Kristine De Martelaer

Kristine De Martelaer
Vrije Universiteit Brussel | VUB · Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy

Bijzonder Hoogleraar UUtrecht

About

105
Publications
41,932
Reads
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1,667
Citations
Citations since 2016
31 Research Items
1216 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
Additional affiliations
December 2001 - present
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Position
  • Hoofddocent Vrije Universiteit Brussel

Publications

Publications (105)
Article
Full-text available
Personal and social development constitutes an important goal of physical education (PE) curricula worldwide. Few studies have analysed how PE teachers perceive and operationalise personal and social development goals in their lessons. This study sought to investigate the implemented curriculum of in-service PE teachers, that is, how PE teachers pe...
Article
Full-text available
Background: When it comes to children’s competence in, on and around water, their risk competence also plays an important role. For an optimal and save participation in aquatic recreation, there is a crucial need to communicate about a realistic perception of potential dangers in relation to one’s own acutal and perceived aquatic skills. Goals: The...
Article
Full-text available
As children’s actual aquatic skills are important for the prevention of drowning as well as their engagement in lifelong aquatic physical activity, researchers and practitioners should be able to assess this vital concept accurately and reliably. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the inter-rater and intra-rater reliability of the Actual Aq...
Article
The associations between swimming and cycling abilities and fitness levels in 9–11-year-old children were examined. A cross-sectional study involving 2258 children (50.7% boys; aged 10.52 ± 0.6 years) from 33 schools across Wales, participated in Swan/BridgeLinx health, fitness, and lifestyle programmes between 2013–2019. Health and fitness data we...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: Lack of physical activity is a global public health problem causing not only morbidity and premature mortality, but it is also a major economic burden worldwide. One of the cornerstones of a physically active lifestyle is Motor Competence (MC). MC is a complex biocultural attribute and therefore, its study requires a multi-sectoral, multi...
Conference Paper
Background Despite the importance of sports injury prevention in youth, no broad scale approaches that work in real-life situations with significant positive effects exist. Main reasons for this are poor uptake and maintenance of current sports injury prevention exercises. Objective In order to improve uptake of sports injury prevention routines,...
Article
As drowning is a leading cause of unintentional injury/death in children worldwide, perceptions of their actual aquatic skills are of critical importance. Children’s self-perceptions may influence the risks they take, and parental perceptions may influence the degree of supervision deemed to be necessary for children in and around water. Accordingl...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was (1) to examine the long‐term effectiveness of the ‘Multimove for Kids’ program, a 30‐week fundamental motor skill intervention (approximately 1 hour per week) for typically developing children between 3 and 8 years, and (2) to determine the influence of participation in organized sports on motor competence (MC) six years a...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed (1) to identify profiles in children based on actual motor competence (AMC), perceived motor competence (PMC), and organized sports participation (OSP), and (2) to examine differences among these profiles in weight status as well as autonomous motivation towards sports. Children's (N = 206; 112 boys; Mage = 10.83 ± 0.92 years) AMC,...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Manual testing of the Pictorial sclae of perceived water competence
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Positive ethics is a trending topic in sports. However, a gap exists when sexuality and gender issues are concerned. This study aimed to explore the concept of sexual integrity as an opportunity for the development of a positive ethics approach of sexuality and gender in sport contexts. Materials and methods: To obtain consensus on de...
Article
Drowning is a global public health issue. Aims were to assess: (a) face validity of the “Pictorial Scale of Perceived Water Competence (PSPWC),” (b) the association between child and parent perception of child swimming competence and (c) factors associated with perception of child swimming competence. Child‐parent dyads and swim instructors were re...
Poster
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Despite the importance of sports injury prevention in youth, no broad scale approaches that work in real-life situations with significant positive effects exist. Main reasons for this are poor uptake and maintenance of current sports injury prevention exercises. OBJECTIVE In order to improve uptake of sports injury prevention routines,...
Article
Full-text available
Although it is believed that physical activity, sedentary, and dietary behavior (i.e., energy balance-related behavior) may decrease the risk of burn-out, the association between both is currently not well understood. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to synthesize studies investigating the relationship between energy balance-related...
Chapter
Full-text available
During the last two decades there have been growing interests on recommendations for children’s physical activity. The World Health Organization (WHO) launched the first global international recommendations for children in 2010, focusing on children and youth aged 5-17-year olds. The recommendations were based on the dose-response relationship betw...
Article
Full-text available
This review provides an overview of the existing literature on school-aged children's and youth's (i.e. 6-to 18-year-olds) personal and social development within the context of physical education and sports. A total of 4359 non-duplicate articles were retrieved from six databases. After the title, abstract and full text screening, 88 articles met t...
Article
Objective This study evaluated self-trained basic life support (BLS) skills acquired from an e-learning platform to design a complementary in-class training approach. Design In total, 41 students (15–17 years, 29 men) participated in a pilot study on self-training in BLS. After 6 weeks, a compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) test a...
Article
Full-text available
A considerable number of adolescents in Western societies live in socially vulnerable situations. Approaches to improve this situation ultimately aim to make institutional changes through a focus on individual development. With regard to the latter, there have been high expectations regarding sport volunteering’s contribution to human capital devel...
Conference Paper
Background: Physical inactivity is a growing health problem in Europe and worldwide. The current levels of physical inactivity are due to insufficient participation in leisure time physical activity and an increase in sedentary behavior (WHO, 2017). The " Sport, Physical Education and Coaching for Health " (SPEACH) project, co-financed by the Erasm...
Article
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a 30-week fundamental motor skill program in typically developing young children and to investigate possible sex differences. Design: A multicenter quasi experimental design was set up for this study which involved 992 children aged 3–8 years. Methods: All participants rece...
Article
Background: A health promotion institute developed an intervention to support small-sized municipalities (<15,000 citizens; n = 167) in their development of a local health policy. Objectives: To (1) find out which municipalities showed interest to participate and (2) assess the intervention effects after 1 year. Method: The intervention consis...
Article
Background: Our aim was to investigate the association between different components of physical activity (PA) and health-related fitness in 10-to 14-year-old children. Methods: 241 children were recruited from 15 primary and 15 secondary schools. PA was assessed using the SenseWear Mini and an electronic diary. Health-related fitness was assesse...
Article
Aim: This study aimed to understand the fundamental motor skills (FMS) of Belgian children using the process-oriented Test of Gross Motor Development, Second Edition (TGMD-2) and to investigate the suitability of using the United States (USA) test norms in Belgium. Methods: FMS were assessed using the TGMD-2. Gender, age and motor performance we...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate the convergent and divergent validity between the Body Coordination Test for Children (KTK) and the Motor Proficiency Test for 4- to 6-Year-Old Children (MOT 4-6). A total of 638 children (5–6 yr old) took part in the study. The results showed a moderately positive association between the total scores of bot...
Article
The aim of this study was to (i) make a posture analysis of teachers during theoretical classroom teaching; (ii) to estimate the risk for the development of musculoskeletal problems (MSP); (iii) test the hypotheses that an electronic school board (EB) has more ergonomic advantages for teachers. Thirty-five secondary school teachers, of which 15 use...
Article
Full-text available
An important but often ignored aspect of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) is the chronological succession of activities, or temporal pattern. The main purposes of this study were (1) to investigate when certain types of PA and SB compete against each other during the course of the day and (2) compare intensity- and domain-specific...
Presentation
Full-text available
Introduction: One of the most sensitive developmental periods is preschool age, when motor assessments help to describe motor development. The purpose of this study was to investigate the construct of motor competence, which is defined as the ability that underlies the performance of a wide variety of motor skills. In motor tests, a composite score...
Article
to investigate levels of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) in 10-14 year-olds and to determine PA differences between week-weekend days, genders and school stages. 241 children were recruited from 15 primary and 15 secondary schools. PA was assessed for 7 days using the SenseWear Mini Armband and an electronic diary. Week-weekend a...
Article
Over the past decade the international agenda on the prevention of child sexual harassment and abuse in sport has been strengthened by a number of general policy recommendations. Despite a growing body of literature and research about sexual harassment and abuse in sport, there is hardly any evidence-based policy and prevention research to guide th...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction: The development of motor competence in early childhood substantially contributes to successful engagement in sports and other physical activities. In view of the decreasing levels of physical activity and motor skills in children over the past decades, an appropriate assessment and monitoring of motor competence in early childhood is...
Presentation
Full-text available
Introduction: The decline in the quality of motor skills of young children has been observed in recent studies. These findings underline the need for motor skill interventions in early childhood settings. This study examines the influence of ”Multimove”, a motor skill programme that strongly appeals to variation rather than sport-specific content,...
Chapter
It took the disclosures in 2010 of widespread sexual abuse in the Catholic Church in Belgium for pressure to mount to such an extent that sport began to act. Based on little empirical evidence of child maltreatment in sport, Flemish sport authorities developed a broad policy framework addressing unwanted sexual behaviours in sport. This chapter giv...
Presentation
Full-text available
Objective: A decline in physical activity level and motor skills of preschoolers has been observed in recent studies. These findings underline the need for motor skill interventions in early childhood settings. This study examines the influence of the Multimove program (a theoretically underpinned fundamental motor skill program) in 5- to 6-year-ol...
Presentation
Full-text available
Objective: The development of motor competence in early childhood substantially contributes to successful engagement in sports and other physical activities. In view of the decreasing levels of physical activity and motor skills in children over the past decades, an appropriate assessment and monitoring of motor competence in early childhood is inv...
Article
Full-text available
Background The teaching profession is characterized by high levels of stress and physical complaints, which might be improved through regular participation in physical activity (PA). However, the effect of PA on mental and physical health is not always consistent and depends on the type of PA performed. The aim of this study was to examine the ment...
Article
Full-text available
Background The increasing rates of obesity among children and adolescents, especially in those from lower socio-economic backgrounds, emphasise the need for interventions promoting a healthy diet and physical activity. The present study aimed to examine the effectiveness of the ‘Health Scores!’ program, which combined professional football player r...
Article
Objective The primary aim of this study was to describe and analyse the physical activity and sedentary levels of secondary school teachers in Flanders. A secondary aim was to collect information regarding a possible worksite intervention of special relevance to secondary school teachers. Design Mixed-methods quantitative and qualitative enquiry....
Conference Paper
Introduction: In the implementation of cardio pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the Flemish school curriculum and within the given limitations in time and training equipment, there is a need for alternative training strategies. Literature suggests laypeople can train themselves in basic life support (BLS) and AED-skills using a web-based micro-simul...
Conference Paper
Whilst other (inter-) national sport governing bodies developed prevention strategies on sexual harassment and abuse in sport in the late 1990s or early 2000s, it was only recently Flemish authorities took action. One of the developed policy instruments is the flag system, an educational tool to assist sport stakeholders in the assessment of sexual...
Article
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training at school is recommended. Limited school resources prevent implementation. The learning efficacy of low-cost training strategies is unknown. To evaluate the efficacy of different CPR learning strategies using low-cost didactic tools. Children (n=593, 15-16 years) were randomized to four training conditio...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Originating from the interdisciplinary collaboration between public health and the transportation field a workplace intervention to promote commuter cycling, 'Bike to Work: cyclists are rewarded', was implemented. The intervention consisted of two cycling contests, an online loyalty program based on earning 'cycling points' and the dis...
Article
After-school physical activity (PA) programs promote PA among youth. Few studies have used socio-ecological health models to identify barriers and facilitators of after-school PA programs. This study examined which socio-ecological factors are associated with having an after-school PA program. A questionnaire was administered to key representatives...
Article
Full-text available
We studied the implementation and associated factors of strategies (e.g. sports after school and during lunch break, active schoolyards, active school commuting) and organizational principles (e.g. safe bike racks, pupil involvement) that facilitate the physical activity (PA)-promoting role of schools. Key representatives of 111 elementary and 125...
Article
Full-text available
School-community partnerships have shown their potential as incubators for innovations and for contributing to comprehensive physical activity (PA) programs. However, implementation frameworks for school-community partnerships that allow local tailoring of PA programs remain scarce. The present paper aims at documenting the composition of a framewo...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to assess mastery of Fundamental Movement Skills (FMS) in 6- to 6.5-year-old Flemish pre-school children. The subjects were 236 6-year-old children (138 boys, 98 girls; mean age 6 years 2.4 months, SD 2.4). Children were individually assessed with the Motoriktest für Vier- bis Sechsjährige Kinder (MOT 4-6) in four perf...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence suggests the development of fundamental movement skill (FMS) is a key factor in promoting long-term physical activity. Low levels of activity among preschool children and the relationship between physical activity and the development of fundamental movement skills underline the need to determine the factors associated with children's devel...
Article
Full-text available
The major aims of this study were to quantify the reported prevalence of unwanted sexual experiences involving male coaches among a sample of Flemish female student‐athletes and to investigate the latter's perceptions of the acceptability of related coaching behaviors. A questionnaire based on the research of Volkwein, Schnell, Sherwood, and Livezy...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose was to determine the level of agreement between the Motoriktest für Vier- bis Sechsjährige Kinder [MOT 4-6] and the Movement Assessment Battery for Children [M-ABC]. 48 preschool children participated in the study (Mean age = 5 years, 6 months, SD = 3 months). There was high classification agreement (90%) between both tests. A Kappa cor...
Article
Background: A lack of physical activity (PA) and the occurrence of overweight and obesity among school-aged youth have become a major societal problem. Arising from the general concern about the future generations' health, schools have been found to be potentially important settings to promote positive health behaviour, since all pupils can be reac...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of movement is often overlooked because it is such a natural part of human life. It is, however, crucial for a child's physical, cognitive and social development. In addition, experiences support learning and development of fundamental movement skills. The foundations of those skills are laid in early childhood and essential to encou...
Article
A lack of physical activity in general and among children and youth in particular is a growing concern noticeable in research, campaigns and programs. Being physically inactive is highly related to negative influences on several health related factors such as growing prevalence of obesity, increased risks of cardio-respiratory diseases, prevalence...