Konstantinos Kovlakas

Konstantinos Kovlakas
University of Geneva | UNIGE · Department of Astronomy

Doctor of Philosophy
Binary population synthesis modeling of ultraluminous X-ray sources.

About

40
Publications
1,466
Reads
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216
Citations
Introduction
Postdoc at the University of Geneva, studying X-ray binary stars and population synthesis models. Focusing on the enigmatic ultraluminous X-ray sources.
Additional affiliations
September 2021 - present
University of Geneva
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Binary population synthesis models and ultraluminous X-ray sources
January 2021 - August 2021
University of Geneva
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Development of a binary population synthesis code.
September 2016 - December 2020
Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • Studying ultraluminous X-ray sources in a ERC funded programme
Education
September 2016 - September 2019
University of Crete
Field of study
  • Astrophysics
November 2015 - February 2016
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Field of study
  • Computational Physics
October 2002 - March 2014

Publications

Publications (40)
Preprint
Binary stars undergo a variety of interactions and evolutionary phases, critical for predicting and explaining observed properties. Binary population synthesis with full stellar-structure and evolution simulations are computationally expensive requiring a large number of mass-transfer sequences. The recently developed binary population synthesis co...
Preprint
Full-text available
Most massive stars are members of a binary or a higher-order stellar systems, where the presence of a binary companion can decisively alter their evolution via binary interactions. Interacting binaries are also important astrophysical laboratories for the study of compact objects. Binary population synthesis studies have been used extensively over...
Article
The Chandra Deep Field-South and North surveys (CDFs) provide unique windows into the cosmic history of X-ray emission from normal (nonactive) galaxies. Scaling relations of normal-galaxy X-ray luminosity ( L X ) with star formation rate (SFR) and stellar mass ( M ⋆ ) have been used to show that the formation rates of low-mass and high-mass X-ray b...
Article
Long-duration gamma-ray bursts are thought to be associated with the core-collapse of massive, rapidly spinning stars and the formation of black holes. However, efficient angular momentum transport in stellar interiors, currently supported by asteroseismic and gravitational-wave constraints, leads to predominantly slowly-spinning stellar cores. Her...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Chandra Deep Field-South and North surveys (CDFs) provide unique windows into the cosmic history of X-ray emission from normal (non-active) galaxies. Scaling relations of normal galaxy X-ray luminosity (L_X) with star formation rate (SFR) and stellar mass (M_star) have been used to show that the formation rates of low-mass and high-mass X-ray b...
Article
Stripped-envelope supernovae (Types IIb, Ib, and Ic) that show little or no hydrogen comprise roughly one-third of the observed explosions of massive stars. Their origin and the evolution of their progenitors are not yet fully understood. Very massive single stars stripped by their own winds (≳25−30 M ⊙ at solar metallicity) are considered viable p...
Preprint
Full-text available
Context. ULXs ($L_\textrm{X}>10^{39}$ erg s$^{-1}$) are excellent probes of accretion physics, star formation and IMBHs searches. As the sample size of X-ray data from modern observatories increases, producing extensive catalogues of ULXs and studying their collective properties is a possibility and a priority. Aims. We build a ULX catalogue based...
Preprint
Full-text available
(abridged) We develop a tool for the automated spectral classification of OB stars according to their sub-types. We use the regular Random Forest (RF) algorithm, the Probabilistic RF (PRF), and we introduce the KDE-RF method which is a combination of the Kernel-Density Estimation and the RF algorithm. We train the algorithms on the Equivalent Width...
Article
We investigate a sample of seven edge-on spiral galaxies using Chandra observations. Edge-on spiral galaxies allow us to clearly separate source associated with their star-forming regions versus the outer edges of the system; offering a clear advantage over other systems. We uncover a number of X-ray point sources across these galaxies, and after e...
Preprint
Full-text available
We investigate a sample of seven edge-on spiral galaxies using Chandra observations. Edge-on spiral galaxies allow us to clearly separate source associated with their star-forming regions versus the outer edges of the system; offering a clear advantage over other systems. We uncover a number of X-ray point sources across these galaxies, and after e...
Article
The discovery of periodicity in the arrival times of the fast radio bursts (FRBs) poses a challenge to the oft-studied magnetar scenarios. However, models that postulate that FRBs result from magnetized shocks or magnetic reconnection in a relativistic outflow are not specific to magnetar engines; instead, they require only the impulsive injection...
Article
The discovery of periodicity in the arrival times of the fast radio bursts (FRBs) poses a challenge to the oft-studied magnetar scenarios. However, models that postulate that FRBs result from magnetized shocks or magnetic reconnection in a relativistic outflow are not specific to magnetar engines; instead, they require only the impulsive injection...
Preprint
We constrain the mass distribution in nearby, star-forming galaxies with the Star Formation Reference Survey (SFRS), a galaxy sample constructed to be representative of all known combinations of star formation rate (SFR), dust temperature, and specific star formation rate (sSFR) that exist in the Local Universe. An innovative two-dimensional bulge/...
Preprint
Long gamma-ray bursts are associated with the core-collapse of massive, rapidly spinning stars. However, the believed efficient angular momentum transport in stellar interiors leads to predominantly slowly-spinning stellar cores. Here, we report on binary stellar evolution and population synthesis calculations, showing that tidal interactions in cl...
Preprint
The $\it{eROSITA}$ Final Equatorial Depth Survey (eFEDS), completed during the calibration and performance verification phase of the $\it{eROSITA}$ instrument on $\it{Spectrum\, Roentgen\, Gamma}$, delivers data at and beyond the final depth of the four-year $\it{eROSITA}$ all-sky survey (eRASS:8), $f_{0.5-2\,\text{ keV}}$ = $1.1\times10^{-14}$ erg...
Article
We present the Heraklion Extragalactic Catalogue, or HECATE, an all-sky value-added galaxy catalogue, aiming to facilitate present and future multi-wavelength and multi-messenger studies in the local Universe. It contains 204,733 galaxies up to a redshift of 0.047 (D≲ 200 Mpc), and it is >50 per cent complete in terms of the B-band luminosity densi...
Preprint
We present the Heraklion Extragalactic Catalogue, or HECATE, an all-sky value-added galaxy catalogue, aiming to facilitate present and future multi-wavelength and multi-messenger studies in the local Universe. It contains 204,733 galaxies up to a redshift of 0.047 (D<200 Mpc), and it is >50% complete in terms of the B-band luminosity density at dis...
Preprint
Full-text available
Stripped-envelope supernovae (Type IIb, Ib, Ic) showing little or no hydrogen are one of the main classes of explosions of massive stars. Their origin and the evolution of their progenitors are not fully understood as yet. Very massive single stars stripped by their own winds ($\gtrsim 25-30 M_{\odot}$ at solar metallicity) are considered viable pr...
Article
Recent 1D core-collapse simulations indicate a nonmonotonicity of the explodability of massive stars with respect to their precollapse core masses, which is in contrast to commonly used prescriptions. In this work, we explore the implications of these results on the formation of coalescing black hole (BH)-neutron star (NS) binaries. Furthermore, we...
Article
We constrain the mass distribution in nearby, star-forming galaxies with the Star Formation Reference Survey (SFRS), a galaxy sample constructed to be representative of all known combinations of star formation rate (SFR), dust temperature, and specific star formation rate (sSFR) that exist in the Local Universe. An innovative two-dimensional bulge/...
Article
We study the impact of mass-transfer physics on the observable properties of binary black hole populations that formed through isolated binary evolution. We used the POSYDON framework to combine detailed MESA binary simulations with the COSMIC population synthesis tool to obtain an accurate estimate of merging binary black hole observables with a s...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recent detailed 1D core-collapse simulations have brought new insights on the final fate of massive stars, which are in contrast to commonly used parametric prescriptions. In this work, we explore the implications of these results to the formation of coalescing black-hole (BH) - neutron-star (NS) binaries, such as the candidate event GW190426_15215...
Preprint
We present detailed constraints on the metallicity dependence of the high mass X-ray binary (HMXB) X-ray luminosity function (XLF). We analyze ~5 Ms of Chandra data for 55 actively star-forming galaxies at D < 30 Mpc with gas-phase metallicities spanning 12 + log(O/H) = 7-9.2. Within the galactic footprints, our sample contains a total of 1311 X-ra...
Preprint
Full-text available
We study the impact of mass-transfer physics on the observable properties of binary black hole populations formed through isolated binary evolution. We investigate the impact of mass-accretion efficiency onto compact objects and common-envelope efficiency on the observed distributions of $\chi_{eff}$, $M_{chirp}$ and $q$. We find that low common en...
Article
eROSITA, launched on 2019 July 13, will be completing the first all-sky survey in the soft and medium X-ray band in nearly three decades. This 4-yr survey, finishing in late 2023, will present a rich legacy for the entire astrophysics community and complement upcoming multiwavelength surveys (with, e.g. the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope and the D...
Preprint
Full-text available
Using the Chandra Source Catalog 2.0 and a newly compiled catalogue of galaxies in the local Universe, we deliver a census of ultraluminous X-ray source (ULX) populations in nearby galaxies. We find 629 ULX candidates in 309 galaxies with distance smaller than 40\,Mpc. The foreground/background contamination is ${\sim}20\%$. The ULX populations in...
Article
Using the Chandra Source Catalog 2.0 and a newly compiled catalogue of galaxies in the local Universe, we deliver a census of ultraluminous X-ray source (ULX) populations in nearby galaxies. We find 629 ULX candidates in 309 galaxies with distance smaller than 40 Mpc. The foreground/background contamination is ∼20%⁠. The ULX populations in bona-fid...
Preprint
Full-text available
eROSITA, launched on 13 July 2019, will be completing the first all-sky survey in the soft and medium X-ray band in nearly three decades. This 4-year survey, finishing in late 2023, will present a rich legacy for the entire astrophysics community and complement upcoming multi-wavelength surveys (with, e.g. the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope and th...
Article
Aims. We use N -body simulations to examine whether a characteristic turnaround radius, as predicted from the spherical collapse model in a ΛCDM Universe, can be meaningfully identified for galaxy clusters in the presence of full three-dimensional effects. Methods. We use The Dark Sky Simulations and Illustris-TNG dark-matter-only cosmological runs...
Preprint
Full-text available
X-ray luminosity ($L_X$) originating from high-mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs) is tightly correlated with the host galaxy's star-formation rate (SFR). We explore this connection at sub-galactic scales spanning ${\sim}$7 dex in SFR and ${\sim}$8 dex in specific SFR (sSFR). There is good agreement with established relations down to ${\rm SFR {\simeq} 10^...
Preprint
Full-text available
We use N-body simulations to examine whether a characteristic turnaround radius, as predicted from the spherical collapse model in a $\rm {\Lambda CDM}$ Universe, can be meaningfully identified for galaxy clusters, in the presence of full three-dimensional effects. We use The Dark Sky Simulations and Illustris-TNG dark-matter--only cosmological run...
Article
We present results from Chandra observations of the X-ray starburst galaxies NGC 3310 and NGC 2276. We detect 27 discrete sources in NGC 3310, and 19 discrete sources in NGC 2276 with luminosities above 1.0 × 10³⁸ erg s⁻¹. The majority of the sources have photon indices of 1.7–2.0, typical for X-ray binaries. Both galaxies have large numbers of ult...
Preprint
Full-text available
We present results from Chandra observations of the X-ray starburst galaxies NGC 3310 and NGC 2276. We detect 27 discrete sources in NGC 3310, and 19 discrete sources in NGC 2276 with luminosities above $\mathrm{1.0\times 10^{38}\ erg\ s^{-1}}$. The majority of the sources have photon indices of 1.7-2.0, typical for X-ray binaries. Both galaxies ha...
Article
. The nature and evolution of ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs) is an open problem in astrophysics. They challenge our current understanding of stellar compact objects and accretion physics. The recent discovery of pulsar ULXs further demonstrates the importance of this intriguing and rare class of objects. In order to overcome the difficulties of...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Demographics of ULX populations and host galaxies Theoretical modeling of ULX systems Binary Population Synthesis and ULX evolutionary paths
Project
MoravaPack is a C++ library (accompanied by MoravaGUI - the graphical user interface) for constructing, manipulating and analyzing Minimum Spanning Trees of geometrical graphs. It was developed and applied to cosmological simulations as part of my MSc thesis. I currently work on applications to observational data.