Kimmo Elo

Kimmo Elo
University of Turku | UTU · Centre for Parliamentary Studies

Adjunct professor, Dr.
My current research includes computational social science, German politics and history, and European integration.

About

59
Publications
8,290
Reads
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63
Citations
Citations since 2017
36 Research Items
45 Citations
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Introduction
I am an interdisciplinary oriented social scientist currently affiliated as senior researcher in European studies to the Centre for Parliamentary Research at University of Turku, Finland. My theoretical theoretical and methodological expertise heavily leans on data science, digital humanities, and theories of European integration. My research interests include network analysis, German and European politics and history (since 1945), intelligence studies and political socialisation.
Additional affiliations
August 2011 - present
Åbo Akademi University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Senior lecturer in the Institute for German studies, responsible teacher in the master program "Deutschlandstudien".
August 2011 - present
University of Turku
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Senior lecturer in the non-degree program "European studies".
June 2011 - July 2011
University of Southern Denmark
Position
  • Visiting researcher
Description
  • Visiting researcher period as a part of my ongoing research project "East German Networks of espionage in the Baltic Sea region during the Cold war" .
Education
August 1999 - April 2005
University of Turku
Field of study
  • Political science
August 1995 - May 1999
University of Jyväskylä
Field of study
  • Political science

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
Full-text available
Tässä katsausartikkelissa esitellään pienten analyyttisten koeporausten avulla eduskunnan täysistuntopuheet vuodesta 1907 lähtien koneluettavassa muodossa tarjoavan FinParl-aineiston mahdollisuuksia digitaaliselle parlamenttitutkimukselle. Analyyseissä havainnollistetaan laskennallisten menetelmien käyttöä isojen aineistojen eksploratiivisen eli uu...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Tämä katsauspaperi esittää alustavan, tiiviin analyysiin Suomen eduskunnan 16.-17.5.2022 käymästä Nato-täysistuntokeskustelusta soveltamalla laskennallisten yhteiskuntatieteiden menetelmiä. Kyse on siis tietokoneavusteisesta tekstianalyysistä, jonka tavoitteena on nostaa esille keskustelusta puhuntaa tyypitteleviä rakenteita ja käsitteitä sekä anal...
Article
Published in: Digital Humanities Quarterly 16:1, 2022 New Year’s speeches held by leading politicians–mostly prime ministers or presidents–have a long and firm tradition in Europe and have become an institution instead of being a crowing event for conciliatory efforts. From the perspective of political communication, New Year’s speeches fulfil a t...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this article I analyse parliamentary debates of the Finnish Parliament (Eduskunta) on European integration from 1990 to 2020. Finland joined the European Union (EU) in 1995, but Finland’s integration history dates back to the late 1950s and early 1960s. In the turbulent years following the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union...
Article
Full-text available
Artikkelissa tarkastelemme sitä, miten ympäristöpolitiikan käsitteistö ja termistö ovat muuttuneet ja kuinka niiden hallinnasta ja oikeasta käyttötavasta on käyty kamppailua eduskunnan täysistuntokeskusteluissa vuosina 1960–2020. Artikkelin aineistona ovat eduskunnan digitoidut täysistuntopöytäkirjat, joita analysoimme yhdistämällä laskennallisten...
Article
Full-text available
Semanttinen parlamentti -hankkeessa 2020–2022 luodaan eduskunnan tietokannoista ja niihin liittyvistä muista aineistoista uudenlainen linkitetyn avoimen datan (Linked Open Data, LOD) palvelu, tietoinfrastruktuuri ja semanttinen portaali Parlamenttisampo – eduskunta semant­tisessa webissä, joiden avulla tutkitaan poliittista kulttuuria ja kieltä. Da...
Data
The data consists of real-world person appearing on photographs on East German opposition. The variable "Year" contains the year the photo has been taken, the person appears on.
Code
The script file contains the R functions 'create_dynNW_node_table', 'create_dynNW_edge_table' and 'plot,dynNW'. The file is heavily documented, so please read the documentation in order to gain more information. The plotting method used in 'plot.dynNW' focuses on the visualisation of changes by applying dedicated visual effects.
Data
Sample node dataset created from my project "East German opposition". This dataset is intended for testing purposes together with my R script for dynamic network data creation.
Technical Report
Full-text available
In the second half of 2020, Germany has held the rotating presidency of the Council of the European Union (EU) under totally changed circumstances. The COVID-19 pandemic struck Europe and turned the political agenda upside down, but it has also evidenced how interlinked political and economic powers are nowadays. The past decade, marked by multi-cr...
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter discusses how the exponential growth of both digitised and born-digital research materials has brought upon new challenges regarding research data creation, data management and data discovery. It argues that the Digital Humanities community should pay more attention to the metadata creation as valid, standardised and well-structured met...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter uses network analysis to explore, visualise and analyse quantitative historical data related to political resistance movements in the former East Germany. The study applies historical network analysis (HNA) rooted in social network analysis (SNA) to shed light on the structure and dynamics of the geospatial social networks of a sample...
Article
Full-text available
Tässä artikkelissa analysoidaan DDR:n turvallisuusministeriön eli Stasin tietolähteenä 1980-luvulla peitenimellä “Larsen” toimineen suomalaistutkijan toimintaa osana laajempaa tieteellis-teknisen tiedustelun verkostoa. Stasin länsimaissa harjoittamalla tieteellis-teknisellä tiedustelulla oli etenkin 1970-luvun jälkimmäiseltä puoliskolta lähtien mer...
Article
Full-text available
Tässä artikkelissa analysoidaan DDR:n turvallisuusministeriön eli Stasin tietolähteenä 1980-luvulla peitenimellä “Larsen” toimineen suomalaistutkijan toimintaa osana laajempaa tieteellis-teknisen tiedustelun verkostoa. Stasin länsimaissa harjoittamalla tieteellis-teknisellä tiedustelulla oli etenkin 1970-luvun jälkimmäiseltä puoliskolta lähtien mer...
Article
Full-text available
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
Despite its rather modest number of users, Twitter has gained a certain status as platform for on-time political communication and recent studies have brought evidence, that signicant events tend to produce peaks in Twitter activity. This article focuses on the interaction between Twit-ter and traditional mass media channels (newspapers, magazines,...
Article
Full-text available
Revolutions need people. How do these people connect with each other, and how can the revolutionary message pass from one person to another? This article aims to answer these questions by examining the revolutionaries who participated in the Finnish Civil War on the rebellious Red side in 1918. We have chosen Red women from a particular district in...
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
Tässä tutkimuspaperissa on kyse lyhyestä, kompaktista data-analyysistä Suomen kevään 2019 eduskuntavaaleihin liittyen. Paperissa esitetty analyysi kattaa aikajakson 1.2.2019–15.3.2019 ja sen pohjalta voidaan tehdä varovaisia johtopäätöksiä siitä, minkälaiset teemat ovat olleet luomassa pohjaa varsinaista vaalipäivää (14.4.2019) edeltävän kuukauden...
Chapter
Full-text available
The bulk of studies on opposition and resistance in the former German Democratic Republic (GDR) have thus far been dominated by studies focusing on certain phenomena or periods from the perspective of historical research. This chapter exploits an alternative, yet experimental, approach to GDR opposition based on an exploratory analysis of a large p...
Article
Full-text available
During the last two decades single photographs and photograph corpora have gained in popularity as sources for historical research. In addition to their important function as carriers of the past, photographs also contain valuable information about past social relations. However, to utilise this information a researcher needs a more structured data...
Book
Full-text available
The world is becoming more and more visual, and the images that surround us are often photographs. Indeed, millions of photos are taken each day. It is crucial to reflect on how photographs affect our lives and our understanding of the past and the present. In this edited volume, ten researchers from humanities and social sciences examine how hist...
Article
Open access: http://www.ennenjanyt.net/2018/09/suomi100-twitterissa-itsenaisyyden-juhlavuoden-yhtenainen-digitaalinen-historiakulttuuri/ * * * Analysoimme tässä artikkelissa verkostoanalyysin keinoin, millä tavoin Twitterissä Suomen juhlavuoden virallisena aihetunnisteena (hashtag) käytettyä #suomi100-tunnistetta hyödynnettiin sisällöllis-temaattis...
Chapter
Artikkelissa tarkastellaan Twitterissä tapahtuvaa vuorovaikutusta verkostotutkimuksen piirissä jo 1970-luvulla kehitetyn vahvat ja heikot linkit -problematiikan näkökulmasta. Lähtökohtana on alunperin Mark Granovetterin tutkimuksiin perustuva ajatus verkoston sisäisten suhteiden jaottelemisesta heikkoihin ja vahvoihin linkkeihin sen mukaan, millain...
Chapter
Die nordischen Staaten gehörten nicht zum primären Operationsgebiet der Auslandsspionage der DDR. Dies gilt auch für Finnland, obwohl die geopolitische Lage Finnlands zwischen Ost und West und als Nachbar der Sowjetunion auch gewisse politische Brisanz und Bedeutung mit sich brachte. Dennoch stellt Finnland seit dem Ende des kalten Krieges eine Au...
Article
After the Finnish Civil War 5533 women were sued for the support for communists and were prosecuted in the court for crimes against the state. What kind of connections existed between these women? In order to analyse connections and relations between women prosecuted in the court for crimes against the state, we selected a sample consisting of red...
Article
After the Finnish Civil War 5533 women were sued for the support for communists and were prosecuted in the court for crimes against the state. What kind of connections existed between these women? In order to analyse connections and relations between women prosecuted in the court for crimes against the state, we selected a sample consisting of red...
Chapter
Full-text available
Since the beginning of the "digital era", the quantity of visually mediated information has grown exponentially, and today the world is flooded with visual information. The intention of this chapter is to outline and discuss our draft of a research environment for computational visual history. The underlying idea of the research environment is an o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
During the last two decades single photographs and photograph corpora have gained in popularity as sources for historical research. The so-called iconic or pictorial turn recognises visual entities (photographs, paintings, pictures, videos etc.) as fundamental for constructing realities, but also for importing historical narratives. In a digitised...
Presentation
Full-text available
Verkostonäkökulmasta Twitteriä voidaan pitää nk. skaalautumattomana verkostona eli verkostona, joka jakautuu kooltaan epäsymmeterisiin klustereihin (yhteisöihin). Vaikka eri Twitter-tutkimusten aineistot eivät useinkaan ole sisällöllisesti vertailukelpoisia, vuorovaikutusverkoston rakenteen osalta tulokset näyttäisivät vahvistavan oletusta Twitter-...
Chapter
(for English, see below) Digitalisaation myötä myös historiantutkimuksen kannalta kiinnostavien aineistojen tarjonta sähköisessä muodossa lisääntyy jatkuvasti, mikä yhtäältä tuo tukijoiden ulottuville aiemmin vaikeasti saatavissa olleita aineistoja, toisaalta lisää tarvetta tietokoneavusteisten tutkimus­menetelmien soveltamiselle myös historiantutk...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Annual New Year's addresses delivered by the heads of states have a long tradition in Europe. From analytical perspective, these addresses are an interesting text type seeking to fulfil two rhetorical tasks at once. First, a new year's address is retrospective, as it re-constructs the past year by highlighting its most important events. And second,...
Article
URL: http://www.uutistamo.fi/eduskuntavaalit-sahkoistivat-twitterin/ Tulosilta sai aikaan vilkasta Twitter-keskustelua, jota rytmittivät television tuloslähetykset. Televisio näyttäisikin yhä muodostavan instituution, johon luotetaan ja viitataan ja jonka ympärille kokoonnutaan. *** The Finnish parliamentary elections 2015 were an important and li...
Article
Full-text available
Despite its close connection to many of the methodological questions and problems related to uncloaking hidden structures or to analyzing network dynamics tackled by network analysts in terrorism or crime studies, researchers on Cold War intelligence have shown limited interest in network analysis. Although there might be material-related reasons f...
Article
In the recent years, ‘digital humanities’ as a research paradigm has gained in popularity among historians. This article seeks to exemplify how historical network analysis could be used as an exploratory research method for historical sources. The primary material used consists of war photography from the Nazi German Wehrmacht taken by the Wehrmach...
Article
In the recent years, 'digital humanities' as a research paradigm has gained in popularity among historians. This article seeks to exemplify how historical network analysis could be used as an exploratory research method for historical sources. The primary material used consists of war photography from the Nazi German Wehrmacht taken by the Wehrmach...
Chapter
Full-text available
During the past 25 years, the Baltic Sea Region (BSR) has developed into a common space in the European north. The region has not just become a model for macro-regional strategies, but has also been established as a connecting region between the EU and its northern and northeastern neighbours in general and Russia in particular. However, the macro-...
Chapter
Full-text available
Germany has always been an important player in the Baltic Sea region (BSR). During its presidency in the Council of the Baltic Sea States (2011-2012) Germany sought to strengthen existing structures and programmes for regional co-operation and stressed the importance of functioning dialogue in the BSR as the most important prerequisite for regional...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper is an experimental study exploiting a network-theory based methodology for extracting thematic pathways from text documents for closer inspection. The main aim is to introduce and discuss how network analysis could be applied to political documents, reports, speeches etc. in order to gain better understanding of the structure in a text c...
Article
After the Cold War, new archival sources have been made available for researchers. This includes mate- rial from the archives of former socialist intelligence services. Although these materials could improve our understanding of Cold War history, the use of intel- ligence materials can be tricky and bound with several methodological and practical p...
Book
Mitä on Euroopan integraatio? Mitkä ovat olleet sen tärkeimmät tausta­voimat ja vaiheet? Miten Euroopan yhteisöt ovat syntyneet ja kehittyneet? Mitä unionin toimielimet tekevät? Kuka EU:ssa päättää ja mitkä ovat kansalaisten vaikutusmahdollisuudet? Kuinka kuuden maan Hiili- ja teräs­unionista on kehittynyt 28 jäsenmaan EU, joka muodostaa eurooppala...
Chapter
Recent studies on the foreign intelligence service (Hauptverwaltung Aufklärung, HV A) of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR) have shown that the Nordic countries were an important, yet not central, operational area of the HV A.2 Compared with the HV A’s activities in its main ‘Operation area’ (Operationsgebiet), i.e. the Federal Republic of...
Article
Full-text available
Suomessa on viime aikoina keskusteltu suhteellisuuden toteutumisesta ja vaalipiirien yhdistämisen vaikutuksista. Ensi vuoden eduskuntavaaleissa on 13 vaalipiiriä, kun uudet Kaakkois-Suomen ja Savo-Karjalan vaalipiirit aloittavat toimintansa. Tarkoituksemme on osoittaa artikkelissa, kuinka suhteellisen vähäpätöisestä asiasta on lopulta kyse, kun sit...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this article is to illustrate, how our understanding and awareness of "Europe" depends on borders dividing the continent either mentally or geographically in different "Europes". During the past years, a lot of talk has been about the “Europe of regions”, mostly referring to sub-national spaces in a limited geographical space. However, a...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Russian CBSS presidency is of importance for the future of co-operation in the Baltic Sea Region because it is the first presidency of the most important non-EU actor in the region since the adoption of the European Union Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region (EUSBSR) in 2009. Thus, the Russian presidency of the CBSS could provide useful informati...
Article
Full-text available
The media, newspapers especially, has in several studies been associated with high levels of political knowledge. Those whose preferred source of political information is newspapers show higher levels of political knowledge compared with those who prefer other information sources. In this article we claim that studying the effects of media on polit...
Article
Full-text available
The advent of the Internet has opened wholly new possibilities for data collecting. At the same time, several unanswered methodological pitfalls are present, possibly questioning the usability of data from web surveys. This article contributes to the scientific debate regarding the usability and reliability of web surveys in the social sciences by...
Article
In mainstream analyses of the German political system, the emergence of the Left Party (Die Linke) is presented as an unexpected consequence of German unification and as an indication of the existence of an East-West divide. This view is for the most part based on the idea that German unification is a process of political integration of the East in...
Article
Pro gradu -työ : Jyväskylän yliopisto, yhteiskuntatieteiden ja filosofian laitos, valtio-oppi, 1999. Tämän tutkimuksen tavoitteena on Saksan Demokraattisen Tasavallan (DDR) viimeisten vuosien aikana tapahtuneen muutoksen tarkasteleminen tämän murroksen kahden kansalaisprotestoinnin muodon kannalta. Ensimmäinen näistä muodoista oli jääminen DDR:iin...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Semantic Parliament (SEMPARL) is a consortium research project which creates a Linked Open Data (LOD) and research infrastructure and semantic portal “ParliamentSampo” on Finnish parliamentary data, and develops novel semantic computing technologies to study parliamentary politics and political culture. SEMPARL brings together researchers at the University of Helsinki (Helsinki Centre for Digital Humanities, HELDIG), University of Turku, and Aalto University. My subproject at University of Turku studies long-term changes in the Finnish parliamentary and political culture. Project use cases in political and language research and seeks to lay a solid ground for Digital Humanities (DH) research by developing and applying new methodologies for semantic analysis of political language, prosopographical research, and political network analysis.
Project
Semantic Parliament (SEMPARL) is a consortium research project which creates a Linked Open Data (LOD) and research infrastructure and semantic portal "ParliamentSampo" on Finnish parliamentary data, and develops novel semantic computing technologies to study parliamentary politics and political culture. SEMPARL brings together researchers at the University of Helsinki (Helsinki Centre for Digital Humanities, HELDIG), University of Turku, and Aalto University, with complementary, multi-disciplinary expertise in language technology, political and media research, and semantic computing and web technologies, respectively.
Project
Dynamic networks are of central interest when it comes to study historical, social or policy networks.This projects seeks to develop novel and innovative digital tools for dynamic network analysis for the statistical package R (www.r-project.org). The main objective is to create general, easy-to-use R tools based on the tidy data approach and suitable for all kind of projects in social sciences and the Humanities.