Kristin Miller von Ranson

Kristin Miller von Ranson
The University of Calgary | HBI · Department of Psychology

Ph.D.

About

99
Publications
32,429
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,817
Citations
Citations since 2016
46 Research Items
1440 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
Introduction
I'm a clinical psychologist and eating disorders researcher with specific interests in body image, addictions, psychotherapy, cognitive biases, and weight bias.
Additional affiliations
January 2014 - July 2014
University of Freiburg
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Research and Scholarship Leave; affiliated with Brunna Tuschen-Caffier, Ph.D.
August 2010 - January 2011
University of Groningen
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Research and Scholarship Leave; affiliated with Peter de Jong, Ph.D.
July 2000 - present
The University of Calgary
Position
  • Professor
Education
September 1992 - August 1998
University of Minnesota Twin Cities
Field of study
  • Clinical psychology
September 1984 - September 1988
Bryn Mawr College
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (99)
Article
Objective: This cluster randomized controlled trial evaluated the efficacy of participation in the Body Project-a cognitive-dissonance-based preventive intervention that reduces self-reported body dissatisfaction-for reducing body-dissatisfaction-related attentional biases. We hypothesized that women in a Body Project condition would show a greate...
Article
Full-text available
There are well‐recognized benefits of behavioral interventions that include exercise for children and adolescents with obesity. However, such behavioral weight management programs may precipitate unintended consequences. It is unclear if different exercise modalities impact eating behaviors differently in youth with obesity. The purpose of this stu...
Article
This is the first study to directly examine gender differences in comorbid gambling and eating disorders. We investigated gender differences in current gambling behaviors, gambling severity, gambling-related cognitive distortions, and psychiatric comorbidities in dual-diagnosed participants. Gambling and eating disorders, as well as other psychiatr...
Article
This systematic review synthesized the literature examining addiction substitution during recovery from substance use or behavioral addictions. A total of 96 studies were included with sample sizes ranging from 6 to 14,885. The most common recovery addictions were opioids (30.21%), followed by cannabis (20.83%), unspecified use (17.71%), nicotine (...
Article
Background This study aimed to explore the association of food addiction (FA) with eating-related psychosocial impairment and examine the extent to which this association was explained directly by FA symptoms themselves, versus through body image disturbance. Materials and methods Participants (356 university students and 544 crowdsourced adults)...
Article
Full-text available
Lay abstract: Feeding problems, such as picky eating and food avoidance, are common in youth with autism. Other, broader difficulties with feeding and eating (eating disorder symptoms such as restricting food intake or preoccupation with body shape or weight and insistence on specific food presentation) are also common in autistic individuals. Her...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Previous research has shown that negative emotionality (NE) and negative urgency (NU) are each risk factors for disordered eating behaviors among undergraduates and treatment‐seekers. However, the interaction of these traits in community‐based adults with clinical levels of binge eating is unknown and has implications for risk and mainten...
Article
Objective We describe and compare eating disorder (ED) psychopathology prevalence in Canadian females and males across five age groups. Method This secondary data analysis study used the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE‐Q) to assess ED psychopathology in 1,316 Alberta community‐based female and male participants, aged 15 to 71. Resu...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of Review Addictive-like eating has engendered much controversy, in part because it has been ill-defined. Qualitative research has described individuals’ experiences and definitions of addictive-like eating, providing insights about its central features. The aim of the present review was to synthesize the latest qualitative research on addi...
Article
Purpose: The clinical utility of the construct of food addiction has been heavily debated. Though food addiction has been associated with psychosocial impairment in clinical samples, it is critical to examine these associations in non-clinical samples, to obtain unbiased evidence regarding this phenomenon's clinical significance. It is also unknow...
Article
This study examined short-term effects on mood and self-esteem of a novel group-singing model that relies exclusively on oral methods of teaching songs in 59 community-recruited adults. We compared effects of group singing to group listening using a counterbalanced, within-subjects experimental design that isolated the effects of changes attributab...
Preprint
To elucidate similarities and differences between binge eating and a behavioral addiction, this prospective study compared facets of emotion regulation that were associated with problem gambling, the only formally recognized behavioral addiction, and binge eating. Community-based women (N = 202) who engaged in at-risk binge eating (n = 79), at-risk...
Preprint
This study examined short-term effects on mood and self-esteem of a novel group-singing model that relies exclusively on oral methods of teaching songs in 59 community-recruited adults. We compared effects of group singing to group listening using a counterbalanced, within-subjects experimental design that isolated the effects of changes attributab...
Article
Full-text available
To elucidate similarities and differences between binge eating and a behavioural addiction, this prospective study compared facets of emotion regulation that were associated with problem gambling, the only formally recognised behavioural addiction, and binge eating. Community-based women (N � 202) who engaged in at-risk binge eating (n � 79), at-ri...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding attentional biases associated with body dissatisfaction can aid in devising and refining programs to reduce body dissatisfaction. This study compared attention to images of women's bodies before and after a body satisfaction or body dissatisfaction priming task. Attention was assessed using eye-gaze tracking, by measuring participants...
Article
Full-text available
Debates regarding addictive-like eating have generated several conceptualizations of this construct. Qualitative research helps ensure that conceptualizations capture how individuals may experience addictive-like eating. In this study, we conducted semi-structured interviews with ten participants who identified themselves as addicted to food, or to...
Article
Full-text available
Attentional biases for weight-related information are thought to contribute to maintenance of body dissatisfaction and eating disorders. Women with greater body appreciation may pay less attention to thin-ideal cues if body appreciation protects them from negative effects of thin-ideal media, and if so, they may be less susceptible to development o...
Article
Full-text available
There has been polarizing debate on addictive-like eating in recent years. To move toward valid definition and measurement of this construct, qualitative research describing individuals' experiences is needed. The present study explored how Brazilian men and women define and experience addictive-like eating. Interviews were conducted with 7 men and...
Article
A brief, three-factor structure for the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) has been identified that has stronger psychometric properties than the original four-factor EDE-Q structure. However, there is a need for independent replication of the brief version in different samples, and examination of how comparable the brief version is...
Article
Full-text available
Background Fitspiration, or images and text promoting health and fitness, and thinspiration, or images and text promoting thinness, have both received criticism for their negative effects on body image and dieting behaviors. In this study, we critically examined and compared the content of fitspiration and thinspiration on three social networking s...
Article
The costs of obesity have been well studied, with estimates in Canada reaching $7.1 billion annually. These estimates fuel public and professional discourse about obesity as an “epidemic” with substantial economic and public health consequences. However, cost estimates for obesity thus far have neglected to consider a critical variable: weight bias...
Article
Full-text available
Very little attention has been given to unintended consequences of government reporting on obesity. This paper argues that the 2016 Senate report, “Obesity in Canada: A Whole-Of-Society Approach,” exemplifies the systemic public health issue of weight stigma. The purpose of this viewpoint is to critique the approach taken in the Report, by illustra...
Article
Full-text available
This prospective study explored longitudinal, bidirectional associations between eating pathology and perceptions of the parent-child relationship (i.e., parent-child regard and involvement) across adolescence. Specifically, this study examined whether twin differences in mother-daughter and father-daughter relationship problems emerged as a risk f...
Article
In a recent commentary, Schulte et al. (2017) argued that addictive-like eating should be conceptualized as a substance use disorder rather than a behavioural addiction, and noted that many parallels that Hebebrand et al. (2014) drew between addictive-like eating and behavioural addictions apply likewise to substance use disorders. However, we argu...
Article
Objective This virtual issue of the International Journal of Eating Disorders (IJED) highlights the excellent and innovative research and practice discussed at the 2018 International Conference on Eating Disorders held in Chicago, Illinois, USA. Method and Results The virtual issue contains a series of articles recently published in IJED, which we...
Article
Preliminary evidence suggests that binge/purge type eating disorders and gambling disorder may commonly co-occur. However, this dual diagnosis population remains understudied. The present research examined the prevalence rates and correlates of binge/purge type eating disorders (i.e., bulimia nervosa; binge-eating disorder; anorexia nervosa binge/p...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the cognitive processes underlying body dissatisfaction provides important information on the development and perpetuation of eating pathology. Previous research suggests that body-dissatisfied women process weight-related information differently than body-satisfied women, but the precise nature of these processing differences is not...
Chapter
The classification of eating disorders was most recently updated in 2013. Among the changes made, two new residual diagnoses were introduced: other specified feeding or eating disorder (OSFED), and unspecified feeding or eating disorder. OSFED contains five examples of symptom presentations that do not meet full criteria for another feeding or eati...
Article
Preliminary evidence suggests that binge/purge type eating disorders and gambling disorder may commonly co‐occur. However, this dual‐diagnosis population remains understudied. The present research examined the prevalence rates and correlates of binge/purge type eating disorders (i.e., bulimia nervosa, binge‐eating disorder, and anorexia nervosa bin...
Article
Full-text available
Testimonials are statements on behalf of current or former clients that may comment on the abilities, qualifications, or personal characteristics of a health care provider or attest to outcomes experienced after receipt of services. Although the use of client testimonials in promotional materials is prohibited by both the Canadian Psychological Ass...
Article
Full-text available
Background Studies evaluating the benefit of adding motivational interviewing (MI) to behavioral weight-loss programs (BWLPs) have yielded mixed findings. Methods The aims of this randomized controlled trial were to: (1) assess the efficacy of adding MI to a BWLP on weight loss and adherence among 135 individuals with overweight and obesity (77.8%...
Article
Full-text available
Background: People living with overweight and obesity often experience weight-based stigmatization. Investigations of the prevalence and correlates of weight bias and evaluation of weight bias reduction interventions depend upon psychometrically-sound measurement. Our paper is the first to comprehensively evaluate the psychometric properties, use...
Article
Full-text available
Weight-related issues (including excess weight, disordered eating and body concerns) are often considered as comprising distinct domains of ‘obesity’ and ‘eating disorders’. In this commentary we argue that the concept of weight bias is an important variable when considering wellbeing across the spectrum of weight-related issues. We make the follow...
Article
Full-text available
The 2015 Canadian Weight Bias Summit disseminated the newest research advances and brought together 40 experts, stakeholders, and policy makers in various disciplines in health, education, and public policy to identify future research directions in weight bias. In this paper we aim to share the results of the Summit as well as encourage internation...
Article
Full-text available
Problematic drinking, gambling and eating are elevated among undergraduate university students but our understanding of how they are linked is limited. In this study, drinking, gambling and eating were assessed across a number of dimensions: drinking and gambling involvement, associated negative consequences, impairment of control, and motives; and...
Article
Full-text available
Research and theory suggest that meaningful variance in the onset, clinical course, symptomatic profile, and maintenance of eating disorders (EDs) can be explained by personality traits. In this article, we provide a systematic review of literature on the link between self-reported personality and EDs, focusing on literature from the past decade an...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Many individuals with eating disorders, including anorexia nervosa (AN), engage in overexercise. Little is known about fitness professionals' perceptions of their responsibilities when interacting with clients with possible AN. The purpose of the current study was to examine Alberta fitness professionals' experiences with clients suspe...
Article
This study investigated the degree to which facets of impulsiveness predicted future binge eating and problem gambling, 2 theorized forms of behavioral addiction. Participants were 596 women and 406 men from 4 age cohorts randomly recruited from a Canadian province. Participants completed self-report measures of 3 facets of impulsiveness (negative...
Article
Full-text available
Background Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), which appears to be an effective treatment for binge eating disorder (BED), focuses on teaching emotion regulation skills. However, the role of improved emotion regulation in predicting treatment outcome in BED is uncertain. Methods This secondary analysis explored whether change in self-reported emot...
Chapter
Assessing eating disorders, substance use disorders, and addictions poses a number of challenges, particularly when these disorders co-occur. Although unstructured interview approaches are often utilized in clinical assessment of eating disorders, substance use disorders, and addictions, the use of semi-structured interviews and questionnaires can...
Chapter
Self-help interventions include step-by-step instructions that enable an individual to carry out an established treatment protocol either independently (pure self-help) or with minimal professional support (guided self-help). Generally, self-help interventions provide information about a given disorder as well as tools for building skills. In contr...
Article
This study examined the efficacy of guided self-help based on dialectical behaviour therapy (DBTgsh) for binge eating disorder (BED). Individuals (88.3% female; mean 42.8 years) were randomized to DBTgsh (n = 30) or wait-list (WL; n = 30). DBTgsh participants received an orientation, DBT manual, and six 20-min support calls over 13 weeks. All parti...
Article
Full-text available
Little research has investigated whether the twin representativeness assumption (that results from twin research generalize to singletons) holds for eating pathology and internalizing symptoms. This study compared disordered eating, depression, and anxiety among young adult female twins versus singletons. Participants included 292 twins and 997 sin...
Article
Full-text available
Disordered gambling and many eating disorders (EDs) involve recurrent loss of impulse control. We examined rates of specific EDs, ED psychopathology, substance use disorders, and their interrelationships with impulsiveness among community members with disordered gambling. Community-recruited adults with pathological (n = 95) or problem (n = 9) gamb...
Article
This study investigated the degree to which facets of impulsiveness predicted future binge eating and problem gambling, 2 theorized forms of behavioral addiction. Participants were 596 women and 406 men from 4 age cohorts randomly recruited from a Canadian province. Participants completed self-report measures of 3 facets of impulsiveness (negative...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract This study describes the psychological interventions used for eating disorders (EDs) by community practitioners. Of 573 clinicians we screened across Alberta, 130 (22.7%) had treated EDs; 118 (90.8%) were interviewed. Clinicians reported varied reasons for psychotherapy choice and diverse training experiences; the primary approaches used v...
Article
Full-text available
This study evaluated the cognitive-behavioral (CB) model of bulimia nervosa and an extension that included two additional maintaining factors - thin-ideal internalization and impulsiveness - in 327 undergraduate women. Participants completed measures of demographics, self-esteem, concern about shape and weight, dieting, bulimic symptoms, thin-ideal...
Article
Full-text available
Despite growing support for the dissemination of empirically-supported treatments (ESTs), treatment providers have been slow to take up using ESTs. This study explored eating disorders (EDs) professionals' views of empirical support for psychotherapies for EDs and the role of empirical evidence in ED treatment selection. We distributed a web-based...
Chapter
The most common type of eating disorder is eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS), not the better-known diagnoses of anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa. EDNOS is a residual diagnosis that comprises clinically significant eating disorders that do not fit the criteria for either of the two more specific eating disorders: anorexia nervosa an...
Article
Full-text available
Body dissatisfaction is a common problem among adolescent girls that is linked to serious outcomes, including the development of eating disorders. This study tested to what degree five theorized risk factors (weight-related teasing, thin-ideal internalization, body mass index [BMI], self-esteem, and perfectionism) predicted prospective changes in b...
Article
Full-text available
As psychology has moved toward emphasizing evidence-based practice, use of treatment manuals has extended from research trials into clinical practice. Minimal research has directly evaluated use of manuals in clinical practice. This survey of international eating disorder professionals examined use of manuals with 259 clinicians' most recent client...
Article
Full-text available
Overeaters Anonymous (OA) is a widely available, 12-step, self-help treatment program primarily used for weight loss that also offers to address eating disorder (ED) symptoms. However, because of OA's tradition of avoiding contact with "outside enterprises," little research has examined eating pathology among OA members. The present, uncontroled st...
Article
Full-text available
Although dangers of pro-eating disorder (pro-ED) websites have recently been discussed in the popular press, no integration of research findings on this topic yet exists. After completing a systematic search for peer-reviewed articles about pro-ED websites, we identified three possible risks as themes: operation under the guise of "support," reinfo...
Article
Full-text available
Two quasi-experimental pilot studies examined eating pathology, eating self-efficacy, shame, guilt, and pride in adults with chronic illness before and after participating in brief cognitive-behavioral psychoeducational groups addressing eating concerns. In Study 1, 60 adults completed assessments before and after a series of two groups; in Study 2...
Article
Overeaters Anonymous (OA) is a 12-step, self-help group for individuals who perceive themselves to have problems with compulsive overeating. Despite the popularity of OA and the frequent use of addictions-based treatments for eating disorders, little is known about how OA is helpful. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore members' exp...
Data
Full-text available
W e have recently become aware of the article by Kirschenbaum et al., 1 which has been circu-lated widely among our clinician colleagues. Although we acknowledge Kirschenbaum et al.'s desire to provide a straightforward tool for parents, we believe it is important to comment on a few issues raised in their article. First, the authors associate thei...
Article
Full-text available
In this randomized controlled trial, 108 women with binge-eating disorder (BED) recruited from the community were assigned to either an adapted motivational interviewing (AMI) group (1 individual AMI session + self-help handbook) or control group (handbook only). They were phoned 4, 8, and 16 weeks following the initial session to assess binge eati...
Article
To better understand how women at risk of body image disturbance respond when their body concerns are activated, we examined attentional and memory biases in undergraduate women with high thin-ideal internalization, an identified risk factor for eating disorders, following priming of body and appearance concerns. Female undergraduates (N=186) viewe...
Article
Although eating disorders are frequently associated with depression, evidence regarding which problem predicts the other is conflicting, and little research has addressed the developmental course of this relation. This study examined longitudinal associations between depression and eating pathology across adolescence. Participants were 754 girls pa...
Article
To ascertain to what degree binge eating is experienced as an addiction, this study examined the proportion of women with binge-eating disorder (BED) whose symptoms met criteria for an addiction. Women (N = 79) with current BED completed a structured telephone interview to assess for symptoms of a modified version of DSM-IV substance dependence and...
Article
Full-text available
A substantial gap exists between scientific evidence and clinical practice in the psychological treatment of eating disorders. Not only are eating disorders commonly described as addictions by laypersons and mental health professionals alike, but surveys indicate that approximately 30% of eating disorder treatment programs and clinicians use addict...