Kevin P. Mulder

Kevin P. Mulder
California Academy of Sciences · Department of Herpetology

PhD

About

20
Publications
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193
Citations
Introduction

Publications

Publications (20)
Article
Full-text available
Translocations are a tool widely used by wildlife managers, yet their impact is often insufficiently evaluated. Most translocation studies only assess the initial establishment phase, and the majority of long-term persistence studies to date have only tracked female fecundity. Male genetic integration for mitigative translocations have as of yet no...
Article
The Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) is a genomic region encoding immune loci that are important and frequently used markers in studies of adaptive genetic variation and disease resistance. Given the primary role of infectious diseases in contributing to global amphibian declines, we characterized the hypervariable exon 2 and flanking introns...
Article
Full-text available
The amphibian disease chytridiomycosis, caused by the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), has contributed to the decline of Chiricahua leopard frogs (Rana chiricahuensis), a federally threatened species native to the Southwestern United States. We characterized immunogenetic variability in R. chiricahuensis by sequencing an expressed Major...
Article
Full-text available
Infectious diseases are causing catastrophic losses to global biodiversity. Iridoviruses in the genus Ranavirus are among the leading causes of amphibian disease-related mortality. Polymorphisms in major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes are significantly associated with variation in amphibian pathogen susceptibility. MHC genes encode two clas...
Article
The ability to bear live offspring, viviparity, has evolved multiple times across the tree of life and is a remarkable adaptation with profound life-history and ecological implications. Within amphibians the ancestral reproductive mode is oviparity followed by a larval life stage, but viviparity has evolved independently in all three amphibian orde...
Article
Full-text available
Due to their limited geographic distributions and specialized ecologies, cave species are often highly endemic and can be especially vulnerable to habitat degradation within and surrounding the cave systems they inhabit. We investigated the evolutionary history of the West Virginia Spring Salamander (Gyrinophilus subterraneus), estimated the popula...
Article
Until recently many historical museum specimens were largely inaccessible to genomic inquiry, but high‐throughput sequencing (HTS) approaches have allowed researchers to successfully sequence genomic DNA from dried and fluid‐preserved museum specimens. In addition to preserved specimens, many museums contain large series of allozyme supernatant sam...
Article
A period of isolation in allopatry typically precedes local adaptation and subsequent divergence among lineages. Alternatively, locally adapted phenotypes may arise and persist in the face of gene flow, resulting in strong correlations between ecologically-relevant phenotypic variation and corresponding environmental gradients. Quantifying genetic,...
Preprint
Until recently many historical museum specimens were largely inaccessible to genomic inquiry, but high-throughput sequencing (HTS) approaches have allowed researchers to successfully sequence genomic DNA from dried and fluid-preserved museum specimens. In addition to preserved specimens, many museums contain large series of allozyme supernatant sam...
Article
Full-text available
In polygynous lizards, malemale competition is an important driver of morphologic and behavioral traits associated with intraspecific dominance. The extent to which females engage in aggressive behavior and thus contribute to competition-driven morphologic variation is not well studied. We used injury frequencies of brown anoles (Anolis sagrei) in...
Article
Full-text available
Species with narrow environmental tolerances are often distributed within fragmented patches of suitable habitat, and dispersal among these subpopulations can be difficult to directly observe. Genetic data can help quantify gene flow between localities, which is especially important for vulnerable species with a disjunct range. The Shenandoah salam...
Article
Full-text available
Effective conservation and management of pond‐breeding amphibians depends on the accurate estimation of population structure, demographic parameters, and the influence of landscape features on breeding‐site connectivity. Population‐level studies of pond‐breeding amphibians typically sample larval life stages because they are easily captured and can...
Article
Full-text available
In occupancy studies, species misidentification can lead to false-positive detections, which can cause severe estimator biases. Currently, all models that account for false-positive errors only consider omnibus sources of false detections and are limited to single-species occupancy. However, false detections for a given species often occur because...
Article
Full-text available
The complete mitochondrial genome of Salamandra salamandra was reconstructed using bycatch sequences from an RNAseq library generated from muscle tissue. This study shows the potential of using data originally produced for transcriptome assembly to additionally generate complete mitochondrial genomes. The resulting mitogenome was circular, consiste...
Article
Full-text available
Studying patterns of intra-specific genetic variation among populations allows for a better understanding of population structure and local adaptation. However, those patterns may differ according to the genetic markers applied, as neutral genetic markers reflect demographic processes and random genetic drift, whereas adaptive markers also carry th...

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