Kristine Stadskleiv

Kristine Stadskleiv
Oslo University Hospital · Department of Clinical Neurosciences for Children

Doctor of Psychology

About

37
Publications
5,875
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289
Citations

Publications

Publications (37)
Article
Describing events may be challenging for any child, but children who use communication aids may face unique linguistic, pragmatic, and strategic challenges in conveying information with the communication means they have available. This study explores strategies used by young, aided communicators when describing the content of a video unknown to the...
Article
Active engagement in interactions is crucial for the development of identity, social competence, and cognitive abilities. For children with severe speech impairment (SSI) who have little or no intelligible speech, active participation in conversations is challenging and can be critical for their social inclusion and participation. The present study...
Article
Full-text available
Cerebral palsy (CP) comprises a heterogeneous group of conditions recognized by disturbances of movement and posture and is caused by a non-progressive injury to the developing brain. Birth prevalence of CP is about 2–2.5 per 1,000 live births. Although the motor impairment is the hallmark of the diagnosis, individuals with CP often have other impa...
Article
Full-text available
Intellectual disability (ID) affects approximately 1% of the population. Some patients with severe or profound ID are essentially non-communicating and therefore risk experiencing pain and distress without being able to notify their caregivers, which is a major health issue. This real-world proof of concept study aimed to see if heart rate (HR) mon...
Article
Full-text available
Adolescents with intellectual disability experience psychological and social challenges in their transition to adulthood. Knowledge about the diagnosis and insight into own strengths and difficulties can help them manage the limitations and barriers they face, but suitable interventions with this purpose are scarce. The present paper presents a psy...
Preprint
Full-text available
Intellectual disability (ID) affects approximately 1% of the population. Some patients with severe or profound ID are essentially non-communicating and therefore risk experiencing pain and distress without being able to notify their caregivers, which is a major health issue. This study aimed to see if heart rate (HR) monitoring could reveal whether...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To investigate the long-term cognitive consequences of malignant pediatric brain tumor and its treatment, and factors explaining variability in cognitive functioning among survivors. Method: A geographical cohort of survivors of pediatric medulloblastoma (MB) and supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor (CNS-PNET), treated between 1...
Article
Full-text available
Children with severe motor impairments who need augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) comprise a heterogeneous group with wide variability in cognitive functioning. Assessment of language comprehension will help find the best possible communication solution for each child, but there is a lack of appropriate instruments. This study invest...
Article
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Aim: To study incidence, types and degrees of late effects in a geographical cohort of paediatric medulloblastoma and central nervous system primitive neuroectodermal tumour (CNS-PNET) survivors, and identify the need for rehabilitation. Methods: Between 1974 and 2013, 63 patients survived treatment for paediatric medulloblastoma and CNS-PNET at...
Article
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Children with cerebral palsy (CP) have an increased risk of cognitive impairments. This narrative review of the literature discusses assessment of cognition in children with CP, presents the most salient characteristics of cognitive functioning pertaining to each subtype, and discusses the relationships between brain injury, functioning, and interv...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Cerebral palsy (CP) is one of the most common early onset disabilities globally. The causative brain damage in CP is nonprogressive, yet secondary conditions develop and worsen over time. Individuals with CP in Sweden and most of the Nordic countries are systematically followed in the national registry and follow-up program entitled the...
Article
Background: Cerebral palsy (CP) is one of the most common early onset disabilities globally. The causative brain damage in CP is nonprogressive, yet secondary conditions develop and worsen over time. Individuals with CP in Sweden and most of the Nordic countries are systematically followed in the national registry and follow-up program entitled th...
Article
Full-text available
Narratives are a pervasive form of discourse and a rich source for exploring a range of language and cognitive skills. The limited research base to date suggests that narratives generated using aided communication may be structurally simple, and that features of cohesion and reference may be lacking. This study reports on the analysis of narratives...
Article
The facility to describe scenes and events is important in everyday communication, but little is known about the description skills and strategies of young people using aided communication. This article explores how 81 children and adolescents using aided communication and 56 peers using natural speech, aged 5-15 years, described pictured scenes an...
Article
A fundamental requirement of a supportive language development for young children who need aided communication is that an aided communication system is made available and its use is supported. There is limited information about the age at which children are typically provided with a communication aid or about how aided communication is used in ever...
Article
Children with severe motor impairments are restricted in their manipulation and exploration of objects, but little is known about how such limitations influence cognitive development. This study investigated visual-constructional abilities in 75 children and adolescents, aged 5;0–15;11 (years;months), with severe speech impairments and no intellect...
Article
Full-text available
Vocabulary learning reflects the language experiences of the child, both in typical and atypical development, although the vocabulary development of children who use aided communication may differ from children who use natural speech. This study compared the performance of children using aided communication with that of peers using natural speech o...
Article
There is limited knowledge about aided language comprehension and use in children who use aided communication and who are considered to have a relatively good comprehension of spoken language. This study’s purpose was to assess their aided language skills. The participants were 96 children and adolescents who used communication aids (aided group) a...
Article
Full-text available
Executive functioning (EF) is necessary for purposeful and goal-directed activity. Deficits in EF have been related to prematurity, low birth weight and early acquired brain lesions. Cerebral palsy (CP) is a condition where all these factors might be present and therefore suited to explore the relative contribution of each. The aim is to investigat...
Article
Purpose: To explore factors contributing to variability in cognitive functioning in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Method: A geographical cohort of 70 children with CP was assessed with tests of language comprehension, visual-spatial reasoning, attention, working memory, memory, and executive functioning. Mean age was 9;9 years (range 5;1-17...
Article
Children using aided language need communication partners who are competent in modeling language, but most parents of children who use AAC will not have extensive experience with aided communication and will therefore need support to become competent language models. In this participatory observational study the experiences of a support group for p...
Article
Objective: Assessment of cognition is important for providing children with developmentally appropriate interventions. Often children with severe speech and motor disorders are not assessed, as standardized assessment is perceived as challenging. This study investigates how assessments of cognition can be conducted using alternative response modes....
Article
Full-text available
To investigate the factor structure of executive functioning (EF) in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and whether this can be described by the four-component model of EF described by Anderson (2002, 2008). Participants were 73 children with CP with various degrees of speech and motor impairment. Mean age was 9;10 years (range 5;1 to 17;7 years) an...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to analyze the strategies used by aided communicators and of naturally speaking communicators to instruct a communication partner for the construction of physical models. Participants were 18 aided communicators and 18 naturally speaking communicators of a comparison group, aged 5-15 years, from Brazil and Norway. In addition, thre...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The use of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) is relative new and not well-known in China. There is still a need to document how augmentative and alternative communication may benefit children and adults with different diagnoses who have little or no speech. The present study shows that frustration and negative emotional reactions may...
Conference Paper
Little is known about ways in which children who use AAC and have motor impairments direct others. Instructional activities are of interest because giving instructions is a functional activity that is crucial to everyday independent living and relates to self-care, decision-making, and autonomy. The goal-oriented communicative interactions of scho...
Article
Little is known about how children with severe motor impairments who use communication aids provide instructions when given control over interaction. In this study, 35 children - 18 who used communication aids and 17 who used natural speech - were videotaped in play-based activities. Both groups successfully instructed partners to build replication...
Article
Cerebral palsy (CP) is associated with cognitive impairments, learning difficulties and reduced social participation. Individual assessment is necessary for individually tailored interventions. This paper describes the development of a systematic follow-up programme of cognition, and the challenges of integrating it into the regular follow-up of ch...
Article
Full-text available
Import of peroxisomal matrix proteins, crucial for peroxisome biogenesis, is mediated by the cytosolic receptors PEX5 and PEX7 that recognize proteins carrying peroxisomal targeting signals 1 or 2 (PTS1 or PTS2), respectively. Mutations in PEX5 or twelve other PEX genes cause peroxisome biogenesis disorders, collectively named the Zellweger spectru...
Article
Full-text available
Executive functions are the basis for goal-directed activity and include planning, monitoring, and inhibition, and language seems to play a role in the development of these functions. There is a tradition of studying executive function in both typical and atypical populations, and the present study investigates executive functions in children with...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
The Computer-Based instrument for Low motor Language Testing (C-BiLLT), developed by Dr. J. Geytenbeek and colleagues is specifically developed for children with severe speech and motor impairments. Administration of the C-BiLLT provides information on the child’s ability to understand spoken language by means of responding to items presented orally by the test leader, and visually on a personal computer. (see also www.c-billt.com) We specifically aim to: 1. Examine the linguistic hierarchy of translated versions of the C-BiLLT and pilot the assessment on typically developing children. 2. Provide reliability and validity ratings of the translated versions of the C-BiLLT in typically developing children. 3. Assess the feasibility of the translated versions of the C-BiLLT on children with (severe) motor impairments, caused by CP or other impairments.
Project
A multidisciplinary 3-year project funded by Forte and the Swedish Research Council to study and improve upon the healthcare of people with cerebral palsy.