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K.Kuperan Viswanathan

K.Kuperan Viswanathan
Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Malaysia · Othman Yeop Abdullah Graduate School of Business

PhD, Univ. of Rhode Island,USA

About

92
Publications
50,508
Reads
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3,429
Citations
Citations since 2017
26 Research Items
1622 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
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Introduction
Fisheries Governance and Regulations and Compliance with regulations. Focus is on the use of Community based management approaches for improving fisheries governance and regulations. We use a number of survey methods and case studies to document fisheries management and compliance with regulations. Currently I am looking at the issues of Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated fishing in the developing world and the political economy of IUU fishing.
Additional affiliations
February 2011 - February 2020
Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Malaysia
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • Teaching, Research and Consulting in the areas of Sustainable Economic Development, Regulatory Compliance and Co-management of Natural Resources and the Environment.
July 2010 - January 2011
Universiti Utara Malaysia
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • Teaching Economics and Management and Research and Consulting in that area.
January 2008 - June 2010
Asian Development Bank
Position
  • Regional Economist
Description
  • Regional Economist analyzing information needs for the coral triangle initiative.
Education
January 1989 - December 1992
University of Rhode Island
Field of study
  • Marine Resource Economics
March 1985 - March 1987
University of New England (Australia)
Field of study
  • Master of Economics(Resource Management)
July 1976 - May 1980
Universiti Putra Malaysia
Field of study
  • BSc. Resource Economics

Publications

Publications (92)
Article
Full-text available
The fisheries sector is a vital sector for Southeast Asian (ASEAN) nations as it provides a source of protein and employment to the people. However, the ASEAN fisheries sector also encounters several conflict issues. Fisheries conflicts are common in Southeast Asian nations and are dangerous if left unaddressed. Such conflicts can destroy the livel...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the impact of the domestic and global outbreak of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on the trading size of the Malaysian stock (MS) market. The theoretical model posits that stock markets are affected by their response to disasters and events that arise in the international or local environments, as well as to several fina...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes the impacts of and responses to COVID-19 of small-scale fisheries in six selected countries in Southeast Asia, including Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam. The paper used a structured case study approach to analyse the impacts and responses and relied heavily on existing reports and data sources i...
Article
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Fisheries are important to Sarawak's economy. Fisheries provide job opportunities and income to the people besides contributing to Sarawak's gross domestic product. Sarawak's fisheries can be divided into marine capture fisheries and aquaculture. In this paper, we discuss the status of Sarawak fisheries. Moreover, challenges of fisheries in Sarawak...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this study is to analyze and compare the impact of project-factors and organization-factors on five indicators of project performance for small and medium enterprise (SME) and large construction contracting firms that are fully responsible for the successful completion of the projects. The five performance indicators are time...
Article
Full-text available
Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing account for some USD6 billion of fish catch a year and thus bring significant losses to the economies of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) fishing nations. In this paper, a framework incorporating economics, social and institutional drivers for addressing IUU fishing is presented. T...
Article
The Pollution Haven Hypothesis (PHH) claims that following the international trade, developing countries tend to specialize and export pollution-intensive goods to advanced countries. The current study examines the PHH claim in the context of exports of the six major ASEAN countries to Japan in the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) framework for th...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose To provide a sound understanding of Zakah compliance behaviour, this paper aims to shed light on the relationships between Zakah system fairness, Zakah morale, peer influence and law enforcement with Zakah compliance behaviour among entrepreneurs. Design/methodology/approach The underpinning model used in this paper is the socio-economic t...
Preprint
Full-text available
AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF ANTHROPOGENIC CLIMATE CHANGE ON RICE PRODUCTION IN MALAYSIA
Article
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Up to now, no individual study on Kuwait with respect to the underground economy and tax evasion has been conducted using the recent adjusted form of currency demand function model (CDFM) before. This paper estimates the size of underground economy behind tax evasion from 1991: Q1 to 2010: Q4. It applies the Zivot-Andrews (ZA) procedure for the sta...
Article
Full-text available
Subsidies are a form of support provided to consumers and producers by government to enhance the welfare. Fishers in Malaysia receive various type of subsidies. Fisheries subsidies however are a challenge because it can work against fishers’ welfare if the fisheries subsidies lead to over fishing and resource depletion. In this paper, we explore th...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Up to now a country-specific study on Qatar with respect to underground economy, illegal money and tax evasion has not been undertaken. This paper aims to contribute by separately estimating the magnitude of the underground economy in Qatar from 1980 to 2010 using adjusted currency demand function. Design/methodology/approach The study use...
Article
Full-text available
Improved estimates of the Malaysian Shadow Economy (SE), illegal money and corrections to the magnitude of SE using the ARDL technique based on the modified Currency Demand Function Model (CDFM) from 1972 to 2012 are provided in this paper. This study rectifies the failure in previous studies to capture the positive and symmetric relationships betw...
Article
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This research article investigates the impact of democracy on peak turning point of the environmental Kuznets curve in the context of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries that have different levels of development and democracy. For this purpose, time-series data for the period of 1980–2014 have been employed. The empirical...
Article
Full-text available
Fisheries trade is crucial to a country as it provides employment and income for the fishers and person indirectly involved in fisheries. The objective of fisheries trade is to provide opportunities to fishers to reach wider markets and obtain greater value for their produce. Extensive catch of fisheries stocks is carried out to increase the trade...
Article
The objective of this research is to analyze the relationships of project-related and organizational-related factors with five dimensions of project performance across different sectors of the construction industry. Data collected from the project managers and directors of 360 construction firms in Malaysia were analyzed using multiple-regression t...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates the presence of environmental kuznets curve (EKC) for green house gases (GHG) measured by CO2 emission in Malaysia for the period 1970 to 2011. The study also examines the potential of the renewable source of energy to contain GHG. The long-run significant positive coefficient of GDP indicates that the GHG are increasing wit...
Article
Full-text available
This paper evaluates the theoretical and empirical basis of the pollution haven hypothesis (PHH) and porter hypothesis (PH). The PHH claims that owing to international trade and foreign direct investment (FDI), the developing countries have become the pollution haven for the advanced countries. The PH portraits an opposite picture than the PHH. Acc...
Article
Full-text available
Microsavings practices are as old as human history: informal savings opportunities such as 'Susu' and rotating savings and credit associations (ROSCAS) have been in existence for time immemorial. Hence, savings pre-dates loans as even before the advent of the modern day medium of exchange people made provision for the 'rainy days' which today, help...
Article
Full-text available
The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the relevancy of environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis to the environment problem of today world. According to EKC hypothesis, continuous economic growth eventually reverses the environmental degradation created at the early stage of economic development. This hypothesis emerged in the 1990s and...
Article
This study examines the present salary system, incentives and reward provided in the company. If the employees are not satisfied with the salary structure provided by the company, the performance level will not improve as expected by the higher authorities. The data utilized in this study were obtained from both primary and secondary sources. While...
Article
Microcredit refers to small amount of loan given to the low income earners and poor who are financially excluded by the conventional commercial banks on account of their lack of collateral and or credit history, so that they can enjoy self-employment, income generation and poverty reduction. The number of microcredit beneficiaries in Northwest, Nig...
Article
Full-text available
Microcredit refers to small amount of loan given to the low income earners and poor who are financially excluded by the conventional commercial banks on account of their lack of collateral and or credit history, so that they can enjoy self-employment, income generation and poverty reduction. The number of microcredit beneficiaries in Northwest, Nig...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: This paper will examine the effects of artificial reefs on the income of fishermen in Kuala Kedah and Pulau Langkawi, Kedah.Design/methodology/approach: The method used was based on interviews with fishermen in Kuala Kedah and Pulau Langkawi in Kedah. Interview questions were prepared and carried out pilot tests in advance to see the appro...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the economic and environmental impacts of fisheries subsidies on the small scale fisheries in Malaysia. The data for this study was obtained from interviews with 246 fishers from Kedah,Terengganu and Selangor states using a structured questionnaire. The study found that fishing effort and catch was significantly higher for comme...
Article
The sustainability of marine ecosystem has become a major concern the government; however, the implementation of sustainability-based fisheries management has not been fully carried out and well controlled. Therefore, having a concept of ecosystem-based fisheries management (EBFM) is essential in protecting it preserved. The aim of this study was t...
Article
Full-text available
The dynamics of the global competition patterns and world economy are encouraging construction firms to expand into emerging economies. Entry modes and its predictors have been the subjects of interest in international market strategic management research which is nonetheless lacking in the construction firms. This paper seeks to identify the entry...
Article
Full-text available
Land compensation arising from relocation is a contested issue due to a lack of agreement on the levels of compensation by settlers. The effects of use values and non-use values on land compensation gap in Bakun Hydroelectric Dam in Sarawak, Malaysia are examined in this study. Multinomial Logit econometric estimators are used to examine the land c...
Article
Full-text available
The dynamics of the global competition patterns and world economy are encouraging construction firms to expand into emerging economies. Entry modes and its predictors have been the subjects of interest in international market strategic management research which is nonetheless lacking in the construction firms. This paper seeks to identify the entry...
Article
We examine the impact of the Community Based Fisheries Management (CBFM) on welfare of fishing households in Bangladesh. Our analyses demonstrate how the various types of livelihood assets contribute to household income of fishers in different types of water body areas such as closed beels (deeper depressions in the floodplain), open beels (lake),...
Article
Full-text available
Compensation to indigenous communities forced to relocate as a result of a development project is examined in this study. A survey of 379 families displaced by the construction of the Bakun Dam in Sarawak, Malaysia, reveals a high level of dissatisfaction with the compensation provided. The compensation given by the government to the relocated indi...
Article
Fisheries management involves balancing the competing demands of different users of fishery resources. Conflicts among fisheries stakeholders arise due to differences in power, interests, values, priorities, and manner of resource exploitation. Conflicts also emanate from institutional failures in managing fisheries and enforcing laws and regulatio...
Article
Full-text available
This study analysis the need for more research on marine protected areas and how regulation and recreational activities of marine protected areas, using fish stock indicators. Secondary data was collected from the Department of Fisheries Kedah and Department of Marine Park, Kedah, Malaysia. The finding shows that the key elements for good managemen...
Article
This paper examines the impact of Community Based Fisheries Management (CBFM) on fishing households’ welfare in Bangladesh. It analyses how the various types of livelihood assets contribute to fishers’ household incomes. The study found that fishers in CBFM project areas have improved their access to different assets including social, human, physic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Weak governance has been recognized as the main cause of overfishing in the waters of Southeast Asian region although the rise in population and the poverty levels of fishers with limited alternative employment are important drivers for the overfishing pressure. Promoting effective governance which will encompass new and more effective institutiona...
Article
Full-text available
The problem of extending the near acoustic field of a high-speed jet to the far field is considered. This is akin to the problem of analytic continuation in complex variable. Analytic continuation is the extension of an analytic function in a limited domain to a larger domain. The general continuation problem involving acoustic sources enclosed by...
Conference Paper
The problem of extending the near acoustic field of a high-speed jet to the far field is considered. This is akin to the problem of analytic continuation in complex variable. Analytic continuation is the extension of an analytic function in a limited domain to a larger domain. The general continuation problem involving acoustic sources enclosed by...
Article
Full-text available
Non-compliance with regulation is a major problem that undermines the effectiveness of the coastal fisheries management in Bangladesh. The result of non-compliance with regulation is over fishing, resource depletion, habitat degradation and resource use conflicts. From a management perspective, it is important to examine the level and causes of non...
Article
Full-text available
The primary objective of this investigation is to determine experimentally the sources of jet mixing noise. In the present study, four different approaches are used. It is reasonable to assume that the characteristics of the noise sources are imprinted on their radiation fields. Under this assumption, it becomes possible to analyse the characterist...
Article
The management of fishing capacity—in both inland and marine fisheries—is a major policy concern in most countries in Southeast Asia. Excess capacity leads to a number of negative impacts, such as resource use conflicts, overfishing, environmental degradation, economic wastage, and security threats. This paper presents the results of a regional stu...
Article
Full-text available
"Fisheries co-management as an alternative to centralised command and control fisheries management is often suggested as a solution to the problems of fisheries resource use conflicts and overexploitation. Various researchers have talked of the importance of studying the role of transaction costs between different institutional arrangements for man...
Article
The non-compliance attitude with the fishing regulations of the Iranian fishermen in three provinces of Khuzestan, Bushehr, and Hormozgan along the Persian Gulf was investigated. By using a questionnaire and a stratified random sample method, a total of 566 fishermen were interviewed. The legitimacy variables (outcome and process) that can explain...
Article
Driven by the scarcity of natural resources, gradually deteriorated domestic environmental quality as well as health-related risk of applying excessive chemical inputs to producers and consumers, compounded by the increasing pressure from the international market for more stringent product standard requirements on Sarawak Pepper (the trade name of...
Article
Experimental investigations, both at model and engine scales, constitute the primary means of gaining quantitative and qualitative information on jet noise, because a complete theory capable of predicting the spectral characteristics at all radiation angles is not available even for the simplest geometry of a round jet. It is of paramount importanc...
Article
Full-text available
The analysis of technical efficiency in developing country agriculture is well established but has been overlooked for developing country commercial marine fisheries. Policies raising technical efficiency in agriculture are viewed as uniformly positive but are a mixed blessing in fisheries due to the open-access property right and common-pool resou...
Article
Full-text available
"Fisheries conflicts are among the persistent problems affecting the security of food, livelihoods and fishing environments crucial to poor fishing communities in developing countries in South and Southeast Asia. Most conflicts arise from excessive fishing efforts due to increasing population and economic motivations. Conflicts are not all undesira...
Article
Full-text available
The relationship between productive efficiency and sustainable development of fishing industries in developing countries has received little attention. Ill-structured property rights in common-pool resources lead to a contradiction between private and social technical efficiency, with private and social costs dependent on the level of technical eff...
Article
Experimental measurements indicate that the noise radiated-from a jet depends not just on the jet-exit velocity alone, but is significantly affected by the jet temperature. Now, there is evidence to support the proposition that jet mixing noise consists of two principal components. These are the noise from the large turbulence structures of the jet...
Article
Policy choice and policy design need to take account of transaction costs in order to increase the efficiency and sustainability of policies. However, transaction costs must first be measured to be included in the evaluation of alternative environmental or natural resource policies. While a number of studies measure transaction costs, there has bee...
Article
Full-text available
The approaches to fisheries management were not without problems when implemented. Conflicts arise due to diversity of interests, values, priorities and manners of exploitation amongst resource users. Conflicts also emanate from institutional failures in managing the fisheries and enforcing laws and regulations. The FishCom is a structured particip...
Chapter
This book analyses the functions, content, methods, findings and impact of social and cultural research carried out by the worldwide network of 16 international agricultural research centres of the CGIAR. It brings together the perspectives of 50 eminent scholars and social researchers from 30 countries working within the centres or in outside acad...
Article
During the last decade the co-management concept has gained increasing acceptance as a potential way forward to improve fisheries management performance. It has, however, at the same time become increasingly evident that the co-management concept is not clearly defined and means very different things to different people. In this article, we attempt...
Book
Full-text available
National and intergovernmental regulation of fisheries has not prevented many failures of fisheries management around the world. New approaches to improving the environmental sustainability of fisheries have included the certification of fisheries harvested by sustainable means, and the ecolabelling of fish and seafood products from certified fishe...
Article
Full-text available
"Fisheries are complex and interdependent ecological and social systems that require integrated management approaches. The actions of one person or group of users affect the availability of the resource for others. Managing such common pool resources requires conscious efforts by a broad range of stakeholders to organize and craft rules enabling eq...
Technical Report
Full-text available
SocMon is a set of guidelines for establishing a socioeconomic monitoring program at a coastal management site in Southeast Asia. The guidelines provide a prioritized list of socioeconomic indicators useful to coastal managers as well as the questions for data collection and the tables for data analysis. It is expected that the guidelines will be t...
Article
Full-text available
Excess capacity and overfishing are problems in the open-access, common-pool fisheries of the Java Sea. Data development analysis is used to estimate excess fishing capacity and the number of vessels to decommission in three Java Sea fisheries of Indonesia, the purse seine, mini purse seine, and longline. First- and second-best policy measures are...
Article
The countries of Southeast Asia, ie Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam, have a current population of over 510 million, of whom approximately 35 percent live below the poverty line. The population of these nine countries is expected to reach 650 million by the year 2020. The average fish consumptio...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT Current fisheries management,approaches based on centralised government,intervention have proven inadequate to deal with the present management and cannot meet its objectives including reverting stock depletion, resolving user-group conflicts, increase profitability and prevent social disruption. There is no easy solution to this problem....
Chapter
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The aquatic ecosystem work of the Challenge Program (CP) on Water and Food will seek to develop and apply systems of management that sustain and, where possible, enhance the benefits to people from these systems as an integral part of approaches to improving water productivity at the basin level. It will do so through analysis, development and diss...
Article
Full-text available
Fishing skill is perceived to play a crucial role in catching fish. The question arises for fishery managers as to whether or not there are observable and measurable attributes of the skipper or vessel that can be monitored and regulated to account for skipper skill and, hence, this source of fishing capacity. Equating technical efficiency with ski...
Article
Full-text available
The question arises for fishery managers as to whether or not there are observable and measurable attributes of the skipper or vessel that fishery managers can monitor and possibly regulate to control expansions in fishing capacity from this source. T his paper addresses this neglected issue of resource management through a case study of the trawle...
Article
Full-text available
Fisheries co-management starts with the premise that stakeholders have the innate capacity to improve resource condition as well as the welfare of the society. If this is true, there is a need for rapid and substantial devolution of fishe ries management institutions. The main purpose of this study was to examine net welfare change to society as a...
Book
Full-text available
It is generally accepted that co-management systems are more cost-effective than centralized management of natural resources. However, no attempts have been made to empirically verify the transaction costs involved in fisheries co-management. Some estimates of transaction costs of fisheries co-management in San Salvador Island, Philippines, are pre...
Article
Full-text available
An enriched theoretical model of regulatory compliance is developed in this paper. The body of empirical evidence demonstrates that the pure deterrence model of regulatory compliance, which focuses primarily on the certainty and severity of sanctions as key determinants of compliance, provides only a partial explanation of compliance behavior. To o...
Article
Full-text available
Fisheries co-management as an alternative to centralized command and control fisheries management is often suggested as a solution to the problems of fisheries resource use conflicts and overexploitation. This paper highlights some elements of the transaction costs under a fisheries co-management system. The transaction costs can be categorized int...
Article
This study adds to the limited body of empirical evidence on the effect that legitimacy and deterrence have on compliance behavior. The theoretical models of compliance behavior tested include the basic deterrence model, which focuses on the certainty and severity of sanctions as key determinants of compliance, and models which integrate economic t...