Kim E. Van Oorschot

Kim E. Van Oorschot
BI Norwegian Business School | BINBS · Department of Leadership and Organizational Behaviour

Ph.D.

About

63
Publications
18,639
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815
Citations

Publications

Publications (63)
Article
Full-text available
This article applies a mixed‐method approach to explore the complexities of post‐mergers and acquisitions (M&A) integration processes. Extant literature provides significant insights regarding the impact of task and human integration and their influence on post‐integration processes. However, the literature often fails to differentiate between sube...
Article
Full-text available
Increasingly, the development of today’s “smart” products requires the integration of both software and hardware in embedded systems. To develop these, hardware firms typically enlist the expertise of software development firms to offer integrated solutions. While hardware firms often work according to a plan-driven approach, software development f...
Article
Full-text available
Testing for COVID‐19 is a key intervention that supports tracking and isolation to prevent further infections. However, diagnostic tests are a scarce and finite resource, so abundance in one country can quickly lead to shortages in others, creating a competitive landscape. Countries experience peaks in infections at different times, meaning that th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose – Due to the complexity of digital services, companies are increasingly forced to offer their services “in permanent beta”, requiring continuous fine-tuning and updating. Complexity makes it extremely difficult to predict when and where the next service disruption will occur. The authors examine what this means for performance measurement i...
Article
Purpose This “impact pathways” paper argues that operations and supply chain management (OSCM) could help address the worsening drug shortage problem in high-income countries. This significant societal problem poses difficult challenges to stakeholders given the complex and dynamic nature of drug supply chains. OSCM scholars are well positioned to...
Conference Paper
Organizations are frequently engaging in mergers and acquisitions (M&A) to strengthen innovation and performance outcomes. However, research indicates that M&A lead to pervasive and often negative consequences. Failures of M&A are often attributed to the many interdependent components of the M&A process, i.e. the dynamic complexity of this process....
Article
In concurrent engineering projects driven by short delivery times, team performance rests on the team’s capability to quickly and effectively handle different, emergent issues. We conducted an exploratory study of a large, dynamically complex project in which team members had a record of “good problem-solving abilities.” The study revealed how the...
Article
The iterative cycles used in agile software development create a series of deadlines for project teams. We investigate the optimal iteration length under behavioral conditions for agile software projects. Based on system dynamics simulation, we argue that both very long (as in sequential development) and very short (monthly) iterative cycles create...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate inter-organizational designs for care–cure conditions in which low-risk patients are cared for in specialized care organizations and high-risk patients are cared for in specialized cure organizations. Performance impacts of increasing levels of integration between these organizations are analyzed....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Resource pooling is known to benefit performance through reduced congestion, but primarily in settings with homogenous demand. In settings where demand is heterogeneous, pooling can be counter effective. The effects of pooling of staff when demand is heterogeneous and dependent are not known. We present a simulation model based on a service supply...
Chapter
The balanced scorecard (BSC) has become a popular concept for performance measurement. It focuses attention of management on only a few performance measures and bridges different functional areas as it includes both financial and non-financial measures. However, doubts frequently arise regarding the quality of the BSCs developed as well as the qual...
Article
Western multinational corporations (MNCs) that want market access in China have to share knowledge with Chinese partners. This may expose them to imitation, so MNCs prefer to protect knowledge resulting in a strategic paradox: MNCs have to both share and protect knowledge. To analyse this paradox, we developed a theoretical conceptual model capturi...
Article
Full-text available
Managerial attention to exploitation and exploration has a strong influence on organizational performance. However, there is hardly any knowledge about whether senior managers need to adjust their distribution of attention to exploitation and exploration in response to major changes in demand patterns in their industry. Drawing on the analysis of a...
Data
Data appendix to the article "Managerial attention to exploitation versus exploration"
Article
Stage-wise timing of new product development (NPD) activities is advantageous for a project's performance. The literature does not, however, specify whether this implies setting and adhering to a fixed schedule of gate meetings from the start of the project or allowing flexibility to adjust the schedule throughout the NPD process. In the initial pr...
Chapter
Introduction Many organizations execute a multitude of projects simultaneously and managing such a portfolio of new product development projects is critical to new product success. Over the years, project management has been professionalized, leading to the development of tools and structures for guiding projects toward desired outcomes (March, 200...
Article
Although concurrency between project development stages is an effective approach to speeding up project progress, previous research recommends concurrent engineering primarily for less complex, incremental projects. As such, in complex radical aircraft development projects, managers opt for less concurrency; however, by using system dynamics modeli...
Article
Top management teams frequently overemphasize efforts to exploit the current product portfolio, even in the face of the strong need to step up exploration activities. This mismanagement of the balance between explorative R&D activities and exploitation of the current product portfolio can result in the so-called ‘success trap’, the situation where...
Data
Full-text available
This is the model appendix of the paper published in R&D Management.
Article
Full-text available
This article draws on theories from knowledge and project management to develop an understanding of how knowledge sharing is encouraged and hindered in the context of a multifirm network assembled to execute an innovative shipbuilding project. The empirical data are based on a qualitative case study, collected from in-depth face-to-face interviews...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Poster: http://www.iceps.fr/en/iceps-conference-2015/ 3rd edition, March 19-21, 2015, Montpellier The international conference on the evidence of Non Pharmacological Interventions (NPIs) Abstract: Human body energy storage operates as a stock-and-flow system with inflow (food intake) and outflow (energy expenditure). In spite of the ubiquity of st...
Conference Paper
Innovative Western firms (multinational corporations or MNCs) that want to enter China are facing a difficult trade-off. To get a foot on Chinese ground, the MNC needs to collaborate with Chinese partners. But with collaboration comes knowledge sharing, with comes with knowledge leakage and potentially imitation by the Chinese. We analyze this trad...
Article
Organizations frequently use hierarchical structures to execute complex tasks, like product development projects. The hierarchy protects the project manager from information overload since detailed information is dealt with at the lower, subproject level of the hierarchy. However, not knowing these details could also activate categorical thinking:...
Conference Paper
This conference paper was later revised and published in R&D Management (2015). See: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/264701665_How_to_counteract_the_suppression_of_exploration_in_publicly_traded_corporations
Article
Human body energy storage operates as a stock-and-flow system with inflow (food intake) and outflow (energy expenditure). In spite of the ubiquity of stock-and-flow structures, evidence suggests that human beings fail to understand stock accumulation and rates of change, a difficulty called the stock–flow failure. This study examines the influence...
Article
Full-text available
One root cause for problems in healthcare is that the design of the services provided is in urgent need of improvement. This paper investigates organizational designs for care-cure conditions, i.e. conditions where patients have a need for care (general and preventive monitoring and basic medical support) and episodically have a need for cure (medi...
Conference Paper
The performance implications of the managerial ability to balance exploitation and exploration are becoming increasingly understood. That is, environmental characteristics varying mainly between industries require specific exploitation–exploration distributions for optimal performance. However, less attention has been given to uncovering whether th...
Article
Decision making improves in speed and quality when both the left and right side of our brain is used, i.e. when ratio (using facts) is combined with emotion (using intuition based on learning from experience). However, when learning breaks down, can we still trust our intuition? We analyze information used and decisions made by a new product develo...
Article
Technology entrepreneurship is an important driver of economic growth, though entrepreneurs must maintain cooperative ties with the owners of any technology they hope to bring to market. Existing studies show that fairness perceptions have a great influence on this cooperation, but no research investigates its precise mechanisms or dynamic patterns...
Article
Prior literature stresses the importance for manufacturers to use formal and informal controls to coordinate collaborative new product development activities with suppliers. In doing so, the existence of trust between manufacturers and suppliers is believed to play a key role because it enables manufacturers to reduce investments in formal controls...
Conference Paper
Innovative Western firms that want to enter China are facing a difficult trade-off. On the one hand, by sharing knowledge with Chinese partners, the entry process will benefit on the short-term. But at the same time, the firm’s long-term existence in the Chinese market may be endangered, because the Chinese partners can copy the knowledge and becom...
Article
Full-text available
We conducted a longitudinal process study of one firm's failed attempt to develop a new product. Our extensive data analysis suggests that teams in complex dynamic environments characterized by delays are subject to multiple "information filters" that blur their perception of actual project performance. Consequently, teams do not realize their proj...
Article
The performance implications of the managerial ability to balance exploitation and exploration in times of economic recession and recovery are not well understood. In this paper, a longitudinal research approach serves to establish an inverted U-shaped relationship between the managerial attention given to exploitation-exploration and firm performa...
Article
abstractThe benefits of strategically balancing exploitation and exploration are well documented in the literature. Nonetheless, many firms tend to overemphasize exploitation efforts, a situation commonly referred to as the ‘success trap’. Previous studies have attributed this behaviour to managerial incompetence or myopia. However, some management...
Article
At the start of any project, new product development (NPD) teams must make accurate decisions about development time, development costs, and product performance. Such profit-maximizing decision making becomes particularly difficult when the project runs behind schedule and requires intervention decisions too. To simplify their decision making, NPD...
Article
Full-text available
In today’s network economy, multi-echelon supply networks have become the dominant life form. The question of how to coordinate goods flows in such multi-echelon settings has become paramount. This study investigates the effectiveness of collaboration and information sharing in a three-echelon supply network, whereas academic research so far has fo...
Article
Full-text available
Stage-Gate® is a widely used product innovation process for managing portfolios of new product development projects. The process enables companies to minimize uncertainty by helping them identify—at various stages or gates—the “wrong” projects before too many resources are invested. The present research looks at the question of whether using Stage-...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The benefits of strategically balancing exploitation and exploration are well documented in the literature. However, many firms tend to overemphasize exploitation efforts, even in the face of the strong need to step up their exploration activities. We draw on system dynamics modeling and a case study to address this gap in the literature, and devel...
Conference Paper
The benefits of a strategically balanced product portfolio, as a key driver of long-term business success, are well documented. In this respect, many firms have been unable to achieve a balanced product portfolio. An important cause is the failure to develop dynamic capabilities, that is, the capabilities to reconfigure internal and external compet...
Conference Paper
The benefits of a strategically balanced product portfolio, as a key driver of long-term business success, are well documented. In this respect, many firms have been unable to achieve a balanced product portfolio. An important cause is the failure to develop dynamic capabilities, that is, the capabilities to reconfigure internal and external compet...
Article
Full-text available
Software projects have traditionally been problematic in terms of quality, cost and time. Researchers and practitioners have focused on agile software development as an alternative to overcome these problems. Agile methods employ iterative development cycles (typically 20 working-days), interspersed by user feedback. The key to agile projects is th...
Article
Full-text available
The balanced scorecard (BSC) has become a popular concept for performance measurement. It focuses attention of management on only a few performance measures and bridges different functional areas as it includes both financial and non-financial measures. However, doubts frequently arise regarding the quality of the BSCs developed as well as the qual...
Article
Full-text available
The balanced scorecard (BSC) has become a popular concept for performance measurement. It focuses attention of management on only a few performance measures and bridges different functional areas as it includes both financial and non-financial measures. However, doubts frequently arise regarding the quality of the BSCs developed as well as the qual...
Article
Purpose – This paper aims to describe three exploratory field studies investigating which characteristics add to later time to market and/or low product functionality of newly developed products. The studies are conducted at the level of developments tasks, or work packages. The first and second studies investigate to what extent the unpredictabili...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – This paper aims to describe three exploratory field studies investigating which characteristics add to later time to market and/or low product functionality of newly developed products. The studies are conducted at the level of developments tasks, or work packages. The first and second studies investigate to what extent the unpredictabili...

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Project (1)
Project
This research investigate whether M&A enhances innovation outcome from a resource, knowledge, and organization complexity lens. We aim to provide a holistic understanding regarding performance aspects in M&A by developing and testing an innovation outcome model.