Kovin Shunmugam Naidoo

Kovin Shunmugam Naidoo
University of KwaZulu-Natal | ukzn · Department of Optometry

BSc, BOptom, MPH, OD, PhD

About

239
Publications
201,380
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Introduction
Kovin Shunmugam Naidoo currently works at the Department of Optometry, University of KwaZulu-Natal and the African Vision Research Institute.. Their current projects include Myopia and Refractive Error studies.
Additional affiliations
August 2016 - October 2020
African Vision Research Institute
Position
  • Managing Director
January 2006 - present
University of KwaZulu-Natal
Position
  • African Vision Research Institute
October 1998 - October 2020
Brien Holden Vision Institute
Position
  • Managing Director

Publications

Publications (239)
Article
Full-text available
Background Eye conditions in children can have negative consequences on visual functioning and quality of life. There is a lack of data on the magnitude of children with eye conditions who need services for effective planning of school eye health programmes. To address this, the School Eye Health Rapid Assessment (SEHRA) tool is being developed to...
Article
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Advocacy is instrumental to achieving significant policy change for vision. Global advocacy efforts over the past decades enabled recognition of vision as a major public health, human rights, and development issue. The United Nations General Assembly adopted its first-ever Resolution on vision: “Vision for Everyone—Accelerating Action to Achieve th...
Article
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Background: Prevalence of myopia is increasing globally, hence it poses a significant public health risk due to the association of high myopia with debilitating eye disorders. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of myopia in school children. Setting: The study was conducted in primary and secondary schools in Garki district...
Article
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The objective of this paper is to provide an overview of the World Health Organization - International Telecommunication Union MyopiaEd programme - a digital message programme targeting education on myopia and its prevention. The development of the MyopiaEd programme included 4 key steps: (1) Conceptualization and consultation with experts in the f...
Article
Purpose There remains a lack of information on the perception and adoption of myopia control strategies among African eye care practitioners (ECPs). This study provides an African perspective to similar previous studies conducted in other parts of the world. Methods A self-administered survey in English and French was distributed to ECPs across Af...
Article
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Objectives To systematically review all current studies on diabetes risk assessment tools used in SSA to diagnose diabetes in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. Methods Tools were identified through a systematic search of PubMed, Ovid, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane Library for articles published from January 2010 to January 2020. The search...
Preprint
BACKGROUND:The growing global burden of vision impairment makes it imperative that there are appropriately trained human resources. Optometrists play a critical role in alleviating this burden, but the low number of optometrists available or the numbers in different countries has always been a challenge for eye care planning. Despite this, there ha...
Article
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Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) and diabetic retinopathy (DR) are important issues in the district health system (DHS) of South Africa (SA). Guidelines for the management of DR in SA were developed more than a decade ago but not effectively implemented. Aim: The aim of this study was to develop a suitable model for DR that could be effectively...
Article
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Background: Optometrists with different levels of optometric education in India provide eye care services under various capacities to the public. Aim: The study evaluated the status of optometrists in terms of their knowledge, skills and frequency of skill utilisation in public and private sectors. Setting: A quantitative study design was adopted...
Article
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In South Africa, primary eye care is largely challenged in its organisational structure, availability of human and other resources, and clinical competency. These do meet the standard required by the National Department of Health. This study seeks to assess the levels of knowledge, attitudes, and practices on eye health amongst Human Resources for...
Chapter
The World Council of Optometry (WCO) defines optometry as a healthcare profession that is autonomous, educated, and regulated (licensed/registered). Optometrists are the primary healthcare practitioners of the eye and visual system, who provide comprehensive eye and vision care that includes refraction and spectacle dispensing, detection/diagnosis...
Article
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Background: The development of human resources for eye health (HReH), aimed at achieving a 25% reduction in visual impairment by the year 2020, was one of the VISION 2020 objectives. Aim: To assess HReH in the public sector of KwaZulu-Natal (KZN), and its effect on the accessibility of eye care in the province. Setting: All public eye facilities...
Article
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Background: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) screening programmes have been developed and implemented in different countries based on availability of resources. Most protocols developed for DR have been solely dedicated to DR screening without involving systemic screening. Aim: To implement and evaluate a DR screening model utilising a team of healthcare...
Article
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Background: Low vision and blindness have significant implications, resulting in a generally reduced quality of life amongst the sufferers. Aim: To determine the prevalence and causes of low vision and blindness amongst learners at the Akropong School for the Blind. Setting: The study was conducted in Akropong School for the Blind, Ghana. Methods:...
Article
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Summary Background Many causes of vision impairment can be prevented or treated. With an ageing global population, the demands for eye health services are increasing. We estimated the prevalence and relative contribution of avoidable causes of blindness and vision impairment globally from 1990 to 2020. We aimed to compare the results with the World...
Article
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Summary Background To contribute to the WHO initiative, VISION 2020: The Right to Sight, an assessment of global vision impairment in 2020 and temporal change is needed. We aimed to extensively update estimates of global vision loss burden, presenting estimates for 2020, temporal change over three decades between 1990–2020, and forecasts for 2050....
Article
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Background: There are many gaps in the management of diabetes mellitus (DM) and diabetic eye disease in the district health system (DHS) of South Africa (SA). National guidelines recommend annual eye examinations for patients with DM.Aim: The purpose of this study was to describe the self-reported skill levels of healthcare practitioners (HCPs) to...
Article
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The burden of vision impairment due to uncorrected refractive error (needing spectacles) in Mozambique is known to be significant. To improve the planning and provision of eye health services, a better understanding of how vision is valued by patients is needed. The willingness to pay (WTP) for improved vision through correcting refractive error wa...
Article
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Background Oral rehydration solution (ORS) is a form of oral rehydration therapy (ORT) for diarrhoea that has the potential to drastically reduce child mortality; yet, according to UNICEF estimates, less than half of children younger than 5 years with diarrhoea in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) received ORS in 2016. A variety of rec...
Article
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Objective To estimate the effect of providing free spectacles on uncorrected visual acuity (VA) among urban migrant Chinese school children. Design Exploratory analysis from a parallel cluster-randomised clinical trial. Methods After baseline survey and VA screening, eligible children were randomised by school to receive one of the two interventi...
Article
Full-text available
Oral rehydration solution (ORS) is a form of oral rehydration therapy (ORT) for diarrhoea that has the potential to drastically reduce child mortality; yet, according to UNICEF estimates, less than half of children younger than 5 years with diarrhoea in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) received ORS in 2016. A variety of recommended ho...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose To assess the influence of distance and near visual impairment on self-reported near visual functioning (VF) among adults in a multi-country study. Design Population-based cross-sectional study. Participants Participants aged ≥35 years were randomly selected with cluster sampling at seven sites: rural sites in Nepal (Kaski) and India (Mad...
Article
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Background To assess the psychometric properties of the QIRC questionnaire and use it as an outcome measure in spectacle wearers attending an eye clinic in Malawi. Methods Participants who had uncorrected distance visual acuity of below 6/18 and improved to 6/9 or better with spectacles on both eyes were included in the study. The participants self...
Article
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Background: Visual impairment among school children is relatively common and research provides evidence for integration of comprehensive eye care into school health programmes. Aim: To determine the prevalence and determinants of visual impairment in school-aged children in Southern Nigeria. Setting: School aged children from 10 public and privat...
Article
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Background: Visual impairment among school children is relatively common and research provides evidence for integration of comprehensive eye care into school health programmes. Aim: To determine the prevalence and determinants of visual impairment in school-aged children in Southern Nigeria. Setting: School aged children from 10 public and private-...
Article
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Background: Without appropriate interventions, simple or low myopia can progressively get worse and lead to high myopia. Patients with high myopia are at a greater risk of developing retinal detachment, myopic macular degeneration, glaucoma and eventual blindness in some cases, and hence the reason for the global call for myopia control. Consequent...
Article
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Background This study aimed to assess the prevalence and causes of vision loss in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) in 2015, compared with prior years, and to estimate expected values for 2020. Methods A systematic review and meta-analysis assessed the prevalence of blindness (presenting distance visual acuity <3/60 in the better eye), moderate and severe...
Article
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Background Uncorrected refractive error (URE) is a major cause of vision impairment among children that impacts negatively on their lives including distresses. We aim to understand the disability-related distress among vision-impaired children due to URE in rural and semi-rural South Africa using qualitative techniques. Methods Structured focus gr...
Article
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Background: The optometry training programme started in Nepal in 1997 with an intake of six students per year. The second optometry school was established in 2018 with an intake of 40 students per year. Aim: To establish a profile for Nepalese optometrists and understand their perspectives regarding the entrance examination, curriculum, infrastruc...
Technical Report
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This is a follow-up study to investigate the outcome of a training program among teachers and nurses that took place in certain counties in Kenya in the year 2012. The program was undertakenby Seeing is Believing (SIB) in conjunction with the Brien Holden Vision Institute, the ministries of health and education for the development and implementatio...
Article
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Background: Uncorrected refractive error could negatively affect learning and academic performance, there is still inadequate information for planning school health. Aim: To determine the proportion of students with vision impairment because of uncorrected refractive error, and prevalent types among learners aged 10–18 years. Setting: The study s...
Article
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Background To determine the prevalence and causes of blindness and vision impairment (VI) in East Asia in 2015 and to forecast the trend to 2020. Methods Through a systematic literature review and meta-analysis, we estimated prevalence of blindness (presenting visual acuity <3/60 in the better eye), moderate-to-severe vision impairment (MSVI; 3/60...
Article
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Significance: Uncorrected refractive error is the leading cause of visual impairment; therefore, reducing its prevalence is important worldwide. For two decades, there has not been a comprehensive assessment of refractive error in Latin America. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the current prevalence of refractive error, presb...
Article
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Objective To estimate the prevalence and causes of blindness and vision impairment for distance and near in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) in 2015 and to forecast trends to 2020. Methods A meta-analysis from a global systematic review of 283 cross-sectional, population-representative studies from published and unpublished sources from 1980 t...
Article
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Herbal plants have played an important role traditional medicine therapy of multiple human illnesses since the existence of man in many parts of the globe .The most common eye diseases include conjunctivitis, cataract, glaucoma, eye allergies, eye inflammation. The problem of adverse drug effects of modern drugs, has led to the increased use nowada...
Article
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Over 2 billion people worldwide are estimated to have myopia, defined as ≤ –0.5 dioptres (D). Of these, around 10% have high myopia, defined as ≤ –5 D.1,2 People with high myopia are at increased risk of potentially blinding eye conditions such as macular degeneration, retinal detachment, open-angle glaucoma and cataract. Myopia is already a major...
Data
This appendix formed part of the original submission and has been peer reviewed. Supplement to: GBD 2017 SDG Collaborators. Measuring progress from 1990 to 2017 and projecting attainment to 2030 of the health-related Sustainable Development Goals for 195 countries and territories: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. L...
Article
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BACKGROUND: The global burden of vision impairment has been acknowledged by the World Health Organisation as a public health challenge. In order to scale up the production of eye health personnel in developing countries, a tiered model of optometry training was explored in Mozambique. OBJECTIVES: The Mozambique case study was evaluated to assess th...
Article
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The evidence-basis based on existing myopia control trials along with the supporting academic literature were reviewed; this informed recommendations on the outcomes suggested from clinical trials aimed at slowing myopia progression to show the effectiveness of treatments and the impact on patients. These outcomes were classified as primary (refrac...
Article
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With the growing prevalence of myopia, already at epidemic levels in some countries, there is an urgent need for new management approaches. However, with the increasing number of research publications on the topic of myopia control, there is also a clear necessity for agreement and guidance on key issues, including on how myopia should be defined a...
Article
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Purpose: We provide a standardized set of terminology, definitions, and thresholds of myopia and its main ocular complications. Methods: Critical review of current terminology and choice of myopia thresholds was done to ensure that the proposed standards are appropriate for clinical research purposes, relevant to the underlying biology of myopia...
Chapter
The global prevalence of blindness and vision impairment due to uncorrected refractive error amplifies the need for the delivery of refractive services. Effective strategies need to be employed in order to ensure that they leave an impression on the landscape of refractive error blindness and vision impairment. The approaches must be systematic and...
Article
Background: Children comprise a large proportion of the population in sub-Saharan Africa. The burden of paediatric surgical disease exceeds available resources in Africa, potentially increasing morbidity and mortality. There are few prospective paediatric perioperative outcomes studies, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Meth...
Article
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Background Efforts to establish the 2015 baseline and monitor early implementation of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) highlight both great potential for and threats to improving health by 2030. To fully deliver on the SDG aim of “leaving no one behind”, it is increasingly important to examine the health-related SDGs beyond national-leve...
Article
Full-text available
Background Efforts to establish the 2015 baseline and monitor early implementation of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) highlight both great potential for and threats to improving health by 2030. To fully deliver on the SDG aim of “leaving no one behind”, it is increasingly important to examine the health-related SDGs beyond national-leve...
Article
Full-text available
Background To assess prevalence and causes of vision loss in Central and South Asia. Methods A systematic review of medical literature assessed the prevalence of blindness (presenting visual acuity<3/60 in the better eye), moderate and severe vision impairment (MSVI; presenting visual acuity <6/18 but ≥3/60) and mild vision impairment (MVI; presen...
Article
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Background: Global estimates suggest there are almost 19 million visually impaired children worldwide, most of whom reside in poor countries, with the major cause being treatable. Aim: To determine the barriers to accessing childhood eye care services and to develop an eye care plan for children in South Darfur State, Sudan. Setting: The study to...
Article
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Objective: To review interventions improving eye-care services for schoolchildren in low- and middle-income countries. Methods: We searched online databases (CINAHL, Embase®, ERIC, MEDLINE®, ProQuest, PubMed® and Web of ScienceTM) for articles published between January 2000 and May 2018. Eligible studies evaluated the delivery of school-based ey...
Article
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Purpose: We estimated the potential global economic productivity loss resulting from vision impairment (VI) and blindness as a result of uncorrected myopia and myopic macular degeneration (MMD) in 2015. Clinical relevance: Understanding the economic burden of VI associated with myopia is critical to addressing myopia as an increasingly prevalent...
Article
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The Mozambique Eyecare Project was an international partnership to implement and research eye health education in Mozambique and the Africa region. An optometry degree was developed at Universidade Lúrio, Mozambique. In addition, existing eye health workers were upskilled with training. Researchers from various disciplines evaluated the project and...