Krishna Ghimire

Krishna Ghimire
Nepal Agricultural Research Council | NARC · National Agriculture Genetic Resources Centre (Genebank)

Master of Science in Plant Breeding

About

172
Publications
57,151
Reads
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547
Citations
Citations since 2016
106 Research Items
500 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
Introduction
Working as Senior Scientist in National Agriculture Genetic Resources Centre (Genebank) under Nepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC) with expertise in Plant Breeding and Plant Genetic Resources Conservation and Management. Currently involved in various routine genebank activities such as exploration and collection, regeneration and multiplication, characterization and evaluation, on-farm conservation, pre-breeding and database management. Genebank is promoting adaptive landraces of minor crops such as finger millet, foxtail millet, proso millet, barley, naked barley, grain amaranthus, buckwheat, grain type beans, lentil, ricebean, horsegram, cowpea, rapeseed, soybean, different vegetable, fruits, and even major crops like rice, maize, wheat and potato through community seed banks.
Additional affiliations
July 1999 - March 2012
Nepal Agricultural Research Council
Position
  • Technical Officer
Description
  • Breeding research on rice, maize, wheat, finger millet, soybean, rapeseed, etc.
Education
June 2009 - May 2011
University of the Philippines Los Baños
Field of study
  • Plant Breeding

Publications

Publications (172)
Book
Full-text available
Ensuring the correct name for any AGRs is the prerequisite for handling germplasm in research, education, conservation, and production. An inventory and checklist of wild species (both flora and fauna) are commonly available but there is a lack of such a checklist covering all AGRs. Agriculturists usually face difficulty in the identification of AG...
Chapter
Full-text available
A. Introduction Community Seed Bank (CSB) was established earlier in Nepal for handling orthodox crops eg cereals, grain legumes and vegetables. Their seeds are relatively easy for drying, collecting, storing, packing and handling. They are the main crops in most of the communities; therefore, CSBs were established targeting such seeds. About 40% o...
Article
Full-text available
Plant genetic resources are raw materials and their use in breeding is one of the most sustainable ways to conserve agro-biodiversity. Field research was conducted at National Agriculture Genetic Resources Centre (NAGRC) during 2018 & 2019 with the objective of agro-morphological characterization and diversity assessment of rice landraces. Forty-tw...
Poster
Full-text available
एक उत्कृष्ट रैथाने जात : मादले काँक्रो
Article
Full-text available
The Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change Project set out to improve the diversity, quantity, and accessibility of germplasm collections of crop wild relatives (CWR). Between 2013 and 2018, partners in 25 countries, heirs to the globetrotting legacy of Nikolai Vavilov, undertook seed collecting expeditions targeting CWR of 28 crops of global signi...
Article
Full-text available
Citation: Eastwood, R.J.; Tambam, B.B.; Aboagye, L.M.; Akparov, Z.I.; Aladele, S.E.; Allen, R.; Amri, A.; Anglin, N.L.; Araya, R.; Arrieta-Espinoza, G.; et al. Adapting Agriculture to Climate
Article
Full-text available
The Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change Project set out to improve the diversity, quantity, and accessibility of germplasm collections of crop wild relatives (CWR). Between 2013 and 2018, partners in 25 countries, heirs to the globetrotting legacy of Nikolai Vavilov, undertook seed collecting expeditions targeting CWR of 28 crops of global signi...
Chapter
Full-text available
A. Introduction In Nepal, more than 80% of seed requirement is met by the informal seed system, i.e., using own farm-saved seeds and exchanges between farmers. Landraces forms major part of the informal seed systems. In the case of traditional mountain crops such as proso millet and foxtail millet, the share of landraces is 100% (Palikhey et al 201...
Chapter
Full-text available
A. Introduction Informal research and development (IRD) is an informal and cost-effective research approach of popularizing newly notified or pipeline varieties at a low cost. It is similar to baby trial in the mother baby trial set up described in participatory varietal selection, but the number of farmers is increased while feedback collection re...
Chapter
Full-text available
A. Introduction Agricultural diversity is at risk of loss, even though all genetic resources could not be collected for long-term conservation within a short period. Therefore, red zoning and red listing are very useful for prioritizing conservation and utilization efforts as well as for initiating in-situ, on-farm, and ex-situ conservation appropr...
Article
Full-text available
Naked barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is a major winter crop grown in Nepal’s higher altitude hilly region. Yellow rust (Puccinia striiformis f.sp. hordei) is the most damaging fungal disease of naked barley in Nepal; it causes great losses when the environment is favorable. Evaluation of naked barley landraces for yield and diseases should be carri...
Article
Full-text available
Three hundred finger millet genotypes (295 landraces from 54 districts and five released varieties) were evaluated for leaf, finger, and neck blast resistance under natural epiphytotic conditions across three hill locations in Nepal, namely Kabre, Dolakha (1740m); Vijaynagar, Jumla (2350 m); and Khumaltar, Lalitpur (1360 m) during the summer season...
Article
Full-text available
Naked barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is a major winter crop grown in Nepal's higher altitude hilly region. Yellow rust (Puccinia striiformis f.sp. hordei) is the most damaging fungal disease of naked barley in Nepal; it causes great losses when the environment is favorable. Evaluation of naked barley landraces for yield and diseases should be carried...
Book
Full-text available
The Second Agro-biodiversity Working Group (ABD-WG) meeting was organized at Directorate of Agricultural Research, Province-1, Tarahara, Sunsari on 9 and 10th Mangsir with the main objectives of updating the status of conservation and utilization of native agro-biodiversity in Nepal, orientation of stakeholders on agro-biodiversity related national...
Article
Full-text available
Capsicum (Solanaceae), comprising of sweet and hot chilli pepper, is a globally known spice crop. This genus is well known for its huge genetic diversity at intra-and inter-species level. Diversity among Akabarechilli landraces, a unique Capsicum from Nepal, has not been studied so far. The present study characterized thirty accessions of Akabarech...
Chapter
Full-text available
A. Introduction Nepalese farmers of mountain and hill agroecosystem mostly grow landraces or traditional varieties of most of the crops. In some major crops like rice, wheat, and maize, very old varieties are in cultivation. Insufficient research on minor crops and poor extension networks to disseminate new varieties of major crops are the major re...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) is the most important pulse crop cultivated in wide range of agro-climatic regions of Nepal. Ten varieties of lentil have been released for cultivation and National Agriculture Genetic Resources Centre (NAGRC) holds around 350 landraces of lentil collected from mostly Tarai and some hill districts. With the objective...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Naked barley (Hordeum vulgare var. nudum L.), is an important winter crop grown in the mountain region of Nepal. Stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis f.sp. hordei), is the most destructive fungal disease of barley in the hills of Nepal causes heavy losses, if environment is favorable. Evaluation of the naked barely accessions for yield and disease is...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Report of agrobiodiversity working group, held in Tarhara
Book
Full-text available
Farmers continue to grow traditional crop varieties, along with now-creolized varieties released decades ago. The absence of modern varieties is due to the failure of conventional plant breeding to meet production/cultural needs, difficult access to new varieties, and inadequate safety-nets for testing new varieties in the field. We hypothesize a p...
Article
Full-text available
Basmati rice, also called the king/prince of rice landraces has very special values in Nepalese society as well as in other countries of Indian Subcontinent. With the objectives of collecting, analyzing and documenting Basmati related information in Nepal, we visited different sites; carried out key informant surveys; organized focus group discussi...
Article
Full-text available
A research was carried out at the field of National Agriculture Genetic Resources Centre (NAGRC), Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal in 2019 with the objective of phenotypic characterization and genetic diversity assessment of thirty-seven local garlic landraces.The phenotypic diversity was assessed based on fifteen qualitative and nine quantitative charac...
Article
Full-text available
Native agrobiodiversity become endangered and even lost due to natural disasters in red zone area such as earthquake that hit Nepal on April and May 2015. Endangered agricultural genetic resources should be rescued and revival of disrupted local seed system was essential for sustainable and productive agriculture in earthquake affected areas. The o...
Article
Full-text available
This article describes the agrobiodiversity fair aided exploration and collection expedition of native plant genetic resources in southern Lalitpur, jointly organized by the National Agriculture Genetic Resources Centre (NAGRC) and Group of Helping Hands (SAHAS) Nepal. In-district one-day agrobiodiversity fairs were organized in February and Decemb...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Maize (Zea mays L.) is the second most important crop of Nepal grown mainly for food and feed. National Agriculture Genetic Resources Centre (Genebank) of Nepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC) holds >500 maize landraces collected from different parts of the country. To enhance the utilization of these landraces in maize breeding, a total of 26...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Nepal is considered one of the centers of diversity of Rice (Oryza sativa L.), which is a main staple crop in the country. Pre-breeding is an important activity of genebank to enhance utilization of conserved genetic resources. A total of 107 cold tolerant rice accessions (99 landraces collected from 29 high hill and mountain districts, seven relea...
Chapter
Full-text available
Traditional crops cultivated and consumed over generations are important components of agrobiodiversity that support dietary diversity, sustaining productivity and livelihoods of marginalized populations in Nepal. The paper outlines initiatives and progress made for value chain development and mainstreaming traditional nutrient-dense crops for nutr...
Article
Full-text available
Traditional crops cultivated and consumed over generations are important components of agrobiodiversity that support dietary diversity, sustaining productivity and livelihoods of marginalized populations in Nepal. The paper outlines initiatives and progress made for value chain development and mainstreaming traditional nutrient-dense crops for nutr...
Article
Full-text available
Continued cultivation of native crop landraces in a specific environment helps create geo-location specific traits such as quality, taste and some specific nutrient contents. Geographical indication (GI) provides premium price to farmers for such geo-location specific products and assures the conservation of crop landraces on-farm. Field, market an...
Article
Full-text available
Trend analysis of climatic parameters suggests that Nepal is more vulnerable to climate change; thus, a changing climate might have impact on plant disease occurrence and severity. This work aims to analyze the climate change pattern and its effect on occurrence and severity of disease of traditional crops and future scenario at the study sites. Th...
Article
Full-text available
Mountain agriculture of Nepal is fragile and most vulnerable due to climate change effects. Farmers of this region grow portfolio of traditional crops mostly with their landraces, which are increasingly threatened by various pressures to grow exotic varieties and produce more food. Ex-situ collections of traditional crops available in the National...
Article
Full-text available
Finger millet is the fourth most important crop of Nepal grown mainly for food and feed. Genebank of Nepal holds more than 850 finger millet landraces collected from 54 districts of the country. To enhance the utilization of these landraces, a total of 300 finger millet accessions were characterized and evaluated in three sets of experiments: (i) c...
Chapter
Full-text available
Conservation along with sustainable production of crops using crop diversity has been a priority work of relevant stakeholders in mountain agriculture. With respecting and improving tradition of mixing native landraces, replicated trials were conducted on different mixtures of improved varieties and landraces and sole cultivars of rice, buckwheat,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Continued cultivation of native crop landraces in a specific environment helps create geo-location specific traits such as quality, taste and some specific nutrient contents. Geographical indication (GI) provides premium price to farmers for such geo-location specific products and assures the conservation of crop landraces on-farm. Field, market an...
Book
Full-text available
Participatory plant diseases identification and management is a disease diagnostic approach that brings plant pathologist, farmers and extension personnel together in the field in order to identify plant diseases correctly at farmers field and provide best suitable options for management of the plant diseases and also evaluate the efficiency of man...
Poster
Full-text available
Climate change pattern of four hilly districts (Humla, Jumla, Lamjung and Dolakha) of Nepal over 30 year periods
Poster
Full-text available
Different types of on-farm trials are listed along with different types of scoring and ranking preferences. On-farm trial (testing) Non replicated trial (may be replicated) At least two varieties Qualitative trait Visual observation, voting, ranking, organoleptic test Ranking method (rank, score, vote, frequency, %) Overall ranking Trait specific...
Poster
Full-text available
Red zoning techniques for identifying endangered list of crop species and landraces along with red listing methods for different crop genotypes. Red zoning and red listing for agrobiodiversity
Article
Full-text available
Naked barley (Hordeum vulgare var. nudum L.) is a traditional, culturally important, climate-resilient winter cereal crop of Nepal. Evaluation of the naked barely genotypes for yield and disease is fundamental for their efficient utilization in plant breeding schemes and effective conservation programs. Therefore, to identify high yielding and yell...
Article
Full-text available
Many varieties of bean are widely grown across diverse agro-ecological zones in Nepal. And opportunities exist for improving the crops and enhancing their resilience to various biotic and abiotic stressors. In this context, an experiment was conducted from June to October 2016 in Khar VDC of Darchula district to study the phenotypic traits of nine...
Article
Full-text available
Nepal is a part of the world’s biodiversity hotspot and ranks the 49th in the world for biodiversity. Agrobiodiversity and its conservation status were studied through literature review, field survey, key informant survey and focus group discussion. Results of field implementation of some good practices and action research were also documented. Amo...
Article
Full-text available
Various participatory methods for deploying and sourcing new crop diversity have been practiced during the UNEP/GEF funded Local Crops Project. More than 300 landraces and new varieties of eight local crops: amaranth, naked barley, common bean, buckwheat, finger millet, foxtail millet, proso millet, and cold-tolerant rice were deployed in four dist...
Chapter
Full-text available
Diversity is most for advancing agriculture development, however, modern agriculture has accelerated the replacement of old age crop diversity. Agrobiodiversity index and measures are commonly used and estimated for crop and animal species, landraces and sites. These are useful for locating sites, crops and custodians of agrobiodiversity. Agrobiodi...