Konstantin Aal

Konstantin Aal
Universität Siegen · Institute of Business and Information Systems Engineering

Diploma Business Informatics

About

77
Publications
20,073
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Introduction
Konstantin is a PhD student and research associate at the chair for Information Systems and New Media at the University of Siegen, Germany. Currently his main research focus is fall prevention with older adults (iStoppFalls) and the usage of Social Media during the Arab Spring (Arabellion). He is also part of the come_IN team, which founded several computer clubs for children and their parents in Germany and the Westbank.
Additional affiliations
September 2012 - present
Universität Siegen
Position
  • Research Assistant
September 2012 - July 2020
Universität Siegen
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (77)
Article
This article and the design fictions it presents are bound up with an ongoing qualitative-ethnographic study with Imazighen, the native people in remote Morocco. This group of people is marked by textual and digital illiteracy. We are in the process of developing multi-modal design fictions that can be used in workshops as a starting point for the...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes the appropriation processes involved in establishing a socio-technical enabling infrastructure in a valley in the High Atlas of Morocco. We focus on the challenges of co-establishing such an intervention in a rural/mountainous region that is already undergoing a process of continuous development and profound transformation. We...
Article
Full-text available
Issues of trust, privacy and security at the intersection of state intervention and the use of the internet both by ‘publics’ and by individuals for—from the State’s point of view- dispreferred purposes have been of great recent interest to researchers. This has been accompanied by a slowly developing concern for the way in which these issues pan o...
Article
Full-text available
This paper introduces the praxeologically grounded research programme on socio-informatics developed at the University of Siegen and the International Institute for Socio-Informatics in Germany. We outline our methodological framework of grounded design, guiding and binding together a variety of different engagements in practice which we call desig...
Chapter
Die Umwälzungen im Nahen Osten, der sogenannte „Arabische Frühling“, wurden vermehrt in der akademischen Welt diskutiert. In diesem Kapitel wird gezeigt, wie die Wissenschaft mit dem Thema soziale Medien in Konfliktsituationen (mit Fokus auf den Nahen Osten) umgeht.
Conference Paper
There has been increasing interest in socially just use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) in the development of technology that may be extended to marginalized people. However, the exploration of such technologies entails the development of an understanding of how they may increase and/or counter marginalization. The use of...
Chapter
Sicherheitskritische Mensch-Computer-Interaktion ist nicht nur derzeit ein hochaktuelles Thema, sondern wird dies auch in Zukunft bleiben. Insofern ist ein Lehr- und Fachbuch wie dieses immer nur eine Momentaufnahme, und kann immer nur einen punktuellen Stand abdecken. Dennoch kann der Versuch unternommen werden, aktuelle Trends zu identifizieren u...
Article
Full-text available
This VSD nugget considers how the small-scale effects of practice-based design activities can be sustained and scaled up to contribute to global societal change. Examining in particular the character of social networking activity, we discuss how the sustainability of an initiative is related to its ability to: (i) be scaled up and linked with like-...
Chapter
As a result of aging societies, the prevalence of dementia, and accordingly the need for care is increasing. The use of information and communication (ICT)-based technologies may facilitate and promote a self-sustaining lifestyle for people with dementia and their caregivers. In this article, the authors provide results from a design study of an IC...
Article
This paper presents the outcomes of an exploratory study focused on the evaluation of an interactive music exergame for People with Dementia (PwD) and their caregivers. PwD tend to isolate themselves from the outside world, therefore carers need to develop strategies to maintain communication with them. Studies indicate that music–based activities...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has penetrated almost all areas of life today and has the potential to create positive change. This paper addresses the opportunities offered by ICT for improving the resilience and psychosocial well-being of refugees who have experienced mentally stressful events when forced to leave their home countr...
Conference Paper
There has been increasing interest in designing for dementia in recent years. Empirical investigation is now needed of the long-term role of caregivers in appropriating ICTs into the complex daily life of people with dementia (PwD). We present here the outcomes of a 4-month evaluation of the individual, social and institutional impact of a videogam...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
There is currently uncertainty in the research community as to how ICT can and should be designed in such a way that it can be convincingly integrated into the everyday lives of prison inmates. In this paper, we discuss a design fiction that closes this research gap. The descriptions and results of the study are purely fictitious. Excluded is the S...
Article
Full-text available
Digital participation has become an important issue in modern societies, typically focusing on groups prone to marginalization. From this perspective, less attention has yet been paid to imprisoned persons. Many penitentiary systems are formally characterized by the basic requirement of resocialization. Accordingly, life in prison should be largely...
Article
Full-text available
For migrants and refugees, settling in a host country often proves hugely problematic. The ability to communicate marks a significant step in the process of resettlement. The current high number of migrants coming to Europe has therefore meant that the need to improve and increase the availability of language provision has become more pressing. Nev...
Article
Projekte zu Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien (IKT) in der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit im Globalen Süden operieren mit impliziten und expliziten Vorstellungen, Ansprüchen und Zielen. Die kritische Reflexion zu den Rahmenbedingungen, dem ethischen Status und den Konsequenzen solcher IKT-Interventionen und -Projekte kommt dabei oft zu kurz....
Conference Paper
Dementia affects societies and individuals in a variety of facets and challenges daily life interactions. A major goal of people conducting research in the fields of dementia is to reduce the daily challenges of people with dementia (PwD) and people who live in their social environment. At the same time, improvements in quality of life and self-det...
Conference Paper
Medical progress and demographic changes will increase the future need of support and care in older adults. The use of robotic-based technologies may support older adults and relief the health system and caregivers. The authors provide results from two design case studies of applications that are designed for and with older adults and their caregiv...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Pokémon GO is one of the few location-based mobile games (LBMG) which gained popularity all over the world. It increases physical activity when players are walking around catching Pokémon. It also shapes the players' sense of place and increases their social interactions. This exploratory auto-ethnographic study seeks to provide a first glimpse at...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This case study describes the establishment of an educational ICT-intervention, a Computer Club, in the High Atlas, Morocco. We will first give an overview of the general approach and the first intervention. Then, we go into depth of the following trip, 15 months after the opening of the Computer Club. We describe the concerns to address and activi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Currently, the United Nations High Commissioner for refugees estimates that there are around 65.8 million forcibly displaced people worldwide [16]. As digital technologies have become more available, humanitarian researchers and organizations have begun to explore how technologies may be used to address refugee needs under the umbrella of Digital H...
Article
Purpose Designing technologies for active and healthy ageing (AHA) requires a subtle understanding of end users (primary stakeholders) and healthcare professionals (secondary stakeholders). Often, their perspectives can be heterogeneous and contradictory. Identifying and negotiating them may be a challenge for designers. The purpose of this paper...
Article
Full-text available
Across Africa, lions (Panthera leo) are heavily persecuted in anthropogenic landscapes. Trans-disciplinary research and virtual boundaries (geofences) programmed into GPS-tracking transmitters offer new opportunities to improve coexistence. During a 24-month pilot study (2016-2018), we alerted communities about approaching lions, issuing 1,017 aler...
Chapter
Social media as well as information and communication technology (ICT) play a major role in different conflicts all over the world. They have been crucial tools in the beginning of the so-called ‘Arab Spring’ in Tunisia, the ongoing war in Syria, the struggle of Palestinian activists but also the Ukraine-Russia conflict. In this work, we provide th...
Chapter
Full-text available
Not only today, but also in the future information technology and the advances in the field of computer science will have a high relevance for peace and security. Naturally, a textbook like this can only cover a selective part of research and a certain point in time. Nonetheless, it can be attempted to identify trends, challenges and venture an out...
Article
Need for care and accordingly the prevalence of dementia is increasing rapidly. Information and communication technologies (ICT) may have the potential to support collaboration and cooperation between people with dementia and their caregivers and thus promote independency, wellbeing and quality of life of involved parties. In this context, the auth...
Chapter
Das Angebot von technischen Assistenzsystemen für Menschen mit Demenz und deren Umfeld ist ein junger und überschaubarer Markt. Dieser bietet aber im Sinne von intelligenten Informationstechnologien ein großes Potenzial für menschenzentrierte und bedarfsgerechte Unterstützung. Durch intelligente Systeme können gezielte und bedarfsgerechte Therapiek...
Conference Paper
Women interested in computing are still facing several problems considering equality and career chances. Companies realize the opportunities of diversity and yet for several reasons they are struggling to hire or integrate young female professionals. Although gender study research provides promising frameworks there are still issues in applying the...
Conference Paper
This paper presents the outcomes of an exploratory field study that examined the social impact of an ICT-based suite of exergames for people with dementia and their caregivers. Qualitative data was collected over a period of 8 months, during which time we studied the daily life of 14 people with dementia and their informal and professional caregive...
Conference Paper
As a result of ageing societies, the prevalence of dementia, and accordingly the need of care is increasing rapidly. Here, the use of ICT-based technologies may facilitate and promote a self-sustaining life-style for people with dementia and their caregivers. The presented poster describes early findings from the project MobiAssist and outlines the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Currently, over 22 million people are considered to be refugees. Many of them are looking for shelter in the surrounding countries of their home country. Technology can be a helpful tool in addressing the challenges of the so-called "refugee crisis", facilitating initial orientation, information, as well as communication and networking support. Thi...
Conference Paper
Dementia not only affects the cognitive capabilities, especially memory and orientation, but also physical capabilities, which are associated with a decrease of physical activities. Here, ICT can play a major role to improve health, quality of life and wellbeing in older adults suffering from dementia and related stakeholders, such as relatives, pr...
Chapter
Die Umwälzungen im Nahen Osten, der sogenannte „Arabische Frühling“, wurden vermehrt in der akademischen Welt diskutiert. In diesem Kapitel wird gezeigt, wie die Wissenschaft mit dem Thema soziale Medien in Konfliktsituationen (mit Fokus auf den Nahen Osten) umgeht. Hierzu werden die in diesem Zusammenhang wesentlichen Begrifflichkeiten erklärt und...
Chapter
Sicherheitskritische Mensch-Computer-Interaktion ist nicht nur derzeit, sondern auch zukünftig ein äußerst relevantes Thema. Hierbei kann ein Lehr- und Fachbuch, wie dieses, immer nur einen punktuellen Stand abdecken. Dennoch kann der Versuch unternommen werden, aktuelle Trends zu identifizieren und einen Ausblick in die Zukunft zu wagen. Genau das...
Conference Paper
Based on a 2014 case study on 3D-printing in Palestinian refugee camps in the West Bank, we reflect on more general issues regarding research activities in ›developmental‹ contexts. To this end, we draw upon discussions about and critique of our own work as well as critical discourses from the field of Information and Communication Technologies/Hum...
Chapter
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung | Der wissenschaftliche Diskurs um die Relevanz gleichberechtigten Zugangs zu moderner Kommunikationstechnologie für gute soziale und wirtschaftliche Entwicklungschancen hat mit der ‚digitalen Kluft‘ ein eindrückliches Bild, das infolge unterschiedlich ausgeprägter Nutzung von Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien (IKT) entst...
Article
Falls are a serious problem in aging societies. A sedentary life style and low levels of physical activity are major factors aggravating older adults’ fall risk. Information and communication technology (ICT)-based fall prevention interventions are a promising approach to counteract the fall risk of this target group. For some time now, fall preven...
Conference Paper
This study explores the development of environmental awareness and computational literacy among children by means of upcycling making activities in Germany and Palestine. Our research supports the idea that the combination of handcraft and digital work, documentation and social interaction in the upcycling can foster the development of a maker iden...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
3D printing has become an area of intense interest in a variety of disciplines ranging from industry through education, humanitarian and innovation contexts on a research and practice level. At the same time, technologies, materials, usages and appropriation are in constant flux. 3D printing is, however just one of the many facet of digital fabrica...
Conference Paper
Over 21 million refugees are residing in camps, journeying through Europe or resettling in new countries [19]. The magnitude of the humanitarian crisis calls for technological innovation in addressing the challenges being faced by refugees and humanitarian aid stakeholders. At our CHI 2016 Special Interest Group (SIG) on Refugees and Human Computer...
Conference Paper
Over 21 million refugees are residing in camps, journeying through Europe or resettling in new countries. The magnitude of the humanitarian crisis calls for technological innovation in addressing the challenges being faced by refugees and humanitarian aid stakeholders. This one-day workshop aims to (1) explore research methods that can be adapted a...
Conference Paper
3D printing has 1 become an area of intense interest in many disciplines ranging from industry through education, humanitarian and innovation contexts to research. At the same time, technologies, materials, usages and appropriation are in constant flux. 3D printing is but one of the many facet of digital fabrication, the digitalization of more sect...
Conference Paper
This study explores the combination of tangible artifacts and digital storytelling as an enabling means for women from educationally disadvantaged communities to have their voices heard in (local) public discourse, and at the same time gain in eloquence with regard to speech and technology and media use. Results show how representative, yet persona...
Chapter
Do it! Yourself? - Selbermachen ist eine Praxis mit wechselnden Konjunkturen und Slogans. Dieser Band zielt auf die kritische Revision des Phänomens und liegt damit quer zu (markt-)gängigen Texten, die sich vielfach im Lob und in Anleitungen erschöpfen. Die Autor_innen befassen sich empirisch fundiert mit dem Wechselspiel zwischen Diskursen und Pra...
Article
Full-text available
Background Falls are common in older adults and can result in serious injuries. Due to demographic changes, falls and related healthcare costs are likely to increase over the next years. Participation and motivation of older adults in fall prevention measures remain a challenge. The iStoppFalls project developed an information and communication tec...
Conference Paper
This poster describes the research around computer clubs in Palestinian refugee camps and the various lessons learned during the establishment of this intervention such the importance of the physical infrastructure (e.g. clean room, working hardware), soft technologies (e.g. knowledge transfer through workshops), social infrastructure (e.g. reliabl...
Article
Full-text available
Falls and their consequences are arguably most important events for transition from independent living to institutional care for older adults. Information and communication technology (ICT)-based support of fall prevention and fall risk assessment under the control of the user has a tremendous potential to, over time, prevent falls and reduce assoc...
Poster
Full-text available
The study explores paper from an ethnographic perspective. It focuses on paper as a material that facilitates the production and retention of STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering Arts, and Maths) knowledge in children. In an after-school activity with elementary and secondary school children in Germany, a paper project was conducted that reveale...
Article
Full-text available
Social media usage during the recent uprisings in Arab countries has gained increasing attention in human–computer interaction research. This study adds to these insights by providing some findings on the use of information and communications technology (ICT), specifically mobile media, by opposition forces and political activists during the Syrian...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The prevention of falls and related disability is one of the public health challenges. The challenge is to provide forms of exercises which increase the lonqer-term compliance on such programs. Exergames are a promising pathway to increase the appeal of and engagement in exercise. It can be utilized to monitor exercise and deliver performance feedb...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There is good evidence that balance challenging exercises can reduce falls in older people. However, older people often find it difficult to incorporate such programs in their daily life. Videogame technology has been proposed to promote enjoyable, balance-challenging exercise. As part of a larger analysis, we compared feasibility and...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Falls and fall-related injuries are a serious public health issue. Exercise programs can effectively reduce fall risk in older people. The iStoppFalls project developed an Information and Communication Technology-based system to deliver an unsupervised exercise program in older people's homes. The primary aims of the iStoppFalls random...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We work with a multinational network of computer clubs for families and children called come IN. In two such clubs (located in Palestinian refugee camps in the West Bank), we worked with children on playful approaches concerning 3D modeling and 3D printing within a five-week, qualitative field study. Based on this study, we report on the achievemen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This demo focuses supplements our paper "From Computational Thinking to Computation Making" to allow visitors to interact with the various technologies the children in our club created, including an interactive monster. Additionally, to make the demo interactive and to encourage conference attendees to discuss their experience of "making" we will h...
Conference Paper
Computational thinking is considered best practice for teaching computing and more broadly to solve problems and design systems, however as computing extends beyond the desktop (for instance increased integration of ubicomp technologies) so too must our educational methods. Exposure to ubicomp technologies is most accessible through the maker movem...
Article
Full-text available
From the arts and craft movement (Dormer 1997) to today's DIY (Tanenbaum et al. 2013); from theoretical thinking about the significance of craft in relation to the making of art (Whittick 1984) and everyday design artifacts (Bean & Rosner 2012); crafting as innovation (Yair et al 2001), and crafting as remodeling and repairing (Tinari 2010): crafti...
Conference Paper
The study explores the positive impact for girls and young women from engaging in computer clubs, with regard to their vocational preparation as well as to their social empowerment. Our comparative study focuses on gender related barriers in a Palestinian refugee camp as well as an intercultural neighborhood in Germany and discusses how the compute...
Conference Paper
Come_IN computer clubs are an established approach to support inter-cultural and inter-generational learning in German neighborhoods. We explore the adaptation of the come_IN concept to the Palestinian context as a means to bridge the social and economic divide that has plagued West Bank society for a period of more than six decades. Social exclusi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Come_IN computer clubs are a well-established approach to foster learning, social networks and integration in German neighborhoods with a high percentage of migrant population. We have transferred this concept to a different part of the world: a Palestinian refugee camp. Similar to the German neighborhoods we deal with, refugee camps are also the r...