Kristin Syverud

Kristin Syverud
RISE PFI

Dr.ing.

About

100
Publications
38,816
Reads
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3,876
Citations
Introduction
I am research manager at RISE PFI, www.rise-pfi.no/, and lead scientist of the focus area Nanocellulose and Carbohydrate Polymer, http://www.rise-pfi.no/focus-areas/nanocellulose-and-carbohydrate-polymers/. I am also part time professor at NTNU where I am teaching and supervising PhD students, https://www.ntnu.no/ansatte/kristin.syverud.
Additional affiliations
November 2017 - present
RISE PFI
Position
  • Project Manager
October 2013 - present
RISE PFI
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • I am the scientific leader of the Nanocellulose and Carbohydrate Polymer group at PFI, http://www.pfi.no/New-Biomaterials/. This involves initiation and leading projects, supervising PhD students and coordinating the work within the group.
January 2013 - present
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (100)
Article
In this work, we aimed to tune cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) properties by introducing different functional groups (aldehyde, carboxyl, silane, and ammonium groups) on the surface through different chemical modifications. These functional groups were obtained by combining: the periodate oxidation with TEMPO-oxidation, aminosylation or cationization...
Article
Full-text available
Cellulose nanofibrils, CNFs, show great potential in many application areas. One main aspect limiting the industrial use is the slow and energy demanding dewatering of CNF suspensions. Here we investigate the dewatering with a piston press process. Three different CNF grades were dewatered to solid contents between approx. 20 and 30%. The CNF grade...
Article
Full-text available
This review is the first part of a comprehensive review of hydrophobisation of lignocellulosic materials. The purpose of this review has been to compare physical hydrophobisation methods of lignocellulosic materials. We have compared molecular physical adsorption with plasma etching and grafting. Adsorption methods are facile and rely upon the simp...
Article
Full-text available
This review is the third part of a series of reviews on hydrophobization of lignocellulosic materials, a relevant topic nowadays, due to the need to replace fossil fuel-based materials. The review provides an overview of the hydrophobization of lignocellulosic materials by polymer adsorption, and both chemical and radiation-induced grafting of poly...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cellulose nanofibrils, CNFs, show a great potential in many application areas. One main aspect limiting the use of the material is the slow and energy demanding dewatering of CNF suspensions. Here we investigate the dewatering with a piston press process. Three different CNF qualities, two laboratory grades (high and low charge) and one industrial...
Article
TEMPO-Oxidized cellulose nanofibrils (toCNF), in the form of highly entangled network such as membrane or cryogels, have proven to be of interest for various applications, including drug release or purification by pollutant adsorption. β-Cyclodextrins (β-CDs) have the ability to form inclusion complexes with large amount of hydrophobic molecules, a...
Article
Full-text available
The use of wood-derived cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) or galactoglucomannans (GGM) for emulsion stabilization may be a way to obtain new environmentally friendly emulsifiers. Both have previously been shown to act as emulsifiers, offering physical, and in the case of GGM, oxidative stability to the emulsions. Oil-in-water emulsions were prepared usi...
Book
Full-text available
The oil industry has, in the last decade, seen successful applications of nanotechnology in completion systems, completion fluids, drilling fluids, and in improvements of well constructions, equipment, and procedures. However, very few full field applications of nano particles as an additive to injection fluids for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) have...
Article
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Atomic force microscopy (AFM) can be used to quantitatively study nanomaterials in different media, e.g. vacuum, air, or submerged in a liquid. A technique was developed to study swelling of individual cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) using AFM. As a case study, CNFs with different degrees of crystallinity (DoC) were examined for swellability going fro...
Article
Full-text available
In this work fully biomass-based hydrogels were developed using a naturally occurring vegetable hydrocolloid co-mingled with wood-derived nanocellulose fibrils. Two distinct types of hydrocolloids have been considered: a seaweed-derived biopolymer (alginate) and a plant-derived biopolymer (pectin). To attain nano-structured binary hydrogels, surfac...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) of high charge (H-P-CNF) and screened size (H-P-CNF-S) were fabricated by increasing the charge of phosphorylated cellulose nanofibrils (P-CNFs) during the pre-treatment step of CNF production. Results show that the H-P-CNF have a significantly higher charge (3.41 mmol g⁻¹) compared with P-CNF (1.86 mmol g...
Article
Full-text available
Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) and 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPO)-oxidized cellulose nanofibrils (T-CNFs) were tested as enhanced oil recovery (EOR) agents through core floods and microfluidic experiments. Both particles were mixed with low salinity water (LSW). The core floods were grouped into three parts based on the research object...
Article
Full-text available
Many studies show how biomaterial properties like stiffness, mechanical stimulation and surface topography can influence cellular functions and direct stem cell differentiation. In this work, two different natural materials, gelatin (Gel) and cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs), were combined to design suitable 3D porous biocomposites for soft-tissue engi...
Article
The applicability of cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) as viscosifying agent in a starch-reduced low-fat mayonnaise and in an oil-reduced full-fat mayonnaise has been considered. For low-fat mayonnaise a 50 wt% reduction in the ordinary starch content was performed, while for full-fat mayonnaise, the oil content was reduced from 79 to 70 wt%. To study i...
Article
Full-text available
Wood-based TEMPO-oxidised cellulose nanofibrils (toCNF) are promising materials for biomedical applications. Cyclodextrins have ability to form inclusion complexes with hydrophobic molecules and are considered as a method to bring new functionalities to these materials. Water sorption and mechanical properties are also key properties for biomedical...
Article
Wood-based cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) have, in addition to high specific surface area and high surface reactivity, ability to mimic nanostructured collagen in bone extracellular matrix. These properties make CNFs promising materials for bone tissue engineering (BTE). The CNFs degrade slowly in vivo. By blending and cross-linking gelatin (Gel) wit...
Article
Full-text available
The influence of cellulose crystallinity on mechanical properties of cellulose nano-fibrils (CNF) was investigated. Degree of crystallinity (DoC) was modified using liquid anhydrous ammonia. Such treatment changes crystal allomorph from cellulose I to cellulose III, a change which was reversed by subsequent boiling in water. DoC was measured using...
Article
Full-text available
Cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) have been proposed for use in low-fat food products due to their availability and excellent viscosifying and gel forming abilities. As the CNFs are negatively charged, the presence of other components in foods, such as electrolytes and food additives such as xanthan gum is likely to affect their rheological properties....
Article
The assessment of several ink formulations for 3D printing based on two natural macromolecular compounds is presented. In the current research we have exploited the fast crosslinking potential of pectin and the remarkable shear-thinning properties of carboxylated cellulose nanofibrils, which is known to induce a desired viscoelastic behavior. Prior...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies have discovered a substantial viscosity increase of aqueous cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) dispersions upon heat aging at temperatures above 90 °C. This distinct change in material properties at very low concentrations in water has been proposed as an active mechanism for enhanced oil recovery (EOR), as highly viscous fluid may improve...
Article
Full-text available
Pickering o/w emulsions prepared with 40 wt % rapeseed oil were stabilized with the use of low charged enzymatically treated cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) and highly charged 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPO)-oxidized CNFs. The emulsion-forming abilities and storage stability of the two qualities were tested in the presence of NaCl and ace...
Article
A challenge in the extrusion-based bioprinting is to find a bioink with optimal biological and physicochemical properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of wood-based cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) and bioactive glass (BaG) on the rheological properties of gelatin-alginate bioinks and the initial responses of bone cells embedded...
Article
In this paper, we explore the use of nanocelluloses as an additive to poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) nanocomposite membranes for CO 2 /N 2 mixed-gas separation. Our findings are that several types of nanocellulose can be used to improve membrane performance. PVA/cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) nanocomposite membranes have the most promising performance, w...
Article
Full-text available
Inks for 3D printing based on cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) or mixtures of CNFs and either cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) or alginate were assessed by determining their viscoelastic properties i.e. complex viscosity and storage and loss moduli (G′ and G″). Two types of alginates were used, i.e. from Laminaria hyperborea stipe and Macrocystis pyrifera...
Article
Two wood-derived cellulose nanofibril (CNF) porous scaffolds were prepared by TEMPO-oxidation and carboxymethylation. The effects of these scaffolds on the production of inflammatory cytokines by human macrophage-like cells (U937) was profiled in vitro after 1 and 3 days and in subcutaneous tissues of rats after 4 and 30 days, using PCR and Multipl...
Article
Chemical enhanced oil recovery (EOR) represents a series of potential solutions for extracting more oil from resources with already known locations and magnitudes. Unfortunately, many of the chemical additives in use today are not environmentally friendly. In the study a “greener” alternative for increasing viscosity of the injection water is inves...
Article
3D printed polycaprolactone (PCL) has potential as a scaffold for bone tissue engineering, but the hydrophobic surface may hinder optimal cell responses. The surface properties can be improved by coating the scaffold with cellulose nanofibrils material (CNF), a multiscale hydrophilic biocompatible biomaterial derived from wood. In this study, human...
Article
Biopolymers such as gelatin (Gel) and cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) have many of the essential requirements for being used as scaffolding materials in tissue regeneration; biocompatibility, surface chemistry, ability to generate homogeneous hydrogels and 3D structures with suitable pore size and interconnection, which allows cell colonization and pro...
Article
Full-text available
The application of nanotechnology to the petroleum industry has sparked recent interest in increasing oil recovery, while reducing environmental impact. Nanocellulose is an emerging nanoparticle that is derived from trees or waste stream from wood and fiber industries. Thus, it is taken from a renewable and sustainable source, and could therefore s...
Preprint
Full-text available
The application of nanotechnology to the petroleum industry has sparked recent interest to increase oil recovery while reducing environmental impact. Nanocellulose is an emerging nanoparticle that is derived from trees and may provide an environmentally friendly alternative to current enhanced oil recovery (EOR) technologies. However, before nanoce...
Article
Artifact-free imaging of cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) from aqueous nanocellulose suspensions is nontrivial due to frequent irreversible agglomeration and structure damage during the course of sample preparation, especially as water is solidified prior to freeze-drying. In this study, we have examined the morphologies of CNF suspensions prepared by...
Article
Full-text available
Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) were investigated for use in a potential new application, enhanced oil recovery. Core flooding experiments were performed on outcrop sandstone cores using CNC particles dispersed in low salinity brine (CNC–LS). Core flooding experiments performed on fully water-saturated cores confirm that a majority of viscosity-genera...
Article
Cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) are becoming increasingly ubiquitous in diverse technologies requiring sustainable nanoscale species to form or modify films. The objective of the present study is to investigate the swelling behavior and accompanying free volume of self-standing TEMPO-oxidized (TO) CNF films in the presence of water vapor. For this pur...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on the use of cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) as scaffold material in tissue engineering. Tissue engineering is regeneration of human tissue by a combination of stem cells, a scaffold and growth factors. The field requires an interdisciplinary approach with expertise from multiple fields including medicine, biology, chemistry, mate...
Article
Full-text available
Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) are currently being investigated as potential additives for enhanced oil recovery (EOR). Presented in this paper is a study investigating the effects of different physical and chemical environments that low concentration CNC dispersions may be subjected to at oil reservoir conditions. Different concentrations of CNC dis...
Article
Full-text available
A method to study Cellulose Nanofibril (CNF) distribution in three dimensions within a paper matrix - in-situ - was developed. Focused Ion Beam (FIB)/Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) tomography was used to investigate the distribution of cellulose nanofibers in three dimensions within a paper structure. Sufficient resolution and material contrast...
Article
Cellulose nanofibril (CNF) suspensions are not easily coatable because of their excessively high viscosity and yield stress, even at low solids concentrations. In addition, CNF suspensions vary widely in their properties depending on the production process used, which can affect their processability. This work reports roll-to-roll coating of three...
Article
Full-text available
Nanocellulose serves as a potential new water additive for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) applications. This is an emerging new type of nanoparticle that is comprised of cellulose fibrils in the nanometer range. Cellulose is a biopolymer and it is the main constituent in the cell wall of plants and trees. Thus, the material is biodegradable, non-toxic...
Article
Full-text available
Alginate and cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) are attractive materials for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. CNF gels are generally weaker and more brittle than alginate gels, while alginate gels are elastic and have high rupture strength. Alginate properties depend on their guluronan and mannuronan content and their sequence pattern and mol...
Article
Cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) are, due in large part to excellent gas barrier properties, a potential environmentally friendly alternative to inorganic and petrochemical coatings of e.g. paperboard in packaging applications. In the current paper successful roll-to-roll coating of three qualities of CNF is demonstrated on a recycled quality, porous pa...
Article
The current study aims to demonstrate the influence of the surface chemistry of wood-derived cellulose nanofibril (CNF) hydrogels on fibroblasts for tissue engineering applications. TEMPO-mediated oxidation or carboxymethylation pretreatments were employed to produce hydrogels with different surface chemistry. This study demonstrates, firstly, the...
Article
Cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) have potential as rheology modifiers of water based fluids, e.g. drilling fluids for use in oil wells or as additives in injection water for enhanced oil recovery (EOR). The temperature in oil wells can be high (>100 ◦C), and the retention time long; days for drilling fluids and months for EOR fluids. Hence, it is import...
Article
Pretreatment, fractionation and hydrolysis remains costly and challenging process steps in biochemical conversion of softwoods. Here, ionic liquid pretreatment using 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate (EMIM-OAc) at high temperature (100 °C, 6 h) and alkali based (NaOH/urea) pretreatment at sub-zero temperature (−18 °C, 24 h) were compared and comb...
Article
Full-text available
Polysaccharides are finding an increasing number of applications in medical and pharmaceutical fields thanks to their biodegradability, biocompatibility, and in some cases bioactivity. Two approaches were applied to use hemicelluloses as crosslinkers to tune the structural and mechanical properties of nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) hydrogel scaffo...
Research
Full-text available
Announcement and program of the research seminar on cellulose nanotechnology research 19 and 20 October 2016
Article
Thermo-mechanical pulp (TMP) handsheets with different fractions of cellulose nano fibrils (CNF) and ground calcium carbonate (GCC) were made. CNF and retention chemicals were added in three different ways; to GCC, to long fibre fraction (LFF) or to complete furnish. The different addition strategies affected dewatering time, tensile strength and p...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, the main objective was to examine the interactions between nanocellulose dispersions and Berea sandstone through retention studies using a vertically-oriented particle mobility coreflooding (PMC) procedure. The type of nanocellulose evaluated was cellulose nanocrystals (CNC). The results showed that CNC in low salinity water (LSW) wa...
Article
Full-text available
Nanoparticles in air are of particular concern for public health and employee exposure in workplaces. Therefore, it is very important to prepare effective filters for their removal. In this work filters were prepared from nanocellulose, i.e. cellulose nanofibrils (CNF). CNF was produced using two methods giving two different qualities of CNF. One q...
Article
Full-text available
Nanocellulose has a variety of advantages, which make the material most suitable for use in biomedical devices such as wound dressings. The material is strong, allows for production of transparent films, provides a moist wound healing environment, and can form elastic gels with bioresponsive characteristics. In this study, we explore the applicatio...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to design a nanocellulose based barrier film. For this purpose, cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) are used as a matrix to create an entangled nanoporous network that is filled with two different nanofillers: nanoclay (reference), i.e. the mineral montmorillonite (MMT) and the bio-based TEMPO-oxidized cellulose nanocrystal (CNC-T...
Article
Full-text available
Xylan is the second most abundant polysaccharide and the most abundant hemicellulose component of soda bagasse pulp. In this study, bleached soda bagasse pulp (SB) and bleached bagasse dissolving pulp (DB) with varying amounts of xylan were fibrillated with a homogenization process. The produced fibrillated materials were used for making nanopaper...
Article
Full-text available
Cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) form hydrogels at low concentrations. These hydrogels are held together by transient interactions such as entanglement of fibrils, non-specific ionic interactions and hydrogen bonds; and are thus vulnerable for changes in the chemical environment or the influence of mechanical forces. By a covalent crosslinking of the fi...
Article
Full-text available
Nanocellulose from wood is a promising material with potential in various technological areas. Within biomedical applications, nanocellulose has been proposed as a suitable nano-material for wound dressings. This is based on the capability of the material to self-assemble into 3D micro-porous structures, which among others have an excellent capacit...
Article
Full-text available
Today, there is widespread scientific and commercial interest in cellulose nanofibrils (CNF). The exploration of new manufacturing methods and pre-treatments has enabled a less energy intensive production of CNF. In this review the use of CNF in paper making applications as a paper additive or coating material have been summarized and discussed. CN...