Kim Genuite

Kim Genuite
University of Bordeaux · UMR 5199 PACEA

PhD - Geomorphology & Geochronology
Post-doctoral fellow at UMR 5199 PACEA (University of Bordeaux) Geoarchaeology - Geomorphology - Geochronology

About

29
Publications
5,742
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83
Citations
Citations since 2016
29 Research Items
83 Citations
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Introduction
I do research in landscape evolution of archaeological sites using geomorphology, geochronology (ESR and U-series), and 3D laser mapping, in order to reconstruct paleo-landscapes during Quaternary paleolithic settlements (France and Australia). I did my PhD at EDYTEM lab (Environnements, Dynamiques et Territoires de Montagne) on the Ardèche river quaternary landscape evolution. I am currently working on the Seine river quaternary evolution in Rouen University with ESR on quartz method.
Additional affiliations
September 2020 - August 2021
IDEES Laboratory
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Geomorphology - geochronology. Landscape evolution and palaeolithic settlements of the Seine river
October 2016 - July 2020
EDYTEM laboratory
Position
  • PhD
Description
  • Geomorphology / Geochronology - 3D Paleo landscapes reconstitution for prehistoric settlements.

Publications

Publications (29)
Article
Most archaeological and palaeo-environmental archives are preserved in specific environments (buried sediments, rock shelters, cave environments). Hence, the information we can obtain is usually incomplete, and lacking spatial and morphological significance. Studying landscape evolution can help us to understand the location and distribution of pas...
Article
The exceptional conservation of the Chauvet-Pont-d'Arc cave is linked to three successive collapses, the last of which definitively sealed the entrance to the cave 21,500 years ago. This closure is part of a wider morphogenic dynamic associating ancient karstification and gravitational activities that are still active. Understanding and monitoring...
Article
The Seine River (France) drains a catchment area of 80,000 km 2 partly covering northern France. Despite being one of the main rivers in western Europe, few studies focused on the Seine catchment and its landscape evolution during the Quaternary. In Normandy, the middle and lower Seine valley are characterized by meandering fluvial dynamics, semi-e...
Article
The middle Rhône valley, located at the southeastern margins of the Massif Central in France, produced a large number of Middle Palaeolithic sites, most of which dated to the Middle and Late Pleistocene. Due to its position, connecting northern Europe and the Mediterranean basin, this corridor and the surrounding plateaus are of particular interest...
Article
Full-text available
La Seine draine un espace de plus de 80 000 km2 couvrant l’essentiel du nord de la France et constitue l’un des cours d’eau majeurs du nord de l’Europe. Cependant, peu d’études se sont attachées à caractériser son évolution géomorphologique au cours du Quaternaire. Dans la région Normandie, la moyenne et la basse vallée de la Seine sont caractérisé...
Article
Full-text available
Soil erosion is one of the main environmental threats affecting the Critical Zone (CZ) and thus ecosystem services and human societies. Through time, physical erosion is linked to both climate variations and the landscape evolution under long-term human pressures. In mountainous areas where erosion is highest a combination of large spatial and temp...
Presentation
Full-text available
Soil erosion is one of the main environmental threats affecting the Critical Zone (CZ) and represents an emerging concern considered as one of the geosciences/society central issues. Through time, the physical erosion is linked to both climate fluctuations and land-use. Understanding these forcing factors is key to improve our management of this re...
Presentation
Full-text available
Soil erosion is one of the main environmental threats affecting the Critical Zone (CZ) and thus ecosystem services and human societies. This represents an emerging concern considered as one of the geosciences/society central issues. Through time, the physical erosion is linked to both, precipitation amounts induced by climate fluctuations, and the...
Article
Archaeologists often wonder how and when rock shelters formed, yet their origins and antiquity are almost never systematically investigated. Here we present a new method to determine how and when individual boulders and rock shelters came to lie in their present landscape settings. We do so through 3D laser (LiDAR) mapping, illustrating the method...
Article
Full-text available
The Chauvet cave (UNESCO World Heritage site, France) is located in the Ardèche Gorge, a unique physical and cultural landscape. Its setting within the gorge—overlooking a meander cutoff containing a natural arch called the Pont d’Arc—is also remarkable. Investigating possible associations between sites’ physical and cultural settings, chronologies...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Soil erosion is one of the main environmental threats affecting the Critical Zone (CZ) and thus ecosystem services and human societies. This represents an emerging concern considered as one of the geosciences/society central issues. Through time, the physical erosion is linked to both, precipitation amounts induced by climate fluctuations, and the...
Article
Full-text available
Archaeologists usually see, and understand, rock shelters as taphonomically active, but pre-existing, physical structures onto which people undertake a variety of actions including rock art. Our aim in this paper is not only to document the changes undergone by rock shelters but also to identify traces of anthropic actions that have intentionally l...
Thesis
Full-text available
Ce travail de thèse a été financé par allocation de recherche de l’école doctorale SISEO (Sciences et Ingénierie des Systèmes de l’Environnement et des Organisations) de l’Université Savoie Mont Blanc.Il a pour objet de présenter le cadre physique des sites archéologiques ornés par l’approche de la géomorphologie associée aux outils de topographie...
Article
Full-text available
Si la plupart des reliefs externes peuvent être saisis, d’un « seul » coup d’œil, pour peu que l’on se place au bon endroit, une grotte au contraire ne peut jamais être vue dans sa totalité. Parcourue et mesurée, la grotte – et par extension l’endokarst – ne peut être perçue que par bribes qui, une fois assemblées, construisent une représentation f...
Chapter
Full-text available
(english abstract: see below). A l’aval des gorges de l’Ardèche, en rive gauche du dernier méandre, le pilier du Ranc Pointu et ses cavités souterraines constituent un ensemble karstique important, connu pour ses vestiges préhistoriques. Parmi ces grottes, celle des Deux-Ouvertures présente une ornementation pariétale paléolithique qui s’accompagne...
Article
On August 14th 2015 a large debris flow initiated by the occurrence of two slope failures at the front of the Lou rock glacier flooded part of the town of Lanslevillard, France. The present study aims to understand the meteorological and geomorphological context that led to these failures. Investigations were conducted by combining meteorological d...
Article
Full-text available
The ‘direct’ dating of rock art has proliferated since the development of accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon, uranium-series and optically stimulated luminescence dating, yet still, most rock art is not directly datable due to the mineral nature of the constituent pigments. Here we present another method: the recovery and dating by stratigra...
Article
Full-text available
The Pont d’Arc, is a natural bridge that crosses the Ardèche river about 30 meters above the water and shortcuts an abandoned meander, i.e., the Combe d’Arc meander. It is one of the main geomorphological objects of the Ardèche canyon. The processes that have led to the Pont d’Arc shortcut are still poorly constrained. A new approach is proposed he...
Article
Full-text available
The Pont d’Arc, very famous opening of the Ardeche canyon, highly stresses the landscape with its height and its proximity with the well-known Chauvet cave, filled with the most ancien rock art ever discovered. Relationships between Man and environment are at the center of the current research topics on prehistory and if the Pont d’Arc is currently...
Article
Full-text available
The glacio-karstic Mariet depression is located at 1,000 m a.s.l, in the limestone mountains of the Bauges massif (Northern French Alps, France). Its position is a key to understand the würmian chronology of the englacing phases. Considering the moraine deposits, Coutterand (2010) has defined the WGM (Würm Glacial Maximum) of the Isère glacier up t...
Article
Full-text available
Calcite surface has been reported by cavers and scientists over the last decades. Here, we present a methodological work aimed at quantifying that growth. We suggest a method of draping old photographs of a part of the Gournier Cave onto a 3D model. This work relies on a collection of photographs taken by cavers. We have chosen to study a site for...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
This PhD project aims to join geomorphology methods (field mapping, LiDAR and photogrammetry mapping, XRF sedimentology, ERT tomography, ESR and U/Th datings) in a 3D environment in order to visually reconstruct the now erodated or hidden topographies.
Project
Karst and caves are eminently 3D objects. The representation of the underground volumes in 2D does not always make it possible to show the complexity of the objects. 3D images allow the use of topography, photogrammetry and lasergrammetry techniques.