Kristian Donner

Kristian Donner
University of Helsinki | HY · Department of Biosciences

PhD, Professor

About

177
Publications
10,597
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3,377
Citations

Publications

Publications (177)
Article
Full-text available
Time is largely a hidden variable in vision. It is the condition for seeing interesting things such as spatial forms and patterns, colours and movements in the external world, and yet is not meant to be noticed in itself. Temporal aspects of visual processing have received comparatively little attention in research. Temporal properties have been ma...
Article
Full-text available
We have studied dark-adaptation at three levels in the eyes of the crustacean Mysis relicta over 2–3 weeks after exposing initially dark-adapted animals to strong white light: regeneration of 11-cis retinal through the retinoid cycle (by HPLC), restoration of native rhodopsin in photoreceptor membranes (by MSP), and recovery of eye photosensitivity...
Article
Full-text available
From the mid-19th century until the 1980’s, frogs and toads provided important research models for many fundamental questions in visual neuroscience. In the present century, they have been largely neglected. Yet they are animals with highly developed vision, a complex retina built on the basic vertebrate plan, an accessible brain, and an experiment...
Preprint
Full-text available
Rhodopsins, the primary molecules of vision in all seeing animals, can be activated not only by photon energy (light) but also by thermal energy (heat). Spectral absorbance is evolutionarily tuned by critical residues in the amino acid sequence of the protein part (opsin), which affect the energy needed for 11-cis → all-trans isomerization of the c...
Article
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The photoreceptors and eyes of four fish species commonly cohabiting Fennoscandian lakes with different light transmission properties were compared: pikeperch Sander lucioperca, pike Esox lucius, perch Perca fluviatilis and roach Rutilus rutilus. Each species was represented by individuals from a clear (greenish) and a humic (dark brown) lake in so...
Article
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The eyes of two glacial-relict populations of opossum shrimp Mysis relicta inhabiting the different photic environments of a deep, dark-brown freshwater lake and a variably lit bay of the Baltic Sea differ in their susceptibility to functional depression from strong light exposures. The lake population is much more vulnerable than the sea populatio...
Article
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The presence of two spectrally different kinds of rod photoreceptors in amphibians has been hypothesized to enable purely rod-based colour vision at very low light levels. The hypothesis has never been properly tested, so we performed three behavioural experiments at different light intensities with toads (Bufo) and frogs (Rana) to determine the th...
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http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/royptb/suppl/2017/02/03/rstb.2016.0066.DC1/rstb20160066supp1.pdf
Article
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Foraging trait specialization is important for polymorphic Arctic charr and whitefish, but visual capabilities of different morphs are unexplored. Photoreceptor complements and absorbance spectra of rod visual pigments were studied by microspectrophotometry in two sympatric Arctic charr morphs and three sympatric whitefish morphs from two subarctic...
Article
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Absorbance spectra of single rhabdoms were studied by microspectrophotometry (MSP) and spectral sensitivities of whole eyes by electroretinography (ERG) in three glacial-relict species of opossum shrimps (Mysis). Among eight populations from Fennoscandian fresh-water lakes (L) and seven populations from the brackish-water Baltic Sea (S), L spectra...
Article
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Glacial-relict species of the genus Mysis (opossum shrimps) inhabiting both fresh-water lakes and brackish sea waters in northern Europe show a consistent lake/sea dichotomy in eye spectral sensitivity. The absorbance peak (λmax) recorded by microspectrophotometry in isolated rhabdoms is invariably 20-30 nm red-shifted in "lake" compared with "sea"...
Article
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The visual pigments of rods and cones were studied in eight Fennoscandian populations of nine-spined stickleback (Pungitius pungitius). The wavelength of maximum absorbance of the rod pigment (λ(max)) varied between populations from 504 to 530 nm. Gene sequencing showed that the rod opsins of all populations were identical in amino acid composition...
Article
Full-text available
The hypothesis that selection on the opsin gene is efficient in tuning vision to the ambient light environment of an organism was assessed in 49 populations of 12 Mysis crustacean species, inhabiting arctic marine waters, coastal littoral habitats, freshwater lakes ('glacial relicts') and the deep Caspian Sea. Extensive sequence variation was found...
Article
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The percept of a contrast target is substantially affected by co-occurring changes in mean luminance or underlying ("pedestal") contrast elements. These two types of modulatory effects have traditionally been studied as separate phenomena. However, regardless of different higher-level mechanisms, both classes of phenomena will necessarily also depe...
Article
Full-text available
In a comparative study of two groups of Crustacea (Decapoda and Mysidacea) we have determined the spectral groups of screening pigments and their location within the eye. It is shown that living in the bright light Decapoda (L. modestus) commonly have screening pigments with fairly uniform ("blackish") absorption spectrum, which provides an integra...
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