Krishna P. Paudel

Krishna P. Paudel
Louisiana State University | LSU · Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness

Ph.D. in Ag. Economics

About

197
Publications
36,299
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1,700
Citations
Introduction
Krishna P. Paudel is the Gilbert Durbin Endowed Professor in the Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, Louisiana State University (LSU) and LSU Agricultural Center. Krishna does research in Environmental Economics, International Development Economics, and Agricultural Economics. His current project is 'Economic impact of water and soil salinity.'
Additional affiliations
March 2001 - present
Louisiana State University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • My research focus is on the intersection of agricultural issues, development issues and environmental and resource economics.

Publications

Publications (197)
Article
The internet of things has revolutionized Chinese agricultural production and marketing sectors, creating “New Farmers.” WeChat is one of the most popular social media platforms in China, and WeChat marketing of agricultural products has become a widespread phenomenon. To respond to the quality and safety concerns of consumers on the social media m...
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In developing countries, water conservation practices in agriculture are promoted to overcome the adverse effects of water scarcity. The data obtained from in-person interview surveys of 385 Nepali farm households were analyzed using parametric, semiparametric, and nonparametric models to identify factors influencing water conservation practices. W...
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The COVID-19 pandemic decreased the in-person outpatient visits and accelerated the use of telehealth services among mental health patients. Our study investigated the sociodemographic and clinical correlates of the intensity of telehealth use among mental health patients residing in rural Louisiana, United States. The study sample included 7069 te...
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This article examines the relationship between individual income and self-control by employing the data available from the China Labor-force Dynamics Survey 2014. We use the two-stage least square method (2SLS) and mediating/moderating effects to estimate the relationship between income and self-control. Results show that self-control impacts indiv...
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Renewable energy contributes to the energy portfolios of many countries. One form of renewable energy is syngas which is generated from bio-residues. The focus of this paper is the biomass transportation and conversion network that covers the entire syngas (synthesis gas) production process from different biomass feedstocks to the end products. Spe...
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Goat is a source of cash income to smallholders in many developing countries. The productivity of goat farmers is poorly understood and assumed similar across all households. Cooperatives are hailed as an institution that can provide market power to smallholders in developing countries. We assess the impact of cooperatives on the technical efficien...
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The Appalachian Mountain region of eastern Kentucky is unique and contains high proportions of forestland along with coal and natural gas depositaries. Landscape changes due to extreme mining activities can eventually threaten the downstream ecosystems, including soil and water quality, resulting in excessive runoff and sedimentation. The purpose o...
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This paper identifies the roles of an environmental protection policy and income growth in enhancing environmental quality in China. In 2005, the Central Government of China piloted a policy that linked regional environmental quality to the performance assessment of local government officials in some provinces. After the implementation of the polic...
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We study the effect of temporary migration on migrants' savings rates in China. This is done by developing a simple theoretical model and conducting empirical analyses using propensity score matching and two-stage least square models; the latter addresses an endogeneity problem associated with the migration intention variable. Data used in this pap...
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Overextraction of groundwater reduces groundwater height, increases the energy cost, and may threaten an aquifer's economic life. Water‐intensive crops, corn, and soybean, dominate the agricultural land in the Mississippi River Alluvial Aquifer (MRAA) region of the United States, thus stressing this confined aquifer. Groundwater conservation policy...
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The intergenerational transmission of poverty has always been an important issue around the world. This study examines the effects of father’s and mother’s human and social capital on the income of their children in China by using the data obtained from the 2014 China Labor-force Dynamics Survey. The results show that (1) the effects of the human a...
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China has been promoting garbage classification in its rural areas, yet it lacks financial appropriation and fiscal decentralization to support waste processing projects. Though the existing literature has suggested fiscal decentralization strategies between different local government levels, few of the studies ascertain garbage classification effi...
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Purpose The purpose is to understand why contract instability occurs when small landowners lease their land to large landholders. Design/methodology/approach The authors develop a contract theoretical model to understand the stability problem in the farmland lease contract in China, where most landowners are small landholders. Findings Results fr...
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Conservation practices focusing on improving the soil and water quality of working lands are implemented across the United States, supported partially through the United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service cost-share or incentive payment programs. We assess whether participation in federal conservation support pr...
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Implementing vegetable traceability systems is complex. Farmers are producers and the first point of traceability. Their intention and behavior related to implementation of vegetable traceability systems directly determine the success or failure of the implementation of those systems. The objective of this study was to identify factors that affect...
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This paper develops a simple theoretical model and offers empirical evidence of urban segregation on consumption inequality between rural‐to‐urban migrants and urban residents. Our analyses are based on the 2007 China Household Income Project (CHIP) and the 2017 China Migrants Dynamics Survey (CMDS) data. Results obtained from propensity score matc...
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We used data based on the China Labor-Force Dynamics Survey 2016 to examine the relationship between the work value awareness and the physical health of rural-to-urban migrant workers. The work value awareness was characterized by five dimensions: awareness of the emotional value, social value, respect value, ability value and interest value. Physi...
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This study identifies hydrogeologic characteristics of complex aquifers based on constructing stratigraphic structure with large, non-uniform well log data. The approach was validated through a modeling study of the irrigation-intensive Chicot aquifer system, which is an important Pleistocene-Holocene aquifer of the Coastal Lowlands aquifer system...
Article
This paper uses spatial econometric and the threshold effect models to study the effects of foreign direct investment (FDI) in China’s energy conservation and emissions reduction. We use provincial-level data on pollutants (CO2, wastewater emission, exhaust emission, and waste emission) available from 2001 to 2015. Results indicated that FDI not on...
Article
We develop a theoretical model of the impact of economic openness and government efficiency on urbanization. The theoretical model is supplemented with the Malmquist–Luenberger index of Super‐slack‐based measure with undesirable outputs and dynamic panel data model. The empirical models use data collected from 30 provinces in China from 2004 to 201...
Article
The Grain for green program (GFGP) has resulted in a large number of small-scale, scattered family forest land operators in China. Small-scale forest cooperative management helps to bring together fragmented reforested land, optimizes the operation level of small-scale forests, and improves the effectiveness and sustainability of the GFGP. We use t...
Article
This study aims to examine event dependence and heterogeneity in the adoption of precision farming (PF) technologies. The study uses farm-level data and a conditional frailty model to estimate the empirical model. A novelty of this study is the introduction of a group level heterogeneity in the traditional conditional frailty model. The simulation...
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This is the first study in China that looks at the impact of credit constraints from formal financial institutions on Chinese rural residents’ health. We use the Chinese Household Income Project (CHIP) data collected by the Annual Household Survey Office of Integration of Urban and Rural in the National Bureau of Statistics in 2014. We measure rura...
Article
This paper proposes a theoretical model to illustrate the relationship between the scale of land transfer-in and farmers’ crop selection behaviour. We use a semiparametric instrumental variable regression model to test this relationship. Data come from a face-to-face interview survey of 2,677 farmers located in nine provinces of China collected in...
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Agricultural mechanization and custom machine services have developed rapidly in China, which can influence rice production efficiency in the future. We calculate technical efficiency, allocative efficiency, and scale efficiency using data collected in 2015 from a face-to-face interview survey of 450 households that cultivated 3 096 plots located i...
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Riverine floods are the major weather-related disaster affecting both agriculture production and physical infrastructures in Nepal. Climatic factors aggravated by anthropogenic measures contribute to increasing household-level vulnerability in the country. We use face-to-face interview data collected from 217 households located in the Saptari distr...
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Temporary migration and the resulting flow of fund in terms of remittance has been one of the major sources of financing in developing countries. However, little is known about the role of remittance receipt by households on the adoption of environmental-friendly practices in the agricultural production system. We use the three-stage least squares...
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The primary objective of this study is to estimate and evaluate the technical efficiency of irrigation water use in soybean (Glycine max L.) production in Louisiana, USA. We conducted a farm-level survey to assess information regarding irrigation cost, the volume of water application, and crop yield per acre during the crop year 2016. We use smooth...
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We study the credit repayment effectiveness when microcredit is operating in combination with the counter-guarantee mechanism. We use a sample of 176 poor urban borrowers from the Guangzhou Municipal Labor and Social Security Bureau (GZMLSSB). Their loans were guaranteed by the Guangzhou Financing Guarantee Center (GZFGC), then counter-guaranteed b...
Article
Land titling, which aims to promote the transfer of farmland in China by providing property rights to landowners, may not be working as intended due to the presence of an endowment effect. The implications of the endowment effect are that it creates a substantial disparity between the willingness to accept (WTA) and willingness to pay (WTP) values...
Article
Before deciding to adopt a particular technology, an individual should assess the reasons for its adoption. The major reasons for adoption could be to profitability, environmental benefit, or to be at the forefront of the technology. Using Monte Carlo simulations, this study determined that seemingly unrelated ordered probit (SUOP) method performs...
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The purpose of this study is to assess if the credit village is an effective way to develop a microcredit programme in China from the perspective of poverty reduction policy and risk monitoring. Cross‐sectional household survey data from three credit villages in the Yunan County of China are analysed using 3SLS and IV probit models. The major findi...
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Consumers’ food safety risk information-seeking behavior plays a vital role in improving their food quality and safety awareness and preventing food safety risks. Based on the Risk Information Seeking and Processing Model (RISP), this paper empirically analyzes the food safety risk information-seeking intention of consumers in WeChat and influencin...
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Public research institutions are encouraged to engage in industry sustainable collaboration in China. We develop an analytical framework based on the factor-process-outputs model and use a mechanism model by incorporating four elements (innovation climate, strategic partnership, collaborative mechanism, and the degree of participation) associated w...
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to study land title’s credit effect from a financial inclusion perspective in China. The focus is both small land holding and poor farmers. Formal and informal finances are considered to test their differences in land title’s credit effect. Design/methodology/approach The authors use augmented inverse-probabili...
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We conducted biophysical simulations using MapShed to determine the effects of adopting best management practices (BMPs) to reduce nutrients and sediment pollution in a watershed dominated by poultry production in the Saline Bayou Watershed, Louisiana, USA. The reduction of three water pollutants, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sediment from adopting di...
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We studied transboundary groundwater management problems in the presence of hydraulic fracturing. We found that the presence of risk suggests there should be caution when considering hydraulic fracturing. Our results from the cooperative solution show a decrease in hydraulic fracturing and increase in the steady state survival rate of groundwater....
Article
We use face-to-face interview survey data collected in 2017 from farmers located in Xinjiang province, China to identify influencing factors for willingness to adopt the new round of the Sloping Land Conversion Program (SLCP). Results indicate that socio-demographic characteristics and the livelihood endowment of rural households, policy improvemen...
Article
We used data collected from a face-to-face interview survey of 395 randomly selected farm households in Central Nepal’s Chitwan district to understand the migration decision-making processes and migration destination choices. This district was chosen because it represents the microcosm of whole Nepal due to the presence of migratory population from...
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Poultry litter has the potential to cause water quality problems if it is not applied properly to the land as a crop nutrient. Based on the data available from a survey of Louisiana poultry producers, we find that it is not cost effective to transport poultry litter farther than 38.6 km from the production facilities for crop nutrient purposes. Thi...
Article
This paper uses a semiparametric instrumental variable model to study the determinants of agricultural land transfer-out, using face-to-face survey data collected in 2014 from 2,677 farmers in nine provinces of China. Results show that variables, such as the number of parcels of land, the collective’s total land transfer-out, and the availability o...
Article
Because of its sustainability, less environmental pollution and high profitability, rapidly growing number of the bio-methane gas (BMG) production systems implies successful commercialization in the new economic venture for renewable bioenergy. Covering from the collection and storage of feedstock (crops, grass, wood residue, and livestock waste) t...
Article
We apply the generalised corner solution model to understand recreational behaviour for surf and marsh fishing trips to six sites in coastal Louisiana. Results showed statistically significant effects of individual’s demographic characteristics and site physical and environmental characteristics. The closure of the three most used recreational site...
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Ethnic Tibetan farm and herder households (FHH) in Gansu Province, China are stricken with poverty. Solving the poverty problem in this or other poverty pockets across China has special importance for the country’s political stability, ethnic unity, social well-being, and ecological security. This paper calculates the multidimensional poverty situa...
Article
Yield and return of plants grown in a region are generally closely related. Agricultural scientists are less likely to recommend a single-plant enterprise for a region because of risk and return concerns. From a risk/return perspective, a plant enterprise selection problem can be considered as a portfolio optimisation problem. We use a multiple ben...
Article
Yield and return of plants grown in a region are generally closely related. Agricultural scientists are less likely to recommend a single-plant enterprise for a region because of risk and return concerns. From a risk/return perspective, a plant enterprise selection problem can be considered as a portfolio optimisation problem. We use a multiple ben...
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Full-text available
Promoting the sustainable agricultural practices at an individual farm level is essential to ensure agricultural sustainability. This study analyzed whether and how various factors related to farm or farmers’ characteristics influence the adoption intensity of sustainable agriculture practices. We used a negative binomial regression model to fit th...
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This paper examines the demand for electricity in the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors of the Northeastern United States using state-level panel data over the period from 1997 to 2011. It applies panel unit root and cointegration tests and then estimates the parameters using the pooled mean group method. The panel unit root and coint...
Article
We used recently available household panel data collected by China's National Bureau of Statistics to examine the effects of natural, human, material, and social capital on income inequality among minority farmers in China's Xinjiang Province between 2011 and 2012. Results obtained from panel quantile regression and correlated random effects’ model...
Article
Producers who are planning to sell using direct marketing to consumers only or to both consumers and retailers experience declines in total sales. Based on survey data for US farmers from 2008 to 2010, the earnings decline is 71.3 per cent when marketing direct to consumers and 36.8 per cent for the diversified marketing decision. The direct market...
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This paper examines the demand for natural gas in the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors of the Northeastern United States, comprising nine states and using annual state-level panel data over the period between 1997 and 2016. It applies panel unit root and cointegration tests, and then estimates the parameters using five alternative es...
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We use the 2013 cotton precision farming survey data to study the adoption of irrigation technologies by cotton farmers in 14 states of the United States. We find that farmers with a higher irrigated yield, and who are from the Southern Plains (Texas and Oklahoma), adopt water-efficient irrigation technologies, such as sub-surface drip and trickle...
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We use interview survey data collected randomly from 2677 farm households in nine provinces of China to understand the role of demographic, economic, land, and village characteristics on agricultural land transfer-in by farmers. Results show that variables such as borrowing from informal sources, household labour availability, percentage of total i...
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Soil and water conservation technologies have been widely available in most parts of Uganda. However, not only has the adoption rate been low but also many farmers seem not to be aware of these technologies. This study aims at identifying the factors that influence awareness and adoption of soil and water conservation technologies in Nabajuzi water...
Article
We examine the relationships among water pollution, income, and political institutions using country-level global water quality data over the period 1980 to 2012. In order to address concerns about the highly nonlinear relationship between pollution and income, the endogeneity of income, and the discrete nature of political variables, we use a nonp...
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Capacity constraints have major effects on restaurant competition. This article captures the impact of capacity constraints on quality and quantity competition of restaurant industry by employing a two-stage asymmetric capacity constraints model. There are several findings from this study. First, results of this study indicate that reputation diffe...
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This paper focuses on the problem for designing a logistics system for bio-methane gas (BMG) production. In practice, farm residues such as crop residue, wood residue, and livestock manure are used in reactors as reactants to generate BMG. A multi-residue, multi-hub, multi-reactor location-allocation model is developed to design the logistics of BM...
Article
Availability of market channel alternatives has helped the growth of ornamental plant sales in the United States. To identify the factors affecting the choice and allocation of outputs to different market channels by nursery producers, we first use a mixture of experts model to select clusters of homogenous subpopulations of US nursery producers ba...
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1 Abstract We provide a new integrated approach to analyzing risk in a setting where both exogenous and endogenous risks are present. We explicitly model these risks to understand their implications to the precautionary principle. We find that, among other things, the increase of exogenous risk in the presence of endogenous risk has a different imp...
Article
We interviewed 395 subsistence farming households from Chitwan, Nepal in order to identify the impact of remittances and other explanatory variables on child, adult, and household food security. The highest category of the IV - ordered probit regression models with cluster robust standard errors indicated that the food security status of households...
Presentation
Commodity price rise and increased weather variability in the last decade or so have motivated farmers to expand irrigated crop acreage in Louisiana. At the same time, a relatively inexpensive option of using submersible electric wells has allowed farmers to dig small submersible electrical engine wells to meet crop irrigation needs. These multitud...