Klaske Van Norren

Klaske Van Norren
Wageningen University & Research | WUR · Nutrition and Pharma, Human Nutrition

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111
Publications
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5,810
Citations
Citations since 2017
30 Research Items
2300 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300400

Publications

Publications (111)
Article
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Background: Cachexia-anorexia syndrome is a complex metabolic condition characterized by skeletal muscle wasting, reduced food intake and prominent involvement of systemic and central inflammation. Here, the gut barrier function was investigated in pancreatic cancer-induced cachexia mouse models by relating intestinal permeability to the degree of...
Article
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Targeted exercise combined with nutritional and pharmacological strategies is commonly considered to be the most optimal strategy to reduce the development and progression of cachexia. For COPD patients, this multi-targeted treatment has shown beneficial effects. However, in many, physical activity is seriously hampered by frailty and fatigue. In t...
Article
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Background: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a rare progressive and lethal disease affecting pulmonary arteries and heart function. The disease may compromise the nutritional status of the patient, which impairs their physical performance. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of micronutrient deficiencies in pulmonary arterial hypertension (...
Article
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Muscle wasting is a frequently observed, inflammation-driven condition in aging and disease, known as sarcopenia and cachexia. Current treatment strategies target the muscle directly and are often not able to reverse the process. Because a reduced gut function is related to systemic inflammation, this might be an indirect target to ameliorate muscl...
Article
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Introduction: Strenuous physical stress induces a range of physiological responses, the extent depending, among others, on the nature and severity of the exercise, a person's training level and overall physical resilience. This principle can also be used in an experimental set-up by measuring time-dependent changes in biomarkers for physiological...
Preprint
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Background Cancer cachexia is a complex and multi-factorial syndrome. As currently available therapeutic options are limited, more in-depth knowledge on cachexia pathophysiology and the underlying molecular mechanisms remains warranted. Studies with animal models provide useful insights but they only mimic the human situation to a certain degree. F...
Article
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Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) elicits anti-proliferative effects on different tumor cells, including those derived from breast cancer. PPARγ is also expressed in several cells of the breast tumor microenvironment, among which tumor associated macrophages (TAMs) play a pivotal role in tumor progression and me...
Article
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Long-term use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) is common in patients with muscle wasting-related chronic diseases. We explored the hypothesis that the use of PPIs may contribute to a reduction in muscle mass and function in these patients. Literature indicates that a PPI-induced reduction in acidity of the gastrointestinal tract can decrease the ab...
Article
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Dietary supplementation with ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) has been reported to enhance the sensitivity of tumor cells towards chemotherapy. Most enhancing effects are described for ω-3 PUFAs EPA and DHA; less evidence is available with the intermediate DPA. We studied the chemotherapy enhancing effects of EPA, DPA and DHA in murine colon...
Article
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Background: Dietary supplementation with leucine and fish oil rich in omega-3 fatty acids docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) has previously been shown to reduce cachexia-related outcomes in C26 tumour-bearing mice. To further explore associated processes and mechanisms we investigated changes in plasma Ca2+ levels, the invo...
Article
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Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by remodelling of the pulmonary arteries and right ventricle (RV), which leads to functional decline of cardiac and skeletal muscle. This study investigated the effects of a multi-targeted nutritional intervention with extra protein, leucine, fish oil and oligosaccharides on cardiac and skeleta...
Article
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Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive disease primarily affecting the pulmonary vasculature and heart. PAH patients suffer from exercise intolerance and fatigue, negatively affecting their quality of life. This review summarizes current insights in the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying PAH. It zooms in on the potential invol...
Article
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Background & aims: Plasma citrulline concentration is considered to be a marker for enterocyte metabolic mass and to reflect its reduction as may occur during intestinal dysfunction. Strenuous exercise can act as a stressor to induce small intestinal injury. Our previous studies suggest that this comprises the intestinal ability to produce citrull...
Article
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Cancer-induced cachexia has a negative impact on quality of life and adversely affects therapeutic outcomes and survival rates. It is characterized by, often severe, loss of muscle, with or without loss of fat mass. Insight in the pathophysiology of this complex metabolic syndrome and direct treatment options are still limited, which creates a rese...
Article
There is no evidence that Hippocrates, although being credited for it, ever literally stated 'let thy food be thy medicine and thy medicine be thy food'. However, yet in line with Hippocrates' philosophy, we are currently witnessing a reappraisal of the complementarity of nutrition and pharmacology. Recent studies not only underline the therapeutic...
Article
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Background & aims: It has been suggested that anabolic resistance, or a blunted protein synthetic response to anabolic stimuli, contributes to the failure of muscle mass maintenance in older adults. The amino acid leucine is one of the most prominent food-related anabolic stimuli. However, data on muscle protein synthesis (MPS) after administratio...
Article
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Background: Chemotherapeutic treatment is regularly accompanied by side-effects. Hydrophilic chemotherapeutics such as capecitabine and oxaliplatin (CAPOX), often used in colorectal cancer treatment, predominantly accumulate in non-adipose tissues. From this we hypothesized that body composition and fat infiltration in the muscle (muscle attenuatio...
Data
Oxidative metabolic characterization of Caco-2 cells proliferated and differentiated in glucose- and galactose-containing medium. Caco-2 cells were proliferated in DMEM-glucose or DMEM-galactose for 10 days, after which mitochondrial structures were visualized with the EVOS FL Color Imaging System. Pictures were taken using a 60x objective, scale b...
Article
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Objective:In vivo studies suggest that intestinal barrier integrity is dependent on mitochondrial ATP production. Here, we aim to provide mechanistic support, using an in vitro model mimicking the oxidative in vivo situation. Methods: Human Caco-2 cells were cultured for 10 days in culture flasks or for 14 days on transwell inserts in either glucos...
Article
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Background: Inadequate intake of micronutrients with antioxidant properties is common among older adults and has been associated with higher risk of frailty, adverse functional outcome, and impaired muscle health. However, a causal relationship is less well known. The aim was to determine in old mice the impact of reduced dietary intake of vitamin...
Article
Purpose of review: In cancer patients, the development of cachexia (muscle wasting) is frequently aggravated by anorexia (loss of appetite). Their concurrence is often referred to as anorexia-cachexia syndrome. This review focusses on the recent evidence underlining hypothalamic inflammation as key driver of these processes. Special attention is g...
Data
Supporting Information Table S1. Composition of the different diets
Data
Supporting Information Figure S1 (A) Food intake was measured during one week for ±20 mice per intervention group. For the INT and the MF/INT groups food intake during the ad libitum MF week and during 40E% CR week are presented; (B) Actogram presenting the mean daily activity of mice from the different intervention groups recorded during 3 executi...
Data
Supporting Information Table S3. Top‐25 up‐ and down‐regulated genes in 24‐month‐old INT‐fed mice compared to CR and MF‐exposed mice of the same age respectively
Data
Supporting Information Table S2. Pathological report of the cause of death or eutanisation of the mice in the different intervention groups.
Data
Supporting Information Table S4. 148 genes displaying differential expression between MF and INT‐exposed mice revealing that do not addapt to the INT diet in the MF/INT diet switch group
Data
Supporting Information Table S5. 1510 genes displaying differential expression between MF and INT‐exposed mice revealing adaptation to the INT diet in the MF/INT diet switch group
Article
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Controlled studies on the effect of exercise on intestinal uptake of protein are scarce and underlying mechanisms largely unclear. We studied the uptake of the major allergen Ara h 6 following peanut consumption in an exercise model and compared this with changes in markers of intestinal permeability and integrity. Ten overnight-fasted healthy non-...
Article
Scope: Calorie restriction (CR) has been shown to extend life- and health-span in model species. For most humans, a life-long CR diet is too arduous to adhere to. The aim of this study was to explore whether weekly intermittent CR can 1) provide long-term beneficial effects and 2) counteract diet-induced obesity in male aging mice. Methods and re...
Article
Strenuous exercise induces different stress-related physiological changes, potentially including changes in intestinal barrier function. In the Protégé Study (ISRCTN14236739; www.isrctn.com) we determined the test-retest repeatability in responses to exercise in well-trained individuals. Eleven well-trained males (27 ± 4 years old) completed an exe...
Article
Some studies have suggested that allergens may appear in the circulation after ingestion of allergenic food sources. The reported levels of allergen in serum, however, are low, and conclusions between studies differ. Here, we investigated factors that determine the detection of allergens in serum after consumption of peanuts. Ten healthy volunteers...
Article
Ageing is associated with sarcopenia, a progressive decline of skeletal muscle mass, muscle quality and muscle function. Reduced sensitivity of older muscles to respond to anabolic stimuli, i.e. anabolic resistance, is part of the underlying mechanisms. Although, muscle parameters have been studied in mice of various ages/strains; the aim was to st...
Article
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Exercise is one of the external factors associated with impairment of intestinal integrity, possibly leading to increased permeability and altered absorption. Here, we aimed to examine to what extent endurance exercise in the glycogen‐depleted state can affect intestinal permeability toward small molecules and protein‐derived peptides in relation t...
Article
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Background: Anorexia can occur as a serious complication of disease. Increasing evidence suggests that inflammation plays a major role, along with a hypothalamic dysregulation characterized by locally elevated serotonin levels. The present study was undertaken to further explore the connections between peripheral inflammation, anorexia and hypotha...
Article
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Antioxidant (AOX) deficiencies are commonly observed in older adults and oxidative stress has been suggested to contribute to sarcopenia. Here we investigate if 1) low levels of dietary antioxidants had a negative impact on parameters of muscle mass, function and quality, and 2) to study if nutritional interventions with AOX and/or leucine-enriched...
Article
Background: Jejunal feeding is preferred instead of gastric feeding in patients who are intolerant to gastric feeding or at risk of aspiration. However, the impact of gastric feeding compared with that of jejunal feeding on postprandial circulating plasma glucose and amino acid concentrations and the associated endocrine response in vivo in humans...
Article
Dietary protein is required to attenuate the loss of muscle mass and to support recovery during a period of hospitalization. Jejunal feeding is preferred over gastric feeding in patients who are intolerant of gastric feeding. However, the impact of gastric vs. jejunal feeding on postprandial dietary protein digestion and absorption kinetics in vivo...
Article
Anorexia is a common symptom in chronic illness. It contributes to malnutrition and strongly affects survival and quality of life. A common denominator of many chronic diseases is an elevated inflammatory status, which is considered to play a pivotal role in the failure of food-intake regulating systems in the hypothalamus. In this review, we summa...
Data
Figure S2. Blots showing the proteins and phosphorylated proteins of the mTOR pathway. The 2 blots at the bottom are stained with Coomassie.
Data
Table S2. The provided food and measured food intake. * the portion of 58.5 kcal/week food intake resulted in a great weight loss in this young group of CR mice, which was not allowed ethically. Therefore, the food restriction was adjusted to 75-80% for the first 2 months of CR (age 2-4 month).
Data
Figure S1. An overview of the context of the measured parameters. For abbreviations see list of abbreviations.
Article
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Background: In rodent models, caloric restriction (CR) with maintenance of adequate micronutrient supply has been reported to increase lifespan and to reduce age-induced muscle loss (sarcopenia) during ageing. In the present study, we further investigated effects of CR on the onset and severity of sarcopenia in ageing male C57BL/6 J mice. The aim...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Anorexia is a common symptom among cancer patients and contributes to malnutrition and strongly impinges on quality of life. Cancer-induced anorexia is thought to be caused by an inability of food intake-regulating systems in the hypothalamus to respond adequately to negative energy balance during tumour growth. Here, we show that this...
Article
A serious complication seen in critically ill patients is the solidification of enteral nutrition causing gastrointestinal obstruction. It has been suggested that enteral nutrition enriched with insoluble fibers may increase the risk of this complication. Therefore, we investigate the effect of soluble and insoluble dietary fibers on the coagulatio...
Article
Background. Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. While inflammation is an important aspect of muscle wasting diseases, little is known about the body composition in AD patients. Purpose. To assess whether adults with moderate to severe AD have a lower body mass index (BMI) compared to controls and if this is as a result of...
Article
DHEA (N-docosahexaenoylethanolamine) is the ethanolamine conjugate of the long chain polyunsaturated n-3 fatty acid DHA (docosahexaenoic; 22 : 6n-3). Its concentration in animal tissues and human plasma increases when diets rich in fish or krill oil are consumed. DHEA displays anti-inflammatory properties in vitro and was found to be released durin...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Appetite is frequently affected in cancer patients leading to anorexia and consequently insufficient food intake. In this study, we report on hypothalamic gene expression profile of a cancer-cachectic mouse model with increased food intake. In this model, mice bearing C26 tumour have an increased food intake subsequently to the loss of...
Article
Delayed gastric emptying limits the administration of enteral nutrition, leading to malnutrition, which is associated with higher mortality and morbidity. Currently available prokinetics have limitations in terms of sustained efficacy and side effects. To summarise the mechanisms of action and to discuss the possible utility of gastrointestinal hor...
Article
Introduction: Solidification of enteral nutrition may cause gastrointestinal obstruction, with severe complications. The effect of the composition of enteral nutrition on the tendency of casein to coagulate is increasingly acknowledged and new formulas may prevent solidification. To recognize patients in need of specific enteral nutrition, we have...
Article
Background & aims: A carbohydrate (CHO) drink given preoperatively changes the fasted state into a fed state. The ESPEN guidelines for perioperative care include preoperative CHO loading and re-establishment of oral feeding as early as possible after surgery. An intestinal ischaemia reperfusion (IR) animal model was used to investigate whether pre...
Article
Background. The immunomodulatory nutritional product NR100157 was developed for human immunodefi-ciency virus (HIV)–infected individuals. We hypothesized that targeting the compromised gastrointestinal tract of HIV-infected individuals would result in systemic immunological benefits. Methods. In a multicenter, randomized, controlled, double-blind t...
Article
Evidence accumulates that a family of plant compounds, known as flavonoids, can prevent or slow down the progression of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, inflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases. Flavonoids are considered beneficial, this is often attributed to their powerful antioxidant properties. In this role, certain types of flavonoids are c...
Article
Full-text available
Cancer cachexia, which is characterized by muscle wasting, is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Because muscle protein synthesis may be increased and protein breakdown reduced by leucine supplementation, we used the C26 tumor-bearing cachectic mouse model to assess the effects of dietary supplementation with leucine on muscle weigh...
Article
Full-text available
The intestinal immune system is severely affected by HIV and circulating microbial products from the intestinal tract that provide an ongoing source of systemic inflammation and concomitant viral replication. In addition, HIV-infected individuals can have a deregulated immune response that may hamper the anti-viral capacity of the host. Various pro...