Kim Reuter

Kim Reuter
Franklin Scholars

PhD

About

95
Publications
34,714
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630
Citations

Publications

Publications (95)
Article
Live extraction of wildlife is a threat to biodiversity and can compromise animal welfare standards. Studies of the captive environments and welfare of pet primates are known, but none has focused on Madagascar. We aimed to expand knowledge about the captive conditions of pet lemurs in Madagascar. We hypothesized that captive le- murs would often b...
Article
The role of wild meat for subsistence or as a luxury good is debated. We investigated the role of wild meat in food security in Madagascar, where consumption is poorly understood in urban areas and at regional scales. Using semi-structured interviews (n = 1339 heads-of- households, 21 towns), we aimed to: (1) quantify the amount and purpose of, (2)...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
International April 16, 2016 , Atrium Ballroom A/B It is difficult to assess the magnitude of pet lemur ownership in Madagascar. The current study used an online survey to collect data on pet lemur sightings from the public to determine the extent of pet lemur ownership. Based on prior research in northern Madagascar, we predicted that pet lemur ow...
Article
Full-text available
Wild meat trade constitutes a threat to many animal species. Understanding the commodity chain of wild animals (hunting, transportation, trade, consumption) can help target conservation initiatives. Wild meat commodity chain research has focused on the formal trade and less on informal enterprises, although informal enterprises contribute to a larg...
Article
Full-text available
Overexploitation is a significant threat to biodiversity, with live capture of millions of animals annually. An improved understanding of live capture of primates is needed, especially for Madagascar’s threatened lemurs. Our objectives were to provide the first quantitative estimates of the prevalence, spatial extent, correlates and timing of lemur...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last half-century, the world’s human population has doubled, impacting almost all ocean and land areas. The threats facing primates in the wild have never been greater or more complex. Primatologists have long been aware of these threats and, since the 1970s, have coordinated efforts to safeguard these threatened species, through the Inter...
Article
Full-text available
Tuberculosis (TB) is an ancient disease affecting a plethora of domestic and wild animals, including humans. In primates, TB can cause severe multisystemic disease. The prevalence of TB in lemurs within Madagascar is unknown; the most recent documented case occurred in 1973 (1). Reverse zoonotic transmission of TB can occur when nonhuman primates a...
Article
Full-text available
Madagascar's ring‐tailed lemurs (Lemur catta ) are experiencing rapid population declines due to ongoing habitat loss and fragmentation, as well as increasing exploitation for bushmeat and the illegal pet trade. Despite being the focus of extensive and ongoing behavioral studies, there is comparatively little known about the genetic population stru...
Technical Report
Full-text available
2020 -- IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group (Madagascar Section) Red List conservation status review and update for the white-fronted lemur (Eulemur albifrons). This was part of a bigger reviewing and updating of Red List conservation statuses for all lemur species -- the first such review and update for lemurs since 2012. As a result of this 2020 co...
Technical Report
Full-text available
2020 -- IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group (Madagascar Section) Red List conservation status review and update for the black lemur (Eulemur macaco). This was part of a bigger reviewing and updating of Red List conservation statuses for all lemur species -- the first such review and update for lemurs since 2012. As a result of this 2020 conservation...
Article
Full-text available
Biodiversity loss is a critical sustainability issue, and companies are beginning to seek ways to assess their biodiversity performance. Initiatives to date have developed biodiversity indicators for specific business contexts (e.g., spatial scales—from site, to product, to regional, or corporate scales); however, many are not widely translatable a...
Poster
Full-text available
Madagascar has several tourist facilities with translocated lemurs. Indri and sifaka are popular with tourists but have notoriously low survival outside of the habitats where they occur. We used social media to determine the types of interactions people engage in with these Critically Endangered animals, and to understand the number and turn over t...
Article
Full-text available
Primates are extracted from the wild for the pet trade across the world. In Madagascar, lemurs are kept as illegal pets and an understanding of lemur pet ownership at the national level is lacking. In 2013 and 2016, we undertook a national survey in 11 of Madagascar's 22 administrative regions (n = 28 towns) with 1,709 households. To our knowledge,...
Article
Full-text available
Lemur catta is the most reported illegal captive lemur. We document 286 L. catta that were held in illegal captive conditions in Madagascar. Coastal tourist destinations are “hot spots” for sightings. Many of the L. catta reported were in businesses (49%) and were perceived to be held captive for the purpose of generating income (41%). Infant/juven...
Data
Genus/Species of pet lemurs reported by households during 2016 surveys. (DOCX)
Data
Town-level data (for towns with more than 5,000 people) on the number of pet lemurs owned and seen in the recent past. (XLSX)
Article
Full-text available
Content shared on social media platforms can impact public perceptions of wildlife. These perceptions, which are in part shaped by context (e.g. non-naturalistic setting, presence of a human), can influence people’s desires to interact with or acquire wild animals as pets. However, few studies have examined whether this holds true for wild animals...
Data
Species of lemur with which people on Twitter had interacted and IUCN red list status. (DOCX)
Data
Number of tweets indicating someone wanting to own a pet lemur, number of tweets linking to the ‘viral video’, number of tweets about someone seeing a privately-owned pet lemur, and number of tweets about human-lemur interactions at zoos. (DOCX)
Data
Additional methods and analyses. (DOCX)
Data
Keywords used to capture tweets regarding pet lemurs, number of tweets using each keyword, number of tweets people expressing desire for a pet lemur, and number people tweeting about human-lemur contact (zoos and privately owned). (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
Non-human primates harbor zoonotic pathogens including the ra- bies virus (Rabies lyssavirus). Though the chances of rabies trans- mission from primates is low, guidelines currently recommend a post-exposure prophylaxis for unvaccinated persons. In Madagas- car, lemurs have been described as carriers of the rabies virus, but a discussion about the...
Article
As with many other species in the primate order, ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) are threatened with extinction. Our articles documented declines in wild ring-tailed lemur populations and noted that fewer than 2,500 wild ring-tailed lemurs are known to persist in 32 [Gould and Sauther: Primate Conservation 2016; 30: 89-101] and 34 [LaFleur et al.:...
Article
Full-text available
Primates are kept as pets for various reasons including as indicators of wealth. Ownership of primates can also be influenced by religion. In Madagascar, thousands of lemurs are kept as pets, but the roles of wealth and religion in the ownership of captive lemurs have not been explored. We use quantitative and qualitative data to examine these aspe...
Article
Full-text available
Young adults have a higher risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) than other age groups. This risk may be mediated by their social and cultural setting which can impact young adults’ awareness of, beliefs in, and risk of contracting STIs (including HIV/AIDS). In order to understand how these factors vary among young adults of di...
Data
Supplementary Materials Appendices for the manuscript.
Article
Full-text available
The live capture of parrots is causing increasing concern across Africa. In Madagascar, home to three species of parrot (Coracop-sis nigra, C. vasa, Agapornis canus), no study has examined how these species are being extracted from the wild and traded. In this study, we examined the procurement, length of ownership, and the end of ownership of pet...
Article
Full-text available
The trade of live parrots is a threat to wild populations but is understudied. Madagascar is home to three parrot species listed on CITES Appendix II: Coracopsis nigra , Coracopsis vasa and Agapornis canus . Prior to this study there were no data on the ownership of parrots in Madagascar. We therefore aimed to investigate the extent of the domestic...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Executive Summary This desktop study aimed to inform the development of a roadmap for incorporating renewable natural capital in the private sector across the Gaborone Declaration for Sustainability in Africa (GDSA) member countries, and for fostering more sustainable consumption and production patterns in target sectors. After explaining key conce...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The importance of natural capital, the biodiversity and ecosystems that underpin human well-being and economic activity, has been recognized at national and international levels, including in the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals and the Gaborone Declaration for Sustainability in Africa. Integrating natural capital into sustainable econo...
Article
Effective biodiversity conservation requires an understanding of the drivers of natu- ral resource use. Few studies, however, have examined how motivations of natural resource users and attributes of local social organizations affect resource extraction over time. We aimed to identify which characteristics of individuals (taboos, food security, res...
Article
Full-text available
With expanding trade resulting in increased global transport of non-native species, a broader understanding of the mechanisms of marine invasions is becoming increasingly crucial. Yet our understanding of marine invasions lags behind that of terrestrial invasions, including our understanding of fundamental biological mechanisms that influence marin...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Mental health disorders constitute 13% of global disease burden, the impacts of which are disproportionality felt in sub-Saharan Africa. Equatorial Guinea, located in Central-West Africa, has the highest per-capita investment in healthcare on the African continent, but only two studies have discussed mental health issues in the countr...
Article
Full-text available
Correspondence: We call for urgent action to increase government effectiveness in fighting Madagascar’s illegal trade in live lemurs (see go.nature. com/2i6hvor). More funding is needed to investigate the issue, its extent and the factors behind it. Facilities to rehabilitate confiscated lemurs must be improved, and more international non-governme...
Article
The live capture of primates is occurring throughout the tropics and can be a threat to their conservation. Primates are owned as pets for a variety of reasons. Studies of the motivations for primate ownership have been conducted in several countries where they are endemic, but no study has examined this issue in Madagascar. Madagascar is home to t...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known about the legal ownership of lemurs in Madagascar. We surveyed in-country legal captive facilities for the species kept in captivity, resources needed, and the roles the facilities play in lemur conservation. We found that Lemur catta and were the most common species at these facilities and most were in good condition. Facilities ma...
Article
Full-text available
Eulemur coronatus and E. sanfordi are Endangered on the IUCN Red List, yet remain poorly understood. To improve understanding of their ecology, we report on the population densities, troop sizes, sex ratios, and sympatry of these two species within and near Ankarana National Park, Madagascar. Our preliminary data indicate that population densities...
Article
Non-native species impact tropical ecosystems, but the role of different anthropogenic disturbances on the success of non-natives remains unclear, especially in island tropical forests. We sought to understand the influence of anthropogenic habitat degradation and disturbance on non-native plant species in Madagascar. Specifically, we evaluated how...
Article
A decade of research inferring evolutionary relationships from nucleotide sequences has demonstrated a fundamental misconception of the evolution of form in Zoanthidea. Morphological features that define current taxa are plesiomorphic or homoplastic and do not circumscribe clades of species delineated by ecological and molecular characters. Althoug...
Article
Full-text available
Tenrecs are widely hunted in Madagascar, particularly the larger species that do not resemble mice or rats (common tenrec, Tenrec ecaudatus; greater and lesser hedgehog tenrecs, Echinops telfairi, and Setifer setosus). In 2013, the authors of this paper as well as other collaborators conducted an extensive survey of households, meat sellers, and i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Conservation of endangered species is difficult to achieve alone. Many conservation scientists understand what is needed to conserve and protect species from extinction, but implementation often requires interdisciplinary expertise, collaboration, and agreement across social, cultural and political boundaries. In Madagascar, the publication of the...
Conference Paper
Although it is illegal to capture, sell, and trade lemurs, the live capture of lemurs in Madagascar is ongoing and may have impacted over 28,000 lemurs between 2010 and 2013. Little is known about how pet lemurs are procured by owners and under what circumstances ownership ends; no study has explicitly examined this. These data are needed to inform...
Article
Full-text available
In June and July 2015, Conservation International – on behalf of the Gaborone Declaration for Sustainability in Africa (GDSA) Secretariat – conducted a desktop scoping study for the 10 GDSA countries as well as for Uganda and Madagascar on their Natural Capital Accounting initiatives. The objectives of this desktop scoping study were to gain a prel...
Article
Full-text available
Human-modified habitats are expanding rapidly; many tropical countries have highly fragmented and degraded forests. Preserving biodiversity in these areas involves protecting species–like frugivorous bats–that are important to forest regeneration. Fruit bats provide critical ecosystem services including seed dispersal, but studies of how their diet...
Data
Stable isotope values (δ15N and δ13C values) for each sample collected. Includes species identification, city of purchase, location hunted (including GPS coordinates), % of forest cover (within 5km, 15km, and 30km radius), city population, annual precipitation, annual temperature, temperature seasonality, and precipitation seasonality. (XLSX)
Data
Comparison of the areas of the standard ellipses for each species. Calculated using a Bayesian approach (105 posterior draws). (JPEG)
Data
Complete results of model selection, with corrected Akaike’s information criterion (AICc), ΔAICc, and Akaike weights (wi). (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
From June to September 2015, Conservation International – on behalf of the Gaborone Declaration Secretariat – undertook an extensive scoping of Natural Capital Accounting initiatives within the GDSA signatory countries. This scoping effort included over 500 publicly available documents as well as some ground-truthing in selected countries. This exe...
Technical Report
Full report available on: https://www.wavespartnership.org/es/knowledge-center/las-cuentas-experimentales-de-los-ecosistemas-en-san-mart%C3%ADn-perú El presente reporte técnico es el resultado de una iniciativa piloto para entender el estado actual de los ecosistemas naturales, los bienes y servicios que prestan a la economía y los principales usu...
Data
Percent of respondents who reported hunting wild mammal groups on a seasonal basis. Towns are replicates; data taken from meat consumption interviews. (TIFF)
Data
Sources of commonly consumed wild mammals in urban (left column) and rural regions (right column). The arrows point in the direction of the consumer and the thickness of the arrow is proportional to the percentage of consumers (towns are replicates) who procured wild meat from that source. When no arrow is present, no respondents reported procuring...
Data
Meat transport via the bus and boat transport system (61 respondents across 5 urban towns). Data are shown as the mean ± 95% CI. Towns were used as replicates when sample sizes were higher (towns as replicates = TR) and individuals were used as replicates when sample sizes were low (individuals as replicates = IR). (DOCX)
Data
The volume of wild meat consumption. Includes individuals who had consumed wild meat at least once in a lifetime and the volume per year. Significant differences between towns are noted. Columns note whether towns or individual respondents are treated as replicates and depict the mean ± 95% Confidence Interval. Where individuals were used as replic...
Data
The legality of hunting wild animals in Madagascar. (DOC)
Data
Cost per unit of wild versus domestic meats (A) and by animal group (B). In figure (B) types of meat on the right-hand side of the graph are domestic meats while those on the left are wild meats. Figure (B) shows least squares means of significant relationships between different animal groups calculated using a Tukey HSD post-hoc test; letters indi...
Data
Price paid by consumer for wild meat from different sellers (average, towns are replicates). All price estimates are from 2012 or 2013 unless otherwise noted. Body size estimate for wild cats was retrieved from Brockman et al. (2008). All other body size estimates were calculated from Garbutt (2007) as the mean of all species in the taxon, using th...
Data
Percent of people who procured wild meat from different sources in urban and rural regions. Averages ± 95% CI are shown and towns are replicates. (DOCX)
Data
Sources of domestic meat in urban (left column) and rural regions (right column). The arrows point in the direction of the consumer and the thickness of the arrow is proportional to the percentage of consumers (towns are replicates) who procured domestic meat from that source. When no arrow is present, no respondents reported procuring meat from th...
Data
Sources of meat for wild mammals not commonly consumed or killed through human-wildlife conflict. Sources of meat for wild mammals that are not commonly consumed or are typically killed through human-wildlife conflict in urban (left column) and rural regions (right column). The arrows point in the direction of the consumer and the thickness of the...
Data
Sale of meat at open-air markets, restaurants, and supermarkets. Data are shown as the mean ± 95% CI (towns as replicates). Information taken from meat-seller interviews. (DOCX)
Article
Marine, freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems face increasing anthropogenic threats that are exacerbated by the ecological connectivity between realms; integrated land-sea management (ILSM) is a framework that can help address this connectivity. However, gaps in our knowledge regarding ILSM remain. This study reviewed 108 relevant studies to unders...
Article
Although it is illegal to capture, sell, and trade lemurs, the live capture of lemurs in Madagascar is ongoing and may have impacted over 28,000 lemurs between 2010 and 2013. Only one study has examined this trade and did so using in-person interviews in northern Madagascar. The current study sought to expand this existing dataset and examine the c...