Kristin Strømsnes

Kristin Strømsnes
University of Bergen | UiB · Department of Comparative Politics

Dr. Polit

About

68
Publications
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645
Citations

Publications

Publications (68)
Chapter
A vibrant civil society is important in a democratic system, and society’s contact with, opposition to and control of the political system is crucial for the democratic system to survive. In this chapter we look at the relationship between the Sámi Parliament and Sámi civil society from several perspectives: those of the party leaders and represent...
Conference Paper
A lot of research exists about the role of interest groups in the policy process. The research is, however, fragmented and not always specific with regard to the various stages of the process. The aim of this paper is to contribute to the development of an analytical framework for the study of interest groups and voluntary associations’ influence a...
Article
Full-text available
Sammendrag Stemmeretten ved sametingsvalg i Norge er ikke knyttet til at en bor innenfor et bestemt geografisk område, men er en politisk rettighet som erverves på individuelt etnisk grunnlag, og som følger individet uavhengig av bosted. En raskt økende andel av Sametingets elektorat bor nå utenfor de tradisjonelle samiske bosettingsområdene, og sv...
Chapter
In this chapter, we analyze protests and demonstrations in Norway in the period between 1983 and 2016. The aim is to shed light on the role of different kinds of civil society organizations in the protest channel, and the relationship that exist between political and civic engagement. The analysis presented stem from two original datasets. The firs...
Chapter
This chapter describes the historical and institutional background of the Scandinavian organizational society in detail. The popular mass movements are analysed as core institutions in the building of the modern Scandinavian mass democracies. Particular attention is devoted to the organizational model that characterized the popular mass movements a...
Chapter
In the final chapter, we provide an overview and synthesis of the main findings following our analysis of civic engagement across the Scandinavian countries. Furthermore, we speculate on the theoretical lessons from the Scandinavian experience, which may be important for an international comparative understanding of the varieties of civic engagemen...
Chapter
This chapter provides an introduction to civic engagement in Scandinavia. The chapter accounts for the institutional background of the popular mass movements, the welfare state and the negotiated market economies in the Scandinavian countries. We argue that the combination of these institutions feed into a combination of supply and demand mechanism...
Book
Since the 1990’s, a number of studies have documented a remarkable high and stable amount of popular engagement in civic organizations in Danmark, Norway, and Sweden. Often these countries have been considered deviant cases against the proliferating decline of social capital studies. However, despite great international interest in the Scandinavian...
Book
This book aims at presenting a conceptual apparatus and empirical analysis of the ways Scandinavian civil society is affected by social transformations by focusing on the Norwegian case. The Norwegian empirical focus allows identifying processes and factors of change that are relevant outside this context and enable us to understand, on a more gene...
Chapter
In this chapter, we draw on the analyses presented in the previous chapters and discuss whether modernizing societal trends have disrupted the social movement basis of the Scandinavian voluntary sector model, making it democratically less important, or whether we are witnesses to a reconfiguration of this model. To what degree has the organizations...
Chapter
In this chapter, we investigate the changes in the relationship between the state and the voluntary sector and discuss the implications the increased role of the market sector within health and human services has for the relationship between sectors. First, we discuss the changes in voluntary sector policy in Norway over the last couple of decades,...
Chapter
The Scandinavian civil societies have several characteristics that distinguish them from other types of civil society regimes. This includes high organizational density and a high level of participation in voluntary organizations (membership and volunteering); a democratic organizational model where organizations operate within a structure of local...
Article
Full-text available
One hundred and one very different organizations joined together prior to the election for the Norwegian parliament in 2013 in order to make climate change mitigation the most important issue in the election campaign. The alliance (CE2013) agreed on six political demands relating to mitigation. In this article, we categorize the 101 organizations a...
Article
This article explores the case of the Sámi in the Nordic countries, with a specific focus on the most extensive Sámi political system, that found in Norway. The Norwegian Sámi parliament is an indigenous parliament in a unitary and ‘state-friendly’ society. As will be seen, that is not an easy position to be in. While most of the Sámi are concentra...
Article
Despite the high adoption level of Facebook and other social network sites (SNSs) in Norway, local level voluntary associations have not embraced SNSs to the same degree. Regular websites are the main web representation, and information provision is the main function of the associations’ web representations. Using quantitative data on website conte...
Article
This analysis of citizenship identity among Sami living in core Sami areas in Norway clearly shows that the Sami population feel more closely connected to their local communities than is the case for non-Sami living in the same areas and for the Norwegian populace as a whole. Some significant differences also emerge as regards citizenship identity...
Article
This article examines community effects on social trust in Norwegian communities. The large research literature on social trust agrees that community effects are important, but disagree about which aspects of communities influence social trust. The main current disagreement concerns the relative importance of ethnic diversity and socio-economic fac...
Article
In accordance with international conventions the Sámi is an indigenous group belonging to two populations and two overlapping civil societies within one nation state. This situation not only influences Sámi political interests and activities in general, but it also affects the individual Sámi's political orientation and decisions. Nevertheless, no...
Article
Political consumerism, i.e., the use of consumer power to influence politics, is often described as an alternative to conventional political participation. It is assumed to appeal most of all to those who are less politically active, have less trust in the representative political system or have difficulty being heard through conventional political...
Article
Full-text available
Although Norway is often seen as an environmental forerunner with an extensive voluntary sector, the internationally successful environmental organisation Greenpeace has never managed to establish a viable organisation there. The explanation for this lies in a Norwegian political culture that includes two distinct culturally embedded anomalies that...
Article
The author discusses whether church attendance and membership of religious voluntary organizations contribute to establishing social capital in society, and if so, whether faith, membership, or the level of active involvement is the key factor. She analyses what bearing religious involvement has on a citizen's political involvement, and to what ext...
Article
This article argues that the scope of the voluntary sector is more important than the activity level of members for the formation of social capital. The intensity and scope of 13 European voluntary sectors are analyzed on both the individual and aggregate levels. This reveals no additional effect of face-to-face contact (active participation) over...
Article
This article focuses on diachronic and synchronic variation in Norwegian electoral turnout from 1945 to 1991. The model contains aggregate data divided into two-year intervals with regions as cross-sections. The impact of both socio-economic and political variables is tested. The two-dimensional view on turnout variation makes it possible to distin...
Article
Full-text available
Citizen-initiated contact with politicians is an increasing, but often neglected, form of political participation. Direct contact fits well with new participation trends that increased individualisation and a single-issue focus have brought forth, and is often interpreted as a participatory form that conforms with such new demands. Yet while politi...
Book
This book explains and demonstrates how the Norwegian case of environmentalism is unique. The two connected anomalies of an inclusive and state friendly society and a strong orientation and commitment to local communities make the case stand apart from mainstream international definitions of environmentalism. The authors study a specific political...
Book
This book explains and demonstrates how the Norwegian case of environmentalism is unique. The two connected anomalies of an inclusive and state friendly society and a strong orientation and commitment to local communities make the case stand apart from mainstream international definitions of environmentalism. The authors study a specific political...
Article
Full-text available
This article is concerned with value-based non-democratically structured voluntary organizations, which constitute an ever-increasing portion of the voluntary sector. We argue that the democratic significance of these organizations is not accounted for within conventional, empirically oriented research on democracy, including neo-Tocquevillian appr...
Article
This article, taking as its point of departure that voluntary organizations are of crucial importance in a democracy, views the transformation of the Norwegian voluntary sector through the lenses of what happens within the environmental field. Seeing changes within this field as prototypical for the transformation of the voluntary sector more gener...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
The Centre for Research on Civil Society and Voluntary Sector is a collaboration between the Institute for Social Research and NORCE Norwegian Research Centre. We conduct independent and socially relevant research on voluntary engagement and voluntary organisations in Norway. https://www.samfunnsforskning.no/sivilsamfunn/english/