Kirsten Oleson

Kirsten Oleson
University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa | UH Manoa · Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management

PhD, MS, Ir, BS

About

92
Publications
26,090
Reads
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2,087
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2012 - present
University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
January 2010 - December 2011
National Science Foundation
Position
  • PostDoc Position
September 2007 - September 2009
Stanford University
Position
  • Professor
Education
September 2003 - September 2007
Stanford University
Field of study
  • Environment and Resources
January 2000 - January 2005
University of London
Field of study
  • Applied Environmental Economics
June 1996 - April 1997
Delft University of Technology
Field of study
  • Civil Environmental Engineering

Publications

Publications (92)
Article
Ecosystem-based Fisheries Management is a holistic management approach that integrates the dynamics of an entire ecosystem, including societal dimensions. However, this approach seldom lives up to its promise because economic and social objectives are rarely specified. To fill this gap, we explored how an ecosystem model could better integrate econ...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the feedbacks between food systems and conservation policies can help avoid unintended environmental consequences. Using a survey-based choice experiment and economic modelling, we quantify the potential impact of tourists’ responses to a shift in offshore fish supply after the designation of a large-scale marine protected area in Pal...
Article
Full-text available
Globally, an increasing recognition of the importance of ecosystem-based management (EBM), Indigenous resource management (IRM), and Indigenous-led research and management is emerging; yet, case studies within scholarly literature illustrating comprehensive application of these theories and philosophies are scarce. We present the collaborative mana...
Article
Coastal zones are popular recreational areas that substantially contribute to social welfare. Managers can use information about specific environmental features that people value, and how these might change under different management scenarios, to spatially target actions to areas of high current or potential value. We explored how snorkelers' expe...
Article
Full-text available
Large‐scale marine protected areas (LSMPAs) have proliferated in recent years, now accounting for most of the world's MPA coverage. However, little is known about LSMPA outcomes and the factors that affect them. Here we argue that policy interactions—the cumulative effect of co‐existing policies for an issue and/or geographical area—can play a crit...
Article
Ecosystem accounts, as formalized by the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting Experimental Ecosystem Accounts (SEEA EEA), have been compiled in a number of countries, yet there have been few attempts to develop them for the U.S. We explore the potential for U.S. ecosystem accounting by compiling ecosystem extent, condition, and ecosystem ser...
Preprint
Full-text available
Large-scale marine protected areas (LSMPAs) are increasingly enacted to manage marine resources and meet international targets, yet their socioeconomic impacts are not well documented. In 2015, Palau passed the Palau National Marine Sanctuary (PNMS) Act, which will close 80% of its exclusive economic zone to fishing by 2020. An assessment of Palau'...
Article
Large-scale marine protected areas (LSMPAs) are increasingly enacted to manage marine resources and meet international targets, yet their socio-economic impacts are not well documented. In 2015, Palau passed the Palau National Marine Sanctuary (PNMS) Act, which will close 80% of its exclusive economic zone to fishing by 2020. An assessment of Palau...
Article
Full-text available
Here, we expand on the term “ecomimicry” to be an umbrella concept for an approach to adaptive ecosystem-based management of social-ecological systems that simultaneously optimizes multiple ecosystem services for the benefit of people and place. In this context, we define ecomimicry as a strategy for developing and managing cultural landscapes, bui...
Article
A cocktail of land-based sources of pollution threatens coral reef ecosystems, and addressing these has become a key management and policy challenge in the State of Hawai'i, other US territories, and globally. In West Maui, Hawai'i, nearly one quarter of all living corals were lost between 1995 and 2008. Onsite disposal systems (OSDS) for sewage le...
Article
Full-text available
Coral reefs worldwide face unprecedented cumulative anthropogenic effects of interacting local human pressures, global climate change and distal social processes. Reefs are also bound by the natural biophysical environment within which they exist. In this context, a key challenge for effective management is understanding how anthropogenic and bioph...
Preprint
Full-text available
A cocktail of land-based sources of pollution threatens coral reef ecosystems, and addressing these has become a key management and policy challenge in Hawaiʻi, US and territories, and globally. In West Maui, Hawaiʻi, nearly one quarter of all living corals were lost between 1995-2008. Onsite disposal systems (OSDS) for sewage are common contaminan...
Preprint
A cocktail of land-based sources of pollution threatens coral reef ecosystems, and addressing these has become a key management and policy challenge in Hawaiʻi, US and territories, and globally. In West Maui, Hawaiʻi, nearly one quarter of all living corals were lost between 1995-2008. Onsite disposal systems (OSDS) for sewage are common contaminan...
Article
The nation's economic accounts provide objective, regular, and standardized information routinely relied on by public and private decision-makers. But they are incomplete. The United States and many other nations currently do not account for the natural capital—such as the wildlife, forests, grasslands, soils, and water bodies—on which all other ec...
Article
Full-text available
There are growing efforts around the world to restore biocultural systems that produce food while also providing additional cultural and ecological benefits. Yet, there are few examples of integrated assessments of these efforts, impeding understanding of how they can contribute to multi-level sustainability goals. In this study, we collaborated wi...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Coral reefs worldwide face an uncertain future with many reefs reported to transition from being dominated by corals to macroalgae. However, given the complexity and diversity of the ecosystem, research on how regimes vary spatially and temporally is needed. Reef regimes are most often characterised by their benthic components; however, co...
Article
Full-text available
Coral reefs provide numerous ecosystem goods and services, but are threatened by multiple environmental and anthropogenic stressors. To identify management scenarios that will reverse or mitigate ecosystem degradation, managers can benefit from tools that can quantify projected changes in ecosystem services due to alternative management options. We...
Article
We introduce a special issue that aims to simultaneously motivate interest in uncertainty assessment (UA) and reduce the barriers practitioners face in conducting it. The issue, “Demonstrating transparent, feasible, and useful uncertainty assessment in ecosystem services modeling,” responds to findings from a 2016 workshop of academics and practiti...
Article
Full-text available
The Hawaiian Islands are home to a complex and dynamic marine ecosystem that serves as a backbone to the state's economy and society's well-being. The marine ecosystem currently faces numerous threats that undermine ecosystem integrity and compromise socially valuable ecosystem services. The socio-economic and ecological complexity of the region in...
Article
Full-text available
Using islands as a model system, this paper seeks to understand how ecosystem service valuation (ESV) has and can move from a monetized, single-service paradigm to an integrated valuation paradigm, a participatory approach that represents a more diverse set of the values of nature, and beyond, to a more fully realized conception of the island socia...
Article
Full-text available
Declining natural resources have led to a cultural renaissance across the Pacific that seeks to revive customary ridge-to-reef management approaches to protect freshwater and restore abundant coral reef fisheries. Effective ridge-to-reef management requires improved understanding of land-sea linkages and decision-support tools to simultaneously eva...
Data
Modeling framework predictor variables description and processing methods. This table provides a description of all the predictor variables modeled in the coral reef models. Each metric is classified by type (terrestrial drivers or marine drivers) and assigned a code for modeling. The table below indicates the data source and analytical tool used t...
Data
Copyright permission Charles Fletcher. (PDF)
Data
Response variables and drivers’ relationships. This table provides the hypothesized relationships between the drivers and coral reef indicators. (DOCX)
Data
Measured versus modeled nutrients for groundwater and coastal discharge at Ka‘ūpūlehu. (TIFF)
Data
Response curves of benthic indicators at Ka‘ūpūlehu. (TIF)
Data
Response curves of herbivore fish indicators at Ka‘ūpūlehu. (TIF)
Data
Response curves of piscivore fish indicators at Ka‘ūpūlehu. (TIF)
Data
Observed versus predicted coral reef indicators at Hā‘ena. (TIF)
Data
Observed versus predicted coral reef indicators at Ka‘ūpūlehu. (TIF)
Data
Fish species composition per functional groups. (DOCX)
Data
Coral reef predictive model performance per indicator. The percent deviance explained (PDE) by the BRT models for the calibration and cross-validation (CV) processes and the final number of predictors (Xi) is shown for Hā‘ena and Kaʻūpūlehu. (DOCX)
Data
Response curves of the benthic indicators at Hā‘ena. (TIF)
Data
Response curves of the herbivore fish indicators at Hā‘ena. (TIF)
Data
Modeling framework response variables description. Benthic (% cover) and fish biomass (g.m-1) coral reef indicators were derived from the coral reef surveys and used as response variables in the coral reef models. (DOCX)
Data
Coastal water quality data at Ka‘ūpūlehu. See Carlson and Wiegner [169] for more details on sample collection, processing, and analytical methods. (DOCX)
Data
Response curves of the piscivore fish indicators at Hā‘ena. (TIF)
Article
Full-text available
A major challenge for coral reef conservation and management is understanding how a wide range of interacting human and natural drivers cumulatively impact and shape these ecosystems. Despite the importance of understanding these interactions, a methodological framework to synthesize spatially explicit data of such drivers is lacking. To fill this...
Data
Driver data analysis, assumptions, and limitations. (DOCX)
Data
Correlation matrix for driver layers used in PCA. (XLSX)
Data
Detailed GIS methods used to create fisheries catch maps. (DOCX)
Chapter
Full-text available
Our oceans are peopled seascapes that nourish communities, support household economies, protect coastal populations from storms, and give us lifesaving medicines. Yet the intersecting threats of overharvesting, climate change, pollution, and habitat destruction continue to threaten the ocean's ability to support the well-being of global humanity, a...
Chapter
Full-text available
Patterns and processes on land influence coastal seas. Although coastal ecosystems have evolved to thrive in various conditions, modifications to landscapes by human activities have led to excessive loads of minerals, nutrients, and toxins in coastal waters, sometimes with degrading impacts. Understanding the connectivity between land and sea is cr...
Article
Full-text available
Nonnative, invasive grasses displace native plant communities and challenge ecological restoration globally. Ecological monitoring of restoration is typically short term and rarely reassessed to determine if initial findings are indicative of multiyear outcomes, and economic costs of restoration are seldom quantified. To address these knowledge gap...
Article
Full-text available
Despite their importance for human well-being, nearshore fisheries are often data poor, undervalued, and underappreciated in policy and development programs. We assess the value chain for nearshore Hawaiian coral reef fisheries, mapping post-catch distribution and disposition, and quantifying associated monetary, food security, and cultural values....
Data
Box 1 data. Data obtained regarding imports of reef fish in coolers. (XLSX)
Data
Box 1 survey. Survey used to interview individuals transporting reef fish in coolers aboard commercial passenger flights. (DOCX)
Data
Value added data. Economic data used in analysis. (XLSX)
Article
The economic value of water quality is poorly understood in Hawaii. Quantifying the economic value of coastal water quality would inform policy decisions that impact the coast and help justify expenditures in water quality improvements. We conducted a non-market valuation of beach recreationalists’ preferences and willingness to pay for water quali...
Article
Full-text available
Land-based source pollutants (LBSP) actively threaten coral reef ecosystems globally. To achieve the greatest conservation outcome at the lowest cost, managers could benefit from appropriate tools that evaluate the benefits (in terms of LBSP reduction) and costs of implementing alternative land management strategies. Here we use a spatially explici...
Article
Full-text available
Accurate fishing ground maps are necessary for fisheries monitoring. In Velondriake locally managed marine area (LMMA) we observed that the nomenclature of shared fishing sites (FS) is villages dependent. Additionally, the level of illiteracy makes data collection more complicated, leading to data collectors improvising when recording FS. In this c...
Article
Coral reefs are increasingly threatened despite being essential to coastal and island economies, particularly in the Pacific. The diving industry relies on healthy reefs and can be positively and/or negatively impacted by ecological change. Quantifying divers' ecological preferences that influence economic outcomes can help inform managers and just...
Research
Full-text available
One approach to get a good fishing site map that can be adapted to existing situation and thus be used to get an inspiration for improvements.
Article
Accelerated loss of sea ice in the Arctic is opening routes connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans for longer periods each year. These changes may increase the ease and frequency with which marine birds and mammals move between the Pacific and Atlantic Ocean basins. Indeed, recent observations of birds and mammals suggest these movements have i...
Article
Full-text available
Ocean and coastal ecosystems provide critical fisheries, coastal protection, and cultural benefits to communities worldwide, but these services are diminishing due to local and global threats. In response, place-based strategies involve communities and resource users in management have proliferated. Here, we present a transferable community-based a...
Article
Full-text available
Eight years of octopus fishery records from southwest Madagascar reveal significant positive impacts from 36 periodic closures on: (a) fishery catches and (b) village fishery income, such that (c) economic benefits from increased landings outweigh costs of foregone catch. Closures covered ~20% of a village's fished area and lasted 2-7 months. Octop...
Preprint
Full-text available
Eight years of octopus fishery records from southwest Madagascar reveal significant positive impacts from 36 periodic closures on: (a) fishery catches and (b) village fishery income, such that (c) economic benefits from increased landings outweigh costs of foregone catch. Closures covered ~20% of a village’s fished area and lasted 2-7 months. Fishe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Eight years of octopus fishery records from southwest Madagascar reveal significant positive impacts from 36 periodic closures on: (a) fishery catches and (b) village fishery income, such that (c) economic benefits from increased landings outweigh costs of foregone catch. Closures covered ~20% of a village’s fished area and lasted 2-7 months. Fishe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Accelerated loss of sea ice in the Arctic is opening routes connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans for longer periods each year. These changes will increase the ease and frequency with which marine birds and mammals are able to move between the Pacific and Atlantic ocean basins. Indeed, recent observations of birds and mammals suggest these mov...
Preprint
Full-text available
Accelerated loss of sea ice in the Arctic is opening routes connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans for longer periods each year. These changes will increase the ease and frequency with which marine birds and mammals are able to move between the Pacific and Atlantic ocean basins. Indeed, recent observations of birds and mammals suggest these mov...
Article
Full-text available
Incorporating ecosystem services into management decisions is a promising means to link conservation and human well-being. Nonetheless, planning and management in Hawai'i, a state with highly valued natural capital, has yet to broadly utilize an ecosystem service approach. We conducted a stakeholder assessment, based on semi-structured interviews,...