Kristina K.

Kristina K.
Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje · Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Bachelor of Medicine

About

160
Publications
152,236
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127
Citations
Citations since 2017
141 Research Items
125 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230102030

Publications

Publications (160)
Article
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Over 90% of the thyroid cases are caused by conditions that have an autoimmune nature. Hashimoto's thyroiditis is presented as progressive and lifelong autoimmune disease, starting subtly and usually developing slow and long before the patient is diagnosed. Patients diagnosed with hypothyroidism are twice at risk more possible to develop heart dise...
Article
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Essential hypertension also referred to as primary hypertension, is high blood pressure that doesn’t have a known secondary cause. Acupuncture, a traditional Chinese treatment, is non pressure by putting needles into certain points on the body. pressure is related to the regulation of reninangiotensin-- pharmaceutical therapy that can lower blood a...
Article
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Cluster headache is a primary headache disorder that belongs to the trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias, affecting up to 0.1% of the population. Cluster headache has been historically considered to have a male dominance, with a high male-to-female ratio. Cluster periods or known as bouts of frequent attacks, can last from a few weeks to a few months...
Article
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According to the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) philosophy, the abdominal area is the body's vitality centre and therefore the proper function of the digestive organs is of a great importance. Losing weight without trying, without changing the eating or exercise habits, thus causing gastric pain, should be a cause for concern. Despite the prima...
Article
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A migraine is a headache that can cause severe throbbing pain usually on one side of the head left or right.Migraine is often accompanied by vomiting, nausea and extreme sensitivity to light and sound. This pain attacks can last for hours to days, and the pain can be so severe that it interferes with the daily activities. The aim of the acupuncture...
Article
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When it comes to fertility issues in couples, both male and female partners can be affected by infertility. 25 – 30% of the infertility cases are due to male factor. Acupuncture as a treatment for male infertility can help the couples to increase the ability to conceive, correct the imbalances in the body and increase the sperm motility In the rese...
Article
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Reduced sperm motility is a condition known as asthenozoospermia and represents a very common finding in men's infertility. In the research is presented a case of 37-year-old man diagnosed with asthenozoospermia. The patient was treated with acupuncture treatment and no additional treatments were made or any other medications were taken. 6 treatmen...
Article
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Pancreatic cancer is a highly fatal disease with a 5-year survival rate of approximately 10%, and it is becoming an increasingly common cause of cancer mortality. The main focus of this research is to show the incidence of pancreatic cancer. These data were obtained through the PHI Center for Public Health - Prilep and refer to the incidence of pan...
Article
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In this research the analyzed data were obtained from the Department of Social Medicine of the Center for Public Health at PHI General Hospital - Strumica for patients with acute appendicitis from Strumica and from the department for Statistics of the Center for Public Health at PHI General Hospital - Gevgelija for patients with acute appendicitis...
Article
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The term tumor growth, also referred to as neoplasia, is a new growth of tissue in the body. For this research was used analytical-descriptive research method. Processed data were taken from PHI CPH-Kochani, in the period from 2016 to 2019. The processed data shows that breast cancer is more common in women, most often from the age of 50-65. From t...
Article
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Stroke is a neurological disorder characterized by occlusion of blood vessels in the brain as a result of thrombi or emboli, which block laminar blood flow.Stroke is the third leading cause of death (after heart disease and cancer).For the realization of this research, a descriptive epidemiological method was applied, as well as a retrospective ana...
Article
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Breast cancer is one of the most common malignancies in women today. Statistics show that 8 out of 9 women are struggling with this disease.This research was conducted mainly on the female population over the age of 45 in the city of Negotino. The research used data from the Periodic and Annual Reports for identified diseases from PHI Polyclinic Za...
Article
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Each year, more than half a million women are diagnosed with cervical cancer, resulting in about 300,000 deaths a year. In Macedonia cervical cancer is second most common according to the prevalence of malignant neoplasms in women. The most common and most studied cause is Human Papillomavirus (HPV). For the research were used statistical materials...
Article
Each year, more than half a million women are diagnosed with cervical cancer, resulting in about 300,000 deaths a year. In Macedonia cervical cancer is second most common according to the prevalence of malignant neoplasms in women. The most common and most studied cause is Human Papillomavirus (HPV). For the research were used statistical materials...
Article
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Breast cancer is cancer formed in the breast cells. Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women, but it can occur less frequently in men. The incidence of breast cancer is increasing in the last decades of life. 75% occur in women over the age of 50, while 50% occur in women over the age of 65. The reason for breast cancer is unknown, but...
Article
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Decreasing of the semen quality is a major contributor to male infertility. According to the theories of TCM, most common causes are weakness of the kidney energy, blockage in the meridians due to dampness and phlegm, blood stasis, stagnation of liver Qi, deficiency in the blood and Qi energy and other. In the article is presented a case of 30 year...
Article
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Prostate cancer is a common phenomenon among the male population in the world and often, it is a leading cause of death. From a pathohistological aspect, it is an adenocarcinoma which most often occurs in people over the age of 50. In this research is presented the occurrence of prostate cancer in the municipality of Prilep in terms of number and a...
Article
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Hypoglycemia is a condition in which blood sugar is unusually low. When glucose level is too low, the body is unable to perform its activities. From the obtained results from the Biochemical Laboratory at the PHI "General Hospital"-Strumica for the number of patients with hypoglycemia for a period of five years, ie from 2012 to 2016, it can be noti...
Article
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About 120.000 women in Macedonia suffer from osteoporosis. These statistics of the World Health Organization are just a warning about the need for treatment and prevention of this disease. For this research were analyzed statistical data for patients with osteoporosis in the period from 2020 and the current 2021. The data were taken from PHI Medika...
Article
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Breast cancer is one of the most common malignancies in women today. Statistics show that 8 out of 9 women are struggling with this disease. According to the localization and the clinical picture, there are two types, lobar and ductal. The research was conducted mainly on the female population over the age of 45 in the city of Negotino. For the res...
Article
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Cancer is a class of diseases where a group of cells show uncontrolled growth by dividing outside the normal range, invading and attaching to adjacent tissues, and sometimes metastases, which spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system and bloodstream. For this research were used data obtained from the database of the Institute f...
Article
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Hormones play a big role and are a huge part of women's health, including physically , mentally and emotionally. If the body produces too little or too much of some certain hormones, then the hormonal imbalance occurs. According to TCM, two organs mainly connected to the hormonal imbalances are the Kidney and the Liver. The aim of the TCM treatment...
Article
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Subclinical hypothyroidism is a term used to define a stage of hypothyroidism which appears most commonly in the early stages of the disease. When blood analysis are done, they show increased thyrotropin-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels and normal free thyroxine (T4) levels. The aim of the acupuncture treatment is to help the patient’s own body abi...
Article
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Melanoma is the most serious and one of the most malignant tumors of the skin. It accounts for about 5% of all primary skin malignancies but is also responsible for about 80% of all skin tumor deaths. According to the latest data from the Cancer Registry of Republic of North Macedonia, the number of patients with melanoma is constantly growing and...
Article
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According to the data of the World Health Organization, globally, in 2018, 18 million new cases of cancer were registered, of which 2.09 million (11.6%) were diagnosed with lung cancer and 9.6 million deaths, of which 1.76 million (18.4) are in lung cancer. The overall standardized incidence rate by age is 25% higher in men than in women. Statistic...
Article
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The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic became the greatest global public health crisis nowadays and currently there are no proven effective therapies. The virus has strong pathogenicity and infectivity and the most convincing way of transmission is through inhalation of the infectious aerosols. 80% of the patients who came to our clinic for Traditiona...
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Chronic myelogenous leukemia is a hematopoietic disorder characterized by increased proliferation of granulocytes. The goal of the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia is hematologic, molecular and cytogenetic remission. The TCM treatment provides extended survival, increases the life expectancy, improves the quality of life, exerts a modulato...
Article
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Slightly elevated level of TSH, normal T3/T4 levels and high Anti TPO level is a sign of subclinical hypothyroidism. More than 90% of the thyroid disease cases are caused by diseases that are autoimmune in nature. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is a progressive and lifelong autoimmune disease. It starts subtly, usually long before the patient is diagnosed...
Article
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The cervical cancer is affecting the lower parts of the uterus. Human papillomavirus is a main reason for developing cervical cancer. The incidence of cervical cancer has been declining in the European Union since the 1980s, with the exception of Eastern European countries that later joined the alliance. In order to prepare this paper, were used da...
Article
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A neoplasm is an abnormal mass whose growth exceeds and is uncoordinated with that of normal tissues. Tumors are divided into benign and malignant. To obtain the results, a large number of registered cases of cancer were analyzed for the purpose of this article. For this research was used data from the Center for Public Health Strumica in the perio...
Article
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Thyroid cancers have been on the rise in recent years. One of the direct causes is the increase in ionizing radiation. The incidence is three times higher in women than in men. Most of the patients are over 50 years old. There is also a genetic predisposition. The aim of the paper is to differentiate between the results obtained for patients with t...
Article
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The exceptional accessibility of the cervix (cervix uteri) and direct physical examination have allowed intensive research into the nature of the malignant lesions of the cervix. Studies have shown that many of these tumors have no explosive but gradual onset. Their pre-invasive antecedents may persist for two-way surfaces or in situ disease for se...
Article
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Stomach cancer is one of the top five causes of death, especially among the male population. Its incidence increases with age and is most common in people around 50 years of age. The person's diet, lifestyle, genetics and Helicobacter Pylori infection are the main causes of this type of cancer.According to the data obtained from the Center for Stat...
Article
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Primary hypothyroidism occurs due to increased thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). Most commonly it's autoimmune and results from Hashimoto's thyroiditis, which is also often associated with a firm goiter. In the primary hypothyroidism, the thyroid is being stimulated properly, but it's not able to produce enough thyroid hormones so the body can fun...
Article
Alzheimer’s disease is a brain neurodegenerative disorder, which is characterized with coordinative and cognitive dysfunctions with significant loss of memory. By the terms of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) the Alzheimer’s disease may occur because of: spleen or liver Qi deficiency with phlegm, spleen and kidney yang deficiency, Qi and blood st...
Article
Lung cancer is one of the most common and deadly malignancies in the world, which is characterized by uncontrolled division and growth of malignant cells in the pulmonary parenchyma. For the purposes of this paper was used data from the clinical hospital “Dr. Trifun Panovski'' in the Municipality of Bitola, Republic of North Macedonia in the period...
Article
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Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection globally. Almost all cervical cancers are due to HPV with two types, HPV16 and HPV18, which account for 70% of cases. Myomas are benign growths in different parts and places of the uterus. In this research is presented a case of 32 year old woman diagnosed with uterine myo...
Article
Liver cirrhosis is defined as a diffuse process, which is characterized by fibrosis and the conversion of normal liver architecture to abnormal nodules. For the purposes of this paper was used data from the Institute for Public Health in Prilep, Republic of North Macedonia in the period of 2014 to 2018. The data were analyzed and processed epidemio...
Article
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The lung carcinoma occurs when the cells of healthy lung tissue begin with uncontrolled structural proliferation and form a tumor formation in the lungs. For the purposes of this paper was used data from the Center for Public Health-Strumica, Republic of Northern Macedonia in the period of 2013 to 2017 ie within 5 years. The results show that in St...
Article
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Gastric cancer is a disease in which the cells that form the inner lining of the stomach grow abnormally and divide uncontrollably, forming a mass called tumor.For the purposes of this paper was used data from the Center for Public Health "BorkaTaleski"-Prilep, Republic of Northern Macedonia in the period of 2015 to 2019 ie within 5 years. Accordin...
Article
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The prostate is a small gland that lies beneath the bladder and is present only in men. Prostate cancer, one of the most common malignancies that occurs in men over 50 years old. More than 95% of prostatic tumors are adenocarcinomas. For the purposes of this paper was used data from the Institute for Public Health-Shtip, Republic of North Macedonia...
Article
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Epilepsy is a transient disorder of the brain function. The epileptic seizures, which occur in a form of convulsion, are the result of excessive irritation of the nerve structures. Acupuncture as part of Traditional Chinese Medicine treatment mainly focuses on resolving the blood stagnation in the cerebrovascular system. According to the TCM theory...
Article
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Liver cirrhosis is defined as a diffuse process, which is characterized by fibrosis and the conversion of normal liver architecture to abnormal nodules. For the purposes of this paper was used data from the Institute for Public Health in Prilep, Republic of North Macedonia in the period of 2014 to 2018. The data were analyzed and processed epidemio...
Article
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A condition where there is elevated level of TSH and normal T4 and T3 levels is defined as subclinical hypothyroidism. Several studies showed that 4% to 8.5% of the individuals without known previous thyroid disease may actually have subclinical hypothyroidism as it was evidenced by the mildly elevated TSH level. TCM has a holistic view on the deve...
Article
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Cervical cancer is a disease in which the cells of the cervix become abnormal and begin to grow uncontrollably, forming cancer. in the period of 2013 to 2017. The results show that the total number of cases of cervical cancer registered over a period of ten years is 2451, average number of patients is 245.1 per year. The highest number of registere...
Article
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Osteoarthritis is a chronic degenerative disease that affects the joints, characterized with bone hypertrophy, reduction of the joint space and formation of osteophytes. This leads to appearance of pain, swelling and stiffness of the affected joints, mostly in the morning and after resting. Most affected are the joints on the hands, spine, hips and...
Article
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Asthma is a chronic obstructive airway inflammation that causes breathing problems. It is characterized by an unusually strong immune response and chronic inflammation of the tracheobronchial stem. Typical symptoms are: cough, shortness of breath, wheezing and chest tightness and often these symptoms are triggered by external factors as allergens,...
Article
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Prostate cancer is a malignant tumor that originates from prostate cells. In general, the prostate tumor usually grows slowly and remains confined to the gland for many years.According to World Health Organization (WHO), prostate cancer is after lung cancer, the most common malignancy in men in the world and the third leading cause of death when it...
Article
Full-text available
Lung cancer is one of the most common and deadly malignancies in the world, which is characterized by uncontrolled division and growth of malignant cells in the pulmonary parenchyma. For the purposes of this paper was used data from the clinical hospital "Dr. Trifun Panovski'' in the Municipality of Bitola, Republic of North Macedonia in the period...
Article
Full-text available
Anxiety is a natural response of the body to stress and it is most common form of emotional disorder, accompanied with constant and intense feeling of fear. Anxiety is a key element of several other disorders: phobia, panic disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, social anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), separation and illne...
Article
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Infertility is a very common problem in couples of child-bearing age, affecting around 10% of the couples. Although today's technology is very advanced, 10%–15% of the infertile couples still fail to conceive after several in vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfers. A lot of female patients who have infertility due to implantation failures,...
Article
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An allergy is a condition caused when the immune system responses to a foreign substances or allergens that are not typically harmful for the human body. Allergens may be certain foods, trees, herbs, pollen or pets. The immune system function is to keep the organism healthy by fighting and attacking harmful pathogens and anything that could put the...
Article
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Skin papillomas are noncancerous and outward-growing lumps that doesn't spread and are not aggressive.Papillomas are also known as verruca or warts when they reach to the skin. The surface in which papilloma occurs in is called epithelia. The most common cause for papillomas is Human papillomavirus (HPV). There are more than 100 different HPV types...
Article
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Hashimoto's thyroiditis is associated with the presence of anti-thyroid autoantibodies (anti-TPO). High serum antibodies are found in the active phases of chronic autoimmune thyroiditis. In many medical cases with Hashimoto's thyroiditis it is possible to have high levels of anti-TPO antibodies and fT4, fT3 and TSH levels to be within the normal ra...
Article
Full-text available
Alzheimer's disease is a brain neurodegenerative disorder, which is characterized with coordinative and cognitive dysfunctions with significant loss of memory. By the terms of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) the Alzheimer's disease may occur because of: spleen or liver Qi deficiency with phlegm, spleen and kidney yang deficiency, Qi and blood st...
Article
Full-text available
The pain in the hand and wrist joint is common in people who overuse that part of the body with work. The majority of patients are women. The causes are: physical injury, carpal tunnel syndrome, sports (tennis, table tennis, gymnastics), computer work, etc. The most common symptoms for palm and wrist injuries are: pain, stiffness, paresis, swelling...
Article
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Breast cancer is the most common cancer in the female population. Breast cancer can occur in each period of life, but the most commonly occurs in women in the age of 45-49 and 55-59, ie in the years to menopause. For the purposes of this paper was used data from the Public health center Kocani for diseased breast cancer patients in the region of Ma...
Article
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Breast cancer is on the first place of malignant disease in women. By mortality it is 4th most common and the incidence is constantly increasing in the world, in North Macedonia as well. Unfortunately, the exact number for cancer patients in North Macedonia is not known, but it is estimated that there are about 800 to 1 000 patients per year. Stres...
Article
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The scapula (shoulder blade) is a large triangular-shaped bone located in the upper back and includes two muscles on each side. The scapula is surrounded and supported by a complex system of muscles that work together to help in the arm movement. If some condition or injury causes these muscles to become imbalanced or weak, the position of the scap...
Article
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When it comes to malignant neoplasms of the liver, their overall division is primary and secondary. Primary ones are those tumors that originate from liver tissue itself, and secondary are tumors that originate from another organ and have metastases present in the liver. Every year there are around 360 people diagnosed with a primary liver tumor, a...
Article
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Hyperthyroidism is one of the most common thyroid disorders and the most common cause of hyperthyroidism, as the thyroid secretes excessive amount of the hormone thyroxine. In these patients, serum TSH is below the lower limit (often unmeasurable), and the free T4 and/or free T3 are elevated. Hyperthyroidism mostly occurs around the age of 30-40 an...
Article
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Breast cancer is considered to be the most common malignant disease in women. Especially the last two decades, the incidence of breast cancer is on the rise. Breast cancer can occur on every area, but more commonly occurs in women over 50 years of age. This is the most common malignant neoplasm and the second most often in the lung cancer cause of...
Article
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Temporomandibular joint (TMЈ) or jaw joint is one of the most active joints in the human body. Temporomandibular joint connects the lower jaw (mandible) with the temporal bone that is part of the skull and gives the lower jaw the possibility of multiple movements. Most common symptoms are: pain when chewing near the joint and the ear, difficulty op...
Article
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Long and irregular sitting in front of a computer, at home or at the workplace, often causes back pain. This pain is one of the most common health problems. Cervical spondylosis is a degenerative spinal disease and most commonly occurs in people who have long been in sitting position. In this research are included 30 patients, 14 male and 16 female...
Poster
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Вовед - Карциномот на белите дробови се вбројува во најчестите и најсмртоносните малигноми насекаде во светот. Глобалниот пораст на ициденцата на карциномот на белите дробови заедно со фактот дека вкупното петогодишно преживување на пациентите со оваа болест е помало од 15%, ја нагласува големината на епидемијата на карциномот на белите дробови. Це...
Poster
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Вовед - Карцином на грло на матка е болест во која клетките на грлото на матката стануваат абнормални и почнуваат да растат неконтролирано, формирајќи карцином. Во Република Македонија цервикалниот карцином се наоѓа на второ место од најчести малигни неполазми кај жени. Цел - Целта е да се добијат резултати од анализираните регистрирани случаи на к...
Poster
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Вовед: Колоректалниот карцином е карцином на дебелото црево со многу висока инциденца, годишно зафаќајки околу милион лица. Кај машкиот пол веројатноста за појава на оваа болест е поголема 4.5% во споредба со таа кај женскиот пол која изнесува 3.2%. Цел: Целта на истражувањето е да се утврди стапката на заболени лица од колоректален карцином во Реп...
Article
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The thyroid gland controls the metabolism in the human body. In primary hypothyroidism, the thyroid is being stimulated properly but it isn't able to produce enough thyroid hormones for the body to function properly. This means that the thyroid itself is the source of the problem. In this research is presented a case of 39 year old male patient dia...
Article
The thyroid gland controls the metabolism in the human body. In primary hypothyroidism, the thyroid is being stimulated properly but it isn’t able to produce enough thyroid hormones for the body to function properly. This means that the thyroid itself is the source of the problem. In this research is presented a case of 39 year old male patient dia...
Article
Full-text available
Fibroids, also known as uterine myomas, fibromas or leiomyomas are benign growths of the smooth muscle tissue of the uterus. They occur in 20-50% of all women. Myomas grow in different places and parts of the uterus. There are three main types of myoma: subserous, intramural and sub mucosal. Most women do not have any symptoms and they may detect t...
Article
Acupuncture as part of the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is used very often as a treatment option for patients struggling with infertility. Acupuncture can help in regulating the hormonal imbalances, relieve the stress and increase the blood flow to the ovaries and uterus. The treated patient is 30 year old woman diagnosed with polycystic ovar...
Article
Full-text available
There are many common cases of patients who come with endocrine problems which have resulted in even more complications. The treatment is slow and difficult because it is a hormonal and an endocrine system problem. The patients with endocrinology problems are usually fatigued and without energy, their metabolism is slow and all processes in the bod...
Article
Full-text available
Acupuncture as part of the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is used very often as a treatment option for patients struggling with infertility. Acupuncture can help in regulating the hormonal imbalances, relieve the stress and increase the blood flow to the ovaries and uterus. The treated patient is 30 year old woman diagnosed with polycystic ovar...
Article
Full-text available
Uterine polyps are benign growths on the inner wall of the uterus, which extend into the uterine cavity. Excessive growth of the mucous membrane of the uterus (endometrium) leads to the formation of polyps on the uterus. Uterine polyps are usually non-cancerous (benign), although some may be carcinogenic or possibly develop over time into cancer. P...
Article
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Cancer occurs in the body due to uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells. Usually, cells grow and multiply in the right way. However, damaged genes can cause their abnormal behavior. They can develop into a lump called tumor. Risk factors are: human genetics, some pathogens, ionizing radiation, chemical or toxic compound exposures and etc. Cancer sym...
Article
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BACKGROUND The shoulder has the greatest range of motion of the entire joint in the body. Therefore it accounts for almost 50% of all joint dislocations. Most commonly, the dislocation is anterior and may occur because of trauma. Symptoms are intense pain, inability to move, numbness of the arm, weakness, swelling and visibly out of place shoulder....