Kristine Stiphany

Kristine Stiphany
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York | SUNY Buffalo

PhD, AIA

About

23
Publications
4,608
Reads
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47
Citations
Citations since 2016
17 Research Items
46 Citations
201620172018201920202021202202468101214
201620172018201920202021202202468101214
201620172018201920202021202202468101214
201620172018201920202021202202468101214
Introduction
Kristine Stiphany is an assistant professor, founder of the Chapa Civic Data Lab (www.chapa.io) and director of the associated C-Lab at the University at Buffalo. She combines research, practice, and teaching to reinforce the social agency of built environments, especially related to informal and incremental housing in urbanization-vulnerable communities across Latin America and along the U.S. - Mexico border.
Additional affiliations
September 2017 - present
Texas Tech University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
September 2015 - September 2017
University of Texas at Austin
Position
  • PostDoc Position
June 2015 - July 2015
University of Texas at Austin
Position
  • Public Interest Design Community Engagement Seminar
Education
September 2010 - August 2015
University of Texas at Austin
Field of study
  • International Planning and Community Development
January 2003 - August 2006
University of Texas at Austin
Field of study
  • Architecture
September 1994 - May 1998
University of Michigan
Field of study
  • Photography and Women's Studies

Publications

Publications (23)
Article
Rental housing was historically a minimal feature of urban informality. Now it is surging amid municipal attempts to “upgrade” informal settlements in São Paulo, Brazil. Drawing upon a mixed-methodological study of two favelas on São Paulo’s east side, we analyze how cycles of upgrading shape informal rental housing at the urban, community, block,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Rental housing was historically a minimal feature of urban informality. Now it is surging amid municipal attempts to "upgrade" informal settlements. Drawing upon a mixed-methodological study of two favelas in São Paulo, we conduct a comparative analysis of how different types of upgrading interventions shape informal rental housing at urban, commun...
Article
Full-text available
Esse artigo investiga como as ações insurgentes são continuamente reformuladas em paralelo às iniciativas estatais de urbanização ou requalificação ou urbana. Busca-se destacar comunidades que se formaram e se modificaram pela inclusão de dados em processos de construção da cidade produzidos a partir da participação popular. Para tanto, estabelece-...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses on how insurgencies are continually recast in parallel to State-led redevelopment or ‘upgrading’. It brings attention to communities that shape and are reshaped by inclusion of data in processes through which citizens participate in city-making. Drawing on a comparative case study of intensively upgraded informal settlements in S...
Article
Full-text available
This article discusses a course at The University of Texas at Austinwhich sought to facilitate doctoral students’ development of scholarly articles while simultaneously fostering their sense of scholarly identity. The article was co-authored by the instructor and two cohorts of doctoral students based on immediate as well as retrospective learning...
Method
This is a methodology developed in the context of a comparative study about redevelopment (upgrading, regeneration, housing “rehab”) in established informal settlements in Sao Paulo, Brazil. It provides a multi-scalar approach to analyzing the nexus of housing types that concentrate in settlements that have been redeveloped.
Article
Full-text available
This essay reviews the following works: Learning from Bogotá: Pedagogical Urbanism and the Reshaping of Public Space. By Rachel Berney. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2017. Pp. 190. $40.00 hardcover. ISBN: 9781477311042. Spectacular Modernity: Dictatorship, Space, and Visuality in Venezuela, 1948–1958. By Lisa Blackmore. Pittsburgh, PA: Univers...
Poster
As Brazilian cities promote the redevelopment of high growth corridors, adjacent informal settlements are at risk for displacement. To mitigate these dynamics, this project develops a scenario planning method that extends a civic data project into models for the infill redevelopment of the Tamanduateí industrial corridor in São Paulo, Brazil, withi...
Conference Paper
The conversion of self-built housing for rental is not informal: it is a process generated in part by State-led regeneration or ‘upgrading.’ Since the 1980s, access to housing in low-income, Brazilian settlements has been shaped by a range of upgrading approaches and shelter types. Almost thirty years later, upgrading has been abandoned in favor of...
Article
This article examines the Brazilian mutirão, an incremental social housing model that was prolific across the Global South since the late 1970s, and linked to right to the city movements in Brazil. I make three arguments for guiding the mutirão's contemporary translation. First, incremental housing models, and the mutirão in particular, are a form...
Article
Full-text available
Although Brazilian housing policy has historically focused upon upgrading and regenerating informal settlements, (urbanização), since 2009 the prioritisation of mass housing has led to social exclusion and spatial segregation across the country's urban peripheries. Using a combined ethnographic and geospatial analysis, we provide a critical analysi...
Article
Full-text available
The Brazilian urban reform movement expanded citizen participation in decision-making processes through a policy environment motivated by a right to the city (RTC), a collective development strategy for political transformation. Yet recent events evidence that social exclusion and spatial segregation remain dominant features of the Brazilian city....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the late 1990s, as infrastructure emerged as a critical genre of urban theory, the design disciplines reexamined its influence on urban form and experience. These parallel movements led to a reassessment of infrastructure's role in shaping the city, and revealed how political economic choices inform network organization, performance, and access,...
Technical Report
This report was prepared at the conclusion of a two-year study about the sociotechnical impacts of slum upgrading in informal settlements in São Paulo, Brazil
Poster
Full-text available
This project builds upon a participatory action research about citizen-sourced data for visualizing and assessing the impacts of redevelopment or upgrading in Brazilian informal settlements. It proposes alternative scenarios to those generated by two trends that are exacerbating social exclusion and spatial segregation in the Latin Global South: re...
Article
Brazil has been criticized for its long-standing tradition of appropriating ideas “out of place” and applying them toward socially and technologically inappropriate ends. In this paper, we trace the influence of American Pragmatism on Brazilian architecture education and present the TGI – Interdisciplinary Graduation Project – as a unique outcome o...
Conference Paper
Concern for the practices and spaces through which people develop agency in informal settlements has generated considerable discourse, scholarship, and debate over the past fifty years. Drawing from fieldwork in developing Latin American regions in the 1960s and 70s, self-help and radical planning traditions examined how marginalized individuals co...
Conference Paper
The transformation of the Bandeirantes landfill in São Paulo, Brazil from one of the world’s largest recipients of trash to a clean energy financier of social housing demonstrates the power of development to recast public ills into public goods. Located between the Anhangüera State Park and several informal settlements, the landfill was closed by c...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
This project examines the processes and patterns of informal rental housing in Latin America, with a focus on the emergent typologies, tenure, and investment arrangements that are transforming the lived experience of communities.
Project
Situated Data is a postdoctoral study that breaks out of the Latin American Housing Network at The University of Texas at Austin (https://www.lahn.utexas.org/) and has three parts: (1) the development of a participatory methodology for evaluating incremental and non-incremental housing types in upgraded informal settlements; (2) the implementation of the methodology across two of São Paulo’s largest informal settlements (n = 1,032); (3) the development of a data visualization tool called ComuniDADOS. The primary objective is to measure the sociotechnical variations across incremental housing environments, and produce data that can help communities prioritize development decision-making. Subtopics that emerged through the study include the participatory assessment of slum upgrading, the merger of remote geospatial and field-based methods, tracing the evolution of incremental housing stock, and the use of digital tools for translating data into outcomes that improve conditions in informal settlements. Supported by a National Science Foundation grant (#1513395), a large scale household survey was undertaken between 2015 and 2017 across two comparative cases in São Paulo, in collaboration with community partners, and has the following results: Documentation and digital simulation of how 932 incremental houses have evolved over three decades. Documentation of 100 formal social housing units. Construction of an expanding graphic, photographic, and numerical database. Transcription of respondents’ life trajectories, with particular focus on involvement in incremental housing evolution. Tracing of material resource streams that shape incremental housing and its broader informal environments Interviews with 100 Minha Casa Minha Vida social housing inscribers Collaborative production of a project film, with community partners (presented at UNHabitat III in 2016) Documentation of physical conversion strategies, spaces, and resource streams Creation of a participatory sociotechnical methodology Construction of a GIS-based data visualization tool (awarded a National 2018 American Planning Association Smart Cities Technology Division award) Identification of planning and policy issues that require further research Generation of four sub-studies in case communities and comparative Latin American contexts