Kristine Jacquin

Kristine Jacquin
Fielding Graduate University | The Fielding Institute · School of Psychology

PhD

About

156
Publications
15,600
Reads
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286
Citations
Introduction
Kristine Jacquin currently works at the School of Psychology, Fielding Graduate University. Kristine does research in Neuropsychology, Forensic Psychology and Clinical Psychology.
Additional affiliations
January 2011 - March 2016
Fielding Graduate University
Position
  • Professor of Psychology and Dean
January 2011 - March 2016
Fielding Graduate University
Position
  • Professor of Psychology and Dean

Publications

Publications (156)
Poster
Full-text available
The majority of research suggests that recreational cannabis use is associated with an increase in neuropsychological impairment. We assessed participants for the association between medical cannabis use and executive function deficits. Increased use of medical cannabis was associated with fewer deficits in attention, academics, memory, and cogniti...
Poster
Full-text available
Recreational cannabis use is associated with memory dysfunction. We assessed participants for the correlation between medical cannabis use and memory deficits. An increased use of medical cannabis was associated with fewer memory problems. There were nonsignificant correlations between medical cannabis use and other executive function deficits tha...
Poster
Full-text available
We assessed American adults via the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire Short Form and Difficulties in Emotional Regulation Scale. Results indicated that specific types of childhood maltreatment were associated with distinct outcomes in emotional dysregulation.
Conference Paper
Background & Purpose: While environmental stressors have been linked to increases in violence, conflict, and destabilization, specific knowledge regarding the effects of climate change on human criminal behavior is lacking. Additionally, research has indicated that governance is often ineffective in responding to adverse impacts of climate change a...
Poster
Full-text available
Young's schema model suggested that childhood adversity may contribute to the development of maladaptive schemas. The research compared different types of childhood maltreatment to determine which was the most significant predictor of early maladaptive schemas in adults. Based on the data provided by 425 individuals, we confirmed that childhood emo...
Poster
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Childhood maltreatment is a serious issue associated with an increase in health problems, including the onset of adult psychopathology. Our research found that the best predictors of adult anxiety were childhood emotional abuse and physical neglect. Additionally, the best predictors of adult depression were childhood emotional abuse and sexual abus...
Poster
Full-text available
Research has shown that childhood maltreatment may contribute to the development of personality pathology, including psychopathy. Resilience may reduce such risks. Our research found that childhood maltreatment predicts stress immunity, a component of psychopathy. Additionally, resilience moderates the relationship between childhood emotional negle...
Poster
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This study examined the relationship of visitation of incarcerated relatives during childhood and aggression in adulthood. Data was collected online from a sample of young adults. Results revealed that childhood visitation predicted aggression in adulthood. The more frequent the visitation, the more physical aggression was reported.
Poster
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We examined participants' attachment styles based on criminal attitudes. ◆ Attitudes toward the court predicted three types of attachment, including dependent, anxious, and close attachment. ◆ Identification with criminal others predicted dependent and anxious styles of attachment. ◆ Tolerance for law violations predicted anxious style of attachmen...
Poster
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This study analyzed whether a parent's type of crime that led to their incarceration served as a predictor for aggression in their offspring when they became a young adult. Results showed that the type of crime was not a significant predictor of sexual or non-sexual aggression.
Preprint
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Climate change, violence against women (VAW), and modern slavery are significant human rights crises to which women are disproportionately vulnerable. Our research examined the complex relationship between indicators of climate change, VAW, and the estimated prevalence of modern slavery across 180 countries. Regression analysis revealed significant...
Poster
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Cannabis is the most commonly abused illicit substance worldwide, including among pregnant women (Dong et al., 2020). Maternal cannabis use has been associated with many health deficits for offspring, including low birth weight, head abnormalities, adverse cognitive effects, emotional triggers that result in aggression, hyperactivity, damage to imm...
Poster
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Peer support programs are a frequently used part of treatment to help those impacted by trauma. Contrary to expectations, our study found that peer advocates with their own history of trauma do not experience increased secondary traumatic stress when helping others.
Poster
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Prior research suggests there is a relationship between psychopathic traits and criminality, including criminal attitudes/thinking (Chu et al., 2014; Mandracchia et al., 2015), violence (Chu et al., 2014) and other antisocial behavior (Hare, 2003), criminal associates (Chu et al., 2014; Sherretts et al., 2016), and entitlement (Chu et al., 2014). H...
Poster
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Individuals who perform acts of physical aggression are committing crimes and are at risk to acquire criminal charges. Prior research suggests that adults who lack prosocial ways to communicate their emotions use physical aggression as a way to solve problems or express anger (Barratt et al., 1997; Mathias & Stanford, 1999). Additionally, poor inte...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Policies to address climate change and human exploitation must protect human rights, promote social justice, and avoid exacerbating existing problems for vulnerable populations. Results indicate that ineffective governance, overall violence trends, and specific indicators of climate change may contribute to modern slavery vulnerability.
Conference Paper
"Extant research in risk-taking and self-harm behaviors has indicated that gender, age, and certain socioeconomic factors are associated with risk-taking behaviors. Our study tested the connection between gender, age, having children at home, and risk-taking behavior among adults. We predicted that having children at home would be associated with r...
Poster
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Public safety personnel, including police officers, are more likely to encounter psychologically traumatic events on the job, leading to depression, anxiety, burnout, and PTSD (Arble et al., 2017; Di Nota et al., 2021). In addition to the physically demanding nature of their work, when asked to do what is right, police officers may face moral issue...
Poster
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Cultural differences between police officers and the communities in which they serve and protect are increasingly receiving more scrutiny. Both uniformed officers and police leadership have identified cultural awareness and related available training as barriers to serving their communities (Fletcher et al., 2019: Holohan, 2019). Cultural competenc...
Preprint
Globally, female incarceration rates are rising faster than those of men. Prisons are highly masculinized environments and often disregard female inmates' gendered physical and mental health care needs. Gendered deficiencies can result in higher recidivism and mortality rates and increased mental and physical illness for women. We propose that inca...
Presentation
Full-text available
Reports of adverse psychological outcomes, including depression, anxiety, and rising suicide rates, have increased worldwide since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. Research indicates that forgiveness, meaning-making, and spirituality may buffer the adverse psychological effects of trauma. Our past work suggests that posttraumatic growth may foll...
Article
Personality tests are frequently administered during the process of hiring police officers. The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) is one of the most widely used instruments in the selection of candidates. Pre-employment MMPI-2 scores have also been used to predict police misconduct and early termination of police officers. This...
Article
Trauma is a growing public health concern as global crises increase. Trauma can result in significant adverse psychological outcomes such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Past research indicates that forgiveness may buffer the adverse psychological effects of trauma. We hypothesized that restoring individual and collective sense of meaning...
Article
Trauma is a growing public health concern as global crises increase. Trauma can result in significant adverse psychological outcomes such as PTSD. Past research indicates that forgiveness may buffer the adverse psychological effects of trauma. We hypothesized that restoring individual and collective sense of meaning promotes forgiveness toward self...
Presentation
Full-text available
The adverse effects of climate change on human populations occur at the intersection of several complex factors. While environmental stressors have been linked to increases in violence, conflict, and destabilization specific knowledge regarding the effects of climate change on human criminal behavior is lacking. Additionally, research has indicated...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change and modern slavery are two of the most significant human rights crises of our time. Women and children are disproportionately vulnerable to such crises, which are intensified under inequitable social conditions and driven by structural barriers to female equality. No research has yet looked at the complex relationship between climate...
Article
Objective: ADHD diagnosis in college students has been associated with poor academic outcomes and greater neuropsychological and emotional difficulties. The present study sought to determine whether college students who believe they have ADHD report more neuropsychological symptoms than non-ADHD peers. Method: College students (n = 1,520) completed...
Poster
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Police officers are exposed to a significant number of critical incidents in their work, and at least a quarter of them experience PTSD symptoms (Wills & Schuldberg, 2016). We investigated misconduct as a possible adverse effect of trauma on police officers. We hypothesized that police officers with on-the-job trauma history would be more likely to...
Poster
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An examination of criminal attitudes and personality traits as predictors of premeditated aggression in men and women.
Poster
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: Globally, there are over 40 mil modern slavery victims, with 10% of victims in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Research indicates females are disproportionately vulnerable to exploitation, but no studies have examined women’s health as a risk factor (ILO, 2012; WFF, 2018). Objective: Our research examined women’s health indicators as predi...
Article
Modern slavery is a significant global human rights crisis that disproportionately affects women and girls, and research indicates that the COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated existing vulnerabilities to exploitation. Early evidence suggests that the pandemic has disproportionately affected women and girls, including an increase in lack of access to...
Article
Full-text available
Human exploitation is an egregious human rights violation that disproportionately affects women and girls worldwide. Gender inequality, a major risk factor to female exploitation, is sometimes codified into countries’ legal systems. We examined the predictive value of gender inequality in national laws on the estimated prevalence of modern slavery...
Poster
Full-text available
This study analyzed the impact of formal training with peer advocates (PAs). Results indicated that formal training was associated with more hyperarousal symptoms of secondary traumatic stress. Given prior research, we suspected a potential confound that PAs with formal training may work more often with complex-trauma in clients.
Presentation
Full-text available
Psychology's relevance is predicated on how solidly it is rooted in the cultural philosophies of the people it is intended to serve. Westernized/colonized Ghanaian psychology has failed to incorporate indigenous folk and philosophical psychologies into explanations of psychological phenomena (Oppong, 2016), and lacks the integration of culturally s...
Poster
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Studies have shown that PTSD is highly comorbid with major depressive disorder and other medical conditions such as traumatic brain injury, chronic idiopathic pain, and fatigue in female sex workers and trafficking victims which can be challenging for treatment planning and forensic investigations, as these problems share similar effects (Schultz e...
Poster
Topical conference poster discussing the issues of evaluator qualifications and implicit bias in the administration of death row inmates' competency for execution evaluations.
Presentation
Women are disproportionately vulnerable to violence, modern slavery victimization, and the negative consequences of climate change, which are further intensified due to inequitable social conditions. Studies have indicated that rates of violence against women (VAW) increase following destabilizing events such as sudden economic and political instab...
Poster
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There is a need for substantive research of cannabis effectiveness that supports qualifying conditions (QCs). Someone knowledgeable of such research (e.g., licensed psychologist) needs to be involved in the decision-making process in determining the QCs for state laws or cannabis programs. Boehnke et al. (2020) also suggested a nationwide database...
Poster
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Federal and local governments sometimes respond to mass shootings with gun legislation. This presentation will analyze gun legislation’s impact on mass shootings in the United States.
Poster
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Structural inequality contributes to a lack of access to adequate healthcare for women and increases vulnerability for exploitation. Infant health outcomes are inextricably linked to that of women, and we hypothesized that there would be a significant relationship between infant health outcomes and the estimated prevalence of modern slavery. The re...
Poster
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Gender inequality is a global problem that profoundly impacts mortality and morbidity among mothers and infants while increasing women’s vulnerability to exploitation. Country-level predictors of women’s maternal health were used to predict modern slavery. As hypothesized, maternal health had a significant relationship to the prevalence of modern s...
Poster
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To ensure progress towards UN Sustainable Development Goals related to gender equality, analysing sex-disaggregated data on international female migration is critical. Such research is needed to understand the specific needs and vulnerabilities of women accurately and can be used to shape future migration policy that is informed by a sex- and gende...
Book
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From the back cover of the book: "Can psychology ethics offer a new platform of moral and ethical leadership in modern society? Are APA ethics standards relevant for individuals across all walks of life and, if so, what stories can be told about the ethical dilemmas that we all fact on a daily basis? These questions form the core of this book. Ed...
Article
Full-text available
Although efforts to combat human trafficking have increased in recent decades, human trafficking remains a significant global human rights issue, with an estimated 40.3 million victims. Due to the covert nature of human trafficking, and incongruencies in reporting, accurate data is scarce. Human trafficking legal cases can provide a partial record...
Poster
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Antipsychotic medications such as second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) and atypical antipsychotics (AAPs) have been shown to be efficacious for reducing psychotic symptoms in patients with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia (Leo & Regno, 2000). However, metabolic side effects (e.g., metabolic syndrome) pose a significant risk with such medicatio...
Poster
Full-text available
Brief review of the use of new technologies and media that can be used for online harassment. The poster covers sexting, swatting, doxxing, cyberflashing, revenge porn, deep fakes, and online content and identity theft.
Presentation
Trauma often results in adverse psychological outcomes and is a significant public health concern as diverse global crises are on the rise. Past research has indicated that forgiveness may buffer the adverse psychological effects of trauma. We hypothesize that restoring an individual and collective sense of meaning and purpose promotes forgiveness...
Presentation
Climate change and modern slavery are two of the most significant human rights crises of our time. Recent studies indicate that women are disproportionately vulnerable to such crises which are intensified under inequitable social conditions and are driven by structural barriers to female equality such as women’s inability to access resources indepe...
Poster
Full-text available
Abstract The antecedents of sexually aggressive behavior remain unclear (Blanchard et al., 2018; Jardin et al., 2017). We examined the relationship between negative/internal sex motives (using sex to cope) and perpetration of sexual aggression. The results showed that using sex to regulate negative emotion increases the likelihood of sexual aggres...
Poster
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We examined the relationship between various forms of childhood trauma and sexual aggression perpetration later in life. All forms of child abuse were predictors of sexual aggression in adolescence and adulthood. Physical neglect and sexual abuse were the strongest risk factors for the sexual perpetration.
Poster
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There is a growing trend of children engaging in hurtful and abusive sexual behavior using cyber technology. Legally, these cases are approached by determining the crime (e.g. statutory rape, child pornography, cyber-bullying, sexual abuse, sextortion/extortion, or sexual harassment) and considering the child’s level of intent to inflict harm. This...
Poster
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ABSTRACT Multi-cultural competencies call us to be knowledgeable about gender, cultural, and religious differences (American Psychological Association, 2007; American Psychological Association, 2017; Canadian Psychological Association, 2007). Muslims have been arriving in the US since the arrival of African slaves and current estimates place the n...
Poster
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Over the past few years, there has been an increasing trend of sexual offenses perpetrated by US military servicemembers. Research has shown a link between early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) and rape and sexual aggression. EMSs are a belief pattern in how someone interprets and interacts with the world around them. Unfortunately, there is a lack of r...
Poster
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STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Despite low recidivism rates in the research, Minnesota has the highest number of sex offenders who have been civilly committed after serving their prison sentence and the lowest number of individuals released back into the community. Ongoing civil commitment of sex offenders is a draining financial problem for the state and a...
Poster
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Introduces the types of forensic evidence that is compelling to jurors in child sexual abuse cases.
Poster
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We examined whether countries with increased crimes against women and female incarceration rates have higher levels of modern slavery. The best predictors of modern slavery were rape, juvenile incarceration, female homicide, and intimate partner violence rates. The results were strengthened with the gender inequality index added to our analysis.
Poster
Between 1915 and 1923, a vast majority of indigenous minority groups in Armenia experienced expulsion and genocide at the hands of the Turkish government. The effects of World War I and the 1988 earthquake added to the mass trauma already experienced. The genocide resulted in 1.5 million victims, and left countless others displaced, while the earth...
Poster
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The 2018 Global Slavery Index estimates that there are more than 40.3 million victims of modern slavery (Walking Free Foundation, WFF, 2018). The overall majority (71%) of victims are female with 15.4 million women estimated to be in forced marriages, which indicates that modern slavery is a highly gendered crime (WFF, 2018). Structural inequality...
Poster
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Cannabis is the most frequently used psychoactive substance across the globe (Agrawal & Lynskey, 2008, 2009; Hall & Degenhardt, 2007). In the U.S., cannabis is the most widely used illicit substance among the adult population and the second most commonly used substance among college students (Grant, Chamberlain, Schreiber, & Odlaug, 2011, 2012; Nat...
Poster
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We looked at first-year officers with a prior military history of disciplinary problems and four other related factors. Our full model was not significant, and specifically disciplinary problems in the military were not significant at all. The best model included poor decision-making, reckless impulsivity, and emotional instability.
Presentation
Human trafficking has been designated by the United Nations as the third most prevalent crime worldwide. Females comprise an overwhelming majority (96%) of victims trafficked for sexual exploitation, and constitute 70% of trafficking victims overall. Because trafficking is illegal, it is likely under-reported, leading to a lack of prosecution in ma...
Poster
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Researchers study mock juror judgments of rape trials to determine factors influencing low conviction rates in rape cases. Most studies examining alcohol consumption in rape cases simultaneously varied the alcohol consumption of the complainant and defendant instead of examining them independently. Brown and Jacquin (2018) varied complainant’s an...
Poster
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Children and adolescents who experience trauma -- abuse, neglect, and witnessing violence -- can exhibit many behavioral and academic difficulties upon entering school. Often the behavioral and cognitive difficulties are experienced and identified through teacher-student interaction. The behavior can result in either the student being assessed, dia...
Poster
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Exploring the impact of parental incarceration, childhood victimization, and social support on adult aggression.
Poster
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Exploring the relationship between the risk of development of weather-related PTSD and the overproduction of severe weather threat based on prior experiences.
Poster
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We examined the relationship of alcohol problems to PTSD and posttraumatic growth in adults who have been exposed to severe weather trauma. Results showed that excessive alcohol use predicted weather-related PTSD symptoms. Posttraumatic growth was more likely among those with past alcohol problems than those with current problems and those who neve...
Poster
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Childhood abuse and neglect are serious public health concerns with an estimated 672,000 children were maltreated in the United States in 2016. Recent studies have demonstrated that childhood maltreatment contributes to the development of neuropsychological disorders and adult psychopathology, with specific types of maltreatment correlated with dif...
Poster
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Concerns of police use of physical force, misconduct, and officer-involved shootings have plagued the United States law enforcement system for decades, with recent advancements in technology increasing widespread public awareness and outrage. Independent research estimates 337,590 law enforcement incidents of use of force occurred in 2012. The Mult...
Poster
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In 2017, the total migrant population of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) was 7.2 million, with 63% of migrations occurring within region (UNDESA, 2017). Research suggests gender inequality is a push factor for female migration. Our research examined women’s health indicators as predictors of total LAC migration. Findings demonstrated specific...
Poster
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Violence against women is an egregious human rights violation with both immediate and long-term consequences for women, their families, communities, and entire countries. Increased health care and legal expenses, loss of productivity and potential, and disruption of national development are only a few of the ways violence perpetrated against women...
Poster
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The 2018 Global Slavery Index estimates the prevalence of modern slavery to be 40.3 million victims (Walking Free Foundation [WFF], 2018). Past research has not sufficiently identified how the feminization of migration and human trafficking may increase susceptibility to exploitation (Chuang, 2017; Noyori-Corbett & Moxley, 2016). Our research exami...
Poster
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The 2018 Global Slavery Index estimates there are more than 40.3 million victims of modern slavery, including victims of human trafficking and forced labor. Researchers disagree about the prime factors contributing to modern slavery. Our research found several measures of women’s health inequality predict estimated modern slavery cases across count...
Poster
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The goal of the research was to identify which factor: childhood victimization, concern for appropriateness, and social support would predict relational aggression in young adults. The data suggested that childhood victimization, concern for appropriateness, and social support from friends, family, and supervisors were strong predictors of relation...
Poster
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Over the last decade, the juvenile justice system has seen a change in the demographics of crime and arrest numbers for female offenders. Between 1997 and 2006, arrest rates for aggravated and simple assault have decreased more for boys than girls (Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention [OJJDP], 2010). In the 1990s and early 2000s, t...
Poster
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As extreme weather events increase, weather-related phobias are burgeoning. A need exists to address gaps in the literature to identify populations at highest risk. Our research found that although women reported higher anxiety related to severe weather events, there were no gender differences for most symptoms of severe weather phobia.
Poster
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Exploring the impact of parental incarceration, parental abuse, parenting style, and exposure to violence on adult sexual perpetration.
Poster
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Exploring the relationship between culture, acceptance of violence, and perceptions of peer aggression to find possible correlations.