Kristaps Klavins

Kristaps Klavins
Riga Technical University | RTU · Rudolfs Cimdins Riga Biomaterials Innovations and Development Centre

PhD

About

58
Publications
12,341
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,575
Citations
Citations since 2017
43 Research Items
1454 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
Additional affiliations
December 2021 - present
Riga Technical University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
August 2020 - present
Riga Technical University
Position
  • Researcher
May 2017 - June 2020
CeMM Research Center for Molecular Medicine
Position
  • Head of Department

Publications

Publications (58)
Article
Full-text available
Solute carrier (SLC) transporters control fluxes of nutrients and metabolites across membranes and thereby represent a critical interface between the microenvironment and cellular and subcellular metabolism. Because of substantial functional overlap, the interplay and relative contributions of SLCs in response to environmental stresses remain poorl...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental microbial triggers shape the development and functionality of the immune system. Alveolar macrophages (AMs), tissue-resident macrophages of the lungs, are in constant and direct contact with inhaled particles and microbes. Such exposures likely impact AM reactivity to subsequent challenges by immunological imprinting mechanisms referr...
Article
Full-text available
The musculoskeletal (MS) system consists of bone, cartilage, tendon, ligament, and skeletal muscle, which forms the basic framework of the human body. This system plays a vital role in appropriate body functions, including movement, the protection of internal organs, support, hematopoiesis, and postural stability. Therefore, it is understandable th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Solute carrier (SLC) transporters control fluxes of nutrients and metabolites across membranes and thereby represent a critical interface between the microenvironment and cellular and subcellular metabolism. Because of substantial functional overlap, the interplay and relative contributions of members of this family in response to environmental str...
Article
Full-text available
Perturbations of metabolite profiles in human and canine enteropathies have been reported before. However, data in dogs are scarce and inconsistent. Currently, the metabolite profile in Yorkshire Terrier enteropathy (YTE) and the impact of treatment is unknown. The objective of this study was to investigate the plasma metabolome of 13 Yorkshire Ter...
Article
Full-text available
Although the host defense mechanisms against SARS-CoV-2 infection are still poorly described, they are of central importance in shaping the course of the disease and the possible outcome. Metabolomic profiling may complement the lacking knowledge of the molecular mechanisms underlying clinical manifestations and pathogenesis of COVID-19.
Article
Full-text available
Anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family members recently (re)emerged as key drug targets in cancer, with a tissue and tumour specific activity profile of available BH3 mimetics. In multiple myeloma, MCL-1 was described as a major gatekeeper of apoptosis. This discovery has led to the rapid establishment of clinical trials evaluating the impact of various MCL-1...
Article
Rationale Lung transplantation is the ultimate treatment option for patients with end-stage respiratory diseases but bears the highest mortality rate among all solid organ transplantations due to chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD). The mechanisms leading to CLAD remain elusive due to insufficient understanding of the complex post-transplant...
Article
Full-text available
Identifying the changes in endogenous metabolites in response to intrinsic and extrinsic factors has excellent potential to obtain an understanding of cells, biofluids, tissues, or organisms’ functions and interactions with the environment. The advantages provided by the metabolomics strategy have promoted studies in bone research fields, including...
Article
Full-text available
Metabolism negotiates cell-endogenous requirements of energy, nutrients and building blocks with the immediate environment to enable various processes, including growth and differentiation. While there is an increasing number of examples of crosstalk between metabolism and chromatin, few involve uptake of exogenous metabolites. Solute carriers (SLC...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The number of mast cells in various organs is manifold elevated in individuals with systemic mastocytosis. Degranulation can lead to life-threatening symptomatology. No data have been published about the alterations of the metabolome and lipidome during an attack. Objective: To analyze metabolomics and lipidomics changes during the a...
Preprint
Full-text available
The heterogeneity in severity and outcome of COVID-19 cases points out the urgent need for early molecular characterization of patients followed by risk-stratified care. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the fluctuations of serum metabolomic profiles of COVID-19 patients with severe illness during the different disease stages in a lo...
Article
Full-text available
Adipose tissue macrophages (ATMs) display tremendous heterogeneity depending on signals in their local microenvironment and contribute to the pathogenesis of obesity. The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signalling pathway, antagonized by the phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN), is important for metabolic responses to obesity. We hypothesized t...
Article
Full-text available
The liver is a central regulator of metabolic homeostasis and serum metabolite levels. Hepatocytes are the functional units of the liver parenchyma and not only responsible for turnover of biomolecules but also act as central immune signaling platforms. Hepatotropic viruses infect liver tissue, resulting in inflammatory responses, tissue damage and...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To measure diamine oxidase (DAO) activity with high sensitivity in complex matrices like plasma or tissue extracts radioactive putrescine or horseradish peroxidase (HRP)/hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) coupling must be used. The use of radioactive material should be avoided and HRP/H2O2 coupling is compromised by antioxidants.Methods and results...
Article
The companion dog has recently been promoted as powerful translational model of aging. However, while dogs share environments with their human owners and develop many of the same age-related morbidities, little is known about the underlying mechanisms that drive their health and longevity. In addition, dogs have a well described phenotypic pattern...
Article
Full-text available
The epidermis is a multi-layered epithelium that consists mainly of keratinocytes which proliferate in its basal layer and then differentiate to form the stratum corneum, the skin's ultimate barrier to the environment. During differentiation keratinocyte function, chemical composition, physical properties, metabolism and secretion are profoundly ch...
Article
Full-text available
Background Patients with active acromegaly exhibit low hepatocellular lipid content (HCL) despite pronounced insulin resistance. This contrasts the strong association of insulin resistance with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in the general population. Acromegaly may therefore help to elucidate antisteatotic pathways. Since low HCL in acromegaly...
Article
Full-text available
The Innovative Medicines Initiative Consortium RESOLUTE has started to develop tools and produce data sets to de-orphanize transporters in the solute carrier protein (SLC) superfamily, thereby lowering the barrier for the scientific community to explore SLCs as an attractive drug target class. The Innovative Medicines Initiative Consortium RESOLUTE...
Article
Full-text available
Solute carriers (SLCs) are the largest family of transmembrane transporters in humans and are major determinants of cellular metabolism. Several SLCs have been shown to be required for the uptake of chemical compounds into cellular systems, but systematic surveys of transporter–drug relationships in human cells are currently lacking. We performed a...
Article
Patients with active acromegaly (ACRO) exhibit low hepatocellular lipids (HCL), despite pronounced insulin resistance (IR). This contrasts the strong association of IR with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in the general population. Since low HCL levels in ACRO might be caused by changes in oxidative substrate metabolism, we investigated mitochondr...
Article
Full-text available
Multinucleated giant cells (MGCs) are implicated in many diseases including schistosomiasis, sarcoidosis and arthritis. MGC generation is energy intensive to enforce membrane fusion and cytoplasmic expansion. Using receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-Β ligand (RANKL) induced osteoclastogenesis to model MGC formation, here we report RANKL cel...
Article
Full-text available
Antiquitin deficiency leads to tissue, plasma and urinary accumulation of alpha‐aminoadipic semialdehyde (AASA) and its Schiff base delta‐1‐piperideine‐6‐carboxylate (P6C). Although genetic testing of ALDH7A1 is the most definitive diagnostic method, quantifications of pathognomonic metabolites are important for the diagnosis and evaluation of ther...
Article
Full-text available
Infections induce complex host responses linked to antiviral defense, inflammation, and tissue damage and repair. We hypothesized that the liver, as a central metabolic hub, may orchestrate systemic metabolic changes during infection. We infected mice with chronic lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV), performed RNA sequencing and proteomics of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Infections induce complex host responses linked to antiviral defense, inflammation and tissue damage and repair. These processes are increasingly understood to involve systemic metabolic reprogramming. We hypothesized that the liver as a central metabolic hub may orchestrate many of these changes during infection. Thus, we investigated the systemic...
Article
Full-text available
The histone acetyl reader bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4) is an important regulator of chromatin structure and transcription, yet factors modulating its activity have remained elusive. Here we describe two complementary screens for genetic and physical interactors of BRD4, which converge on the folate pathway enzyme MTHFD1 (methylenetetrahy...
Article
Full-text available
Neurons are highly polarized cells with distinct protein compositions in axonal and dendritic compartments. Cellular mechanisms controlling polarized protein sorting have been described for mature nervous system but little is known about the segregation in newly differentiated neurons. In a forward genetic screen for regulators of Drosophila brain...
Preprint
Full-text available
The histone acetyl-reader BRD4 is an important regulator of chromatin structure and transcription, yet factors modulating its activity have remained elusive. Here we describe two complementary screens for genetic and physical interactors of BRD4, which converge on the folate pathway enzyme MTHFD1. We show that a fraction of MTHFD1 resides in the nu...
Article
Background and aims: Preclinical experiments on animal models are essential to understand the mechanisms of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Metabolomics allows access to the metabolic perturbations associated with CVD in heart and vessels. Here we assessed which potential animal CVD model most closely mimics the serum metabolite signature of increas...
Article
Full-text available
Destruxins, secondary metabolites of entomopathogenic fungi, exert a wide variety of interesting characteristics ranging from antiviral to anticancer effects. Although their mode of action was evaluated previously, the molecular mechanisms of resistance development are unknown. Hence, we have established destruxin-resistant sublines of HCT116 colon...
Article
Full-text available
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disease presenting major health and economic challenges that continue to grow. Mechanisms of disease are poorly understood but significant data point to metabolic defects that might contribute to disease pathogenesis. The Alzheimer Disease Metabolomics Consortium (ADMC) in partnership wi...
Article
Full-text available
As the lipidomics field continues to advance, self-evaluation within the community is critical. Here, we performed an interlaboratory comparison exercise for lipidomics using Standard Reference Material (SRM) 1950 Metabolites in Frozen Human Plasma, a commercially available reference material. The interlaboratory study comprised 31 diverse laborato...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Our basic understanding of ascending thoracic aortic aneurysm (ATAA) pathogenesis is still very limited, hampering early diagnosis, risk prediction, and development of treatment options. "Omics"-technologies, ideal to reveal tissue alterations from the normal physiological state due to disease have hardly been applied in the field. Usin...
Article
Hyperlipidemia is a risk factor for initiation and progression of diabetic nephropathy but the metabolic pathways altered in the diabetic kidney in a context of hyperlipidemia remain incompletely described. Assuming that changes in urine composition reflect the alteration of renal metabolism and function, we analyzed the urine metabolite compositio...
Article
Introduction: The Alzheimer's Disease Research Summits of 2012 and 2015 incorporated experts from academia, industry, and nonprofit organizations to develop new research directions to transform our understanding of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and propel the development of critically needed therapies. In response to their recommendations, big data at...
Article
Introduction: Recently, quantitative metabolomics identified a panel of 10 plasma lipids that were highly predictive of conversion to Alzheimer's disease (AD) in cognitively normal older individuals (n = 28, area under the curve [AUC] = 0.92, sensitivity/specificity of 90%/90%). Methods: Quantitative targeted metabolomics in serum using an ident...
Article
Full-text available
Background Some yeasts have evolved a methylotrophic lifestyle enabling them to utilize the single carbon compound methanol as a carbon and energy source. Among them, Pichia pastoris (syn. Komagataella sp.) is frequently used for the production of heterologous proteins and also serves as a model organism for organelle research. Our current knowledg...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Metabolomic processes have been identified as being strongly linked to the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thus, lipid metabolites appear to be highly useful as diagnostic substrates for the diagnosis of AD and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in plasma. Methods: We analyzed plasma samples from controls (n = 35), MCI (n = 33)...
Article
Full-text available
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a severe and chronic neurodegenerative disorder of the brain. The laboratory diagnosis is limited to the analysis of three biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF): amyloid-β42 (Aβ42), total tau, and phospho-tau-181 (P-tau-181). However, there is a need to find more biomarkers in CSF that can improve the sensitivity and s...
Article
In this work, a fully automated parallel LC column method was established in order to perform orthogonal hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) and reversed phase (RPLC) chromatography within one analytical run for targeted quantitative mass spectrometric determination of metabolites from central carbon metabolism. In this way, the analytic...
Article
Anion exchange chromatography combined with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was introduced and optimized for the separation and accurate quantification of sugar phosphates in cell extracts. Sugar phosphates have been separated on an anion exchange quaternary ammonium functionalized stationary phase (Dionex CarboPAC PA1)viagradient elut...
Article
A mass spectrometric quantitative assay was developed for the analysis of 10 sugar phosphates in the yeast Pichia pastoris. As a novelty, two-dimensional chromatography based on a fully automated heart-cutting LC-LC technique was introduced. Using a ten-port valve, ten fractions of the first chromatographic dimension, i.e. anion exchange chromatogr...
Article
Full-text available
For the first time, an interlaboratory comparison was performed in the field of quantitative metabolite profiling in Pichia pastoris. The study was designed for the evaluation of different measurement platforms integrating different quantification strategies using internal standardization. Nineteen primary metabolites including amino acids and orga...
Chapter
Nowadays in metabolomics many different Mass Spectrometry (MS) based platforms are employed worldwide to perform targeted and untargeted studies in both profiling and qualitative contexts. The International organization for Standardization (ISO) is continuously demanding and/or producing Quality Assurance (QA) tool to screen and validate the huge d...
Article
Quantitative metabolic profiling is preceded by dedicated sample preparation protocols. These multistep procedures require detailed optimization and thorough validation. In this work, a uniformly (13) C-labeled (U(13) C) cell extract was used as a tool to evaluate the recoveries and repeatability precisions of the cell extraction and the extract tr...
Article
Full-text available
Fragmentation pathways of some imidazolium based zwitterionic liquids-3-(3-alkyl-1-imidazolio)- propane sulfonates and 3-(2-methyl-3-alkyl-1-imidazolio)-propane sulfonates -- have been studied by tandem electrospray mass spectrometry and collision-induced dissociation. The relative abundances of the lowest energy fragment ions depend on the length...
Article
Full-text available
Approximately 95 % of the total glycoalkaloids present in potatoes are accounted for α-solanine (S) and α-chaconine (C), both of which are structurally similar, being different glycosylated forms of aglycone, solanidine. The total glycoalkaloids content above 20 mg 100 g fresh weight is considered unsuitable for human consumption because of toxicit...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
From a biological point of view, considering hydrogel/cells structures, attention may be also given to the number, type, and size of seeded cells, as well as the seeding technique and cell morphological and volumetric alterations......