Klaus R. Reicherter

Klaus R. Reicherter
RWTH Aachen University · Institute of Neotectonics and Natural Hazards

Univ.-Prof. Dr. rer. nat.
Twitter: activefaults

About

385
Publications
142,288
Reads
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3,841
Citations
Citations since 2017
135 Research Items
2167 Citations
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Introduction
Dear visitors, welcome! I am an Earthquake Geologist, and work also on tsunami deposits. I am the Centre Coordinator of the IGCS (Indo German Centre of Sustainability) since 2018. for more and my actual CV please send mail.
Additional affiliations
November 2013 - November 2013
Stockholm University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • Erasmus Staff Mobility Programm of RWTH Aachen University, teaching MSc students in Natural Hazards
February 2010 - February 2015
German University of Technology in Oman
Position
  • Professor (Full)
April 2006 - present
RWTH Aachen University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • Head of institute

Publications

Publications (385)
Preprint
Full-text available
Passive seismic datasets are a key technology for exploration and monitoring of subsurface reservoirs. Searching for alternative resources in the framework of the energy transition creates a surge for identifying as many potential sites as possible suitable for geothermal exploitation. The Lower Rhine Embayment, at the western border of North Rhine...
Preprint
Full-text available
This study presents results from two sediment cores collected on the southern Portuguese shelf attempting to, partially, fill the knowledge gap of the offshore record of high-energy events. The results were obtained based on description of cores, microtextural analysis of quartz grains and foraminiferal taphonomy. The lithostratigraphy, correspondi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We report on the tsunami deposits burying the coastal Roman remains of the Baelo Claudia archeologic site and its environs up to ca. +8 m above the sea-level. New data on 2D ERT profiles (Electric Resistivity Tomography) of the lagoonal zone near the eastern necropolis adjacent to the city walls as well as new sedimentologic insights on the paleots...
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
Experiment Findings
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Experiment Findings
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Wandern in Andalusien Teil 1
Article
Full-text available
Fast growing coastal population centers face an increasing vulnerability to several emission sources of anthropogenic and industrial pollutants. The ongoing industrialization in emerging countries increases the environmental and human risk for people living in coastal megacities, especially in the global south of Asia. Extreme weather events, such...
Article
Gypsum is an important environmental archive in hyperarid settings, but its application in earth sciences has been hampered by the limited availability of suitable dating methods. Here we re-evaluate the potential of ²³⁰Th/U dating for sedimentary gypsum as well as anhydrite samples in different depositional environments. We provide a robust analyt...
Chapter
This chapter offers an overview of the current knowledge of the southwest Iberian tsunami geological record. Specifically, this chapter summarizes three decades of research on tsunami and storm deposit recognition, differentiation and establishing chronologies of past events. The impact and signature of the CE 1755 within coastal stratigraphic unit...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Mediterranean coast of Spain, much of which is built-up and densely populated, is today a tourist hot spot. Additionally, there are vital infrastructures, including airports, harbours and industrial facilities along its coastal motorways. In comparison with the western and southern Atlantic coastlines, the region is relatively protected from st...
Article
Full-text available
We describe two 5–7 km long normal fault scarps (NFSs) occurring atop fault-related anticlines in the coastal ranges of the Dinarides fold-and-thrust belt in southern Montenegro, a region under predominant contraction. Both NFSs show well-exposed, 6–9 m high, striated, and locally polished fault surfaces, cutting uniformly northeastward-dipping lim...
Chapter
Over the past decades, substantial progress has been made in tsunami research. Be that as it may, little is still known about tsunami deposits and their related depositional mechanisms in coastal areas in historical and archaeological contexts. In particular, the Phoenician, Greek and Roman trade and military networks along the Mediterranean and At...
Chapter
Recent archaeological work in the so-called “Baluarte de la Bandera” in Septem (modern Ceuta), on the African coast of the Strait of Gibraltar, has led to the discovery of a series of defensive features. These probably belonged to the city wall built in the late second or early third century AD. The upper section of a wall, which was originally ove...
Article
Full-text available
The 2011 Tohoku-oki tsunami left a characteristic geochemical signature in the sediments of the Misawa harbor on the Aomori coastline (northern Japan), not only in vertical stratigraphy but also in lateral distribution. Suitable indicator compounds for the tsunami impact were used to identify and characterize the distribution of geochemical pattern...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Zagros Mountains accommodate intense seismicity due to the ongoing deformation; however, surface faulting has been rarely observed and/or documented. The earthquakes of Furg (November 6th, 1990) and Qir-Karzin (April 10th, 1972) are unique events in the Zagros associated with a surface rupture. We use tectonic geomorphology and paleoseismology...
Article
Full-text available
This study deals with the morphometric characterization and quantification of earthquake damage in the ancient Roman city of Baelo Claudia in South Spain (Gibraltar Arc) by means of the use of 3D modelling from drone imagery. Baelo Claudia is a world-renowned archaeological site recording recurrent earthquake destruction during the first and third...
Article
Full-text available
Tsunamis pose a substantial threat to coastal communities around the globe. To counter their effects, several hard and soft mitigation measures are applied, the choice of which essentially depends on regional expectations, historical experiences and economic capabilities. These countermeasures encompass hard measures to physically prevent tsunami i...
Article
In eastern Crete, several normal faults trend both NNE-SSW and E-W. Most of them form impressive bedrock fault scarps indicating ongoing extension in the Hellenic fore-arc. No earthquakes from historical and instrumental catalogues can be directly associated with these faults. Geomorphologic profiles across five different faults in sites well-prese...
Article
Full-text available
The 2011 Tohoku-oki tsunami released and mobilized many anthropogenic and natural organic compounds and, hereby, left a clear signature in its sedimentary remnants. In this study, a wide variety of organic marker substances were analyzed in 15 sediment profiles from the Aomori coast (Northern Japan). Total organic carbon (TOC) and fine grain fracti...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we present the results of a multidisciplinary study performed in the Carrasqueira valley, a tributary of the River Sado (SW Portugal), aimed at characterising the Holocene environmental conditions during the late Mesolithic occupation of this valley. Our findings are based on a 13.5 m long sediment core (Arez3) collected on the alluvi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Geoarchaeological Research on Roman fish-sauce production sites in Lusitania: Boca do Rio and Tróia
Article
The present-day human footprint is traceable in all environments. Growing urban centers, tourism, agricultural and industrial activities in combination with fishery, aquacultures and intense naval traffic, result in a large output of pollutants onto coastal regions. The Algarve shelf (Portugal) is one exemplary highly affected coastal system. With...
Article
Full-text available
Mainland France is part of a plate interior with a strong structural heritage, undergoing a low rate of deformation, where destructive earthquakes can nevertheless occur. In this paper, we emphasize that the knowledge of active faults is still largely fragmentary, and that significant efforts are needed to generate robust data, in particular on the...
Article
The Kalabagh Fault forms a lateral offset in the Main Frontal Thrust in the Sub-Himalayan area of Pakistan, forming a push-up block within the stepover zone of its segments. Deformed sediments along the frontal part of this push-up block have cross cutting relations with morphotectonic and paleoseismic features. These sediments are dated using lumi...
Chapter
The Roman fish-salting industry in the Western Mediterranean was concentrated in a high-risk geological area as regards extreme wave events. It underwent a significant and sudden decline and reorganisation between the second and third centuries AD. The few explanations that have been hitherto offered for this abrupt transformation range from politi...
Chapter
The study area, El Palmar de Vejer, located in the Gulf of Cadiz in southwestern Spain, was severely struck by the AD 1755 Lisbon tsunami. El Palmar de Vejer was chosen as the study area due to the topographical setting, characterized by the flat alluvial floodplain, which has good preconditions as a sedimentary archive for tsunami deposits in orde...
Article
Full-text available
Mainland France is part of a plate interior with a strong structural heritage, undergoing a low rate of deformation, where destructive earthquakes can nevertheless occur. In this paper, we emphasize that the knowledge of active faults is still largely fragmentary, and that significant efforts are needed to generate robust data, in particular on the...
Article
The Kalabagh Fault Zone in the western Sub-Himalayas is a dextral strike slip fault zone that exhibits a push-up block in the stepover zone of the two fault segments. The inception of the push-up block occurred along the restraining faults that form two morphotectonic bends along the mountain front at Zaluch and in the South of Thathi. The landform...
Article
Full-text available
Soil changes, including landslides and erosion, are some of the most prominent post-fire effects in Mediterranean ecosystems. Landslide detection and monitoring play an essential role in mitigation measures. We tested two different methodologies in five burned sites with different characteristics in Central Greece. We compared Unmanned Aerial Vehic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Throughout the island of Java, several shallow faults located in the vicinity of densely populated areas accommodate the tectonic strain generated by the subduction of the Indo-Australian Plate beneath the Sunda Plate. These faults are characterized by a poor surface geomorphological expression due to the tropical climate that masks paleoseismologi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The island of Java is located above a plate boundary within the Indonesian archipelago as part of the volcanic arc resulting from the subduction of the Indo-Australian plate beneath the Eurasian plate. Due to its emplacement, it is exposed to several geohazards, including active volcanoes and earthquakes, and its secondary effects (e.g., landslides...
Article
Full-text available
The Dinaric Fault System in western Slovenia, consisting of NW–SE-trending, right-lateral strike-slip faults, accommodates the northward motion of Adria with respect to Eurasia. These active faults show a clear imprint in the morphology, and some of them hosted moderate instrumental earthquakes. However, it is largely unknown if the faults also had...
Article
Due to the high population density and sensitive infrastructures, coastal areas are highly vulnerable to various geohazards such as tsunamis. The impact of tsunamis is traceable in sedimentary archives providing an important tool for reconstructing these events. Here, geochemical and physical evidence of the resulting inundations have been discusse...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates the late Quaternary development of the sedimentary system of Orog Nuur Basin in southern Mongolia. Geomorphological archives (lacustrine sediments and beach ridges, alluvial fans, aeolian deposits, peat) recorded palaeoenvironmental change from marine isotope stage (MIS) 7 to the late Holocene. Synthesizing the variety of ar...
Preprint
Full-text available
We describe two previously unreported, 5–7 km long normal fault scarps (NFS) occurring atop fault-related anticlines in the coastal ranges of the Dinarides fold-and-thrust belt in southern Montenegro, a region under predominant contraction. Both NFS show well-exposed, 6–9 m high, striated and locally polished fault surfaces in limestones, documenti...
Article
While it is well recognized that the frequency and intensity of flood events are increasing worldwide, the environmental, economic, and societal consequences of remobilization and distribution of pollutants during flood events are not widely recognized. Loss of life, damage to infrastructure, and monetary cleanup costs associated with floods are im...
Article
Full-text available
The region around the town Albstadt, SW Germany, was struck by four damaging earthquakes with magnitudes greater than 5 during the last century. These earthquakes occurred along the Albstadt Shear Zone (ASZ), which is characterized by more or less continuous microseismicity. As there are no visible surface ruptures that may be connected to the faul...
Article
Full-text available
Analysis of two small semi-mountainous catchments in central Evia island, Greece, highlights the advantages of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) and Terrestrial Laser Scanning (TLS) based change detection methods. We use point clouds derived by both methods in two sites (S1 & S2), to analyse the effects of a recent wildfire on soil erosion. Results ind...
Article
Full-text available
With a minimum of three reported waves, the 2011 Tohoku-oki tsunami’s destructive force caused massive damage along the northern Japanese Aomori coast. At Misawa the coastal control area was inundated up to 550 m inland and sandy sediment remnants can be traced to c. 350 m (c. 61–63% of the maximum inundation) from the shoreline. Linking the discov...
Article
Full-text available
The SW coast of the Iberian Peninsula experiences a lack of palaeoenvironmental and archaeological data. With the aim to fill this gap, we contribute with a new palynological and geochemical dataset obtained from a sediment core drilled in the continental shelf of the Algarve coast. Archaeological data have been correlated with our multi-proxy data...
Article
Full-text available
The Karakoram Highway links north Pakistan with southwest China. It passes through unique geomorphological, geological and tectonic setting. This study focused 200-km-long section of the highway starting from Besham until Chilas. Landslides are frequent and are mostly triggered by torrential rain during Monsoon and Westerlies, leading to highway bl...
Article
Full-text available
Being a country exposed to strong seismicity, the estimation of seismic hazard in Tajikistan is essential for urbanized areas, such as the rapidly growing capital city Dushanbe. To ensure people's safety and adequate construction work, a detailed seismic microzonation is the key to proper hazard planning. Existing estimations of seismic hazard date...
Article
After the 2004 Indian Ocean (IOT) and the 2011 Tohoku-oki tsunamis, new research in tsunami-related fields was strongly stimulated worldwide and also in the Mediterranean. This research growth yields substantial advancements in tsunami knowledge. Among these advancements is the “Paleotsunami” research that has marked particular progress on the reco...
Article
The Santo André lagoon is located on the southern west coast of Portugal, about 80 km south of Lisbon. Although the beach barrier separating the lagoon from the open sea was occasionally breached in the past and has artificially been opened on an annual basis for the last decades, the lagoon still represents an appropriate geo-bio-archive for recon...
Article
Full-text available
In bedrock mountainous areas where active faults and deep river valleys interact, earthquake-induced landslides can be used to explore local seismic hazards. The intersection of the highly active Xiaojiang Fault and the Jinsha River and its main tributaries in southwest China is a site of abundant earthquake-induced landslides. We found a suspected...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Dinaric Fault System in western Slovenia, consisting of NW-SE trending, right-lateral strike-slip faults, accommodates the northward motion of Adria with respect to Eurasia. These active faults show a clear imprint in the morphology and some of them hosted moderate instrumental earthquakes. However, it is largely unknown if the faults also had...
Article
Full-text available
In southern Iberia, the surroundings of the Strait of Gibraltar are known as a crossroad for population movements, cultural exchanges, and trade from Late Prehistory to modern times. However, questions remain about the impact of this historical development on the environment. The settlement of La Silla del Papa, an important hillfort in southern An...
Article
Full-text available
Active intraplate deformation as a far-field effect of the India-Eurasia convergence has led to four Mw∼8 earthquakes in western and southern Mongolia in the past century. Palaeoseismological and morphotectonic studies have shown that these earthquakes are characteristic events along transpressive fault systems with cumulative offsets. The tectonic...
Preprint
Crustal material eastward extrusion from the Tibetan Plateau is closely related to the strike-slip faults in the SE margin of the Tibetan Plateau. The left-lateral strike-slip Xianshuihe–Xiaojiang fault system (XXFS) is the most active and the largest-scale one. The slip rates along the XXFS is crucial for unraveling the kinematics of the SE margin...
Chapter
Tsunami backwash is a relevant factor for the final tsunami deposit configuration. The backwash flow hydraulics are believed to behave differently from inflow due to channelized concentration of the backwash turbid flows transporting sediments seaward and possibly into deep water. It is important to stress the stronger preservation potential in the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We report on the tsunami deposits burying the coastal roman remains of the Baelo Claudia archeologic site and its environs until ca. +8 m above the sea-level. New data on 2D ERT profiles (Electric resistivity Tomography) and GPR (Ground Penetrating Radar) the lagoonal zone near the eastern necropolis adjacent to the city walls as well as new sedime...
Article
Full-text available
The largest earthquake in the Zagros Mountains struck the city of Azgeleh on the Iran-Iraq border on 12 November 2017. This M w 7.3 earthquake was followed by an intense seismic sequence. Implementing the double-difference earthquake location technique, we relocate 1069 events recorded by our local seismic network, deployed after the mainshock. The...
Article
Full-text available
This study focuses on structure and kinematics of the 1979 Mw 7.1 Montenegro earthquake. Although this event represents the strongest instrumentally recorded event in the entire Dinarides-Hellenides fold-and-thrust belt, no tectonic model relating this event to any particular fault existed so far. We combined onshore geological information with wel...
Thesis
The quantity and quality of remote sensing data, delivering earth observation products, is continuously increasing and widely open accessible. At the same time, natural hazards are a growing issue for modern societies. With the help of high-resolution, open access data and fast engineering approaches new options arise to investigate natural hazards...
Article
Various studies show a contamination of the marine environment with microplastics due to the material persistence and a resulting accumulation. Right now, the environmental impact of microplastics is not fully determined and in order to obtain further information on contaminated areas, water surface samples and (deep sea) sediment from the Atlantic...