Kim Falinski

Kim Falinski
The Nature Conservancy · Marine

PhD

About

47
Publications
16,977
Reads
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504
Citations
Citations since 2016
39 Research Items
461 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
Additional affiliations
August 2015 - present
The Nature Conservancy
Position
  • Consultant
August 2012 - present
University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
Position
  • Affiliate Faculty
Education
August 2010 - May 2016
University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
Field of study
  • Tropical Plant and Soil Science
August 2007 - May 2009
Cornell University
Field of study
  • Agricultural and Biological Engineering
September 1998 - May 2002
MIT
Field of study
  • Electrical Science and Engineering

Publications

Publications (47)
Preprint
A cocktail of land-based sources of pollution threatens coral reef ecosystems, and addressing these has become a key management and policy challenge in Hawaiʻi, US and territories, and globally. In West Maui, Hawaiʻi, nearly one quarter of all living corals were lost between 1995-2008. Onsite disposal systems (OSDS) for sewage are common contaminan...
Article
Full-text available
Tropical forests provide a suite of benefits including biodiversity, cultural value, and a range of ecosystem services. Globally, there is increasing interest in incentivizing native forest protection as a multi-benefit natural infrastructure strategy to secure clean and ample water supplies. In addition to conversion to agriculture and other non-f...
Research
Full-text available
Water quality, fish and benthic assessment of Kalahuipua'a fishpond complex from 2018-2019.
Article
Full-text available
Remotely sensed ocean color data are useful for monitoring water quality in coastal environments. However, moderate resolution (hundreds of meters to a few kilometers) satellite data are underutilized in these environments because of frequent data gaps from cloud cover and algorithm complexities in shallow waters. Aggregating satellite data over la...
Article
Nutrient sources to coastal waters with coral reefs are not well-characterized. This study documented spatial distributions of nutrients within coastal waters along two developments with coral reefs, and identified nutrient sources through nutrient mixing plots, δ¹⁵N measurements in macroalgal tissue, and NO3⁻ stable isotope mixing models. Nutrient...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Coral reefs and associated reef fishes of the sparsely populated island of Lānaʻi in the Hawaiian islands provide invaluable cultural and ecological benefits for nature and people. However, despite their importance, recent observations indicate that the health of these critical ecosystems is declining due to threats such as sedimentation and overha...
Preprint
Coastal ecosystems are disproportionally inhabited by global human population. Consequently, human impacts originating from land and sea combine with climate-driven disturbances to fundamentally restructure nearshore marine ecosystems. These coincident human stressors are especially acute in the tropics where population centres concentrate along sh...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The health and integrity of coral reef ecosystems are in decline worldwide due to an increasing suite of human activities, which threaten biodiversity and human wellbeing. One of the major drivers of coral reef ecosystem decline is poor water quality from human activities on land. Land-based pollutants from human activities travel downstream via wa...
Article
• As a result of sea‐level rise (SLR), coastal anchialine pool habitats will be lost in some locations and will expand inland into low‐lying areas in others. New and existing habitats may risk additional SLR‐related degradation from non‐native species transmission, groundwater pollution, and increased contact with human infrastructure. Despite a wo...
Article
Full-text available
Cesspools as onsite sewage disposal systems (OSDS) are widespread in the Hawaiian Islands and of concern due to their lack of primary treatment and direct discharge of pathogens and nutrients into groundwater. Approximately 88,000 cesspools in Hawai‘i release nearly 55 million gallons per day (mgd) of sewage into the ground. Here, we review the sta...
Article
Full-text available
Globally, an increasing recognition of the importance of ecosystem-based management (EBM), Indigenous resource management (IRM), and Indigenous-led research and management is emerging; yet, case studies within scholarly literature illustrating comprehensive application of these theories and philosophies are scarce. We present the collaborative mana...
Article
Coastal zones are popular recreational areas that substantially contribute to social welfare. Managers can use information about specific environmental features that people value, and how these might change under different management scenarios, to spatially target actions to areas of high current or potential value. We explored how snorkelers' expe...
Article
Full-text available
Here, we expand on the term “ecomimicry” to be an umbrella concept for an approach to adaptive ecosystem-based management of social-ecological systems that simultaneously optimizes multiple ecosystem services for the benefit of people and place. In this context, we define ecomimicry as a strategy for developing and managing cultural landscapes, bui...
Article
Highlights Interior temperatures increased with decreasing poly-tunnel height. In subtropical regions, high interior temperatures of poly-tunnels could degrade quality of rose-cut flower. Stunted growth of rose plants because of higher temperatures could lead to mis-interpretations of nutrient deficiency. Abstract . High temperature is a major con...
Article
A cocktail of land-based sources of pollution threatens coral reef ecosystems, and addressing these has become a key management and policy challenge in the State of Hawai'i, other US territories, and globally. In West Maui, Hawai'i, nearly one quarter of all living corals were lost between 1995 and 2008. Onsite disposal systems (OSDS) for sewage le...
Article
Compact mass spectrometers (MSs) can provide simultaneous multispecies analysis with high sensitivity and precision. For volcanic gas monitoring in situ, instrumental mass spectrometry requires reliability and ruggedness combined with low power usage and portability. The Volcanic Gas Analytical Monitor (VGAM) is capable of quantitative molecular an...
Preprint
Full-text available
Pacific island coral reef ecosystems are particularly threatened by anthropogenic stresses we can manage in the context of global threats we cannot control. State agencies are challenged to sample coastal waters at the spatial and temporal resolution needed to make decisions about improving watershed management. The acquisition of environmental dat...
Preprint
Pacific island coral reef ecosystems are particularly threatened by anthropogenic stresses we can manage in the context of global threats we cannot control. State agencies are challenged to sample coastal waters at the spatial and temporal resolution needed to make decisions about improving watershed management. The acquisition of environmental dat...
Preprint
Full-text available
A cocktail of land-based sources of pollution threatens coral reef ecosystems, and addressing these has become a key management and policy challenge in Hawaiʻi, US and territories, and globally. In West Maui, Hawaiʻi, nearly one quarter of all living corals were lost between 1995-2008. Onsite disposal systems (OSDS) for sewage are common contaminan...
Article
Full-text available
Phosphorus loss from fertilization is a significant source of pollution to freshwater lakes worldwide. Production of flowers, vegetables, staple food and vineyard in regions surrounding Dianchi, Erhai, Fuxian and Xingyun lakes in Yunnan Province is large-scale. Previous studies have shown that annual fertilizer application rates (AFARs) were excess...
Article
Full-text available
There are growing efforts around the world to restore biocultural systems that produce food while also providing additional cultural and ecological benefits. Yet, there are few examples of integrated assessments of these efforts, impeding understanding of how they can contribute to multi-level sustainability goals. In this study, we collaborated wi...
Article
Full-text available
Coral reefs provide numerous ecosystem goods and services, but are threatened by multiple environmental and anthropogenic stressors. To identify management scenarios that will reverse or mitigate ecosystem degradation, managers can benefit from tools that can quantify projected changes in ecosystem services due to alternative management options. We...
Article
Full-text available
With growing calls to scale up reforestation efforts worldwide, conservation managers increasingly must decide whether and how to restore highly altered ecosystems. However, empirical research on potential trade‐offs remains scarce. We use a Hawai'i watershed to demonstrate a collaborative, interdisciplinary approach to identifying synergies and tr...
Article
Full-text available
We developed a linked land-sea modeling framework based on remote sensing and empirical data, which couples sediment export and coral reef models at fine spatial resolution. This spatially-explicit (60 × 60 m) framework simultaneously tracks changes in multiple benthic and fish indicators as a function of land-use and climate change scenarios. We a...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of superficial gas velocity (Ugr), gas entrance velocity (ν), and bubble size on the growth of Tisochrysis lutea was investigated in 600-mL photobioreactors operated with airlift pumps. Superficial gas velocities, calculated from measured air flow rates, ranging from 7 to 93 mm s⁻¹ were created using a 1.6-mm diameter syringe. We tested...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing development in tropical regions provides new economic opportunities that can improve livelihoods, but it threatens the functional integrity and ecosystem services provided by terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems when conducted unsustainably. Given the small size of many islands, communities may have limited opportunities to replace loss an...
Article
Full-text available
A major challenge for coral reef conservation and management is understanding how a wide range of interacting human and natural drivers cumulatively impact and shape these ecosystems. Despite the importance of understanding these interactions, a methodological framework to synthesize spatially explicit data of such drivers is lacking. To fill this...
Data
Driver data analysis, assumptions, and limitations. (DOCX)
Data
Correlation matrix for driver layers used in PCA. (XLSX)
Data
Detailed GIS methods used to create fisheries catch maps. (DOCX)
Chapter
Full-text available
Patterns and processes on land influence coastal seas. Although coastal ecosystems have evolved to thrive in various conditions, modifications to landscapes by human activities have led to excessive loads of minerals, nutrients, and toxins in coastal waters, sometimes with degrading impacts. Understanding the connectivity between land and sea is cr...
Article
Full-text available
Hawai'i's reservoirs face increasing scrutiny due to heightened dam safety and flood control concerns, growing water demands, and uncertain water pollution effects. To promote long-term reservoir sustainability, it is vital that we improve our understanding of reservoir capacity. Because many of Hawai'i's reservoirs are privately owned and unmonito...
Article
Full-text available
Acid, infertile reddish-brown soils characterize large amounts of central Mozambique. Few of these soils are in food production representing a missed opportunity for agricultural productivity and a missed alternative to improve the food security of the country. Low levels of soil nutrients such as calcium, phosphorus, and potassium limit crop growt...
Article
Full-text available
Land-based source pollutants (LBSP) actively threaten coral reef ecosystems globally. To achieve the greatest conservation outcome at the lowest cost, managers could benefit from appropriate tools that evaluate the benefits (in terms of LBSP reduction) and costs of implementing alternative land management strategies. Here we use a spatially explici...
Article
Geospatial models are commonly used to quantify sediment contributions at the watershed scale. However, the sensitivity of these models to variation in hydrological and geomorphological features, in particular to land use and topography data, remains uncertain. Here, we assessed the performance of one such model, the InVEST sediment delivery model,...
Thesis
Full-text available
Sediment, a principal land-based source pollutant, can negatively affect coral reef ecosystems and impact the services they provide to society, such as recreation and fishing. Watershed managers interested in evaluating options and trade-offs require decision support tools that predict sediment export and retention. However, sediment load has previ...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Episodic runoff brings suspended sediment to the nearshore waters of West Maui, Hawaiʻi. Even small rainfalls create visible plumes over a few hours. We used mapping, field experiments, and analysis of recent (July 19–20, 2014) and historic rainfall to estimate sources of land-based pollution for two watersheds in West Maui: Honolua, and Honokōwai....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Hawaii’s reservoirs face growing scrutiny due to heightened dam safety and flood control concerns, increasing water demands, and uncertain water pollution effects. In order to promote long term reservoir sustainability, it is vital that we improve our understanding of reservoir capacity loss due to sedimentation. We collected, organized, and analyz...
Poster
Full-text available
Coral reef ecosystems in Hawaii are threatened by land-based source pollutants, specifically sedimentation, that result from land use change, ungulates, trails and natural processes. Models have been shown to be poor at predicting where and when sedimentation happens. This poster describes a comparison of 4 models using the same input data analyzin...
Article
Full-text available
Edible aquatic macrophytes grown in arsenic (As)-contaminated soil and sediment were investigated to determine the extent of As accumulation and potential risk to humans when consumed. Nasturtium officinale (watercress) and Diplazium esculentum (warabi) are two aquatic macrophytes grown and consumed in Hawaii. Neither has been assessed for potentia...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The effects of superficial gas velocity in riser (Ugr), gas entrance velocity (ν), and bubble size on the growth of Isochrysis galbana (T-ISO) was investigated in 600-mL bench-scale split cylinder airlift photobioreactors. Superficial gas velocities ranging from 7 to 93 mm s-1 (0.5 to 6.25 vvm) were tested using a 0.0625 syringe. Four sparger diame...
Article
Full-text available
Post-sunset disturbances in the equatorial ionosphere routinely cause rapid phase and amplitude fluctuations (i.e., scintillation) of radio waves propagating through the disturbed regions. The intensity of scintillations is positively correlated with the solar cycle and the associated signal fades will often exceed 20 dB at L-band frequencies durin...

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Projects

Projects (6)
Archived project
To provide foundational information to help establish the emerging science of seascape ecology.
Archived project
Working with the InVEST 3.0 SDR and NDR tools, visualize sediment and nutrient runoff into the coastal zone, and summarize those results for communities, stakeholders, managers and scientists. Test the InVEST models against other documented hydrologic and coastal models, including N-SPECT, SWAT and GSSHA.