Kirstin VanderWall

Kirstin VanderWall
Eli Lilly and Company · RNA Therapeutics

Doctor of Philosophy

About

23
Publications
2,663
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
380
Citations
Citations since 2017
21 Research Items
378 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
Additional affiliations
March 2020 - present
Eli Lilly and Company
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
May 2016 - February 2020
August 2012 - May 2016
Olivet College
Field of study
  • Biology

Publications

Publications (23)
Article
Full-text available
Retinal organoids are three-dimensional structures derived from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) which recapitulate the spatial and temporal differentiation of the retina, serving as effective in vitro models of retinal development. However, a lack of emphasis has been placed upon the development and organization of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs...
Article
Full-text available
Retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) are the projection neurons of the retina and transmit visual information to postsynaptic targets in the brain. While this function is shared among nearly all RGCs, this class of cell is remarkably diverse, comprised of multiple subtypes. Previous efforts have identified numerous RGC subtypes in animal models, but less...
Article
Significance: In the current report, the ability to derive mRNA-reprogrammed human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs), followed by the differentiation of these cells toward a retinal lineage, including photoreceptors, retinal ganglion cells, and retinal pigment epithelium, has been demonstrated. The use of mRNA reprogramming to yield pluripot...
Preprint
Full-text available
Retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) are a heterogeneous group of cells, comprised of numerous subpopulations, that work together to send visual information to the brain. In numerous blinding disorders termed optic neuropathies, RGCs are the main cell type affected leading to degeneration of these cells and eventual loss of vision. Previous studies have i...
Article
Full-text available
Retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) form the connection between the eye and the brain, with this connectivity disrupted in numerous blinding disorders. Previous studies have demonstrated the ability to derive RGCs from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs); however, these cells exhibited some characteristics that indicated a limited state of maturation. A...
Preprint
Full-text available
Autophagy dysfunction has been associated with several neurodegenerative diseases including glaucoma, characterized by the degeneration of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). However, the mechanisms by which autophagy dysfunction promotes RGC damage remain unclear. Here, we hypothesized that perturbation of the autophagy pathway results in increased aut...
Article
Full-text available
Although the degeneration of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) is a primary characteristic of glaucoma, astrocytes also contribute to their neurodegeneration in disease states. Although studies often explore cell-autonomous aspects of RGC neurodegeneration, a more comprehensive model of glaucoma should take into consideration interactions between astro...
Article
Full-text available
The development of the visual system involves the coordination of spatial and temporal events to specify the organization of varied cell types, including the elongation of axons from retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) to post-synaptic targets in the brain. Retinal organoids recapitulate many features of retinal development, yet have lacked downstream ta...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) are a heterogeneous population of neurons, comprised of numerous subtypes that work synchronously to transmit visual information to the brain. In blinding disorders such as glaucoma, RGCs are the main cell type to degenerate and lead to loss of vision. Previous studies have identified and characterized a varie...
Article
Full-text available
Retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) serve as the connection between the eye and the brain, with this connection disrupted in glaucoma. Numerous cellular mechanisms have been associated with glaucomatous neurodegeneration, and useful cellular models of glaucoma allow for the precise analysis of degenerative phenotypes. Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs)...
Article
Glaucoma, one of the most common causes of blindness in developing countries today, involves a progressive loss of neural cells in the optic nerve that leads to progressive, irreversible vision loss. Increased intraocular pressure (IOP) presents as a major risk factor for glaucoma, although there exist cases of glaucoma patients with normal IOP tha...
Chapter
Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) possess the remarkable ability to differentiate into any cell type of the body, including those of the retina. Through the differentiation of these cells as retinal organoids, it is now possible to model the spatial and temporal development of the human retina using hPSCs, in which retinal progenitor cells produ...
Preprint
Full-text available
Retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) serve as the connection between the eye and the brain, with this connection disrupted in blinding disorders such as glaucoma. Numerous cellular mechanisms have been associated with glaucomatous neurodegeneration, and useful models for the study of glaucoma allow for the precise analysis of these degenerative phenotypes...
Chapter
Full-text available
Human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC) technology has revolutionized the field of biology through the unprecedented ability to study the differentiation of human cells in vitro. In the past decade, hPSCs have been applied to study development, model disease, develop drugs, and devise cell replacement therapies for numerous biological systems. Of partic...
Chapter
Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) provide unprecedented access to the earliest stages of retinogenesis that remain inaccessible to investigation, thereby serving as powerful tools for studies of retinal development. Additionally, the ability to derive hPSCs from patient sources allows for the modeling of retinal degenerative diseases in vitro, w...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
To elucidate the development of retinal ganglion cells and their subtype specification when derived from human pluripotent stem cells.