility of carbon imparts manifold properties to organic compounds, where magnetism remains one of the most desirable but elusive1. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, also referred to as nanographenes, show a critical dependence of electronic structure on the topologies of the edges and the π-electron network, which makes them model...
Article
Full-text available
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
Die selektive Synthese eines Porphyrin/Graphen‐Nanoband‐Hybrids auf einer Oberfläche wird von S. Decurtins, G. Bottari, R. Fasel, T. Torres et al. in ihrem Forschungsartikel (DOI: 10.1002/ange.201913024) beschrieben. Seine atomar präzise Struktur wurde eindeutig mittels bindungsaufgelöster Rastertunnelmikroskopie und Nicht‐Kontakt‐Rasterkraftmikros...
Article
The selective on‐surface synthesis of a porphyrin–graphene nanoribbon hybrid is reported by S. Decurtins, G. Bottari, R. Fasel, T. Torres, and co‐workers in their Research Article (DOI: 10.1002/anie.201913024). The atomically precise structure of the hybrid has been unambiguously characterized by bond‐resolved scanning tunneling microscopy and nonc...
Preprint
Azulene, the smallest neutral nonalternant aromatic hydrocarbon, serves as not only a prototype for fundamental studies but also a versatile building block for functional materials because of its unique opto(electronic) properties. Here, we report the on-surface synthesis and characterization of the homopolymer of azulene connected exclusively at t...
Article
On‐surface synthesis offers a versatile approach to fabricate novel carbon‐based nanostructures that cannot be obtained via conventional solution chemistry. Within the family of such nanomaterials, graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) hold a privileged position due to their high potential for a variety of applications. One of the key issues for their applic...
Article
On‐surface synthesis offers a versatile approach to fabricate novel carbon‐based nanostructures that cannot be obtained via conventional solution chemistry. Within the family of such nanomaterials, graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) hold a privileged position due to their high potential for a variety of applications. One of the key issues for their applic...
Article
Full-text available
In this work we combine density functional theory and quantum transport calculations to study the influence of atomic-scale defects on the work function and field emission characteristics of metal surfaces. We develop a general methodology for the calculation of the field emitted current density from nanofeatured surfaces, which is then used to stu...
Article
Full-text available
Azulene, the smallest neutral non-alternant aromatic hydrocarbon, serves not only as a prototype for fundamental studies but also a versatile building block for functional materials because of its unique (opto)electronic properties. In this work, we report the on-surface synthesis and characterization of the homopolymer of azulene connected exclusi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Polycyclic hydrocarbons have received great attention due to their potential role in organic electronics and, for open-shell systems with unpaired electron densities, in spintronics and da-ta storage. However, the intrinsic instability of polyradical hydrocarbons severely limits de-tailed investigations of their electronic structure. Here, we repor...
Preprint
In this work we combine density functional theory and quantum transport calculations to study the influence of atomic--scale defects on the work function and field emission characteristics of metal surfaces. We develop a general methodology for the calculation of the field emitted current density from nano-featured surfaces, which is then used to s...
Article
Polycyclic hydrocarbons have received great attention due to their potential role in organic electronics and, for open-shell systems with unpaired electron densities, in spintronics and da-ta storage. However, the intrinsic instability of polyradical hydrocarbons severely limits de-tailed investigations of their electronic structure. Here, we repor...
Article
The electronic and magnetic properties of nanographenes strongly depend on their size, shape and topology. While many nanographenes present a closed-shell electronic structure, certain molecular topologies may lead to an open-shell structure. Triangular-shaped nanographenes with zigzag edges, which exist as neutral radicals, are of considerable int...
Article
Full-text available
On-surface synthesis provides an effective approach towards the formation of graphene nanostruc-tures that are difficult to achieve via traditional solution chemistry. Here, we report on the design and synthesis of a non-planar porous nanographene with 78 sp2 carbon at-oms, namely C78. Through a highly selective oxidative cyclodehydrogenation of 2,...
Article
Bottom-up synthesis of graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) has significantly advanced during the past decade, providing various GNR structures with tunable properties. The synthesis of chiral GNRs, however, has been underexplored, and only limited to (3,1)-GNRs. We report herein the surface-assisted synthesis of the first heteroatom-doped chiral (4,1)-GNRs...
Article
Full-text available
When an electron emitting tip is subjected to very high electric fields, plasma forms even under ultra high vacuum conditions. This phenomenon, known as vacuum arc, causes catastrophic surface modifications and constitutes a major limiting factor not only for modern electron sources, but also for many large-scale applications such as particle accel...
Article
Full-text available
We propose a method for efficiently coupling the finite element method with atomistic simulations, while using molecular dynamics or kinetic Monte Carlo techniques. Our method can dynamically build an optimized unstructured mesh that follows the geometry defined by atomistic data. On this mesh, different multiphysics problems can be solved to obtai...
Book
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The Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) is a multi-TeV high-luminosity linear e+e− collider under development. For an optimal exploitation of its physics potential, CLIC is foreseen to be built and operated in a staged approach with three centre-of-mass energy stages ranging from a few hundred GeV up to 3 TeV. The first stage will focus on precision Sta...
Article
Full-text available
Strong field electron emission from a nanoscale tip can cause a temperature rise at the tip apex due to Joule heating. This becomes particularly important when the current value grows rapidly, as in the pre-breakdown (the electrostatic discharge) condition, which may occur near metal surfaces operating under high electric fields. The high temperatu...

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