Kevin R Ford

Kevin R Ford
High Point University · Department of Physical Therapy, Congdon School of Health Sciences

PhD

About

345
Publications
145,831
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (345)
Article
Background Despite knee extensor and flexor strength reportedly being associated with injury risk, including rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament in girls, there is limited evidence for the longitudinal changes in lower extremity strength. Purpose To investigate the sex-specific relationship with longitudinal changes of knee extensor and flex...
Article
Context: Women's volleyball requires frequent and repetitive jumping that when performed with altered biomechanics, including kinematic or kinetic asymmetry, may place the athlete at high risk for injury. This study identified and analyzed lower-extremity biomechanical asymmetries in college women's volleyball players during standard and sport-spe...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to determine and analyze the differences between the players’ internal (IL) and external load (EL) in different time zones (T1: 0–45 min, T2: 45–70 min, T3: 0–70 min, T4: 70–90 min, T5: 45–90 min, and T6: 0–90 min) in elite youth soccer matches (U17–19 age category). The monitored group comprised elite youth soccer players...
Conference Paper
PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: Low cadence has been associated with injury in high school cross country runners. Previous studies have found that variations in cadence may be related to experience, speed, and anthropometric vari�ables such as body mass and leg length. It is unknown what factors, if any, predict cadence in a large cohort of healthy youth lo...
Article
Background Studies have found no or minimal differences in running kinematics between flexible and inflexible adult runners. The interaction between hamstring flexibility and running kinematics has not been reported in adolescent long-distance runners. Research Question Does hamstring flexibility influence running kinematics in adolescent long-dist...
Article
The purpose of this study was to determine if estimated center of pressure (COP) from plantar force data collected using three-sensor loadsol insoles was comparable to the COP from plantar pressure data collected using pedar insoles during walking and running. Ten healthy adults walked and ran at self-selected speeds on a treadmill while wearing bo...
Article
Context: Running programs traditionally monitor external loads (e.g., time, distance). There has been a recent movement to encompass a more comprehensive approach to also monitor training loads that account for internal loads (e.g., intensity, measured as session rating of perceived exertion [sRPE]). The combination of an external and internal load...
Article
Full-text available
The stretch‐shortening cycle (SSC) assists in effective force attenuation upon landing and augments force generation at take‐off during a drop vertical jump (DVJ). General performance outcomes such as jump height or peak measures have been used to assess SSC function in youth populations; however, these discrete metrics fail to provide insight into...
Article
Objectives This study aimed to investigate differences in stance phase pelvic and hip running kinematics based on maturation and sex among healthy youth distance runners. Design Cross-Sectional. Methods 133 uninjured youth distance runners (M = 60, F = 73; age = 13.5 ± 2.7 years) underwent a three-dimensional running analysis on a treadmill at a...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The COVID-19 pandemic impacted the sporting and exercise activities of millions of youth. Running is an activity that could be maintained while social distancing restrictions were implemented during the pandemic. However, a recent study has indicated that youth runners reported lower running distance, frequency, and intensity during COVID-...
Article
Objective Young female athletes involved in high-speed cutting and change-of-direction sports are particularly susceptible to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. Little is known if maturational changes in cutting technique contribute to the increased injury risk. Our objective was to examine longitudinal changes in cutting kinematics in fema...
Article
Full-text available
Background Distance running is a popular interscholastic sport, but also has an associated high risk of running-related injuries. Recent literature suggests that functional tests may help to identify athletes at increased risk of injury. The Y-Balance Test (YBT) is an objective measure used to assess functional muscle strength and balance and to ex...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: Poor outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLr), including the relatively high risk of suffering a subsequent ACL injury, suggest the need to optimize rehabilitation and return-to-sport testing. The purpose of this commentary is to introduce clinicians to the concept of monitoring training load during r...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of age on peak torque (PT) relative strength measures of knee extensors (KE) and knee flexors (KF), bilateral strength ratio (Q:Q, H:H), and ipsilateral strength ratio (H:Q) in youth elite male football players.Elite male players (n = 70) from four age categories (U16: n = 20, U17: n = 20, U19...
Article
Background: The single leg triple hop (SLTH) test is often utilized by rehabilitation practitioners as a functional performance measure in a variety of patient groups. Accuracy and consistency are important when measuring the patient progress and recovery. Administering the SLTH test on different surfaces, consistent with the patient's sport, may...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The COVID-19 pandemic impacted the sporting and exercise activities of millions of youth. Running is an activity that could be maintained while social distancing restrictions were implemented during the pandemic. If running-related injuries do occur, these restrictions may also influence the access to care or care seeking behavior of this...
Chapter
Upper extremity biomechanics in the basketball athlete are important to understand because of the frequent and skillful ball manipulation that occurs in the sport. Upper extremity injures are not as common as those to the lower extremity, but injury patterns are consistent with high contact forces. Thus, the upper extremities need to balance agilit...
Chapter
Basketball is a multi-directional sport that has high lateral and vertical demands. Understanding the biomechanics of jumping, landing, and cutting can help coaches and clinicians better reduce the risk of injury in basketball athletes since abnormal movement strategies can lead to various lower extremity injuries especially to the foot, ankle, and...
Article
Purpose: The present study analyzed peripheral blood oxygen saturation (SpO2) and heart rate (HR) measurements taken on the Garmin fēnix® 5X Plus watch, comparing them to measurements taken on a standard medical-grade pulse oximeter during normobaric hypoxia exposure under resting conditions. Methods: Thirteen women (mean ± SD: Age 20 ± 1 years, he...
Article
Subjective well-being is related to injury in soccer athletes, but little is known about how these variables change around a single athletic competition. Continued athletic participation combined with negative well-being may lead to tissue overload and subsequent injury. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the differences in daily w...
Article
Background Traditional testing to identify asymmetries after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction include four similar horizontal hopping tests. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a single-leg vertical hopping test can identify performance and biomechanical asymmetries, and whether performance asymmetries provide unique informa...
Article
Full-text available
Young female soccer players are at high risk of anterior cruciate ligament injury due to the fast-paced nature of the sport and surplus of unplanned movements during play. Neuromuscular training programs that aim to reduce this injury by targeting the associated biomechanical movements are a potential solution. While previous studies have examined...
Article
Full-text available
Background Temporal spatial parameters during running are measurable outside of clinical and laboratory environments using wearable technology. Data from wearable technology may be useful for injury prevention, however the association of temporal spatial parameters with overuse injury in runners remains unclear. Objective To identify the associati...
Article
Quantifying external loads during athletic activities, particularly game-level competition, can provide objective data for the management of athlete performance, late-stage rehabilitation, and return-to-play decisions after lower extremity injury; yet, no studies have quantified these data in collegiate women's lacrosse athletes. The purpose of thi...
Article
Background: Although unimpaired gait is typically assumed to be symmetrical, side-to-side differences in discrete instances of time have been reported in adult and youth runners. These previous results fail to account for the entirety of the motion. Research question: Are waveform pattern similarities strong in youth long-distance runners and ar...
Article
Prospective knee abduction moments measured during the drop vertical jump task identify those at increased risk for anterior cruciate ligament injury. The purpose of this study was to determine which muscle forces and frontal plane biomechanical features contribute to large knee abduction moments. Thirteen young female athletes performed three drop...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Coordination of multiple degrees of freedom in the performance of dynamic and complex motor tasks presents a challenging neuromuscular control problem. Experiments have inferred that humans exhibit self-organized, preferred coordination patterns, which emerge due to actor and task constraints on performance. The purpose of this study...
Article
Knee kinetic asymmetries are present during jump-landings in athletes returning to sport following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, and are associated with an increased risk for sustaining a second ACL injury. The loadsol® is a wireless load sensing insole that can be used in non-laboratory settings. The purpose of this study was to...
Article
The anterior cruciate ligament is the primary structural restraint to tibial anterior shear force. The anterior force occurring at the knee during landing contributes to anterior cruciate ligament injury risk, but it cannot be directly measured experimentally. The objective of this study was to develop electromyography-informed musculoskeletal simu...
Article
Full-text available
Sport specialization is a growing trend in youth athletes and may contribute to increased injury risk. The neuromuscular deficits that often manifest during maturation in young, female athletes may be exacerbated in athletes who specialize in a single sport. The purpose of this study was to investigate if sport specialization is associated with inc...
Article
Background: There is a growing incidence of foot injuries in basketball, which may be from the sport's repetitive, forceful multi-directional demands. Modifying midsole stiffness of the basketball shoe has been reported to alter ankle motion and plantar forces to reduce the risk of injury; however, the effects on anatomical, in-shoe foot (metatars...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to determine whether the speed, agility, aerobic and anaerobic capacities of football players varied by playing positions. Elite youth football players (n = 123, age = 15.7 ± 0.5 years) who played in six different positions, as goalkeepers (GK), full backs (FB), central defenders (CD), wide midfielders (WM), central midfie...
Poster
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to identify the knee movement patterns of athletes during the DVJ and compare those to more sport specific tasks, a weighted sled push (WSP), and a jump stop unanticipated cut (JSUC). American football players classified in low, moderate, or high risk for knee injury from the DVJ moved in a similar pattern when complet...
Poster
Full-text available
Fifth metatarsal (5M) fractures are common in a young athletic population, but the risk factors for this injury are not well understood. This study aimed to determine differences in sport-related loading in adolescent American football players with varying bone mineral densities (BMD) of the 5M.
Article
Purpose To investigate the differences in demographic, anthropometric, biomechanical, and/or performance variables between those that do (responders) and do not (non-responders) exhibit reductions in knee abduction moments after an anterior cruciate ligament injury prevention program (ACL-IPP). Methods Forty-three adolescent female athletes comple...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Female athletes are at an increased risk of developing patellofemoral pain (PFP) relative to male athletes. The unique effects of maturation may compound that risk. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose was to evaluate the neuromuscular control mechanisms that are adaptive to pubertal maturation and determine their relative contribution to P...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Lower extremity overuse injuries, including bone stress injuries (BSI), are common in runners and may result in prolonged recovery and time off from running. Identifying risk factors for running-related overuse injuries may have a clinically relevant role in prevention of these injuries. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to comp...
Article
Full-text available
3D motion capture systems are the gold standard for assessing joint position during movements such as a drop vertical jump (DVJ), and a countermovement jump (CMJ). However, it is not feasible to use them in the field for daily use. Previous literature has examined the validity of inertial measurement units (IMU), but have not during a DVJ and CMJ i...
Article
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury prevention programmes have not been as successful at reducing injury rates in women’s basketball as in soccer. This randomised controlled trial (ClinicalTrials.gov #NCT02530333) compared biomechanical adaptations in basketball and soccer players during jump-landing activities after an ACL injury prevention pr...
Article
Objective: To identify relationships between self-reported limb preferences and performance measures for determining limb dominance in adolescent female basketball players. Design: Cross-sectional cohort study. Participants: Forty adolescent female basketball players. Independent variables and main outcome measures: Participants provided sel...
Article
Purpose: To examine the extent to which an ACL injury prevention programme modifies lower extremity biomechanics during single- and double-leg landing tasks in both the sagittal and frontal plane. It was hypothesized that the training programme would elicit improvements in lower extremity biomechanics, but that these improvements would be greater...