Klaus-Dieter Thoben

Klaus-Dieter Thoben
Universität Bremen | Uni Bremen · Department of Production Engineering

Prof.

About

632
Publications
359,216
Reads
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6,590
Citations
Introduction
Klaus-Dieter Thoben is a Full Professor currently at the University of Bremen, Department of Production Engineering. Klaus-Dieter does research in Industrial Engineering, Manufacturing Engineering and Mechanical Engineering. A current project is 'FALCON: Feedback mechanisms Across the Lifecycle for Customer-driven Optimization of iNnovative product-service design.'
Additional affiliations
January 2009 - present
Universität Bremen
Position
  • Professor (Full)
January 2003 - December 2008
Universität Bremen
Position
  • Professor (Full)
January 2003 - present
BIBA - Bremer Institut für Produktion und Logistik
Position
  • Managing Director

Publications

Publications (632)
Chapter
Although Industry 4.0 is a widespread word and is expected to be found everywhere, a deeper look shows that, depending on the application, its entire implementation throughout manufacturing is finite and has enormous potential for higher levels of integration. Many complex parts and components are still fabricated and checked manually by workers, e...
Chapter
The shortage of skilled workers is a barrier to applying data analytics. Augmented analytics is an approach to lower it by using machine learning to automate related activities and natural language applications to assist less-skilled employees. Public information about augmented analytics case studies in manufacturing is hardly available. Therefore...
Chapter
During production of fiber reinforced plastic (FRP) components, precise measurement and regulation of temperature is important for correct and predictable fabrication. Especially for thicker layer build-ups, material-integrated temperature measurement can help to optimize the fabrication process. During component usage, material-integrated measurem...
Chapter
Wind turbines, in particular, their rotor blades, are not only subjected to specific structural loads but also harsh weather conditions. There exists a risk of ice forming on the leading edge of the rotor blade depending on the location and, notably, at lower temperatures and high humidity. Some of the effects include significant power decreases, t...
Chapter
The integration of complex and innovative technologies into manufacturing processes poses various challenges. This paper comprehensively outlines the challenges that can occur when integrating and using machine learning (ML)-based methods in a production environment to assist in steering the process. The identified problems are considered regarding...
Chapter
The agri-food sector accounts for 26% of the EU energy consumption, where 28% of this energy belongs to natural resource processing. As multiple products are produced on the same line and numerous process steps are interrelated, the energy use in this industry is complex in general. Moreover, bottom-up data analysis of how much energy processes are...
Conference Paper
The integration of complex and innovative technologies into manufacturing processes poses various challenges. This paper comprehensively outlines the challenges that can occur when integrating and using machine learning (ML)-based methods in a production environment to assist in steering the process. The identified problems are considered regarding...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Paper aims Due to increasing energy prices, manufacturers have to pay more attention to the energy efficiency of their production processes. This paper aims to support manufacturers in increasing processes’ energy efficiency by using production data and applying machine learning approaches. Originality Systematic guidelines or standards fo...
Article
Full-text available
Digital Twins represent a powerful tool for transforming production and logistics towardsIndustry 4.0. They mirror physical assets in the digital world, enriching them with additional capabilitiesand features such as decision-making or lifecycle management. Due to the diverse possibilities associatedwith the Digital Twin, their design and implement...
Conference Paper
Most offshore wind turbines are installed using the so-called single blade installation procedure. This means that after the tower, nacelle, and hub are installed, the rotor blades are mounted individually. This process step is difficult and sometimes leads to delays because relative motions between the hub and rotor blade need to be small and pred...
Article
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Product design is crucial for product success. Many approaches can improve product design quality, such as concurrent engineering and design for X. This study focuses on applying product usage information (PUI) during product development. As emerging technologies become widespread, an enormous amount of product-related information is available in t...
Chapter
The production of raw materials has become a backbone of the manufacturing industries and will play a relevant role in the transition process to global sustainability by 2050. Due to its nature, the mining industry (MI) is highly prone to disruptions, by triggering a shortage of mineral raw materials or commodities in the downstream segment of many...
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The flow of air over a cylinder at sufficiently high Reynolds number ( Re ) leads to the formation of vortices. The vortices formed undergoes the process of shedding, exerting lift and drag forces onto the cylinder causing the cylinder to oscillate. These oscillations are termed as Vortex Induced Vibrations (VIV). VIV’s can induce very high fatigue...
Chapter
Schwingungsüberwachung von Windenergieanlagen beim Installationsprozess zur Verifikation der Wirksamkeit temporärer Schwingungstilger
Article
Dieser Beitrag beschäftigt sich mit der Untersuchung aktueller technischer Herausforderungen im Kontext industrieller Virtual Reality (VR)-basierter Trainingsanwendungen. Der aktuelle Stand der Technik industrieller VR-Anwendungen wird analysiert und ein strukturierter Überblick über die bestehenden technischen Herausforderungen gegeben. Die identi...
Article
Industrial maintenance strategies increasingly rely on artificial intelligence to predict asset conditions and prescribe maintenance actions. The related maintenance software and human maintenance actors can form a hybrid-augmented intelligence system where each side benefits from and enhances the other side's intelligence. This system requires opt...
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Energieeffizienz gewinnt eine immer stärkere Bedeutung in allen Branchen des produzierenden Gewerbes. Mit Technologien aus den Bereichen Digitalisierung und Künstlicher Intelligenz (KI) können innovative Lösungen für eine energieeffizientere Herstellung beispielsweise durch eine KI-gestützte Prozessführung einen entscheidenden Beitrag zur Nachhalti...
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With the smart grid development, the modern electricity market is reformatted, where residential consumers can actively participate in the demand response (DR) program to balance demand with generation. However, lack of user knowledge is a challenging issue in responding to DR incentive signals. Thus, an Energy Management Controller (EMC) emerged t...
Article
According to design standards, offshore wind turbines need to withstand environmental loads with a return period of 50 years. This work compares the extreme response along the 50-year environmental contour with the true 50-year wind turbine response. It was found that the environmental contour method that is currently described in the IEC design st...
Article
Leather and textile industries have a vital role in transforming countries into an industrialization-manufacturing-led economy. There has been a focus on these industries in Ethiopia to bring manufacturing capability which can be scaled up in the future to produce other value-added products for global markets. However, there is lack of organized sc...
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A Semantic Mediator was conceived in the CRC 637 (The Collaborative Research Centre 637 “Autonomous Cooperating Logistic Processes” focused on adaptive logistic processes including autonomous capabilities for the decentralised coordination of autonomous logistic objects in a heterarchical structure.) to tackle problems of interoperability of hetero...
Article
Environmental contours are often used to define design loads acting on a marine structure. An environmental contour describes joint extremes of variables such as wave height, wave period and wind speed that are exceeded with a target return period. These extreme environmental conditions should lead to a structural response with a similar return per...
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Development of future manufacturing systems is featured with flexibility, mass customization, intelligence and context based learning to produce smart products. These production systems are characterized through networked, cooperating objects called cyber physical systems (CPSs). From the manufacturing perspective, the ability to communicate data a...
Article
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Environmental contours are used to simplify the process of design response analysis. A wide variety of contour methods exist; however, there have been a very limited number of comparisons of these methods to date. This paper is the output of an open benchmarking exercise, in which contributors developed contours based on their preferred methods and...
Chapter
In den maritimen Logistikprozessen werden zwischen einer Vielzahl beteiligter Akteure verschiedene auftrags- und prozessbezogene Daten ausgetauscht, was ein erhebliches Verbesserungspotenzial durch digitale Dienstleistungen in der maritimen Logistikkette verspricht. Etablierte sequenzielle Vorgehensweisen des Service Engineerings sind nur bedingt d...
Conference Paper
With the growth of the world's population and depletion of limited resources, economic development is shifting from ‘take-make-waste’ linear model to a sustainable Circular Economic (CE) model. It is becoming essential to extend the useful life of products to avoid throwaways. In the manufacturing industry, this is especially relevant for long-life...
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The continuous acquisition of new digital competences and the development of situational learning assistance systems will become more important than ever in the coming years, because the world of work is becoming more complex, more informative and all above more data-driven. Jobs are changing due to increasing digitalisation, whereby the use of mod...
Conference Paper
The finite nature of energy resources forces animal feed producers to minimize their energy consumption. As a first step towards energy conservation, more transparency over the energy usage in compound feed plants is required. However, current feed processing strategies do not consider the high dynamics in products and process conditions, nor do th...
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Due to the impending threat of climate change, as well as omnipresent pressures to remain competitive in the global market, manufacturers are motivated to reduce the energy and resource consumption of their operations. Analysis of manufacturing data can enable large efficiency gains, but before the data can be analyzed, it must be acquired and proc...
Chapter
Why is it helpful to have a digital assistant? This question’s answer is not simple nor easy to find because artificial intelligence (AI) assistants, such as Alexa, Bixbi, or Siri, are amorphous compound technology and multi-purpose tools. Most of an assistant’s components provide unique benefits on their own. Mobility, voice interaction, the deleg...
Article
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The need to understand users and products is one of the cores for product success. There are many ways to reach this understanding,such as,interviews and consumer cocreation. This study put a focus on the application of product usage information (PUI). Although amount of product-related information is available in the middle of a product's life, pr...
Chapter
Für eine automatisierte Handhabung von technischen Textilien sind sensorierte Handhabungssysteme erforderlich. Diese geben z. B. Aufschluss über die Haltekraft beim Greifen eines trockenen technischen Textils. Die additive Fertigung unterstützt hierbei die Herstellung von komplexen Geometrien und gleichzeitig innerhalb des Druckprozesses Sensorik i...
Presentation
Full-text available
A presentation describing how to use the open source Python software package "virocon" to compute environmental contours when designing an offshore wind turbine.
Conference Paper
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The presentation deals with a finite element simulation approach to characterise the draping behaviour of 0/90° technical textiles. To meet the ever increasing demand for components with high strength and stiffness to weight ratio, composite materials are being used extensively (Himmel & Heß 2011). Although composite materials are generally manufac...
Article
Dieser Beitrag beschreibt eine Herangehensweise für eine Predictive Maintenance-Lösung, bei der die Bauteilabnutzung technischer Systeme mithilfe eines Sensorik-Toolkits erfasst und mittels eines Prognosetools überwacht wird. Die Sensorik als auch das Prognosetool müssen flexibel ausgelegt sein, damit sie zielführend an unterschiedlichen technische...
Article
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Technical textiles have the ability to deform under load by shearing, which distinguishes them from thin sheet materials such as paper. This particular property helps them to deform and take the shape of the complex part that they were intended to create. Draping, flexibility and handling of technical textiles are greatly affected by their shearing...
Article
Training simulators are fundamental for training in areas, such as aviation, medicine, and the military. While new applications emerge in conjunction with the development of human–machine interface (HMI) technologies, only a few applications for manufacturing processes are used in industrial practice. This study provides a literature review on simu...
Article
Predictive maintenance systems are socio-technical systems where the interaction between maintenance personnel and the technical system is critical to achieving maintenance goals. Employees who use a predictive maintenance system should explore, modify, and verify their analysis and decision-making methods and rules. Conventional modes of interacti...
Article
This study discusses a framework to support manufacturers in their maintenance activities via data-driven condition monitoring and advanced visualization techniques. Moreover, the framework proposes a user-friendly predictive maintenance approach by enabling the user to configure the analysis chains by himself. Apart from this approach, the framewo...
Article
Downtimes due to ice formation on rotor blades reduce the economic efficiency of wind turbines. An accurate ice prediction is required to operate active de-icing measures such as blade heating as an anti-icing system. Building upon our previous research, this paper proposes the use of a convolutional neural network model with dual inputs and one-di...
Article
Full-text available
The Less-Than-Truckload (LTL) is nowadays a common problem resulting from vehicle trucks that run partially filled. The LTL problem is escalated by the increase in small and individualized shipments, which are partly attributed to a paradigm shift towards customized products and services. In overcoming the LTL problem, one goal is to utilize idle s...
Article
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The Digital Twin is an evolving concept with many facets and applications in, for instance, engineering simulation, system control, and product-centric information management. This article focuses on the latter where literature uses the Product Avatar concept to refer to a product's digital counterpart. Such an avatar used to have one or more graph...
Article
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We propose a hybrid approach for peripheral device emulation of sensors on hardware platforms as well as hardware virtualization platforms. The proposed approach stems from challenges faced in IoT (Internet of Things) application development, namely, hardware selection and evaluation, software development for the hardware under consideration, and r...
Article
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Ice formation on rotor blades of wind turbines cause significant downtimes in cold regions. Existing ice sensors can detect, but cannot predict ice. Therefore, our research aims to develop an ice prediction system based on historical and forecasted data. In a first step, the detection process is analyzed in this research paper. Two machine learning...
Article
Full-text available
Testing systems are preliminary designed for specific use cases to validate the proper functional correctness of goods and complex products. Therefore, testing systems are highly focused on a specific functional purpose. The characteristic of a unique design in testing systems leads to high development and manufacturing costs of the testing system...
Book
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Subject-Oriented Business Process Management, S-BPM ONE 2020, held in Bremen, Germany, in December 2020. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic the conference was held online. The 10 full papers and 5 short papers were thoroughy reviewed and selected from 25 submissions. T...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
During the single blade installation of offshore wind turbines, relative motion between the blade root and turbine hub can cause a delay in the progression of the installation. This contribution presents the results of a monitoring campaign conducted during the installation of an offshore wind park in the North Sea. The campaign covered different s...
Conference Paper
To support order picking assistance systems are in use, as employees depend on a constant supply of information to guide them through the work process. In addition to conventional assistance systems such as picking lists or handhelds, the first Augmented Reality-based systems are already used, which allow virtual insertions into the field of vision...
Conference Paper
The heterogeneity of data in logistics processes is due to the use of different systems, standards and data repositories. The same information is codified differently making efforts to integrate data necessary. Information objects are typically used by different legacy systems and different standards may be applied in the global context of informat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The basic concept of a digital twin as widely used mandates the existence of an original counterpart-most commonly dubbed as "real"-which is represented by the digital instance. Subsequently, this coexistence of the real and digital twins poses a continuous interoperability issue between the physical and digital worlds. While in theory, the mapping...
Article
Full-text available
Current wind turbine rotor blades have a significant impact on the cost of the turbine, which is mainly a consequence of the manual process steps involved in blade production. The manual, labour-intensive production process leads to high tolerances and requires high safety and reliability factors. Especially in the case of offshore turbines with cu...
Conference Paper
Voice-enabled assistants, such as Alexa and Google Assistant, are among the fastest-growing information technology applications. Their technological foundation matured over the last years and reached a point where new application areas in challenging business environments become a certainty. Maintenance in manufacturing is one of these areas. This...
Conference Paper
Test processes of complex mechatronic systems became so heterogeneous that a direct knowledge transfer from test cases is necessary in the product lifecycle. In contrast to the necessity, the seamless access, exchange and direct usage of test case related knowledge is not feasible any longer considering the growth heterogeneity and corresponding ho...
Chapter
Many enterprises currently see big opportunities in applying or providing digital services. Regularly, effective solutions require a sound data basis, sometimes from different enterprises. For example, sharing of free capacities in production involves reliable data regarding the actual free capacities. Usually at least parts of the provided data ar...
Conference Paper
Digital Business-to-Business (B2B) platforms are increasingly playing an influential role in shaping business collaboration. Companies are relying more on such platforms to approach suppliers, customers, and service providers hence improving cross-sectoral collaboration and market reach. Digital platforms are including disruptive technologies such...
Chapter
Full-text available
Improvement in current manufacturing settings for enabling energy efficiency is a challenge for many manufacturers. Although virtual reality has been so far applied in manufacturing for training, visualization and product development, the use of this technology in manufacturing for increasing energy efficiency has been less addressed. This paper in...
Conference Paper
During single blade installation in offshore wind farms, relative motion between nacelle and blade root due to wind and wave excitation pose a significant challenge. Wave excitation can be modelled considerably well by employing state-of-the-art simulation tools and can, therefore, be included in installation planning. Other phenomena, such as flow...
Conference Paper
Applications such as the design of offshore wind turbines requires the estimation of the joint distribution of variables like wind speed, wave height and wave period. The joint distribution can then be used, for example, to define design load cases using the environmental contour method. Often the joint distribution is described using so-called glo...
Article
Full-text available
An operative and versatile household energy management system is proposed to develop and implement demand response (DR) projects. These are under the hybrid generation of the energy storage system (ESS), photovoltaic (PV), and electric vehicles (EVs) in the smart grid (SG). Existing household energy management systems cannot offer its users a choic...
Conference Paper
Supplier development describes the attempts of an original equipment manufacturer's to enhance the capabilities and performance of its supplier. These improvement attempts aim at a variety of aspects like quality management, product development, delivery time, and cost reduction. Since supplier development requires the investments of manufactures,...
Preprint
Improvement in current manufacturing settings for enabling energy efficiency is a challenge for many manufacturers. Although virtual reality has been so far applied in manufacturing for training, visualization and product development, the use of this technology in manufacturing for increasing energy efficiency has been less addressed. This paper in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Over the last year, there was rarely a day without industry announcing a new project involving Digital Twins or a scholarly publication with Digital Twin in the title. However, given the novelty of the concept and the pace of these developments, there are several fundamental open questions yet to be answered. In this paper, we take a step back and...
Article
In the design process of marine structures like offshore wind turbines the long-term distribution of significant wave height needs to be modelled to estimate loads. This is typically done by fitting a translated Weibull distribution to wave data. However, the translated Weibull distribution often fits well at typical values, but poorly at high wave...
Chapter
High tidal ranges pose a significant challenge for affected ports. Waterway locks ensure sufficient water levels but their use often coincides with a loss of water in the harbour basins. As an alternative to energy-intensive pumping stations, it is desirable to fill the port naturally, e.g., by opening the lock gates at high tides. Unfortunately, t...
Article
Digitale Zwillinge verbinden und erweitern die bisherigen digitalen Modelle in der Entwicklung mit den neuartigen Datenströmen des operativen Betriebs von Produkten, Maschinen und Dienstleistungen. Digitale Zwillinge werden die Produktentstehung nachhaltig verändern und neue Geschäfts- und Wertschöpfungsmodelle ermöglichen. (Read More: https://www....
Article
Full-text available
Steigende Abhängigkeiten in heutigen Wertschöpfungsketten und innovative Geschäftsmodelle lassen die organisatorische Abgrenzung produktbezogener Aufgaben und Leistungen zusehends verschwimmen. Dieser Beitrag versucht systematisch aufzuzeigen, wie Digitale Zwillinge im Kontext unternehmensübergreifender Geschäftsmodelle und Anwendungen gestaltet we...