Klaus Lucke

Klaus Lucke
JASCO Applied Sciences, Australia

PhD

About

67
Publications
25,736
Reads
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2,098
Citations
Citations since 2016
19 Research Items
1308 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
Introduction
Klaus Lucke currently works at JASCO Applied Sciences, Australia. Klaus has done research in Zoology, Ecology and Marine Biology. The main focus of his work are effects of underwater sound on the marine fauna, mitigation of sound-induced effects and regulation of underwater sound.
Additional affiliations
January 2014 - present
Curtin University
Position
  • Research Fellow/ Lecturer
March 2011 - December 2013
Wageningen University & Research
Position
  • Senior Researcher
April 2004 - February 2011
Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (67)
Article
The habitat of the endangered southern resident killer whale (SRKW) overlaps major international shipping lanes near the Port of Vancouver, British Columbia. Shipping is a dominant source of underwater noise, which can hinder SRKW key life functions. To reduce environmental pressure on the SRKWs, Vancouver Fraser Port Authority offers incentives fo...
Article
The aim of underwater noise exposure criteria in a regulatory context is to identify at what received levels noise-induced effects are predicted to occur, so that those effects may be appropriately considered in an evaluation or mitigation context under the respective regulatory regime. Special emphasis has been given to hearing related impairment...
Article
Regulations designed to mitigate the effects of man-made sounds on marine mammal hearing specify maximum daily sound exposure levels. The limits are lower for impulsive than non-impulsive sounds. The regulations do not indicate how to quantify impulsiveness; instead sounds are grouped by properties at the source. To address this gap, three metrics...
Article
In the aphotic zone of the deep ocean, mechanisms for conveying information to conspecifics or gathering information about the environment and potential predators are subject to the same physical and ecological limitations as near to the sea surface with the addition of no available light. Passive or active communication often utilises bioluminesce...
Article
Full-text available
This erratum concerns Figure 9 of the original article in which the line delimiting two effect types ("Permanent hearing loss increasingly likely" and "Permanent hearing loss very likely") was misplaced. This error, which has now been corrected, affects neither the main text nor the conclusion of the study. The authors apologize for the error.
Article
Naturally constrained environments like bays and lakes are frequently used for water sports activities. While the sound of motorized vessels is rather well understood, non-motorized activities have received less investigation. Ten water sports activities (swimming backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly, and freestyle; snorkelling with fins; kicking a...
Research
Full-text available
A study of almost equal wording published in 1999 (Carstens et al., 1999; FKZ 29625507) already provides important insights from marine ecosystem research regarding its relevance for the imple-mentation of procedures for the approval of research projects and tourism activities according to the AUG. Due to advanced technical developments in the meth...
Article
When humans take to the water, they generate sound. This is helpful for the detection, classification, localisation and tracking of certain activities for purposes of border security, health and safety of offshore industrial development, environmental management, etc. The most commonly measured acoustic quantity is pressure. Vector quantities relat...
Article
Regulation of underwater sound requires a good understanding of the sound emitted from various sound sources into the marine environment. Underwater sound sources can be subdivided into three main categories: geological, biological, and anthropogenic sources. While regulation of underwater sound self-evidently applies solely to anthropogenic sound,...
Article
Multibeam sonar systems are increasingly used to detect, quantify and monitor behaviour of marine fauna. Over ranges of tens to hundreds of metres, animals can be detected as targets. However, at shorter ranges (typically \({<}10 \, \hbox {m}\)) and in good conditions, high-frequency (\({>}1 \, \hbox {kHz}\)) sonar systems can provide high-quality...
Article
Full-text available
The hearing sensitivity of 18 free-ranging and 10 captive harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) to aerial sounds was measured in the presence of typical environmental noise through auditory brainstem response measurements. A focus was put on the comparative hearing sensitivity at low frequencies. Low- and mid-frequency thresholds appeared to be elevated i...
Article
In 2012, two marine mammal welfare and well-being workshops were held: one from 19-21 March 2012 at the Harderwijk Dolfinarium in the Netherlands, and the other from 9-11 November 2012 at Hubbs-SeaWorld Research Institute in San Diego, California. Well over 150 international participants attended, from Europe as well as North America. Herein, we pr...
Article
Full-text available
Anthropogenic sound in the marine environment can have negative consequences for marine fauna. Since most sound sources are intermittent or continuous, estimating how many individuals are exposed over time remains challenging, as this depends on the animals’ mobility. Here we explored how animal movement influences how many, and how often, animals...
Article
Testing the hearing abilities of marine mammals under water is a challenging task. Sample sizes are usually low, thus limiting the ability to generalize findings of susceptibility towards noise influences. A method to measure harbor porpoise hearing thresholds in situ in outdoor conditions using auditory steady state responses of the brainstem was...
Poster
A multi-disciplinary approach bringing together experts of the naval industry, underwater acoustics and bioacoustics was developed in the framework of the project AQUO (Achieve QUieter Oceans by shipping noise footprint reduction), which started in October 2012 for 3 years in order to provide stakeholders of the maritime domain with the most promis...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
For practical reasons it is often necessary to carry out sound exposure experiments on marine animals in tanks or pools that may have dimensions ranging from less than one meter to a few tens of meters. The boundaries of such tanks are almost invariably highly reflective to underwater sound, resulting in a sound field that can vary spatially in une...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Outcomes from a 2013 international workshop focused on regulatory issues related to the effects of underwater sound on marine fauna are discussed herein, along with the results of a subsequent needs assessment of the regulatory community conducted by the Discovery of Sound in the Sea project team. Workshop topics included the regulation of anthropo...
Article
An immature female killer whale (Orcinus orca) stranded in the Wadden Sea in 2010 and was later transferred to Loro Parque, Tenerife, Spain, for rehabilitation. The killer whale, named "Morgan," was suspected to have a hearing impairment. To test whether Morgan has a hearing deficit, auditory brainstem responses to short-duration, broadband click s...
Article
A critical concern with respect to marine animal acoustics is the issue of hearing “sensitivity,” as it is widely used as a criterion for the onset of noise-induced effects. Important aspects of research on sensitivity to sound by marine animals include: uncertainties regarding how well these species detect and respond to different sounds; the mask...
Article
Full-text available
Underwater noise, whether of natural or anthropogenic origin, has the ability to interfere with the way in which marine mammals receive acoustic signals (i.e., for communication, social interaction, foraging, navigation, etc.). This phenomenon, termed auditory masking, has been well studied in humans and terrestrial vertebrates (in particular birds...
Article
Full-text available
Large amounts of legacy unexploded ordnance (UXO) are still present in the North Sea. UXO are frequently accidentally encountered by fishermen and dredging vessels. Out of concern for human safety and to avoid damage to equipment and infrastructure from uncontrolled explosions, most reported UXO found in the Dutch Continental Shelf (DCS) are detona...
Article
We estimated the long-range effects of air gun array noise on marine mammal communication ranges in the Southern Ocean. Air gun impulses are subject to significant distortion during propagation, potentially resulting in a quasi-continuous sound. Propagation modeling to estimate the received waveform was conducted. A leaky integrator was used as a h...
Article
The project conducts application-oriented research on impacts of underwater noise on marine vertebrates in the North and Baltic Seas. In distinct subprojects, the hearing sensitivity of harbor porpoises and gray seals as well as the acoustic tolerance limit of harbor porpoises to impulsive noise from pile driving and stress reactions caused by anth...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Monitoring harbour seal responses to construction of power stations and harbour development at Eems River mouth.
Article
A single male Australian sea lion (Neophoca cinerea) was tested for its auditory sensitivity to in air sound. Short, broadband clicks were presented via headphones while the animal was immobilized during medical treatment. Click-evoked auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) were recorded in the animal after acoustic stimulation at decreasing sound pre...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known about migration patterns and seasonal distribution away from coastal summer feeding habitats of many pelagic baleen whales. Recently, large-scale passive acoustic monitoring networks have become available to explore migration patterns and identify critical habitats of these species. North Atlantic minke whales (Balaenoptera acutoros...
Chapter
Full-text available
Offshore windfarms have the potential to affect marine mammal populations. For harbour porpoises, the threat considered most important is the influence of noise during the construction phase. Effects of the operational period that need to be considered can be either noise effects or effects due to alteration to the habitat where foundations were er...
Article
Full-text available
An international workshop was held in 2013 with a group comprised of scientists, regulators, and other stakeholders. The workshop focused on how new scientific information related to the effects of underwater noise on marine life influences permitting practices for human activities at sea. Also discussed were how individual countries regulate under...
Article
Full-text available
In-air anthropogenic sound has the potential to affect grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) behaviour and interfere with acoustic communication. In this study, a new method was used to deliver acoustic signals to grey seals as part of an in-air hearing assessment. Using in-ear headphones with adapted ear inserts allowed for the measurement of auditory br...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Information on the distribution, abundance and ecology of marine mammal in the Wider Caribbean Region is scarce. This report aims at collating the on-going research in the Wider Caribbean Region, at identifying the most critical knowledge gaps that need to be addressed to inform and facilitate conservation actions and assess the most suitable resea...
Article
In our attempt to monitor the presence of marine mammals, especially cetaceans, their acoustic activity opens the opportunity for us to eavesdrop and to study their behaviour passively through listening and detecting their sounds and vocalisations. This overview of underwater sound recording systems which can be used to study the life of the mainly...
Article
Full-text available
Background - Little is known about migration patterns and seasonal distribution away from coastal summer feeding habitats of many pelagic baleen whales. Recently, large-scale passive acoustic monitoring networks have become available to explore migration patterns and identify critical habitats of these species. North Atlantic minke whales (Balaenop...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Marine mammals spend most of their time underwater which sometimes makes it difficult to detect them from the surface. At the same time, most cetaceans (toothed and baleen whales) produce a variety of sounds underwater and since sound travels easily in water, these sounds can normally be picked up even at distances beyond those of visual detection....
Article
Animals often alternate between searching for food locally and moving over larger distances depending on the amount of food they find. This ability to switch movement strategy can have large implications on the fate of individuals and populations, and a mechanism that allows animals to find the optimal balance between alternative movement strategie...
Article
Full-text available
The first offshore wind farm 'alpha ventus' in the German North Sea was constructed north east of Borkum Reef Ground approximately 45 km north off the German coast in 2008 and 2009 using percussive piling for the foundations of 12 wind turbines. Visual monitoring of harbour porpoises was conducted prior to as well as during construction and operati...
Technical Report
Full-text available
De Nederlandse overheid, in het bijzonder de Ministers van Economische Zaken (EZ) en van Infrastructuur en Milieu (I&M) onderzoeken de mogelijkheden voor windenergie binnen de 12-mijlszone voor de Nederlandse kust en eventuele problemen die zich hierbij zouden kunnen voordoen, met de functie ‘natuur’. Na een eerste ‘quick scan’ gericht op de hele 1...
Article
Information on the life functions and ecology of harbour porpoises is still scarce. Only a limited number of animals are available for research in controlled situations. Satellite tracking allows to gather information on individual movements of harbour porpoises, hence providing direct insight into the individual lifestyle of a free-ranging animal....
Article
Full-text available
The potential negative effects of high levels of underwater noise on marine life have been identified and acknowledged, and this issue has been incorporated into various international agreements over the past decade. Several countries have already issued regulations to limit the incidence and level of anthropogenic noise in the oceans. The developm...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In December 2012 IMARES conducted workshops on the identification of whales & dolphins in the Caribbean on the islands of Sint Maarten, Saba and Sint Eustatius. Apart from giving the workshops, on-going cetacean projects, future monitoring needs and possibilities for extending monitoring projects were discussed together with the staff of the marine...
Article
The German offshore wind energy production will be largely expanded in the next years. As a test. the first offshore wind turbines in German waters were installed in 2009 at the “alpha ventus” wind farm site off the island of Borkum in the southern German Bight. The whole process is accompanied by environmental impact assessments (EIAs) covering al...
Article
The impacts of high-energy impulsive sounds generated by underwater explosions on individual marine mammals are diverse, ranging from behavioral reactions to injury or even death.
Article
In de Eemshaven is een aanzienlijk gebied bestemd voor de ontwikkeling van energie-gerelateerde bedrijvigheid: Energy Park Eemshaven. In verband daarmee vinden er op het land en in het water al enkele jaren diverse (bouw)activiteiten plaats. In opdracht van Groningen Seaports (GSP), RWE/Essent en NUON/Vattenfall (de initiatiefnemers) monitort IMARE...
Article
Om onderwatergeluid op te kunnen nemen, zijn in de winter van 2011/2012 voor een periode van meer dan drie maanden twee geluidsloggers geplaatst in de Eems. De locaties zijn zo gekozen dat één van de recorders vlakbij de ingang van de Eemshaven hangt, terwijl de andere vlakbij de zandbank Hond & Paap gesitueerd is. Het doel van dit pilotproject is...
Article
Full-text available
In December 2005 construction work was started to replace a harbor wall in Kerteminde harbor, Denmark. A total of 175 wooden piles were piled into the ground at the waters edge over a period of 3 months. During the same period three harbor porpoises were housed in a marine mammal facility on the opposite side of the harbor. All animals showed stron...
Article
Sound plays an important role for many marine species. In German waters, the harbour porpoise is the species with the most sensitive hearing. These animals are vitally dependent upon their hearing as they use sound actively to locate their prey. Intense sound on the other hand can damage hearing. Anthropogenic sound emission into the oceans is cons...
Article
The construction of the a small wind farm in the southern North Sea has just been completed. Possible effects on harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) distribution and habitat use caused by the pile driving impulses emitted during the installation of the foundations for 12 offshore wind turbines (OWTs) were assessed by ship surveys, aerial surveys, a...
Article
Full-text available
Based on the goals set forth in the Dutch Biodiversity Policy Programme, The Netherlands has a traditionally strong commitment to protect biodiversity and marine mammals both internationally and in its own national and Kingdom waters. Last year the responsible ministry, namely the Netherlands Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation...
Article
Full-text available
Deployment of any type of measuring device into the ocean, whether to shallow or deeper depths, is accompanied by the hope that this equipment and associated data will be recovered. The ocean is harsh on gear. Salt water corrodes. Currents, tides, surge, storms, and winds collaborate to increase the severity of the conditions that monitoring device...
Article
Full-text available
An auditory study was conducted to derive data on temporary threshold shift (TTS) induced by single impulses. This information should serve as basis for the definition of noise exposure criteria for harbor porpoises. The measurements of TTS were conducted on a harbor porpoise by measuring the auditory evoked potentials in response to amplitude-modu...
Article
Full-text available
The planned construction of offshore wind turbines in the North and Baltic Seas involves the emission of high numbers of intense impulsive sounds when the foundations of the turbines are being driven into the ground by pile driving. Based on information from other odontocete cetaceans it can be assumed that the source levels which will on average e...
Article
Full-text available
Speed is a key determinant of energy expenditure in free-living animals, and particu- larly in marine vertebrates, where power requirements for swimming increase as a cubed function of the speed. However, current devices used to measure swim speed in free-living animals have limita- tions, including excessive drag, low resolution, high stall speed...
Article
Remote-sensors and transmitters are powerful devices for studying cetaceans at sea. However, despite substantial progress in microelectronics and miniaturisation of systems, dolphin tags are imperfectly designed; additional drag from tags increases swim costs, compromises swimming capacity and manoeuvrability, and leads to extra loads on the animal...
Article
Full-text available
Determining the movement of marine animals is logistically difficult and is currently primarily based on VHF and satellite-tracking telemetry, GPS, acoustic telemetry, and geolocation, all of which have substantial limitations in accurately locating the fine-scale movements of these animals. A recent development—that of dead-reckoning—is being incr...
Article
Full-text available
This aricle was published in the journal, Aquatic Mammals [© European Association for Aquatic Mammals] and is also available at: http://www.aquaticmammalsjournal.org/ Using auditory evoked potential (AEP) methods, a study was conducted on a harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) at the Dolfinarium Harderwijk in The Netherlands. The study measured the...
Article
Data on the occurrence of harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) in German waters from 1988 to 2002 were collected from dedicated aerial surveys, incidental sightings and strandings. Aerial surveys conducted in 1995 and 1996 revealed a mean abundance of 4288 (in 1995) and 7356 harbour porpoises (in 1996) in the German North Sea study area. Mean abun...
Article
Full-text available
The demand for renewable energy has led to construction of offshore wind farms with high-power turbines, and many more wind farms are being planned for the shallow waters of the world’s marine habitats. The growth of offshore wind farms has raised concerns about their impact on the marine environment. Marine mammals use sound for foraging, orientat...
Article
Full-text available
The harbour, or common, porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) is the smallest cetacean inhabiting temperate to cold waters throughout the northern hemisphere. Due to its occurrence mainly but not exclusively in coastal or shelf waters, the porpoise is threatened by a variety of anthropogenic influences (Hutchinson et al. 1995, Kaschner 2001, Scheidat and Si...
Article
Full-text available
The effect of externally mounted antennae on the energetics of penguins was studied by mounting various antennae on a transducer fixed to a model Magellanic penguin Spheniscus magellanicus to determine drag, run at speeds of up to 2 m s(-1) in a swim canal. For rigid antennae set perpendicular to the water flow, measured drag increased with increas...
Article
Full-text available
The following three issues should be considered in assessing the available data and developing conservative guidelines to minimize risk : I) The first key issue is that not all acoustic exposures may be biologically significant. Differentiation of significant and insignificant effects should take into consideration prior assessments of this issue....

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Projects (3)
Project
Using ABR testing we explore the auditory ability of the Australian sea lion and leopard seal.
Project
Invasive telemetry tags used in studies of top marine predators impact their swimming performance and behavior. This project aims to develop ergonomic and non-invasive tags for minimizing impact and receiving reliable, unbiased telemetry data.