Khatijah Yusoff

Khatijah Yusoff
Universiti Putra Malaysia | UPM · Department of Microbiology

PhD

About

280
Publications
47,249
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4,275
Citations
Introduction
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
August 1985 - December 1988
Newcastle University
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (280)
Preprint
Background Among the most prevalent cancers in the urinary tract is bladder cancer, a caner with a high rate of recurrence and metastasis as compared to other malignancies. To date, there have been many genes reported as potential bladder cancer biomarkers among which is the EN2 gene, a member of the homeobox family containing transcriptional facto...
Article
Full-text available
Objective The degradation activity of two bacteriophages UPMK_1 and UPMK_2 against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus phages were examined using gel zymography. Methods The analysis was done using BLASTP to detect peptides catalytic domains. Many peptides that are related to several phage proteins were revealed. Results UPMK_1 and UPMK_2...
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Background Staphylococcus aureus is an opportunistic Gram-positive bacterium that can form biofilm and become resistant to many types of antibiotics. The treatment of multi-drug resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MDRSA) infection is difficult since it possesses multiple antibiotic-resistant mechanisms. Endolysin and virion-associated peptidoglycan hy...
Preprint
Bladder cancer cells acquire persistent infection associated with oncolytic Newcastle disease virus (NDV) in which its molecular events are still unclear. This poses a potential problem for oncolytic virus application for cancer therapy. To unravel the molecular mechanism underlying the development of NDV persistent infection in bladder cancer, we...
Article
Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is a paramyxovirus that is highly pathogenic to poultry causing severe economic loss worldwide. The non-structural V protein is one of the virulence factors of the virus. It antagonises the interferon of the host innate immunity in order to allow successful virus replication in the host cells. However, detailed investi...
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Newcastle disease virus (NDV), an avian paramyxovirus, has the potential to be used as an anti-cancer therapeutic vaccine due to its oncolytic and immunostimulatory activities. The virus can be categorised into three pathotypes: lentogenic, mesogenic, and velogenic; of the three pathotypes, the lentogenic strains such as the La Sota are the preferr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Newcastle disease virus (NDV) has been identified as an attractive virotherapeutic agent that targets various type of human cancers while leaving normal cells unharmed. Wild-type NDV strain AF2240 has been found to persistently infect a subpopulation of cancer cells in vitro, making the cells less susceptible to NDV-mediated oncolysis. I...
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Background Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is an oncolytic virus with excellent selectivity against cancer cells, both in vitro and in vivo. Unfortunately, prolonged in vitro NDV infection results in the development of persistent infection in the cancer cells which are then able to resist NDV-mediated oncolysis. However, the mechanism of persistency...
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Marine sponges are sessile invertebrates that can be found in temperate, polar and tropical regions. They are known to be major contributors of bioactive compounds, which are discovered in and extracted from the marine environment. The compounds extracted from these sponges are known to exhibit various bioactivities, such as antimicrobial, antitumo...
Article
Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the major causes of childhood acute lower respiratory tract infection worldwide. Autophagy is an intracellular pathway involved in nutrient recycling. Recently, autophagy has been reported to play a role in regulating host cytokine response to several viruses, including vesicular stomatitis virus an...
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Rescue of (−)ssRNA viruses involves the sequential assembly and cloning of the full-length cDNA, which is often a challenging and time-consuming process. The objective of this study was to develop a novel method to rapidly clone the full-length cDNA of a very virulent NDV by only one assembly step. A completely synthetic 15 kb cDNA of a Malaysian g...
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The emerging literature has suggested essential oils (EOs) as new possible weapons to fight antimicrobial resistance due to their inherent antimicrobial properties. However, the potential pharmaceutical use of EOs is confronted by several limitations, including being non-specific in terms of drug targeting, possessing a high cytotoxicity as well as...
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Antibiotic-adjuvant combinatory therapy serves as a viable treatment option in addressing antibiotic resistance in the clinical setting. This study was carried out to assess and characterize the adjuvant potential and mode of action of linalool against carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (KPC-KP). Linalool exhibited bactericidal activity...
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The rise in in the number of drug-resistant bacteria that can resist almost all kinds of antibiotics is due to the overuse of these antibiotics (e.g., carbapenems). Thus, there is a need to find an alternative to antibiotic treatment such as the use of phages. In this study, phage UPM1705 was isolated from a polluted lake which can lyse its host Kl...
Article
The development of a T7 RNA polymerase (T7 RNAP) expressing cell line i.e. BSR T7/5 cells marks an improvement of reverse genetics for the recovery of recombinant Newcastle disease virus (rNDV). BSR T7/5 is developed by transient transfection of plasmid encoding T7 RNAP gene for rNDV rescue. However, the gene expression decreases gradually over mul...
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Klebsiella pneumoniae are opportunistic bacteria found in the gut. In recent years they have been associated with nosocomial infections. The increased incidence of multiple drug-resistant K . pneumoniae makes it necessary to find new alternatives to treat the disease. In this study, phage UPM2146 was isolated from a polluted lake which can lyse its...
Preprint
Full-text available
Motivation Bladder cancer cells acquire persistent infection associated with oncolytic Newcastle disease virus (NDV) in which its molecular events are still unclear. This poses a potential problem for oncolytic virus application for cancer therapy. To unravel the molecular mechanism underlying the development of NDV persistent infection in bladder...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Newcastle disease virus (NDV) has been an attractive virotherapy agent that targets various type of human cancers while leaving normal cells unharmed. Wild-type NDV strain AF2240 has been found to persistently infect subpopulation of cancer cells in vitro , making the cells less susceptible to NDV-mediated oncolysis. It is proposed that...
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Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is the major causative agent in hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD), and it mainly infects children worldwide. Despite the risk, there is no effective vaccine available for this disease. Hence, a recombinant protein construct of truncated nucleocapsid protein viral protein 1 (NPt-VP1 198-297), which is capable of inducing neu...
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Colon cancer remains one of the main cancers causing death in men and women worldwide as certain colon cancer subtypes are resistant to conventional treatments and the development of new cancer therapies remains elusive. Alternative modalities such as the use of viral-based therapeutic cancer vaccine is still limited, with only the herpes simplex v...
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Objective The effect of two signal peptides, namely Usp45 and Spk1 on the secretion of xylanase in Lactococcus lactis was analysed.ResultsXylanase was successfully expressed in Lactococcus lactis. Recombinant xylanase fused to either signal peptide Usp45 or Spk1 showed halo zone on Remazol Brilliant Blue-Xylan plates. This indicated that the xylana...
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In the present study, we investigated the in-vitro anti-cancer potential of six diarylpentanoids against a panel of BRAF- and KRAS-mutated colorectal cancer cell lines including T84, SW620, LoVo, HT29, NCI-H508, RKO, and LS411N cells. Structure–activity relationship study suggested that the insertions of tetrahydro-4H-thiopyran-4-one and brominated...
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Endolysins have been studied intensively as an alternative to antibiotics. In this study, endolysin derived from a phage which infects methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli pET28a. Initially, the endolysin was cloned using BamHI/ XhoI, resulting in expression of a recombinant endolysin which...
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Background: Oncolytic viruses have emerged as an alternative therapeutic modality for cancer as they can replicate specifically in tumour cells and induce toxic effects leading to apoptosis. Despite the great potentials and promising results shown in multiple studies, it appears that their efficacy is still moderate and deemed as not sufficient in...
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Genotype VII Newcastle disease viruses are associated with huge economic losses in the global poultry industry. Despite the intensive applications of vaccines, disease outbreaks caused by those viruses continue to occur frequently even among the vaccinated poultry farms. An important factor in the suboptimal protective efficacy of the current vacci...
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Mining of plant-derived antimicrobials is the major focus at current to counter antibiotic resistance. This study was conducted to characterize the antimicrobial activity and mode of action of linalyl anthranilate (LNA) against carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (KPC-KP). LNA alone exhibited bactericidal activity at 2.5% v/v, and in comb...
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Many traditional vaccines have proven to be incapable of controlling newly emerging infectious diseases. They have also achieved limited success in the fight against a variety of human cancers. Thus, innovative vaccine strategies are highly needed to overcome the global burden of these diseases. Advances in molecular biology and reverse genetics ha...
Article
In the present study, a series of nine stable 3,4,5-methoxylphenyl-containing asymmetrical diarylpentanoids, derivatives of curcuminoids, have been synthesized, characterized and evaluated for their in-vitro anti-cancer potential against a panel of BRAF- and KRAS-mutated colorectal cancer cell lines including T84, LoVo and SW620, HT29, RKO and NCI-...
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Misuse of antibiotics in the clinical and agricultural sectors has caused the emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Klebsiella pneumoniae which contributes a threat to human health. In this study, we assessed the feasibility of lavender essential oil (LVO) as an antimicrobial agent in combinatory therapy with meropenem in suppressing the growth of...
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Reverse genetics has been used to generate recombinant Newcastle disease virus with enhanced immunogenic properties for vaccine development. The system, which involves co-transfecting the viral antigenomic plasmid with three helper plasmids into a T7 RNA polymerase-expressing cell to produce viral progenies, poses a great challenge. We have modifie...
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The Newcastle disease virus (NDV) strain AF2240 is an avian avulavirus that has been demonstrated to possess oncolytic activity against cancer cells. However, to illicit a greater anti-cancer immune response, it is believed that the incorporation of immunostimulatory genes such as IL12 into a recombinant NDV backbone will enhance its oncolytic effe...
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Naturally existing Chlorogenic acid (CGA) is an antioxidant-rich compound reported to act a chemopreventive agent by scavenging free radicals and suppressing cancer-causing mechanisms. Conversely, the compound’s poor thermal and pH (neutral and basic) stability, poor solubility, and low cellular permeability have been a huge hindrance for it to exh...
Article
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignancies. In recent decades, early diagnosis and conventional therapies have resulted in a significant reduction in mortality. However, late stage metastatic disease still has very limited effective treatment options. There is a growing interest in using viruses to help target therapies to tumou...
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Paramyxoviridae is a family of viruses within the order Mononegavirales and comprises 14 genera; Metaavulavirus, Orthoavulavirus, Paraavulavirus, Synodonvirus, Ferlavirus, Aquaparamyxovirus, Henipavirus, Morbillivirus, Respirovirus, Jeilongvirus, Narmovirus, Salemvirus, Pararubulavirus and Orthorubulavirus. The members within this family are negati...
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Background Lactobacillus plantarum, a major species of Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB), are capable of producing postbiotic metabolites (PM) with prominent probiotic effects that have been documented extensively for rats, poultry and pigs. Despite the emerging evidence of anticancer properties of LAB, very limited information is available on cytotoxic a...
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Background: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) biofilm producers represent an important etiological agent of many chronic human infections. Antibiotics and host immune responses are largely ineffective against bacteria within biofilms. Alternative actions and novel antimicrobials should be considered. In this context, the use of ph...
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Background The current limitations of conventional BCG vaccines highlights the importance in developing novel and effective vaccines against tuberculosis (TB). The utilization of probiotics such as Lactobacillus plantarum for the delivery of TB antigens through in-trans surface display provides an effective and safe vaccine approach against TB. Suc...
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Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP) remains the most prevalent nosocomial pathogen and carries the carbapenemase (KPC) gene which confers resistance towards carbapenem. Thus, it is necessary to discover novel antimicrobials to address the issue of antimicrobial resistance in such pathogens. Natural products such as essential oils are a promising source due...
Data
List of primers used in this study. (DOCX)
Data
Raw data of non-treated and CBO-treated KPC-KP proteome profile. (ZIP)
Data
Comparative proteomic analysis spreadsheet. (XLSX)
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Aim: Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is a member of genus Avulavirus within the family Paramyxoviridae. Interest of using NDV as an anticancer agent has arisen from its ability to kill tumor cells with limited toxicity to normal cells. Methods: In this investigation, the proliferation of brain tumor cell line, glioblastoma multiform (DBTRG.05MG) indu...
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Antimicrobials are useful compounds intended to eradicate or stop the growth of harmful microorganisms. The sustained increase in the rates of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) worldwide is worrying and poses a major public health threat. The development of new antimicrobial agents is one of the critical approaches to overcome AMR. However, in the rac...
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Newcastle disease (ND) is one of the most important avian diseases with considerable threat to the productivity of poultry all over the world. The disease is associated with severe respiratory, gastrointestinal, and neurological lesions in chicken leading to high mortality and several other production related losses. The aetiology of the disease is...
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Background Tuberculosis is one of the most common and deadliest infectious diseases worldwide affecting almost a third of the world’s population. Although this disease is being prevented and controlled by the Bacille Calmette Guérin (BCG) vaccine, the protective efficacy is highly variable and substandard (0–80%) in adults. Therefore, novel and eff...
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Newcastle disease (ND) is one of the most devastating diseases that considerably cripple the global poultry industry. Because of its enormous socioeconomic importance and potential to rapidly spread to naïve birds in the vicinity, ND is included among the list of avian diseases that must be notified to the OIE immediately upon recognition. Currentl...
Article
In the present study, a series of forty-five asymmetrical meta-methoxylated diarylpentanoids have been synthesized, characterized and evaluated for their in-vitro anti-cancer potential. Among the forty-five analogs, three compounds (20, 33 and 42) have been identified as lead compounds due to their excellent inhibition against five human cancer cel...