Klemens Pütz

Klemens Pütz
Antarctic Research Trust · Penguin research

Dr.

About

121
Publications
40,158
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
3,712
Citations
Introduction
The aim of the Antarctic Research Trust (ART) is to conduct and support scientific research on Antarctic and sub-Antarctic animals in order to provide baseline data for adequate conservation measures.
Additional affiliations
May 2000 - April 2002
University of Greifswald
Position
  • Researcher
September 1998 - present
Antarctic Research Trust
Antarctic Research Trust
Position
  • Managing Director
September 1998 - May 2001
Falklands Conservation
Falklands Conservation
Position
  • Consultant
Education
July 1990 - December 1993
Institute für Meereskunde, Universität Kiel
Field of study
  • Foraging ecology of Emperor and King Penguins

Publications

Publications (121)
Preprint
Ruddy-headed goose Chloephaga rubidiceps has a migratory population that overwinters mainly in the Pampas region, Argentina, and breeds in Southern Patagonia. This population has decreased considerably, with less than 800 individuals remaining to date. We conducted the first assessment on the influence of environmental and anthropogenic impact (win...
Article
Full-text available
Mechanisms promoting coexistence between closely related species are fundamental for maintaining species diversity. Mechanisms of niche differentiation include allochrony which offsets the peak timing of resource utilisation between species. Many studies focus on spatial and temporal niche partitioning during the breeding season, few have investiga...
Article
Penguins accumulate mercury due to their long-life span together with their high trophic position. We sampled adult and juveniles' feathers from three colonies of Spheniscus magellanicus from Tierra del Fuego along an inshore-offshore corridor. We integrated toxicological information (mercury concentrations) and foraging biomarkers (δ¹³C, δ¹⁵N) int...
Article
Full-text available
Aim Delimiting recently diverged species is challenging. During speciation, genetic differentiation may be distributed unevenly across the genome, as different genomic regions can be subject to different selective pressures and evolutionary histories. Reliance on limited numbers of genetic markers that may be underpowered can make species delimitat...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the spatial distribution of seabirds contributes to comprehending their ecological requirements and dispersion patterns.. We studied the at-sea distribution of female southern rockhopper penguins (Eudyptes chrysocome; SRP) at Isla de los Estados colony during the early-chick rearing period. We used a clustering analysis approach to id...
Article
Mercury is a widely available pollutant associated with negative effects on wildlife, especially top predators. Here, we characterized the mercury concentrations in feathers of Striated Caracara Phalcoboenus australis on Isla de los Estados (Argentina). With feather mercury levels averaging 26.3 mg/kg, this population has the highest mean feather m...
Article
Full-text available
Magellanic penguins ( Spheniscus magellanicus ) disperse widely during winter and are a major consumer of marine resources over the Patagonian Shelf. Magellanic penguins were equipped with geolocators at Martillo Island in late February- early March 2017 and recaptured at the beginning of the next breeding season to recover the devices and to colle...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Los movimientos que realizan los individuos son relevantes para diversos procesos demográficos. Los individuos jóvenes, debido a su mayor movilidad, son claves para la conectividad entre poblaciones, y estudiarlos resulta fundamental para entender las dinámicas poblacionales. El carancho austral (Phalcoboenus australis) es una especie no migratoria...
Article
Full-text available
Paper blog: https://blogs.oregonstate.edu/seabirdoceanographylab/2021/08/02/predators-and-marine-managed-areas/ Static (fixed-boundary) protected areas are key ocean conservation strategies, and marine higher predator distribution data can play a leading role toward identifying areas for conservation action. The Falkland Islands are a globally si...
Article
Full-text available
Animals constantly test the borders of their own ecological niche and tend to expand their range, which is now additionally challenged by global climate change. Following human exploitation throughout the Southern Ocean in the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, numbers of King Penguin breeding pairs have increased and former breeding sites...
Article
Avian orthoavulavirus 1 (AOaV‐1) causes Newcastle disease, one of the most important and contagious infections in poultry, where migratory birds can play a key role as a reservoir. Seven hundred and seven serum samples were collected from five penguin species (King, Magellanic, Gentoo, Chinstrap, and Adelie penguins) in the Antarctic and Sub‐Antarc...
Article
Inter-annual variations in the diets of seabirds are often a reflection of resource availability with population dynamics and community structure implications. We investigated Magellanic penguin´s trophic niche during the pre-molt stage across six years from 2009 and 2013 to 2017 at Martillo Island, Beagle Channel, Argentina, using carbon and nitro...
Article
Full-text available
Optimal foraging theory predicts an inverse relationship between the availability of preferred prey and niche width in animals. Moreover, when individuals within a population have identical prey preferences and preferred prey is scarce, a nested pattern of trophic niche is expected if opportunistic and selective individuals can be identified. Here,...
Article
Full-text available
Marine top predators living in sympatry tend to use their environment differentially, thereby reducing niche overlap. Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) and gentoo penguins (Pygoscelis papua) coexist at Martillo Is., Argentina. During the 2014, 2015 and 2017 breeding seasons a total of thirty-one Magellanic and eleven gentoo penguins wer...
Article
Full-text available
Aim Marine protected areas can serve to regulate harvesting and conserve biodiversity. Within large multi‐use MPAs, it is often unclear to what degree critical sites of biodiversity are afforded protection against commercial activities. Addressing this issue is a prerequisite if we are to appropriately assess sites against conservation targets. We...
Article
Full-text available
Ruddy-headed Goose Chloephaga rubidiceps is the smallest of the five South American sheldgeese and has two separate populations: one sedentary, which resides in the Malvinas/Falkland Islands and one migratory that overwinters mainly in the Pampas region, Argentina and breeds in Southern Patagonia. The Ruddy-headed Goose’s continental population has...
Article
Full-text available
Southern Ocean ecosystems are under pressure from resource exploitation and climate change1,2. Mitigation requires the identification and protection of Areas of Ecological Significance (AESs), which have so far not been determined at the ocean-basin scale. Here, using assemblage-level tracking of marine predators, we identify AESs for this globally...
Article
Full-text available
The Retrospective Analysis of Antarctic Tracking Data (RAATD) is a Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research project led jointly by the Expert Groups on Birds and Marine Mammals and Antarctic Biodiversity Informatics, and endorsed by the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources. RAATD consolidated tracking data for mul...
Article
The Retrospective Analysis of Antarctic Tracking Data (RAATD) is a Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research project led jointly by the Expert Groups on Birds and Marine Mammals and Antarctic Biodiversity Informatics, and endorsed by the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources. RAATD consolidated tracking data for mul...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Population connectivity is driven by individual dispersal potential and modulated by natal philopatry. In seabirds, high vagility facilitates dispersal yet philopatry is also common, with foraging area overlap often correlated with population connectivity. We assess the interplay between these processes by studying past and current connect...
Article
Full-text available
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Poster
The dispersal of penguins during the non-breeding period is a critical period that can affect breeding success and survival in the following season. Thus, knowledge of penguin foraging ecology during this energy-intensive period is crucial to understand their responses to ecosystem variability. We recorded winter dispersal of Magellanic penguins Sp...
Presentation
Full-text available
Penguins are good indicators of environmental changes and respond to oceanographic conditions within their foraging grounds. We studied adult and juvenile Magellanic penguin (Spheniscus magellanicus) trophic niches using stable carbon (13C) and nitrogen (15N) isotopes and determined their feather mercury (Hg) concentrations. We sampled feathers d...
Article
Full-text available
The Patagonian Shelf Large Marine Ecosystem supports high levels of biodiversity and endemism and is one of the most productive marine ecosystems in the world. Despite the important role marine predators play in structuring ecosystems, areas of high diversity where multiple predators congregate remains poorly known on the Patagonian Shelf. Here, we...
Article
Since at least the middle-Miocene, the Antarctic Polar Front (APF) and the Subtropical Front (STF) appear to have been the main drivers of diversification of marine biota in the Southern Ocean. However, highly migratory marine birds and mammals challenge this paradigm and the importance of oceanographic barriers. Eudyptes penguins range from the An...
Article
Full-text available
Since at least the middle-Miocene, the Antarctic Polar Front (APF) and the Subtropical Front (STF) appear to have been the main drivers of diversification of marine biota in the Southern Ocean. However, highly migratory marine birds and mammals challenge this paradigm and the importance of oceanographic barriers. Eudyptes penguins range from the An...
Poster
Full-text available
El cauquén colorado (Chloephaga rubidiceps) es una especie que se encuentra en peligro crítico de extinción en la Argentina y Chile. Con el fin de proporcionar la primera documentación de la migración de esta especie, 6 adultos de cauquén colorado fueron equipados, durante 2015 y 2016, con transmisores solares satelitales (PTT Solares) y rastreados...
Presentation
Full-text available
El cauquén colorado (Chloephaga rubidiceps) es una especie que se encuentra en peligro crítico de extinción en la Argentina y Chile. Con el fin de proporcionar la primera documentación de la migración de esta especie, 6 adultos de cauquén colorado fueron equipados, durante 2015 y 2016, con transmisores solares satelitales (PTT Solares) y rastreados...
Article
Breeding status directly affects the at-sea behaviour of seabirds, resulting in marked differences between breeding and non-breeding birds. In this study, we report for the first time the foraging and diving behaviour of coexisting incubating, courting and non-breeding King Penguins (Aptenodytes patagonicus) at a recently established colony in Tier...
Article
Knowing the spatial scales at which effective management can be implemented is fundamental for conservation planning. This is especially important for mobile species, which can be exposed to threats across large areas, but the space use requirements of different species can vary to an extent that might render some management approaches inefficient....
Article
Knowing the spatial scales at which effective management can be implemented is fundamental for conservation planning. This is especially important for mobile species, which can be exposed to threats across large areas, but the space use requirements of different species can vary to an extent that might render some management approaches inefficient....
Article
Full-text available
Environmental changes often affect the persistence of species or populations at different spatial and temporal scales. Thus, species must either adapt to these changes or experience negative impacts at the individual or population levels. Southern Rockhopper Penguins Eudyptes chrysocome are distributed throughout the Southern Ocean and have experie...
Article
Full-text available
Migratory species often roam vast distances bringing them into contact with diverse conditions and threats that could play significant roles in their population dynamics. This is especially true if long-range travels occur within crucial stages of a species’ annual life-cycle. Crested penguins, for example, usually disperse over several hundreds of...
Article
Full-text available
The Upland Goose (Chloephaga picta picta) is a migratory species of South America, which breeds from September to April in Patagonia (Argentina and Chile) and winters from May to September in the southern Pampas (Argentina). Despite some protection in both countries, this species is still persecuted and large numbers are killed by unregulated hunti...
Preprint
Full-text available
Environmental changes often affect the persistence of species or populations at different spatial and temporal scales. Thus, species must either adapt to these changes or experience negative impacts at the individual or population levels. Southern Rockhopper Penguins Eudyptes chrysocome are distributed throughout the Southern Ocean and have experie...
Article
Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) is becoming a key management approach throughout the world. The process includes the mapping of how humans and wildlife use the marine environment to inform the development of management measures. An integrated multi-species approach to identifying key areas is important for MSP because it allows managers a global repr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Migratory species often roam vast distances bringing them into contact with diverse conditions and threats that could play significant roles in their population dynamics. This is especially true if long-range travels occur within crucial stages of a species’ annual life-cycle. Crested penguins, for example, usually disperse over several hundreds of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Migratory species often roam vast distances bringing them into contact with diverse conditions and threats that could play significant roles in their population dynamics. This is especially true if long-range travels occur within crucial stages of a species’ annual life-cycle. Crested penguins, for example, usually disperse over several hundreds of...
Chapter
El Cauquén Colorado (Chloephaga rubidiceps) es un ave endémica de Sudamérica y es la especie más pequeña del género Chloephaga. Si bien las tres especies de cauquenes migratorios son motivo de preocupación, el estado de la población continental del Cauquén Colorado es particularmente alarmante debido a su rango de distribución restringido y a su pe...
Article
Full-text available
Penguins are the most threatened group of seabirds after albatrosses. Despite being regularly captured in fishing gear, the threat to penguins, as a group, has not yet been assessed. We reviewed both published and grey literature to identify the fishing gear types that penguins are most frequently recorded in, the most impacted species and, for the...
Article
Studies of the at-sea distribution and trophic ecology of penguins are essential to understand their role in the broader marine food web. Magellanic Penguins Spheniscus magellanicus have a wide distribution and their foraging behaviour varies across breeding sites and between sexes, among others. In this study, we characterised the at-sea areas, th...
Article
Full-text available
Ten Humboldt (Spheniscus humboldti) and eight Magellanic Penguins (S. magellanicus) were successfully equipped with satellite transmitters in March 2009 on Islotes Puñihuil in central south-Chile to follow their post-moult dispersal. Overall, Humboldt Penguins could be followed for a mean period of 49 ±18 days (range: 25–93) and Magellanic Penguins...
Article
Full-text available
Detailed knowledge of the migratory strategies is important to understand the ecology and evolution of migration and the conservation of migratory birds The Argentinean federal government declared sheldgeese (Chloephaga spp.) pests in 1930, claiming that they reduce crop yield. Currently sheldgeese have suffered severe reductions in their populatio...
Article
Full-text available
Cumulative human impacts across the world's oceans are considerable. We therefore examined a single model taxonomic group, the penguins (Spheniscidae), to explore how marine species and communities might be at risk of decline or extinction in the southern hemisphere. We sought to determine the most important threats to penguins and to suggest means...
Article
Full-text available
Most studies concerning the foraging ecology of marine vertebrates are limited to breeding adults, although other life history stages might comprise half the total population. For penguins, little is known about juvenile dispersal, a period when individuals may be susceptible to increased mortality given their naïve foraging behaviour. Therefore, w...
Article
Full-text available
Worldwide marine protected areas (MPAs) have been designated to protect marine resources, including top predators such as seabirds. There is no conclusive information on whether protected areas can improve population trends of seabirds when these are further exploited as tourist attractions, an activity that has increased in past decades. Humboldt...
Article
Full-text available
How closely related marine organisms mitigate competition for resources while foraging at sea is not well understood, particularly the relative importance of interspecific and intraspecific mitigation strategies. Using location and time–depth data, we investigated species-specific and sex-specific foraging areas and diving behaviour of the closely...
Article
Full-text available
After an extended period of sporadic sightings of small numbers of king penguins at the Falkland Islands, they established themselves on Volunteer Point, situated at the north-east of the islands, by the late 1970s. By 1980, a small breeding population was present which yielded some 40 fledglings during that same year. Since 1991, the population ha...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the foraging behaviour of seabirds and its plasticity is vital to establish their role in marine food webs and their use as indicators of change in the availability of prey. The foraging behaviour of penguins is known to differ with locality, sex, stage of breeding and between years. We studied the diving behaviour of breeding Magella...
Article
Full-text available
Various mitigation measures have been implemented to reduce incidental seabird mortality in longline and trawl fisheries but little attention has been given to artisanal fishing. In the 2008/09 breeding season, during a study of foraging of Humboldt, Spheniscus humboldti, and Magellanic Penguins, S. magellanicus, breeding on Puñihuil islets, southe...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates the movements of Magellanic Penguins Spheniscus magellanicus breeding on Isla Martillo during the early chick-rearing period. Foraging paths were reconstructed using GPS loggers that registered the penguins0 geographic position, water temperature and depth at regular intervals. The relationship between penguins0 movements an...
Data
We describe the mixed-species colony of Humboldt (Spheniscus humboldti) and Magellanic (S. magellanicus) penguins at Metalqui Island in Chiloe, southern Chile. The colony was visited on 8 December 2008 and nests (mostly dirt burrows) were individually checked for contents. Our survey included nearly 24% of the island's suitable nesting habitat for...
Article
Full-text available
We describe the mixed-species colony of Humboldt (Spheniscus humboldti) and Magellanic (S. magellanicus) penguins at Metalqui Island in Chiloe, southern Chile. The colony was visited on 8 December 2008 and nests (mostly dirt burrows) were individually checked for contents. Our survey included nearly 24% of the island's suitable nesting habitat for...