Kozue Sotome

Kozue Sotome
Tottori University | Toridai · Faculty of Agriculture

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46
Publications
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Publications

Publications (46)
Article
We describe two new species of resupinate Sistotrema sensu lato (Cantharellales) collected in Japan: S. flavorhizomorphae and S. chloroporum. Both species have urniform basidia with more than four sterigmata and monomitic hyphal system, oil-rich hyphae in subiculum, which is typical for this genus. Sistotrema chloroporum is characterized by poroid...
Article
Since 2011, we have collected fungi that form synnema-like structures (SSs) bearing many acanthophyses at the apex on water-splashed wood in streams in various regions of Japan. A provisional phylogenetic analysis of strains isolated from SSs based on their nrDNA sequences implied affinity with Physisporinus (Polyporales, Basidiomycota). However, i...
Article
Hydnum (Hydnaceae, Basidiomycota) exhibits endemic species diversity in East Asia; however, few comprehensive systematic studies have been conducted to date. Here, we performed morphological, ecological, phylogenetic, and biological evaluations of the taxonomy of Hydnum species in Japan. In total, 186 Japanese Hydnum specimens were used for morphol...
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We describe a new species of Gerhardtia from Japan based on basidiomata morphology, live culture characteristics, and molecular phylogenetic analyses. Gerhardtia venosolamellata is found on broad-leaf litter, and is characterized by tricholomatoid to marasmioid basidiomata, an off-white to pale salmon-pink pileus surface with faint marginal striae,...
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Despite the economic and ecological importance of Hydnum species, in vitro synthesis of ectomycorrhizae of this genus has not been reported due to difficulties in establishing pure cultures. We inoculated pure cultures of 12 monokaryotic and 3 dikaryotic mycelial strains of an undescribed Hydnum albidum-like species on roots of axenic Pinus densifl...
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Entoloma clypeatum species complex (ECSC) forms ectomycorrhiza-like roots (EMLR) with host plant species of Rosaceae or Ulmaceae. The EMLR colonized with ECSC are characterized by a thick fungal mantle, absence of a Hartig net structure, and collapse of the apical meristem caused by hyphal invasion. Some researchers have suggested parasitism of ECS...
Article
A new species of Athelia, A. termitophila, from Japan is described and illustrated on the basis of morphological and phylogenetic analyses. Basidiomes of this species are characterized by having hyphae sometimes with clamp connections at the septa, basidia without clamp connections at the basal septa, and ellipsoid to ovoid basidiospores measuring...
Article
We described the ectomycorrhizae (ECM) of the Japanese Lactarius section Deliciosi species L. akahatsu, L. hatsudake, L. laeticolor, and L. subindigo with the aim of promoting the use of mycorrhizae for taxonomy and expansion of available cultures. Lactarius tottoriensis (sect. Lactarius) was also included as a comparator. The ECM of the four speci...
Article
Taxonomic studies including morphological observations and phylogenetic analyses were conducted on Japanese “uragin-take”, an unidentified species from Amazonia, Brazil and their allies. Phylogenetic analyses using ITS, nrLSU and RPB2 regions revealed that “uragin-take”, Neofomitella polyzonata and the unidentified species formed a monophyletic cla...
Article
Tricholoma foliicola was taxonomically reevaluated based on analyses of the holotype and newly collected materials. Basidiospores of T. foliicola were irregularly ellipsoid, showing a cyanophilic reaction with or without tubercles. Phylogenetic analyses of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and large subunit 28S regions of the fungal nuclear rib...
Article
Tubulicium curvisporum sp. nov. frequently grows on the Japanese andromeda Pieris japonica on Honshu Island, Japan. Molecular phylogenetic analysis revealed that this species belongs to the genus Tubulicium, of the family Hydnodontaceae (Trechisporales). The present species is morphologically distinguishable from the other Tubulicium species, becau...
Article
The Entoloma clypeatum species complex, known as “Harushimeji” in Japan, associates with Rosaceae and Ulmaceae plant species. In this study, we successfully isolated cultures of this fungal group via basidiospore isolation from tentative four Harushimeji species using modified Norkrans's C (MNC) medium and MNC medium containing n-butyric acid. Colo...
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The ethyl acetate extract of the culture filtrate of Phlebia tremellosa promoted elongation of the lateral roots of lettuce seedlings at 250 µg/mL. We purified two compounds that promote root elongation by using activity-guided chromatographic fractionation. On the basis of spectroscopic analyses, these compounds were identified to be isolactarane...
Article
Melanoderma boninense is described and illustrated as a new species from the Bonin Islands, Japan, on the basis of morphological and phylogenetic investigations. This species is characterized by sessile basidiocarps with an ungulate pileus, a black crust on the pileus surface, pores 4–6/mm, a dimitic hyphal system comprising clamped generative hyph...
Article
Hydnum repandum and its relatives are gourmet edible ectomycorrhizal mushrooms. However, no reliable pure cultures have been reported in this genus. Here, we report for the first time the successful isolation of mycelial strains from basidiospores in the genus Hydnum. Basidiospores obtained from basidioma samples were aseptically inoculated onto mo...
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A new species of endophytic fungi, Trichoderma polyalthiae, was isolated from stems of Polyalthia debilis in Ubon Ratchatani Province, Thailand. Trichoderma polyalthiae was distinguished from closely related species by its molecular and phenotypic characteristics. Based on multigene phylogenetic analyses of the internal transcribed spacer region, t...
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Tyrosinase is the key enzyme that controls melanin formation in the human skin. We performed a screening of 96 extracts of mushroom cultures and fruiting bodies for examining their inhibitory activity against mushroom tyrosinase. The ethyl acetate extracts of culture filtrate of Neolentinus lepideus exhibited the strongest inhibitory activity. The...
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Polyporus thailandensis is described and illustrated as a new species from Thailand based on morphological and phylogenetic investigations. This species is characterized by centrally stipitate basidiocarps with umber to sienna glabrous pileus having minute cilia along the margin, round to angular pores, a dimitic hyphal system with often inflating...
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A new species of the genus Hydnum, H. minum, with whitish basidiomata, is described and illustrated from Japan based on morphological and phylogenetic analyses. This species is characterized by small basidiomata (1–2.5 cm in height), spinose hymenophores with small, conical to aciculate spines (0.5–1.7 mm in length, 150–250 μm in diameter), subclav...
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A new basidiolichen species, Lepidostroma asianum (Agaricomycetes, Lepidostromatales, Lepidostromataceae), is described based on basidiomata collected from red clay in southwestern Japan. This is the first report of a species in the genus Lepidostroma from Asia. The species is characterized by producing pale orange to reddish-orange, cylindrical to...
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A taxonomic study of poroid Asian species in the Auriculariales was conducted using phylogenetic and morphological methods. Phylogenetic analyses based on the LSU and ITS regions reveal that Elmerina was a polyphyletic genus. Moreover, E. hexagonoides collected from Malaysia and “E. hexagonoides” from Japan formed two distinct clades within a well-...
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Trunk rot poses a substantial threat to Sanbu-sugi, one of the most economically important cultivars of Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica). The etiology of this disease, including its main agents, is incompletely known. This trunk rot was attributed to Fomitiporia (Phellinus) hartigii or F. (Phellinus) punctata. Here we phylogenetically analyzed...
Article
Trichoderma eijii and T. pseudolacteum, are described here as new species from Japan. These species were isolated from decaying wood in the Tomakomai Experimental Forest in Hokkaido Prefecture and from bedlogs on shiitake mushroom (Lentinula edodes) farms, respectively. The species were characterized using a combined approach that included cultural...
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Type examinations were conducted for 32 species of polypores described by E.J.H. Corner. The following new combinations are proposed: Antrodiella subligativa, Coriolopsis albobadia, C. suberosifusca, Datronia perstrata, D. sepiicolor, Fomitella malaysiana, Fomitopsis subvinosa, Microporus affinis-microloma, M. subvernicipes, Nigrofomes nigrivineus,...
Article
We present a taxonomic study of ‘group Favolus’ and related species in Polyporus. Phylogenetic analyses of nurLSU and ITS regions revealed that the infrageneric ‘group Favolus’ is divided into two main clades. Fungi within the group share laterally stipitate basidiocarps, with non-crustose stipe surfaces, and are distinguishable by the morphology o...
Article
During an investigation of Hypocrea/Trichoderma species inhabiting mushroom bedlogs, we found five strains of an undescribed species from a culture collection. These were analyzed using a combined approach, including morphology of holomorph, cultural studies, and phylogenetic analyses of the rRNA gene cluster of the internal transcribed spacer regi...
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Shiitake (Lentinula edodes) is the most economically important cultivated mushroom, but yields are impacted by its competitor, Trichoderma spp. We previously found two unidentified Trichoderma species growing in bedlogs and sawdust shiitake media in Korea. Here, we identify and re-describe those two species based on molecular sequence data, morphol...
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Six DNA regions were evaluated as potential DNA barcodes for Fungi, the second largest kingdom of eukaryotic life, by a multinational, multilaboratory consortium. The region of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 used as the animal barcode was excluded as a potential marker, because it is difficult to amplify in fungi, often includes l...
Article
The relationship between the taxa of airborne fungi and the decay risk was investigated. Airborne fungi in 1,000 l of air were trapped on Japanese cedar disks, and incubated in a damp container kept at 26ºC. After 16-week incubation, filamentous fungi grown on the disks were isolated and DNA extracted from each isolate was amplified with the primer...
Article
The distribution of genets of a root and butt rot pathogen Heterobasidion parviporum was studied in a 68-year-old Abies sachalinensis plantation in Japan. A total of 33 pure cultures of H. parviporum were isolated from diseased Todo fir stumps after clear-felling. Individual genets of the fungus were identified by three different methods: somatic i...
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A taxonomic study based on morphological and phylogenetic characters revealed that the specimens referred to as ‘Polyporus pseudobetulinus’ in Japan actually represent two distinct species, namely, P. pseudobetulinus and P. subvarius. These cam be distinguished by characteristics of the pileus surface, the presence/absence of clamp-connections on g...
Article
Postia stellifera sp. nov. from Malaysia is described. This fungus is characterized by the distinctly stipitate basidiomata, terrestrial habit, and verrucose chlamydospores both in the context and in culture. Its macromorphology resembles that of Albatrellus, but phylogenetic analysis based on LSU places it within a clade comprising Postia, Amylocy...
Article
Sixty-two isolates from basidiocarps of Armillaria spp. were obtained from Hokkaido Island, northern Japan. Six species (Armillaria cepistipes, A. gallica, A. nabsnona, A. ostoyae, A. sinapina, and an undescribed species, “Nag. E”) were identified by pairing tests with known tester strains and one subspecies (Armillaria mellea subsp. nipponica, a n...
Article
Relationships among East Asian, North American and European Laetiporus sulphureus s. lat., a cosmopolitan brown rot species complex, were assessed with phylogenetic analyses and incompatibility tests. Three East Asian taxa, Laetiporus cremeiporus sp. nov., Laetiporus montanus and Laetiporus versisporus, are described and illustrated as well as comp...
Article
Polyporus longiporus, belonging to group Polyporellus, is newly reported from Japan in what also constitutes the second report of the species since its original description. This species is characterized by radially elongated pores, smooth and brown to dark brown pileus, and cylindrical and slightly curved basidiospores. Phylogenetic analysis based...
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We carried out a taxonomic investigation of Echinochaete species collected from Japan and Malaysia using molecular phylogenetic analysis and morphological observations. Phylogenetic trees based on the LSU and ITS regions detected three main clades among the Echinochaete collections used in this study. The morphology of the type specimen of E. russi...
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Polyporus accommodates morphologically heterogeneous species and is divided into six infrageneric groups based on macromorphological characters. On the other hand allied genera have macro- and microscopic characters similar to those of Polyporus. The phylogenetic relationships of Polyporus and allied genera were established from sequences of RNA po...
Article
Polyporus phyllostachydis is described and illustrated as a new species. This species is characterized by its occurrence on bamboo roots, the small and centrally stipitate basidiocarps, the white pileus, usually becoming darker from the center at maturity, and the cylindrical stipe with a distinct crust. Morphological characters of the present spec...

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