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Kirthinath Ballal

Kirthinath Ballal

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19
Publications
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154
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Publications

Publications (19)
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Although most of the disease burden is due to tobacco smoking, smokeless tobacco (SLT) use contributed to an estimated 76,000 deaths in 2017. We have studied the potential risk factors for SLT use among adolescents in South India. Methods A cross-sectional questionnaire survey of all students in grades 6 to 8 in schools in the Udupi d...
Article
Full-text available
Background Exposure to tobacco imagery in films causes young people to start smoking. Popular Indian films contain high levels of tobacco imagery, but those that do are required by law to display onscreen health warnings when smoking imagery occurs and to include other health promotion messaging before and during the film. We report a prospective c...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Exposure to smoking in films is a recognised cause of smoking uptake among children. In India, in an attempt to protect children, films containing smoking are required to include tobacco control messaging including audiovisual disclaimers, on-screen health warnings when tobacco imagery is displayed and antitobacco 'health spots' before...
Article
Full-text available
Background: India is the largest provider of generic medications globally. Despite this, several essential medicines remain inaccessible to majority of the general population, due to poor awareness, unavailability of drugs, distrust about the quality of the medicines, poor policy implementation and inadequate recommendation by doctors.Methods: A co...
Article
Full-text available
Background Exposure to smoking in films causes smoking uptake among adolescents. Investigation of the extent to which tobacco imagery appears, or tobacco control laws are complied with in Indian films is limited, and especially so for films in regional languages. This study presents an analysis of tobacco content and compliance with tobacco control...
Article
Full-text available
Background & objectives: Child-Pugh score (CPS) is a widely used prognostic marker in cases of cirrhosis and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, the role of this score in the quantification of severity of PAH is not well studied. In mild cases, echocardiography is more sensitive. This study was done to assess the association between ech...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Tobacco consumption is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality all over the world. This habit is increasingly being taken up at an early age. Various factors have been implicated for the uptake of the habit including inadequate knowledge and unfavorable attitude. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted in urban...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Complete blood picture is the first and foremost investigation ordered for evaluation of acute infectious processes which require early and prompt intervention. With the advent of automated Coulter ® Haematology analysers, the Volume, Conductivity & Scatter parameters of the leucocytes could be analysed for the early detection of the...
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Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) are prone to develop heart failure even in the absence of evident hypertension and coronary artery disease. This entity is difficult to detect in early stages by conventional echocardiographic techniques. 32 asymptomatic TMT (tread mill stress test) negative DM patients compared with control subjects were screen...
Article
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Objective: Hepatitis E has been identified as a major health problem in developing countries and recently developed countries. To study the profile of patients diagnosed with hepatitis E infection in a tertiary care hospital in south India. Methods: A cross-sectional record-based study with the records of patients diagnosed with hepatitis E infecti...
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Pregnant primiparous women at term were enrolled in the study. ICIQ-FLUTS questionnaire was used to find out prevalence of LUTS. MOS was used to assess pelvic floor muscle strength. Women were followed up after 8–10 weeks of delivery to find out remission or persistence of these symptoms. We found that increased frequency of micturition was the mos...
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Introduction: Neuroendocrine differentiation in colorectal carcinomas, detected using immunohistochemistry and ultrastructural techniques, has been studied as a prognostic marker for invention of targeted therapy. There are a few studies done on this aspect which have shown conflicting results ranging from poor prognosis to no prognostic significa...
Article
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Objective: To identify the factors for predicting severity in scrub typhus which is an acute febrile illness caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi. Methods: A prospective study of 220 patients with scrub typhus was conducted at Kasturba hospital during May 2012 to April 2013, out of which 116 patients were in the severe disease group and 104 in the non-...
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CONTEXT: The prevalence of Diabetes is on a rise throughout the world. The major task for the community physicians is identification of individuals at risk in order to delay or prevent the onset of Diabetes Mellitus. The present study was conducted to assess the utility of Indian Diabetic Risk score (IDRS) in a rural area. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A cr...
Article
Background: The counselors' form the backbone of HIV/AIDS control program, and for voluntary counseling and testing services to be effective counselors' opinions are crucial. Purpose: To assess the perceptions of integrated counseling and testing center (ICTC) counselors with respect to the training received, problems faced in providing services...
Article
Background: The counsellors’ form the back bone of HIV/AIDS control programme and for voluntary counselling and testing services to be effective counsellors’ opinions are crucial. Purpose: To assess perceptions of ICTC counsellors with respect to training received, problems faced in providing services and job satisfaction. Methods: Qualitative meth...
Article
Unlabelled: Today's generation enjoys having music at their fingertips. This has led to an increase in the usage of personal listening devices (PLDs) over the past decade. There are significant concerns regarding harmful effects of PLD use. To find out the perception and practice of medical students regarding use of PLDs. Cross-sectional study was...
Article
Full-text available
Voluntary body donation has become an important source of cadavers for anatomical study and education. The objective of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding whole body donation among medical professionals in a medical institute in India. A cross sectional study was conducted at Kasturba Hospital, Manipal, India...

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