Kostas Rontos

Kostas Rontos
University of the Aegean · Department of Sociology

Professor

About

127
Publications
31,055
Reads
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926
Citations
Citations since 2017
56 Research Items
846 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150

Publications

Publications (127)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Η εισοδηματική ανισότητα είναι ένα πολυδιάστατο φαινόμενο με σημαντικές κοινωνικές, οικονομικές και πολιτικές επιπτώσεις. Ήδη, από τα πρώτα στάδια διαμόρφωσης της οικονομικής σκέψης το ζήτημα της διανομής του εισοδήματος είχε αποτελέσει βασικό πυλώνα της οικονομικής επιστήμης με έντονες αντιπαραθέσεις. Η έκταση των ανισοτήτων στη διανομή του εισοδή...
Article
Full-text available
Building on the well-established linkage between economic dynamics and political processes, we focus on the most important element of the political process, namely general (or national) elections, and look into their effects on public finance and the total output. Three are the main objectives of this paper. First, to investigate the existence of p...
Article
Full-text available
Building on the well-established relationship between economic dynamics and political processes, we focus on the most important element of the political process, namely, general (or national) elections, and look into their effects on public finance and total economic output. In this vein, the present study has three objectives: (i) to investigate p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Income inequality and the effectiveness of policies aiming at its reduction are arguably indicators of a country’s level of economic and social development. In the case of Greece, the lasting economic turmoil and the extensive fiscal interventions facing the nation over the last two decades make it an interesting case to study both the causes of in...
Article
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Earlier studies relating form and functions of cities address an intriguing and complex research issue, especially for specific urban typologies. Although with inherent differences on a local scale, Mediterranean cities represent diversified settlement morphologies and multifaceted socioeconomic contexts. The present study investigates the socioeco...
Article
Relocating activities along the fringe, redesigning economic functions, and remodelling settlement structures across larger regions and broader spatial scales, reflect the inherent shift toward complex metropolitan systems. A refined understanding of urban change requires the adoption of a 'complex thinking' that focuses on adaptive behaviour of ke...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigates the socioeconomic factors shaping social attitudes and perceptions towards immigration in the local community of Lesvos, Greece. Since 2015, Lesvos Island has been the main gateway of immigration flows towards Europe. Using a structured questionnaire, a field survey was carried out in 2016 by interviewing a representa...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic has rapidly evolved into an acute health crisis with extensive socioeconomic and demographic consequences. The severity of the COVID-19 pandemic requires a refined (and more comprehensive) understanding of virus dissemination over space, transmission mechanisms, clinical features, and risk factors. In line with this assumption...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Στην περίπτωση της Ελλάδας έχουν παρατηρηθεί κατά το παρελθόν έντονοι πολιτικοί δημο-σιονομικοί κύκλοι. Αν χρησιμοποιηθεί ως μέτρο των πολιτικών κύκλων το δημοσιονομικό έλλειμμα ως ποσοστό του ΑΕΠ, διαπιστώνεται ότι τα δημοσιονομικά ελλείμματα αυξάνονται σημαντικά κατά τις προεκλογικές περιόδους, γεγονός που συνέβαλε σημαντικά στην πρόσφατη κρίση χ...
Chapter
This chapter reviews the main features emerged throughout this book assuming local labour systems as an appropriate spatial unit of analysis to carry out investigations of both socioeconomic and environmental processes, ensuring the accuracy of official statistics (census statistics, sample surveys, and administrative sources) produced at this scal...
Article
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The paper investigates the existence, magnitude and determinants of political budget cycles in Greece over the past forty years. The authors find that the Greek economy has been characterized by extremely large electorally-motivated cycles, that is political budget cycles, which are not typical of a developed country, since in developed economies t...
Article
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Theoretical approaches and place-specific solutions are required to face with the intrinsic linkage between social welfare and macroeconomic stability in advanced economies, especially in Europe. In this regard, the 2007 recession has influenced extensively the wide spectrum of social policies applicable in the European Community. New socioeconomic...
Article
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The present study analyzes population redistribution across metropolitan regions considering together changes over time in the spatial distribution of resident and present population from census data. Considering population dynamics in Athens, Greece, between 1991 and 2011, the results of this study evidenced how the ratio of present to resident po...
Preprint
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A research ptoject finaced by the Hellenic Foundation for Recearch and Innovation
Article
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Density-dependent population growth regulates long-term urban expansion and shapes distinctive socioeconomic trends. Despite a marked heterogeneity in the spatial distribution of the resident population, Mediterranean European countries are considered more homogeneous than countries in other European regions as far as settlement structure and proce...
Article
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Although local context is considered a key factor shaping differences in the age at marriage between spouses, spatially explicit investigations of the gender gap in marriage timing were scarce in Europe, especially in more traditional societies. The present study analyses the spatial distribution of the gender age gap at marriage in Greece, a count...
Article
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Although Southern Europe is relatively homogeneous in terms of settlement characteristics and urban dynamics, spatial heterogeneity in its population distribution is still high, and differences across regions outline specific demographic patterns that require in-depth investigation. In such contexts, density-dependent mechanisms of population growt...
Article
A comparative analysis of population dynamics worldwide contributes to profile distinctive demographic and economic trajectories of urban growth, discriminating processes of settlement concentration or dispersion under sequential cycles of urbanization. However, a wide-ranging characterization of urban cycles based on demographic dynamics worldwide...
Article
The present study investigates the most important factors shaping social attitudes towards (and perceptions of) the immigrant/refugee problem in the native community of a traditional island (Lesvos) in Greece, with a particular emphasis on demographic and socioeconomic aspects. By using a structured questionnaire, a statistical survey based on inte...
Article
Under the assumption that economic competitiveness has a significant impact on the overall level of corruption in a given country, the present study evaluates the influence that a wide array of national reforms related to the pillars of structural competitiveness has on corruption in the case of Greece. In order to inform national and regional poli...
Article
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Fertility, a key process shaping long-term population dynamics, has reflected demographic transitions and responds—more or less rapidly—to economic downturns. Assuming a non-neutral role of space on birth rates, the present study investigates the spatio-temporal evolution (1952–2018) of total fertility rate (TFR) at regional scale in Italy, a count...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigates the economic, social and political dimensions of development worldwide focusing on the relationship between perceived corruption and income levels, human development, government effectiveness and quality of the political system. The empirical results of this study reveal that these aspects are partly correlated, and f...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Η εισήγηση διερευνά την ύπαρξη του προβλήματος των εκλογικών κύκλων στην ελληνική οικονομία τις τελευταίες τέσσερις δεκαετίες και, για πρώτη φορά, ποσοτικοποιείται η επίδραση των ευρωπαϊκών διορθωτικών παρεμβάσεων στη διαμόρφωση του φαινομένου αυτού. Διαπιστώνεται ότι υπάρχουν σημαντικότατοι εκλογικοί κύκλοι που τείνουν να εκτινάσσουν προεκλογικά τ...
Article
This study explores the factors that determine the attitudes of the local community of Lesvos towards the refugee and migration issue separately, emphasizing on both demographic and socio-economic factors. For this purpose, we used data collected through primary research and we conducted secondary statistical analysis. In addition, we used imputati...
Article
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Different socioeconomic, historical, political, and cultural factors have influenced long-term settlement patterns and demographic structures in Europe. Southern Europe is considered a relatively homogeneous region as far as settlement characteristics and population dynamics are concerned. Within-country local variability in the spatial distributio...
Article
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The present study investigates relevant economic, social and political dimensions of development worldwide, focusing on (apparent and latent) links between perceived corruption, economic and human development, government effectiveness and the quality of the political system taken as representative variables of countries' social systems. These varia...
Article
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Economic expansion indirectly promotes class diversification at the neighbourhood scale with a consequent reduction of social divides at the regional scale. To verify this working hypothesis, the present study investigates class diversification at both spatial scales in a Mediterranean city (Athens, Greece) using the European Socioeconomic Classifi...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims at identifying the factors affecting the tourism image of Lesvos Island in Greece, in order to provide an insight into the latent structure of the tourist's choice to visit the island. Data were collected from 499 tourists (both Greek and foreigners) at the island during summer 2005 and were analysed via exploratory factor analysis....
Article
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This paper aims at identifying the demographic profile, the characteristics of the tourists' holidays, additionally to their perception about the tourist cost at Lesvos Island in Greece, in order to obtain a better understanding of the tourism demand at the island. Data were collected from 499 tourists (both Greek and foreigners) at the island duri...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigates relevant economic, social and political dimensions of development worldwide, focusing on (apparent and latent) links between perceived corruption, economic and human development, government effectiveness and the quality of the political system taken as representative variables of countries’ social systems. These varia...
Article
Full-text available
Urban development in southern Europe differs from urbanization patterns observed in other affluent countries. Urbanization processes in the Mediterranean region reflect heterogeneous spatial forms and more similar socioeconomic dynamics. Rejecting a unique ‘Mediterranean city’ model, this study proposes a thorough analysis of post-war urban develop...
Article
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The prevalence of institutional weaknesses largely unveils the existence of inherent economic and social underdevelopment as well as persistent bottlenecks of political nature, which in principle are more intense in lessdeveloped countries. In this study, by using a global sample of developed and developing countries it is proved that the relations...
Chapter
Full-text available
Tourism is a fundamental sector at the global level and constitutes a development pillar of the European economy. Tourism exerts a great impact on employment and output and as a result it may constitute a basic tool for economic recovery after a period of recession. Therefore, apart from its economic dimension tourism has a major social impact. Als...
Article
By reviewing long-term dynamics of urban expansion in a representative southern European city, this study proposes a long-term interpretation of Mediterranean urbanization as a result of a structural socioeconomic ‘crisis’ related to ineffective local governance, weak regional planning and peculiar demographic structures. Athens’ expansion exemplif...
Article
Tourism is a pivotal economic sector with major social impact on local communities and a development pillar for both advanced and emerging countries. Tourism development has a valuable impact on employment and output, contributing to post-crisis economic recovery. Under the hypothesis that tourism development is a complex phenomenon shaped by econo...
Book
This book focuses on tourism sectors and models the latest trends in tourism activity while providing a new vision for contemporary tourism economy. Tourism is a sector confronting new challenges for advanced and developing economies. Despite global challenges, tourism continues to be a dynamic sector stimulating social and economic development. Mo...
Article
The referendum held in Greece on the 5th of July 2015 about the rejection of the conditions for a new loan sought by European Commission, European Central Bank and International Monetary Fund, become an event of great symbolic importance to national and even continental scale, although its precise scope and meaning were to a large extent loose. Par...
Book
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This volume includes a collection of papers presented in international conferences or other public events and sometimes published in a preliminary version. A preliminary version of chapter 1.1 was presented at the ‘Changing Cities II’ international conference held in Volos, June 2015. After extensive revision and improvement, chapter 1.2 takes insp...
Article
This paper considers flexicurity as a potential strategy to improve labour market, especially in times of economic crisis. Flexicurity is defined as a grated strategy aimed at simultaneously improving a) flexibility and security in the labour market b) social cohesion at a time of intense social changes with lack of social protection and instabilit...
Article
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The purpose of this article is to examine the condition of the civil and civic perception of the common good, and the attitudes toward the public sphere in the Greek islands of the Northern Aegean. In particular, we wish to examine whether they constitute a region of particular political-cultural characteristics. Based upon the findings of a previo...
Article
Full-text available
The present study assesses population dynamics, urban growth and the changing economic structure in Thriasio, the main industrial area of Greece. Best-fit models using multinomial, exponential and Verhulst equations have been considered to estimate population dynamics, trends in the established activities and the consequent changes in land-use over...
Chapter
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This paper considers tourism as the heavy industry of the Greek economy with significant contribution in its macroeconomic figures. It pinpoints that tourism constitutes important factor of regional development in Greece, with positive contribution in the country’s economic and social development (Lagos and Gkrimpa, 2000; Lagos 2005; Rontos et al,...
Article
The objective of this paper was to provide guidance concerning the underlying determinants of cross-country variations in institutional quality and the accompanying performance of governance institutions. Based on theoretical perspectives from the prevailing good governance and institutions literature, this study adopts a solid conceptual approach...
Article
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The basic objective of the paper is to investigate the underlying determinants of governance quality at the global level. The study argues that cross-country variations in governance quality are mainly attributed to differences not only in their respective level of economic development but also to the range of political freedom and level of social...
Article
This study compares the spatial distribution of resident and present population at the municipal scale in Greece (1991-2011) with the aim to infer recent trends in urban expansion. The ratio of present to resident population is proposed as a proxy of urban centrality indicating variations in urban hierarchy over time. Results of the analysis outlin...
Research
Abstract - Colin Clark’s results in the 70s are being used nowadays for discussing the limits of the privatization in fisheries. Clark’s results highlighted the possibility of species extinction motivated by special forms of the natural growth function. This working paper deals with the revisited problem of a situation in which the growth function...
Research
Abstract – Corporate Social Responsibility gained a significant importance in recent years making that organizations consider very challenging objectives in this area. Many companies feel, in fact, a strong need to commit with society and environment. Corporate social responsibility deals with the organizations’ actions intending to get a positive...
Chapter
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) refers to companies' policies and actions aimed at achieving a positive impact on environment, consumers, employees or communities. It requires a set of duties self-regulating mechanisms and obligations, in relation to the society and to the communities in which the organization is operating. Corporate Social R...