Knut Petzold

Knut Petzold
Hochschule Zittau/Görlitz | HSZG · Faculty of Social Sciences

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48
Publications
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353
Citations

Publications

Publications (48)
Article
Full-text available
Zuwanderung über die Hochschulen kann helfen, die demographisch bedingten Herausforderungen für Wirtschaft und Sozialstaat in Deutschland zu bewältigen, sofern Graduierte dem Arbeitsmarkt zur Verfügung stehen. Der Beitrag untersucht daher die individuellen und strukturellen Determinanten der Intentionen internationaler Studierender, nach Studienabs...
Article
Full-text available
The potentials and pitfalls of factorial survey experiments (FSE) are discussed for empirical tests of theoretical explanations in the sociology of education. The possibilities and limits of FSE are outlined in relation to the internal validity, construct validity, and external validity of the obtained results and illustrated using an example exper...
Article
Full-text available
International student mobility (ISM) is considered increasingly important for professional careers. Referring to theories of human capital and job market signalling, we assume that different forms of ISM experience can serve as signals for general, specific and transnational human capital. To test this idea, we use a factorial survey experiment to...
Article
Full-text available
In the last decades, more complex types of residential mobility, such as second homes, arose while one-way relocations declined. Existing studies that address migration and commuting as being substitutes often face problems of endogeneity or lack of data regarding decision-making on different types of residential mobility. In contrast, we investiga...
Chapter
Informelle soziale Normen regeln das alltägliche Zusammenleben in modernen Gesellschaften. Ihre Durchsetzung stellt aufgrund der damit verbundenen Kosten ein Kollektivgutproblem zweiter Ordnung dar, das häufig mithilfe von Labor- und Feldexperimenten untersucht wird. Zunehmend werden auch Vignettenexperimente eingesetzt, wobei jedoch nur Verhaltens...
Chapter
Vignettes are short descriptions of real‐life situations that are employed in a survey to assess attitudes and intentions. In many studies, intentions are considered as approximations to actual behavior in real‐life situations. What different applications of vignettes have in common is the effort to adjust the vignettes to the reality of everyday l...
Chapter
Vignettenexperimente werden zunehmend nicht nur zur Messung von Einstellungen, sondern auch zur Erfassung von Verhaltensintentionen eingesetzt. Bei entsprechenden Studien wird meist implizit angenommen, dass die mittels Vignettenexperimenten geschätzten Effekte auf tatsächliches Verhalten und dessen Determinanten schließen lassen. Die Annahme der V...
Article
Factorial survey experiments are increasingly used in the social sciences to investigate behavioral intentions. The measurement of self-reported behavioral intentions with factorial survey experiments frequently assumes that the determinants of intended behavior affect actual behavior in a similar way. We critically investigate this fundamental ass...
Article
Full-text available
Referring to the concept of the ‘mobility regime’ this study aims to gain a deeper understanding of the interrelations between internationalisation of higher education and individual perceptions of members of the academic system. Academics and students in Germany, both with and without international experience, were interviewed in order to find ind...
Article
Occupational status benefits of student mobility remain uncertain, despite increasing interest in the implications of international student mobility for the reproduction of societal inequality. Since mobile young people are a selective group in terms of socio-economic and achievement-oriented factors, we apply propensity score techniques to test wh...
Article
Full-text available
In contrast to previous studies, this investigation aims to get deeper insights into the causes of the intention to study abroad by using an experimental approach. Although international experience is often considered as important, many students at German universities do not even consider abroad. Referring to the Theory of Rational Choice (RCT) and...
Article
Im Kontext wirtschaftlicher Globalisierungsprozesse wird das Auslandsstudium als immer wichtiger erachtet. Systematische Untersuchungen zur Erklärung kontinuierlich beobachteter fachspezifischer Unterschiede sind aufgrund datentechnischer Beschränkungen indes selten. Auf Grundlage werterwartungstheoretischer Überlegungen wird argumentiert, dass der...
Article
By virtue of the internationalisation of economies, international student mobility is considered increasingly important for professional careers. However, most studies focus on the supply-side by using graduate surveys, which face problems of graduates’ self-selection. Other studies on employers’ opinions often lack rigour analysis and report ambig...
Article
In the context of increasing cross-border mobility and the associated interconnections and diversities, 'cosmopolitanism' has become a key concept in sociology. Understood as individual real-world orientation, many authors consider a central cause for cosmopolitanism in physical-corporeal mobility, in particular transnationally. However, the signif...
Article
As the experience of studying abroad can signal general and transnational human capital, it is considered to be increasingly important for professional careers, particularly in the context of economies’ internationalization. However, studies using graduate surveys face problems of self-selection and studies on employers’ opinions face problems of s...
Article
In the course of increasing labour market flexibility, more complex forms of circular mobility, such as residential multilocality, have evolved. A life course approach may help understand moving intentions and moving behaviours across the life span. However, the dependencies between various phases of circular residential mobility in individual biog...
Chapter
Die Erweiterung bzw. Ergänzung des methodologischen Kosmopolitismus nach Ulrich Beck um einen methodologischem Lokalismus steht bei Knut Petzold im Zentrum seines Diskussionsbeitrags. So geht Beck in seinem Ansatz von einem mittlerweile realisierten Kosmopolitismus infolge von internationalem Terrorismus, entterritorialisierten Protestbewegungen un...
Article
Zusammenfassung Es wird der Frage nachgegangen, von welchen Determinanten die Einstellung gegenuber der betrieblichen Frauenquote in der deutschen Bevolkerung abhangt. Mit der Habitustheorie von Bourdieu werden Hypothesen entwickelt und mit Daten einer Querschnittsbefragung (N = 886) getestet. Das Geschlecht, das Alter, eine politisch progressive O...
Article
Der Beitrag untersucht, ob und warum beruflich multilokalisierte Akteure (hier Shuttles) an ihrem Arbeitsort folgende politische Aktivitäten zeigen: Parteimitgliedschaft oder Bürgerinitiative, Teilnahme an politischen Veranstaltungen und lokale Spenden. Auf der Basis der Theorien Hirschmans, Olsons und Ajzens werden Hypothesen abgeleitet und im Rah...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Die Vielfalt des Phänomens der multilokalen Lebensführungen macht sie zugleich auch „unsichtbar“.
Article
There is no ‘supra-theory’, which might synthesise potential theoretical approaches for the study of multi-local living. Three selected theoretical perspectives are discussed: according to rational choice theory (RCT), multiple localisations represent just one of a number of choices, selected on the basis of individual preferences and given restric...
Article
The acquisition of intercultural skills by studies abroad is often considered as desirable. But although we can observe a steady increase of studies abroad in the last two decades, the vast majority of students can, obviously, compete on the labor market also without study abroad experience. This leads to the consideration that it could be increasi...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Online-Befragungen sind spätestens seit den 1990er Jahren zu einem selbstverständlichen Teil der empirischen Sozialforschung geworden. Bisher jedoch findet in der sozialwissenschaftlichen Raumforschung keine intensive Methodendiskussion zu Online-Befragungen statt. In diesem Beitrag skizzieren wir die Methodologie, Vor- und Nachteil...
Chapter
Der Beitrag beschäftigt sich mit der Frage des Zusammenhangs von Mobilitätserfahrung und Mobilitätsintentionen bei Akademikerinnen und Akademikern an Schweizer Hochschulen, wobei der Schwerpunkt auf der Multilokalität als einer Form des mobilen Lebens (neben Pendeln und Umziehen) liegt. Multilokalität wird dabei im Sinne des Wohnens an mehreren Ort...
Article
Experimental results on allocation situations show that giving behavior is strongly determined by sociological factors and driven by both egoistic and social motivations. With a factorial survey design we investigate how employers in small and medium sized companies in Germany decide how they would allocate 10.000 Euro between themselves and fictit...
Article
Axel Franzen and Sonja Pointner Giving According to Preferences. Decision-making in the Group Dictator Game We study the decision process in a group dictator game in which three subjects can distribute an initial endowment between memselves and a group of recipients. The experiment consists of two stages; first, individuals play a standard dictator...
Article
Experimental results on allocation situations show that giving behavior is strongly determined by sociological factors and driven by both egoistic and social motivations. With a factorial survey design we investigate how employers in small and medium sized companies in Germany decide how they would allocate 10.000 Euro between themselves and fictit...
Article
Scenario-techniques or vignettes have been frequently used in the analysis of sensitive topics. However, up to now it remained an open question whether vignettes as an indirect technique of attitudes measuring lead to more valid measures of sensitive topics as classical, direct measures, e.g. with items. The study is based on the assumption that th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
During the 8th conference of the 'Stadt, Raum, Architektur' (City, Space, Architecture) network, young researchers discussed the topics of diversity and plurality from disciplinary perspectives, ranging from social and spatial sciences to humanities. The meeting took place at the Institutes of Human Geography, Cultural Anthropology, and European Et...
Book
Zunehmende Mobilisierungsanforderungen auf dem Arbeitsmarkt machen das Pendeln zwischen Wohnorten erforderlich. Dieses auch als Multilokalität bezeichnete Phänomen ermöglicht die Analyse des Verhältnisses von Mobilität und lokalen Bezügen. Knut Petzold verbindet die Konzepte der lokalen Identifikation und des Kosmopolitismus mit handlungs- und eins...
Article
Against the background of an increasing mobility the relevance of subjective belonging to places is frequently discussed. Some authors see a loss of functions and importance of concrete places for mobile individuals, others argue a renaissance of local realtionships through mobility-experiences. This paper deals with issues of multi-locality (as sh...
Chapter
Postmoderne Gesellschaften sind gekennzeichnet durch Globalisierungsprozesse, die ihrerseits wieder durch Mobilitätsphänomene beschrieben werden.
Book
Full-text available
Wegen der zunehmenden Komplexität und Diversität grenzüberschreitender Phänomene, aber auch des Perspektivenwechsels in den Sozial-, Kultur- und Geisteswissenschaften erfreuen sich die Begriffe Transnationalität, Translokalität, Transstaatlichkeit und Transkulturalität einer wachsenden Beliebtheit. Gleichzeitig nehmen damit die Unschärfen in der Ve...

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Project (1)
Project
Over the past decades, empirical research has provided a substantial body of knowledge on the de-terminants and individual-level effects of studying abroad. Yet, it has not sufficiently acknowledged a simple possibility: It is unlikely that all individuals benefit from studying abroad to the same extent. Although advisable from both a theoretical and a methodological point of view, few studies have explicitly focused on heterogeneity in the effects of studying abroad. A collection of articles, which has now been published as a special issue of Higher Education, has set out to address this research gap. All contributions adopt a unique analytical perspective: Having their roots in psychology, economics, and sociology, they use various theoretical approaches (theories of personality traits, experiential learning, rational choice, human capital, signalling, statistical discrimination, social capital, and social stratification) and statistical methods (linear and multinomial logistic regressions, latent change mod-els, multilevel models, growth curve models, and propensity score matching). They cover different European countries (UK, Germany, The Netherlands, Italy, and Norway) and focus on different out-comes of studying abroad (multicultural self-efficacy, metacognitive intercultural competence, inter-group anxiety, enrolment in postgraduate education, job search duration, likelihood of employment, skills mismatch, and labour income). In doing so, they explore the effects of studying abroad in different stages of the life course (during studies, at the transition from higher education to work, and in the early professional career). Moreover, they examine various types of effect heterogeneity in the outcomes of studying abroad. Finally, they highlight several potential paths for future research. All articles are open access: https://link.springer.com/journal/10734/volumes-and-issues/82-6.