Koen Smit

Koen Smit
HU University of Applied Sciences Utrecht · Research chair: Digital Ethics

PhD

About

60
Publications
15,000
Reads
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139
Citations
Citations since 2016
58 Research Items
138 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022051015202530
Introduction
Koen Smit currently works at the Research chair: Digital Smart Services, HU University of Applied Sciences Utrecht. Researching Business Rules Management and Blockchain-related topics.

Publications

Publications (60)
Chapter
Blockchain is an emerging technology with the potential to disrupt and enable collaboration in ecosystem structures that are difficult if not impossible to achieve otherwise. An important aspect of collaboration in blockchain ecosystems is governance. Proper governance also ensures sustainable growth of a blockchain solution. The current body of kn...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The application of Digital Twin (DT) technology is rapidly increasing, and Dutch planning practitioners are facing a number of challenges. The translation of legal texts into 3D effect-simulations is not without validation issues. General rulings of legal texts require local interpretation. And the 'fairness' of representations of new urban designs...
Technical Report
Full-text available
AG CONNECT JUNI 2022 43 AG CONNECT JUNI 2022: AG CONNECT JUNI 2022 43 AG CONNECT JUNI 2022 : Dutch article about legal rules and models translated into digital twins of the environment questioning the ( legalistic) text oriented steering model of objects in the spatial domain. The pressing demands on Space given NO, CO2, housing and environmental r...
Article
Full-text available
Social robots hold potential for supporting children’s well-being in classrooms. However, it is unclear which robot features add to a trustworthy relationship between a child and a robot and whether social robots are just as able to reduce stress as traditional interventions, such as listening to classical music. We set up two experiments wherein c...
Conference Paper
Organizations are executing operational decisions in fast changing environments, which increases the necessity for managing these decisions adequately. Information systems store information about such decisions in decision- and event logs that could be used for analyzing decisions. This study aims to find relevant algorithms that could be used to m...
Conference Paper
Improper use of data must be avoided, as the consequences of improper use of data can be catastrophic. In the design of information systems, ethical focus areas could help combat improper use of data. Currently, more research is available on ethical focus areas in Data Mining compared to related research fields of Data Mining, such as Decision Mini...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Blockchain technology and accompanying programmed protocols (smart contracts) offer disruptive opportunities for businesses, public institutions, society, and its citizens. However, blockchain is a relatively young research area: the number of publications available regarding blockchain did not begin to rise significantly until 2012, an...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Numerous statements and pamphlets indicate that governments should increase the transparency of ICTimplementations and algorithms in eGovernment services and should encourage democratic control. This paper presents research among civil servants, suppliers and experts who play a role in the automation of spatial policymaking and planning (e.g. envir...
Article
Full-text available
Young pediatric patients who undergo venipuncture or capillary blood sampling often experience high levels of pain and anxiety. This often results in distressed young patients and their parents, increased treatment times, and a higher workload for healthcare professionals. Social robots are a new and promising tool to mitigate children’s pain and a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Social Robotics is becoming more relevant for the healthcare sector as an increasing amount of research and development is invested by researchers and practice. One research area where additional research would help the acceptation and adoption of social robots is intramural care where people with dementia live. The current body of knowledge on thi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Since the outbreak of COVID-19 schools have gone into lockdown and teachers have had to teach pupils online from home. When pupils go back to school, standard, contemporary learning methods do not seem to be enough to reduce incurred hiatuses. Social robots are slowly becoming an integral component of our society and have great potential as educati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The healthcare sector is currently under enormous pressure and the COVID-19 pandemic does not improve this situation. The quality of healthcare will be negatively impacted when this pressure continues in the longer term. In 2050 it is expected that a total of 2.1 billion people will be aged 60+ years old. To overcome the increasing demand for healt...
Article
Full-text available
Functional architectures are created to be used as a standard by their respective industry. Organizations use reference functional architectures to guide their development or as a means to become compliant. However, a reference functional architecture to manage business decisions and business logic does not yet exist. One research field that focuse...
Chapter
Full-text available
The value of a decision can be increased through analyzing the decision logic, and the outcomes. The more often a decision is taken, the more data becomes available about the results. More available data results into smarter decisions and increases the value the decision has for an organization. The research field addressing this problem is Decisio...
Chapter
Full-text available
Blockchain could introduce a new approach by which organizations view and govern their information and technology projects. Processes involving blockchain are oftentimes transaction-based, decentralized, and require coordinated communization before implementation. This approach may introduce new challenges to conventional modeling techniques. In th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Decisions are made in fast-changing situations. To cope with this, decision mining could be utilized to support the decision-making process. Decision mining is an emerging field which could support an organizations decision-making process. For proper utilization of decision mining, possible challenges should be identified to take into account when...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Blockchain is a young research area, where the distribution of publications regarding blockchain has only significantly risen since 2012, leaving specific fields within blockchain yet to be explored. One of these is governance of blockchain, and within that scope, decision rights. To explore and provide meaning to decision rights in the context of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Continuous monitoring, continuous auditing and continuous assurance are three methods that utilize a high degree of business intelligence and analytics. The increased interest in the three methods has led to multiple studies that analyze each method or a combination of methods from a micro-level. However, limited studies have focused on the perceiv...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract— The visual representation of Information System (IS) artefacts is an important aspect of the practical application of visual representations. However, important and known visual representation principles are often undervalued, which could lead to decreased effectiveness in using a visual representation. Decision Management (DM) is one fie...
Conference Paper
Choreography of business processes can track messages between different services. At the time of writing, there are no guidelines to draw a UML Class Diagram from the Business Process Choreography. This paper reports an experiment using a set of guidelines. Objective: Evaluate the subjects’ performance and perceptions when applying the BPc2Class-gu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The current standard in accounting practice is the double-entry approach. Basis of the double-entry approach is that every financial event brings two equal and offsetting entries. Since these financial events are not automatically confirmed by both parties, the accounting quality can be improved. The blockchain mechanism possibly offers a diff...
Article
Full-text available
Since an increasing amount of business decision/logic management solutions are utilized, organizations search for guidance to design such solutions. An important aspect of such a solution is the ability to guard the quality of the specified or modified business decisions and underlying business logic to ensure logical soundness. This particular cap...
Article
Full-text available
Proper decision-making is one of the most important capabilities of an organization. Therefore, it is important to have a clear understanding and overview of the decisions an organization makes. A means to understanding and modeling decisions is the Decision Model and Notation (DMN) standard published by the Object Management Group in 2015. In this...
Conference Paper
This paper aims to identify success factors and remaining challenges relevant to the practice of process mining in the rail industry. Process mining is a method for analyzing processes based on event logs. In a case study, we examine three process mining projects performed at the largest rail organization in The Netherlands. Experiences gained in t...
Conference Paper
Decisions and business rules are essential Components of an organization. Combined, these components form a basis for securing the implementation of new laws, regulations and internal policies into processes, work instructions and information systems. To ensure proper implementation, business rule types must be taken into account, as the functions...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper describes the external IT security analysis of an international corporate organization, containing a technical and a social perspective, resulting in a proposed repeatable approach and lessons learned for applying this approach. Part of the security analysis was the utilization of a social engineering experiment, as this could be used to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The visual representation of Information System (IS) artefacts is an important aspect in the practical application of visual representations. However, important and known visual representation principles are often undervalued, which could lead to decreased effectiveness in using a visual representation. Decision Management (DM) is one field of stud...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Blockchain technology will increasingly gain attention from both academics as well as practitioners and has the potential to disrupt traditional work methods in most industries. At least, that is what innovators and early adopters have promised. Published papers in the current body of knowledge are almost solely aimed towards technical aspects of b...
Article
Proper decision making represent one of an organization's most important capabilities. To manage decisions and underlying business rules, an increasing number of organizations have begun to use business rules management (BRM). However, given BRM research's and practice's nascence, we need to more deeply understand the challenges in implementing BRM...
Conference Paper
Proper decision-making is one of the most important capabilities of an organization. Therefore, it is important to have a clear understanding and overview of the decisions an organization makes. A means to design and specify decisions is the Decision Model and Notation (DMN) standard published by the Object Management Group in 2015. In this standar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
During the timespan of the implementation of a system, the why and what against the actual state of the system can change. This difference is referred to as the design problem. Currently, no design problems are identified in Business Rules Management (BRM) and Business Rules Management System (BRMS) literature. To solve problems with a BRMS impleme...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Evaluating an (implemented) Business Rules Management Solution (BRMS) is not a frequently conducted process within organizations. A tool is needed, which supports this process and supports future BRMS implementations. A literature study is conducted on the relevant building blocks of a BRMS. The results are validated through qualitative expert inte...
Article
This paper presents a cost/benefit analysis method for the normalization of business rules. To determine the economic benefit of business rules normalization three variables are addressed: 1) the number of anomalies a rule set endures, 2) the storage space a rule set requires and the 3) deterioration of rules in response time. The approach is evalu...
Conference Paper
Business Rules Management (BRM) is increasingly being applied in the governmental context. However, currently, many of those governmental institutions apply different BRM processes, but are expected to work together in their task of delivering products and services to citizens and companies in the Netherlands. An initiative from the Dutch governmen...
Conference Paper
Since an increasing amount of business rules management solutions are utilized, organizations search for guidance to design such solutions. As the amount of BRMS-implementations increase, the amount of implementation challenges experienced in practice increase as well. Therefore, it is of importance to gain insights into these implementation challe...
Conference Paper
Business Rules Management (BRM) is a method designed to transform legal requirements into executable business decisions and business logic. In the last few years, the BRM capabilities have been increasingly supported by a set of software technologies, which are bundled together in a so-called BRM-systems. The aim of this study is to develop a funct...
Conference Paper
This paper presents a cost/benefit analysis method for the normalization of business rules. To determine the economic benefit of business rules normalization three variables are addressed: 1) the number of anomalies a rule set endures, 2) the storage space a rule set requires and the 3) deterioration of rules in response time. The approach is evalu...
Article
With increasing investments in business rules management (BRM), organizations are searching for ways to value and benchmark their processes to elicitate, design, specify, verify, validate, deploy, execute and govern business rules. To realize valuation and benchmarking of previously mentioned processes, organizations must be aware that performance...
Conference Paper
Since decision management is becoming an integrated part of business process management, more and more decision management implementations are realized. Therefore, organizations search for guidance to design such solutions. Principles are often applied to guide the design of information systems in general. A particular area of interest when designi...
Conference Paper
With increasing investments in business rules management (BRM), organizations are searching for ways to value and benchmark their processes to elicitate, design, accept, deploy and execute business rules. To realize valuation and benchmarking of previously mentioned processes, organizations must be aware that performance measurement is essential, a...
Conference Paper
Since more and more business rules management solutions are utilized, organizations search for guidance to design such solutions. Principles are often applied to guide the design of information systems in general. Scientific research on principles for business rules management is limited. The purpose of this paper is to specify, classify, and valid...
Conference Paper
Business rules (BR's) play a critical role in an organization's daily activities. With the increased use of BR (solutions) and ever increasing change frequency of BR's the interest in modifiability guidelines that address the manageability of BR's has increased as well. A method of approach to improve manageability and modifiability is to utilize a...
Conference Paper
In the past decades, research and practice focused a lot of attention towards traceability in the context of software requirements, food supply chains, manufacturing, and aviation industry. As legislation and regulations in software systems become increasingly relevant, traceability of legal requirements is of great importance. In this study, we ai...
Conference Paper
Business rules play a critical role in an organization's daily activities. With the increased use of business rules (solutions) the interest in modelling guidelines that address the manageability of business rules has increased as well. However, current research on modelling guidelines is mainly based on a theoretical view of modifications that can...
Conference Paper
Business Process Management (BPM) and Decision Management (DM) are two management approaches that received considerable attention in both the scientific and the practical field. Although the two principles are mainly approached separate, earlier research proved that combining the two, results in more efficiency in BPM and DM investments. This resea...

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Project (1)
Project
to investigate the fundaments of ethics, transparency and explainability of spatial models ( housing, NO, mobility, water, economic, etc) used in Digital Twinning for spatial planning and permit processing of governments