Klaus Koepfli

Klaus Koepfli
Saint Petersburg State University | SPBU · Theodosius Dobzhansky Center for Genome BioInformatics

PhD

About

323
Publications
147,298
Reads
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8,870
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2013 - present
Smithsonain Conservation Biology Institute
Position
  • Visiting Scientist, Research Associate
November 2012 - present
Saint Petersburg State University
Position
  • Lead Specilaist/Principle Investigator
January 2003 - December 2009
University of California, Los Angeles

Publications

Publications (323)
Preprint
Full-text available
The blue antelope (Hippotragus leucophaeus) is the only large African mammal species to have become extinct in historical times, yet no nuclear genomic information is available for this species. A recent study showed that many alleged blue antelope museum specimens are either roan (H. equinus) or sable (H. niger) antelopes, further reducing the pos...
Article
Comparative whole-genome analyses hold great power to illuminate commonalities and differences in the evolution of related species that share similar ecologies. The mustelid subfamily Lutrinae includes 13 currently recognized extant species of otters,1, 2, 3, 4, 5 a semiaquatic group whose evolutionary history is incompletely understood. We assembl...
Preprint
In an age of habitat loss and overexploitation, small populations, both captive and wild, are increasingly facing the effects of isolation and inbreeding. Genetic management has therefore become a vital tool for ensuring population viability. However, little is known about how the type and intensity of intervention shape the genomic landscape of in...
Preprint
Full-text available
The blue antelope ( Hippotragus leucophaeus ) is the only large African mammal to have become extinct in historical times, yet no nuclear genomic information is available for this species. A recent study showed that many alleged blue antelope museum specimens are either roan ( H. equinus ) or sable ( H. niger ) antelopes, further reducing the possi...
Article
Full-text available
Routine haplotype-resolved genome assembly from single samples remains an unresolved problem. Here we describe an algorithm that combines PacBio HiFi reads and Hi-C chromatin interaction data to produce a haplotype-resolved assembly without the sequencing of parents. Applied to human and other vertebrate samples, our algorithm consistently outperfo...
Article
Full-text available
Captive breeding programmes represent the most intensive type of ex situ population management for threatened species. One example is the Cuvier’s gazelle programme that started in 1975 with only four founding individuals and after more than four decades of management in captivity, a reintroduction effort was undertaken in Tunisia in 2016, to estab...
Article
Full-text available
Species of the mustelid subfamily Guloninae inhabit diverse habitats on multiple continents, and occupy a variety of ecological niches. They differ in feeding ecologies, reproductive strategies and morphological adaptations. To identify candidate loci associated with adaptations to their respective environments, we generated a de novo assembly of t...
Article
Full-text available
We are an international group of biological scientists, conservationists, and environmentalists who have been closely following the plight and conservation of pangolins over a number of years. Pangolins comprise the mammalian Order Pholidota, which contains eight living species found in diverse habitats in Africa (4 species) and Asia (4 species), w...
Article
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Genomics encompasses the entire tree of life, both extinct and extant, and the evolutionary processes that shape this diversity. To date, genomic research has focused on humans, a small number of agricultural species, and established laboratory models. Fewer than 18,000 of ∼2,000,000 eukaryotic species (<1%) have a representative genome sequence in...
Article
The genetic consequences of species-wide declines are rarely quantified because the timing and extent of the decline varies across the species’ range. The sea otter (Enhydra lutris) is a unique model in this regard. Their dramatic decline from thousands to fewer than 100 individuals per population occurred range-wide and nearly simultaneously due t...
Article
Insurance populations can provide a short-term safeguard for at-risk species. The goal for all insurance populations should be to maintain a high welfare, genetically diverse, self-sustaining population that is available for eventual reintroduction of animals back into the wild when it is safe to do so. However, many insurance populations in zoos a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Species of the mustelid subfamily Guloninae inhabit diverse habitats on multiple continents, and occupy a variety of ecological niches. They differ in feeding ecologies, reproductive strategies and morphological adaptations. To identify candidate loci associated with adaptations to their respective environments, we generated a de novo assembly of t...
Preprint
Routine single-sample haplotype-resolved assembly remains an unresolved problem. Here we describe a new algorithm that combines PacBio HiFi reads and Hi-C chromatin interaction data to produce a haplotype-resolved assembly without the sequencing of parents. Applied to human and other vertebrate samples, our algorithm consistently outperforms existi...
Article
Full-text available
Genome assemblies are in the process of becoming an increasingly important tool for understanding genetic diversity in threatened species. Unfortunately, due to limited budgets typical for the area of conservation biology, genome assemblies of threatened species, when available, tend to be highly fragmented, represented by tens of thousands of scaf...
Article
Full-text available
Structural variants (SVs) are large rearrangements (> 50 bp) within the genome that impact gene function and the content and structure of chromosomes. As a result, SVs are a significant source of functional genomic variation, i.e. variation at genomic regions underpinning phenotype differences, that can have large effects on individual and populati...
Article
Full-text available
Since the 19th century, the addax (Addax nasomaculatus) has lost approximately 99% of its former range. Along with its close relatives, the blue antelope (Hippotragus leucophaeus) and the scimitar-horned oryx (Oryx dammah), the addax may be the third large African mammal species to go extinct in the wild in recent times. Despite this, the evolution...
Article
Full-text available
The Puma lineage within the family Felidae consists of three species that last shared a common ancestor around 4.9 million years ago. Whole-genome sequences of two species from the lineage were previously reported: the cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) and the mountain lion (Puma concolor). The present report describes a whole-genome assembly of the remai...
Preprint
Full-text available
Structural variants (SVs) are large rearrangements (> 50 bp) within the genome that impact the form and structure of chromosomes. As a result, SVs are a significant source of functional genomic diversity, i.e. variation at genomic regions underpinning phenotype differences, that can have large effects on individual and population fitness. While the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Structural variants (SVs) are large rearrangements (> 50 bp) within the genome that impact the form and structure of chromosomes. As a result, SVs are a significant source of functional genomic diversity, i.e. variation at genomic regions underpinning phenotype differences, that can have large effects on individual and population fitness. While the...
Article
Full-text available
Species is the fundamental taxonomic unit in biology and its delimitation has implications for conservation. In giraffe (Giraffa spp.), multiple taxonomic classifications have been proposed since the early 1900s.1 However, one species with nine subspecies has been generally accepted,2 likely due to limited in-depth assessments, subspecies hybridizi...
Article
Full-text available
Amazon parrots (Amazona spp.) colonized the islands of the Greater Antilles from the Central American mainland, but there has not been a consensus as to how and when this happened. Today, most of the five remaining island species are listed as endangered, threatened, or vulnerable as a consequence of human activity. We sequenced and annotated full...
Preprint
Full-text available
Increased capability in the conservation genomics community, combined with decreased sequencing costs, is providing new opportunities for the application of whole-genome sequence data to enhance species recovery. Indeed, assessments of genome-wide diversity based on SNP data are already informing the conservation management of threatened species ar...
Preprint
Increased capability in the conservation genomics community, combined with decreased sequencing costs, is providing new opportunities for the application of whole-genome sequence data to enhance species recovery. Indeed, assessments of genome-wide diversity based on SNP data are already informing the conservation management of threatened species ar...
Article
Full-text available
Roan antelope (Hippotragus equinus) is the second largest member of the Hippotraginae (Bovidae), and is widely distributed across sub-Saharan mesic woodlands. Although listed as Least Concern across its African range, population numbers are decreasing with many regional Red List statuses varying between Endangered and Locally Extinct. Although roan...
Article
Full-text available
Homotherium was a genus of large-bodied scimitar-toothed cats, morphologically distinct from any extant felid species, that went extinct at the end of the Pleistocene [1, 2, 3, 4]. They possessed large, saber-form serrated canine teeth, powerful forelimbs, a sloping back, and an enlarged optic bulb, all of which were key characteristics for predati...
Article
Full-text available
Here we present the initial comparison of the nuclear genomes of the North American raccoon (Procyon lotor) and the kinkajou (Potos flavus) based on draft assemblies. These two species encompass almost 21 million years of evolutionary history within Procyonidae. Since assemblies greatly impact downstream results such as gene prediction and annotati...
Article
Full-text available
The Zoonomia Project is investigating the genomics of shared and specialized traits in eutherian mammals. Here we provide genome assemblies for 131 species, of which all but 9 are previously uncharacterized, and describe a whole-genome alignment of 240 species of considerable phylogenetic diversity, comprising representatives from more than 80% of...
Article
Full-text available
Genome assemblies are becoming increasingly important for understanding genetic diversity in threatened species. However, due to limited budgets in the area of conservation biology, genome assemblies, when available, tend to be highly fragmented with tens of thousands of scaffolds. The recent advent of high throughput chromosome conformation captur...
Article
Full-text available
As we enter the sixth mass extinction, many species that are no longer self‐sustaining in their natural habitat will require ex situ management. Zoos have finite resources for ex situ management, and there is a need for holistic conservation programs between the public and private sector. Ex situ populations of sable antelope, Hippotragus niger, ha...
Article
Full-text available
The novel coronavirus severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the cause of COVID-19. The main receptor of SARS-CoV-2, angiotensin I converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), is now undergoing extensive scrutiny to understand the routes of transmission and sensitivity in different species. Here, we utilized a unique dataset of ACE2 sequenc...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 outbreak has sickened over six million people across the world. The origin of COVID-19 coronavirus (CoV) remains unknown although pangolins have been suggested as potential hosts. We investigated two pangolins seized in Guangdong Province, China. Molecular screening revealed CoV in one pangolin (“Dahu”), while another (“Meidong”) was i...
Article
Full-text available
Lions are one of the world’s most iconic megafauna, yet little is known about their temporal and spatial demographic history and population differentiation. We analyzed a genomic dataset of 20 specimens: two ca. 30,000-y-old cave lions ( Panthera leo spelaea ), 12 historic lions ( Panthera leo leo/Panthera leo melanochaita ) that lived between the...
Article
Full-text available
Captive populations provide a valuable insurance against extinctions in the wild. However, they are also vulnerable to the negative impacts of inbreeding, selection and drift. Genetic information is therefore considered a critical aspect of conservation management. Recent developments in sequencing technologies have the potential to improve the out...
Article
Full-text available
The spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta), one of the largest terrestrial predators native to sub-Saharan Africa, is well known for its matriarchal social system and large-sized social group in which larger females dominate smaller males. Spotted hyenas are highly adaptable predators as they both actively hunt prey and scavenge kills by other predators,...
Preprint
Full-text available
The novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 is the cause of Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19). As for other coronaviruses, there is transmission between animals and humans. The main receptor of SARS-CoV-2, angiotensin I converting enzyme-2 (ACE2), is now undergoing extensive scrutiny to understand the routes of transmission and sensitivity in different spec...
Article
Full-text available
Background The demographic history of any population is imprinted in the genomes of the individuals that make up the population. One of the most popular and convenient representations of genetic information is the allele frequency spectrum (AFS), the distribution of allele frequencies in populations. The joint AFS is commonly used to reconstruct th...
Chapter
It was only in 2018 that a revised and updated synthesis of mammalian taxonomy since 2004 revealed that there are at least 6495 recognized species in the class Mammalia, with species richness concentrated in the Neotropics and Afrotropics (Burgin et al. 2018).
Preprint
Full-text available
Captive populations provide a valuable insurance against extinctions in the wild. However, they are also vulnerable to the negative impacts of inbreeding, selection and drift. Genetic information is therefore considered a critical aspect of conservation management planning. Recent developments in sequencing technologies have the potential to improv...
Article
Full-text available
The binturong ( Arctictis binturong ) is classified as a member of the subfamily Paradoxurinae within the family Viverridae (Carnivora: Mammalia) and comprises nine subspecies spread across Southern and Southeast Asia. Here, we describe the complete mitochondrial genome of the Indian subspecies A. b. albifrons using next-generation sequencing metho...
Article
Full-text available
Human-induced changes to environments are causing species declines. Beyond preserving habitat (in situ), insurance (ex situ) populations are essential to prevent species extinctions. The Conservation Centers for Species Survival (C2S2) is leveraging space of breeding centers and private ranches to produce "source populations"-genetically diverse re...
Article
Despite its recent invasion into the marine realm, the sea otter (Enhydra lutris) has evolved a suite of adaptations for life in cold coastal waters, including limb modifications and dense insulating fur. This uniquely dense coat led to the near-extinction of sea otters during the 18th-20th century fur trade and an extreme population bottleneck. We...
Article
Full-text available
Within the Canidae, the African wild dog (Lycaon pictus) is the most specialized with regards to cursorial adaptations (specialized for running), having only four digits on their forefeet. In addition, this species is one of the few canids considered to be an obligate meat-eater, possessing a robust dentition for taking down large prey, and display...
Article
Full-text available
Genome-wide assessment of genetic diversity has the potential to increase the ability to understand admixture, inbreeding, kinship and erosion of genetic diversity affecting both captive (ex situ) and wild (in situ) populations of threatened species. The sable antelope (Hippotragus niger), native to the savannah woodlands of sub-Saharan Africa, is...
Article
Full-text available
The threatened eastern wolf is found predominantly in protected areas of central Ontario and has an evolutionary history obscured by interbreeding with coyotes and gray wolves, which challenges its conservation status and subsequent management. Here, we used a population genomics approach to uncover spatial patterns of variation in 281 canids in ce...
Article
Full-text available
The threatened eastern wolf is found predominantly in protected areas of central Ontario and has an evolutionary history obscured by interbreeding with coyotes and gray wolves, which challenges its conservation status and subsequent management. Here, we used a population genomics approach to uncover spatial patterns of variation in 281 canids in ce...
Data
Table showing the catalog number, species information, average genomic sequencing coverage, identified genetic clusters, location and date of sample collection, and the publication associated with the publicly available data.
Article
Full-text available
The evolutionary history of the wolf-like canids of the genus Canis has been heavily debated, especially regarding the number of distinct species and their relationships at the population and species level [1–6]. We assembled a dataset of 48 resequenced genomes spanning all members of the genus Canis except the black-backed and side-striped jackals...
Article
Full-text available
Strains of red fox (Vulpes vulpes) with markedly different behavioural phenotypes have been developed in the famous long-term selective breeding programme known as the Russian farm-fox experiment. Here we sequenced and assembled the red fox genome and re-sequenced a subset of foxes from the tame, aggressive and conventional farm-bred populations to...
Article
Full-text available
In the version of this Article originally published, there were some errors in the affiliations: Stephen J. O'Brien's affiliations were incorrectly listed as 8,9; they should have been 7,9. Affiliation 3 was incorrectly named the Institute of Cytology and Genetics of the Russian Academy of Sciences; it should have read Institute of Cytology and Gen...
Article
Full-text available
Background Contiguous genome assemblies are a highly valued biological resource because of the higher number of completely annotated genes and genomic elements that are usable compared to fragmented draft genomes. Nonetheless, contiguity is difficult to obtain if only low coverage data and/or only distantly related reference genome assemblies are a...