Kristi M Miller

Kristi M Miller
Fisheries and Oceans Canada | DFO · Pacific Biological Station

PhD

About

358
Publications
42,352
Reads
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6,948
Citations
Citations since 2016
112 Research Items
3494 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
Additional affiliations
January 1992 - October 2015
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (358)
Article
Full-text available
Temperate coastal marine waters are often thermally stratified from spring through fall but can be dynamic and disrupted by tidal currents and wind‐driven upwelling. These mixing events introduce deeper, cooler water with a higher partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) and its associated microbial communities to the surface. Anecdotally, these events impac...
Article
Full-text available
Juvenile sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) in British Columbia migrate past numerous Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) farms from which they may acquire infectious agents. We analyse patterns of molecular detection in juvenile sockeye for the bacterium Tenacibaculum maritimum, known to cause disease in fish globally and to cause mouthrot disease in f...
Article
Full-text available
Recent decades have seen an increased appreciation for the role infectious diseases can play in mass mortality events across a diversity of marine taxa. At the same time many Pacific salmon populations have declined in abundance as a result of reduced marine survival. However, few studies have explicitly considered the potential role pathogens coul...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic stock identification (GSI) from genotyping‐by‐sequencing of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci has become the gold standard for stock of origin identification in Pacific salmon. The sequencing platforms currently applied require large batch sizes and multiday processing in specialized facilities to perform genotyping by the thousands...
Article
Full-text available
The spatial spread of genetic material is fundamental to analyses of invasive species, species dispersal, and disease surveillance. Using a quantitative environmental DNA methodology, we assessed spatial variation in Atlantic salmon eDNA concentration, originating from four active salmon farms, along ~ 55 km of narrow channels in British Columbia,...
Article
Salmon are keystone species across the North Pacific, supporting ecosystems, commercial opportunities, and cultural identity. Nevertheless, many wild salmon stocks have experienced significant declines. Salmon restoration efforts focus on fresh and coastal waters, but little is known about the open ocean environment. Here we use high throughput RT-...
Preprint
Full-text available
Temperate coastal marine waters are often thermally stratified from spring through fall, but can be dynamic and disrupted by tidal currents and wind-driven upwelling. These mixing events introduce deeper, cooler water with a higher partial pressure of CO 2 (pCO 2 ), and its associated microbial communities to the surface. Anecdotally, there have be...
Article
Full-text available
In March 2021, following the annual International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) ratification vote on newly proposed taxa, the phylum Negarnaviricota was amended and emended. The phylum was expanded by four families (Aliusviridae, Crepuscuviridae, Myriaviridae, and Natareviridae), three subfamilies (Alpharhabdovirinae, Betarhabdovirinae, a...
Article
Full-text available
Water quality degradation due to lake eutrophication and climate change contributes to the risk of extirpation for the endangered Cultus Lake sockeye salmon. Sockeye salmon juveniles experience both low-oxygen water in profundal lake habitats and elevated temperatures above the thermocline during diel vertical migrations in summer and fall when the...
Article
Incorporating host-pathogen(s)-environment axes into management and conservation planning is critical to preserving species in a warming climate. However, the role pathogens play in host stress resilience remains largely unexplored in wild animal populations. We experimentally characterized how independent and cumulative stressors (fisheries handli...
Article
In March 2021, following the annual International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) ratification vote on newly proposed taxa, the phylum Negarnaviricota was amended and emended. The phylum was expanded by four families (Aliusviridae, Crepuscuviridae, Myriaviridae, and Natareviridae), three subfamilies (Alpharhabdovirinae, Betarhabdovirinae, a...
Article
Full-text available
• Anadromous Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) populations have declined across their Southern distributions in North America. While river temperature has been identified as a central factor influencing migration behavior and over-winter survival, little research has addressed the prevalence of infectious agents in wild Atlantic salmon populations. Fur...
Article
Environmental DNA (eDNA) metabarcoding can rapidly characterize the composition and diversity of benthic communities, thus it has high potential utility for routine assessments of benthic impacts of marine finfish farming. In this study, 126 sediment grab samples from 42 stations were collected at six salmon farms in British Columbia, Canada. Benth...
Preprint
Full-text available
Infectious disease from domestic hosts, held for agriculture, can impact wild species that migrate in close proximity, potentially reversing selective advantages afforded by migration. For sockeye salmon in British Columbia, Canada, juveniles migrate past numerous Atlantic salmon farms from which they may acquire a number of infectious agents. We a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Genetic stock identification (GSI) by single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sequencing has become the gold standard for stock identification in Pacific salmon, which are found in mixed-stocks during the oceanic phase of their lifecycle. Sequencing platforms currently applied require large batch sizes and multi-day processing in specialized facilitie...
Preprint
Incorporating host-pathogen(s)-environment axes into management and conservation planning is critical to preserving species in a warming climate. However, the role pathogens play in host stress resilience remains largely unexplored in wild animal populations. We experimentally characterized how independent and cumulative stressors (fisheries handli...
Article
Full-text available
Global expansion of aquaculture and agriculture facilitates disease emergence and catalyzes transmission to sympatric wildlife populations. The health of wild salmon stocks critically concerns Indigenous peoples, commercial and recreational fishers, and the general public. Despite potential impact of viral pathogens such as Piscine orthoreovirus-1...
Article
Fishes respond to different abiotic and biotic stressors through changes in gene expression as a part of an integrated physiological response. Transcriptomics approaches have been used to quantify gene expression patterns as a reductionist approach to understand responses to environmental stressors in animal physiology and have become more commonly...
Article
Full-text available
Predation risk for animal migrants can be impacted by physical condition. Although size- or condition-based selection is often observed, observing infection-based predation is rare due to the difficulties in assessing infectious agents in predated samples. We examined predation of outmigrating sockeye salmon ( Oncorhynchus nerka ) smolts by bull tr...
Article
Full-text available
Surmounting evidence supports that infectious agents play a critical role in shaping fish physiology, behaviour, and survival. The exclusion of disease-causing agents from fisheries research has resulted in major knowledge gaps that may limit the predictive capacity of ecological models. A major barrier in wild fisheries epidemiology is the logisti...
Article
Full-text available
Rapid expansion of salmon aquaculture has resulted in high-density populations that host diverse infectious agents, for which surveillance and monitoring are critical to disease management. Screening can reveal infection diversity from which disease arises, differential patterns of infection in live and dead fish that are difficult to collect in wi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Pacific salmon undertake iconic homeward migrations where they move from ocean feeding grounds to coastal rivers where they return to natal spawning sites. However, this migration is physiologically challenging as fish have to navigate past predators, nets, hooks, and dams while dealing with variable flows, warm water temperatures, and pathogens. T...
Article
Full-text available
Re: Facets-2020-0025 The title of the paper was published incorrectly. The correct title of the paper is Comparing metabarcoding and morphological approaches to identify phytoplankton taxa associated with harmful algal blooms The article has been corrected accordingly. The publisher apologizes for this error.
Article
Full-text available
The spread of infection from reservoir host populations is a key mechanism for disease emergence and extinction risk and is a management concern for salmon aquaculture and fisheries. Using a quantitative environmental DNA methodology, we assessed pathogen environmental DNA in relation to salmon farms in coastal British Columbia, Canada, by testing...
Article
Full-text available
Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) are increasingly vulnerable to anthropogenic activities and climate change, especially at their most southern species range in California’s Central Valley. There is considerable interest in understanding stressors that contribute to population decline and in identifying management actions that reduce the im...
Article
Salmon farming has multiplied from a side business of coastal farmers to one of the world's major aquaculture species. This has dramatically altered the disease dynamics between farmed and wild salmonids. As salmon fish farming has increased, new restrictions have been enforced to combat emerging density-dependent impacts of pathogen spillover. In...
Article
Full-text available
Molecular techniques are expected to be highly useful in detecting taxa causing harmful algal blooms (HABs). This is the first report in Canada evaluating HABs-related species identification using a combination of morphological and molecular approaches. Microscopy, quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), and metabarcoding with multiple marke...
Article
Full-text available
The emergence of infectious agents poses a continual economic and environmental challenge to aquaculture production, yet the diversity, abundance and epidemiology of aquatic viruses are poorly characterised. In this study, we applied salmon host transcriptional biomarkers to identify and select fish in a viral disease state, but only those that wer...
Article
Full-text available
Identifying early gene expression responses to hypoxia (i.e., low dissolved oxygen) as a tool to assess the degree of exposure to this stressor is crucial for salmonids, because they are increasingly exposed to hypoxic stress due to anthropogenic habitat change, e.g., global warming, excessive nutrient loading, and persistent algal blooms. Our goal...
Article
Full-text available
Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, endemic to coastal Asia, has been translocated globally throughout the past century, resulting in self‐sustaining introduced populations (naturalized). Oyster aquaculture industries in many parts of the world depend on commercially available seed (hatchery‐farmed) or naturalized/wild oysters to move onto a farm (na...
Article
Full-text available
For Pacific salmon captured and released by fisheries, post-release behaviour and survival may be influenced by their health and condition at time of capture. We sought to characterize the interactions between infectious agent burden, fish immune and stress physiology and fisheries stressors to investigate the potential for capture-mediated pathoge...
Preprint
Full-text available
Identifying early gene expression responses to hypoxia (i.e., low dissolved oxygen) as a tool to assess the degree of exposure to this stressor is crucial for salmonids, because they are increasingly exposed to hypoxic stress due to anthropogenic habitat change, e.g., global warming, excessive nutrient loading, and persistent algal blooms. Our goal...
Article
Full-text available
Wild fish are confronting changing pathogen dynamics arising from anthropogenic disturbance and climate change. Pathogens can influence animal behaviour and life histories, yet there are little such data from fish in the high north where pathogen dynamics may differ from comparatively southern regions. We aimed to compare the pathogen communities o...
Article
Full-text available
We examined cardiac pacemaker rate resetting in rainbow trout following a reciprocal temperature transfer. In the original experiment, performed in winter, 4°C-acclimated fish transferred to 12°C reset intrinsic heart rate after just 1 h (from 56.8±1.2 to 50.8±1.5 bpm); 12°C-acclimated fish transferred to 4°C reset intrinsic heart rate after 8 h (f...
Article
Full-text available
Infectious agents are key components of animal ecology and drivers of host population dynamics. Knowledge of their diversity and transmission in the wild is necessary for the management and conservation of host species like Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar). Although pathogen exchange can occur throughout the salmon life cycle, evidence is lacking to...
Preprint
Full-text available
The emergence of infectious agents poses a continual economic and environmental challenge to aquaculture production, yet the diversity, abundance and epidemiology of aquatic viruses are poorly characterised. In this study, we applied salmon host transcriptional biomarkers to identify and select fish in a viral disease state but only those that we a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas , endemic to coastal Asia, has been translocated globally throughout the past century, resulting in self-sustaining introduced populations (naturalized). The oyster aquaculture industry depends on commercially available seed (hatchery-farmed) or naturalized oysters that can be moved onto a farm (naturalized-farmed),...
Preprint
Full-text available
Molecular techniques are expected to be highly useful in detecting taxa causing harmful algal blooms (HABs). This is the first report in Canada evaluating HABs-related species identification using a combination of morphological and molecular approaches. Microscopy, quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), and metabarcoding with multiple marke...
Article
Full-text available
Early marine survival of juvenile salmon is intimately associated with their physiological condition during smoltification and ocean entry. Smoltification (parr–smolt transformation) is a developmental process that allows salmon to acquire seawater tolerance in preparation for marine living. Traditionally, this developmental process has been monito...
Article
Full-text available
The collapse of iconic, keystone populations of sockeye (Oncorhynchus nerka) and Chinook (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) salmon in the Northeast Pacific is of great concern. It is thought that infectious disease may contribute to declines, but little is known about viruses endemic to Pacific salmon. Metatranscriptomic sequencing and surveillance of dead...
Article
Full-text available
Infectious diseases are potential contributors to decline in Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) populations. Although pathogens are theoretically considered to pose higher risk in high-density rearing environments like hatcheries, there is no direct evidence that hatchery-origin Coho salmon increase the transmission of infectious agents to sympatri...
Article
Haemorrhagic kidney syndrome (HKS) of Atlantic salmon is a condition of unknown aetiology that was responsible in the late 1990's for large scale losses in Eastern Canada in sea-caged fish. Lesions included renal interstitial haemorrhage, plus acute renal tubular necrosis with eosinophilic casts. Affected fish were shown to have erythrocyte inclusi...
Article
In some salmonid populations, multiple smolt age classes co-emigrate owing to variation in the duration of freshwater residence. While it is assumed that smolts prolong freshwater residence to maximize survival, infectious agent profiles and host gene expression (GE) have not been compared between concurrently migrating age classes. We coupled mole...
Article
Full-text available
Molecular tools such as high‐throughput quantitative polymerase chain reaction (HT‐qPCR) are useful for monitoring multiple infectious agents in wild animal populations (i.e., broad‐based screening). If destructive tissue samples cannot be obtained due to experimental design requirements (e.g., bio‐telemetry; holding with repeated biopsy) or the co...
Article
Multiple stressors are commonly encountered by wild animals, but their cumulative effects are poorly understood, especially regarding infection development. We conducted a holding study with repeated gill and blood sampling to characterize the effects of cumulative stressors on infection development in adult coho salmon. Treatments included chronic...
Article
Full-text available
An organism’s ability to respond effectively to environmental change is critical to their survival. Yet, life stage and overall condition can dictate tolerance thresholds to heightened environmental stressors, such that stress may not be equally felt across individuals and at all times. Also, the transcriptional responses induced by environmental c...
Article
Full-text available
Anadromous fishes such as steelhead trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, are exposed to a suite of infectious agents and migratory challenges during their freshwater migrations. We assessed infectious agent load and richness and immune system gene expression in gill tissue of Bulkley River (British Columbia, CA) steelhead captured at and upstream of a migra...
Article
Full-text available
Viral erythrocytic necrosis (VEN) affects over 20 species of marine and anadromous fishes in the North Atlantic and North Pacific Oceans. However, the distribution and strain variation of its viral causative agent, erythrocytic necrosis virus (ENV), has not been well characterized within Pacific salmon. Here, metatranscriptomic sequencing of Chinoo...