Kristen B. Gorman

Kristen B. Gorman
University of Alaska Fairbanks · College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences

Ph.D. Simon Fraser University (2015)
Assistant Professor - Marine Biology

About

32
Publications
4,119
Reads
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736
Citations
Citations since 2017
15 Research Items
431 Citations
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Introduction
I am a broadly trained fisheries and wildlife ecologist focused on high latitude coastal and pelagic marine ecosystems. My research interests lie at the intersection of evolution, ecology, and physiology, thus I take integrative approaches to understanding factors that shape animal behavior, fitness, and population dynamics. Complete bio and research details are found here: https://gormankb.github.io/
Additional affiliations
September 2008 - January 2015
Simon Fraser University
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (32)
Article
Full-text available
Estuarine habitats typically exhibit spatial and temporal variability due to fluctuating hydrological inputs and heterogenous coastal formations. In high-latitude regions, such as the Gulf of Alaska, shifts in coastal hydrology may be further exacerbated by climate warming leading to structural responses in nearshore estuarine fish communities. To...
Article
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We evaluated annual and regional variation in the dietary niche of Pygoscelis penguins including the sea ice-obligate Adélie penguin ( Pygoscelis adeliae ), and sea ice-intolerant chinstrap ( Pygoscelis antarcticus ) and gentoo ( Pygoscelis papua ) penguins, three species that nest throughout the western Antarctic Peninsula (AP) to test the sea ice...
Article
Full-text available
Pacific salmon hatcheries support important commercial fisheries for Pink Salmon Oncorhynchus gorbuscha and Chum Salmon O. keta in Prince William Sound (PWS), Alaska. State policy mandates that hatchery‐produced fish must not negatively impact natural populations, which can occur during mixed fisheries and via ecological and genetic interactions. T...
Article
Full-text available
During the Pacific marine heatwave of 2014-2016, abundance and quality of several key forage fish species in the Gulf of Alaska were simultaneously reduced throughout the system. Capelin (Mallotus catervarius), sand lance (Ammodytes personatus), and herring (Clupea pallasii) populations were at historically low levels, and within this community abr...
Article
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Comprehensive assessments of cumulative impacts to seabirds have been hindered by an incomplete understanding of temporal and spatial patterns in marine habitat use, particularly during the non-breeding season when seabirds can range widely across the global ocean. Alcids are an important component of the meso-predator biodiversity of the North Pac...
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Pacific salmon productivity is influenced by ocean conditions and interspecific interactions, yet their combined effects are poorly understood. Using data from 47 North American sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) populations, we present evidence that the magnitude and direction of climate and competition effects vary over large spatial scales. In...
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Full-text available
Spatial variability in early and late winter measures of whole body energy density of juvenile (age-0) Pacific herring (Clupea pallasii) of Prince William Sound (PWS), Alaska was examined over nine years of study. Pacific herring in this region remain considered as an injured resource over the 25 years following the Exxon Valdez oil spill, however...
Article
Adélie penguins ( Pygoscelis adeliae ) are responding to ocean–climate variability throughout the marine ecosystem of the western Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) where some breeding colonies have declined by 80%. Nuclear and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) markers were used to understand historical population genetic structure and gene flow given relatively re...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Sexual segregation in vertebrate foraging niche is often associated with sexual size dimorphism (SSD), i.e., ecological sexual dimorphism. Although foraging behavior of male and female seabirds can vary markedly, differences in isotopic (carbon, δ13C and nitrogen, δ15N) foraging niche are generally more pronounced within sexually dimor...
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Full-text available
The West Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) is home to large breeding colonies of the ice-dependent Antarctic Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae). Although the entire inner continental shelf is highly productive, with abundant phytoplankton and krill populations, penguin colonies are distributed heterogeneously along the WAP (Ducklow et al., 2013, in this i...
Article
Corticosterone has received considerable attention as the principal hormonal mediator of allostasis or physiological stress in wild animals. More recently, it has also been implicated in the regulation of parental care in breeding birds, particularly with respect to individual variation in foraging behavior and provisioning effort. There is also ev...
Article
In avian species that have evolved life-history strategies wherein molt and breeding overlap, there are potential conflicts between the regulatory roles of baseline prolactin and corticosterone in parental care (positive) and moult (negative). We describe seasonal patterns of hormonal secretion, moult, and parental behaviour in sibling species of g...
Article
The occurrence and causes of abrupt transitions, thresholds, or regime shifts between ecosystem states are of great concern and the likelihood of such transitions is increasing for many ecological systems. General understanding of abrupt transitions has been advanced by theory, but hindered by the lack of a common, accessible, and data-driven appro...
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Full-text available
On 20 and 22 January 2007, we observed macaroni penguins (Eudyptes chrysolophus) on Avian Island, Antarctica, approximately 1° south of the Antarctic Circle along the Western Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) near Adelaide Island, a new high-latitude observational record for the species within this region of the continent. Additionally, we report several e...
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Nutrition and predation have been considered two primary agents of selection important in the evolution of avian life history traits. The relative importance of these natural selective forces in the evolution of avian embryonic developmental period (EDP) remain poorly resolved, perhaps in part because research has tended to focus on a single, high...
Article
Full-text available
We characterized dynamics of the plasma yolk precursors vitellogenin (VTG), very-low-density lipoprotein (total VLDL-TG), and VLDL particle size distribution during egg production by female greater scaup (order: Anseriformes, Aythya marila). We also evaluated VTG and total VLDL-TG as physiological indices of reproductive state. Mean (+/-1 SE) plasm...
Article
We collected female greater scaup (Aythya marila) on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, Alaska during two breeding seasons to determine if concentrations of 18 trace elements in livers and eggs were elevated and if hepatic concentrations correlated with body condition or affected reproductive status. Fifty-six percent, 5%, and 42% of females, respectively,...
Article
Full-text available
Résumé.—Nous avons étudié la dynamique des réserves de nutriments chez les femelles d'Aythya marila afin de quantifier les stratégies intraspécifiques liées à l'acquisition d'éléments nutritifs pour la production des oeufs, particulièrement en ce qui a trait à la chronologie saisonnière de la reproduction (i.e. date de début de croissance rapide de...
Article
Studies of female waterfowl nutrient reserve use during egg production require a precise understanding of ovarian follicle dynamics to correctly interpret breeding status, and, therefore, derive proper inference. Concerns over numerical declines of North American scaup have increased the need to better understand the role of female condition in rep...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies on hormone-mediated maternal effects in birds have highlighted the influence of variable maternal yolk androgen concentration on offspring phenotype, particularly in terms of early development. If genetic differences between laying females regulate variation in yolk hormone concentration, then this physiological maternal effect is an...

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Projects

Projects (11)
Project
The goal of palmerpenguins is to provide a great dataset for data exploration & visualization, as an alternative to iris. https://allisonhorst.github.io/palmerpenguins/
Project
To relate overwinter body condition of age-0 juveniles to subsequent adult recruitment to the spawning population.