Kerstin Nilsson

Kerstin Nilsson
Lund University & Kristianstad University · Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine Lund University & Department of Public Health Kristiantad University

Professor. Associate professor & Dr.med.Sc. in Public Health Epidemiology & Associate professor and PhD in Work Science ORCID 0000-0002-3193-205X

About

165
Publications
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Introduction
My main research area is to promote a healthy and sustainable working life for all ages. I have developed a theoretical model Sustainable Working life for all Ages (swAge model) which also includes practical tools. See more about the swAge-model at https://swage.org/en.html My ORCID 0000-0002-3193-205X

Publications

Publications (165)
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study is to increase the knowledge regarding school principals’ work situations by examining the associations between various factors and the school principals’ assessments of their ability or wish to work until 65 years of age or longer. The 1356 participating school principals in this study were aged between 50 and 64 years...
Article
Full-text available
In many countries, the retirement age is postponed due to the global demographic change, and a larger amount of older people need to participate in working life. However, how and what measures and action proposals that could extend and increase employees’ voluntary and sustainable participation in working life have not entirely been investigated. T...
Article
Full-text available
A larger amount of older people need to participate in working life due to the global demographic change. It is the employer, through the manager, who enables employees to have access to measures in the workplace that facilitate and enable a sustainable extended working life. The aim of this study was to evaluate work life factors associated with m...
Article
Full-text available
Social participation is important for health, and it is well known that high strain jobs impact negatively on mental and physical health. However, knowledge about the impact of psychosocial working conditions on social participation from a long-term perspective is lacking. The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between differ...
Article
Full-text available
Background The leadership of principals is important for school, teacher and student related outcomes. To be capable of doing their work (i.e., having sufficient workability), school principals need proper organisational preconditions, motivation, and good health. It is therefore concerning that some studies suggest that principals have a work situ...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the global demographic change many more people will need to work until an older age, and organisations and enterprises need to implement measures to facilitate an extended working life. The aim of this study was to investigate organisational measures and suggestions to promote and make improvements for a healthy and sustainable working life...
Article
Full-text available
A high turnover among principals may disrupt the continuity of leadership and negatively affect teachers and, by extension, the students. The aim was to investigate to what extent various work environment factors and signs of exhaustion were associated with reported intentions to change workplace among principals working in compulsory schools. A we...
Chapter
Background: The labour force is ageing due to the demographic change and the postponement of old-age retirement in many countries. Objective: In order to increase the possibility for employees to maintain their employability and to keep working in an extended working life this intervention project tested a distance education as a technique to integ...
Chapter
Background: The demographic change affects the retirement age, which has been postponed in many countries. Therefore, the number of senior employees is increasing in the world. However, managers’ attitudes towards their employees’ employability affect the employees’ possibilities regarding whether they can and want to work. Objective: The aim of th...
Article
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Background Few studies have assessed the mental health of principals, or studied associations with both organizational and social work environment factors and occupational balance. The purpose of the present study was therefore to investigate associations between supporting and demanding organizational and social work environment factors, occupatio...
Chapter
Full-text available
Är arbetslivet ålderistiskt? Reflektioner om hur arbetsliv för den åldrande arbetskraften är och kan göras mer hållbart i Jönsson m.fl. (red.) Perspektiv på ålderism. Social Work Press; 2021, p. 249-269. 14. Inledning Med ålderism avses i detta kapitel stereotypa, negativa uppfattningar och attityder om individer utifrån tillskrivning till en...
Article
Full-text available
Background While poor mental health and psychiatric disorders attributed to stressful work conditions are a public health concern in many countries, the health consequences of the occupational stress experienced by school principals is an understudied issue. Although current data is lacking, some research suggests that principals have a stressful w...
Book
Full-text available
Syftet med denna kunskapssammanställning är att bidra med kunskap om arbetsmiljön i relation till den allt äldre arbetskraften. Hur förändras arbetstagarens behov och möjligheter i ett livslopps-perspektiv? Vad bör arbetsgivare och andra arbetsmiljöaktörer tänka på för att arbetskraften ska kunna och vilja arbeta till en hög ålder? Arbetsmiljöverke...
Article
Full-text available
In the spring of 2017, the survey “Sustainable working life in health care” was carried out together with the total number of Region Skåne's health and medical care employees. The background to the study was to collect information on how health care professionals experience their work situation and the opportunity to work in an extended working lif...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Due to the global demographic change, a larger amount of people will need to work until an older age, and organisations and enterprises need to make measures in order to facilitate an extended working life. The aim of this study was to investigate and find out organisational measures and suggestions to promote and make improvements for...
Article
Full-text available
Background Due to the demographic challenge in most countries it is important to consider making work life sustainable. A sustainable work life is of importance in all age groups when working life will be extended to a higher age. Aim Towards a theoretical model with an impact on a sustainable working life for all ages, the swAge - model. Method...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The ageing workforce has an impact on public health. The aim of this study was to evaluate work-related disorders, work tasks and measures associated with the possibility of working beyond 65 years of age or not. Method: The data comprised two sample surveys based on the Swedish population: the Survey of National Work-Related Health...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: The demographic situation with an increasing number of elderly citizens will postpone the retirement age in most countries. However, retirement is a socially accepted way to withdraw from a demanding working life. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the main factors associated to managers’ beliefs their employees want to o...
Article
The Swedish healthcare sector is currently experiencing recruitment difficulties combined with increasing demand for healthcare services. This study accordingly seeks knowledge of the obstacles to and opportunities for retaining older employees in the Swedish healthcare sector. Results of interviews with line managers and human resource (HR) partne...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: The ageing workforce has an impact on public health. The aim of this study was to evaluate work-related disorders, work tasks and measures associated with the possibility of working beyond 65 years of age or not. Method: The data comprised two sample surveys based on the Swedish population: the Survey of National Work-Related Health Dis...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: The ageing workforce have an impact on public health. The aim of this study was to evaluate work-related disorders, work tasks and measures associated with possibility of working beyond 65 years of age or not. Method: The data comprised two sample surveys based on the Swedish population: the Survey of National Work-Related Health Disord...
Conference Paper
Ett systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete med fokus på alla åldrar bör fokusera på människors förmåga och vilja att arbeta, exempelvis genom en modell med fyra olika sfärer som relaterar till olika sätt att definiera ålder. Den första sfären handlar om hälsoeffekter och relaterar till den biologiska åldern. De andra sfärerna rör privatekonomi, stöd och ge...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the impact on work life exits from reduced access to disability pension (2006), and financial incentives to extend working life. Method and material We used labour statistics, social insurance, and income data, for all employees in Sweden, to compare occupational groups (SSYK, based on ISCO-88), and blue and white collar workers, w...
Chapter
The frequent mounting and dismounting the tractor required by many farming operations increases the risk of falls, particularly for older farmers. The present study explored the risk factors related to tractor ingress and egress in older farmers from two countries with a different tradition in terms of safety culture: Sweden and Italy. Eighteen mal...
Chapter
Full-text available
The demographic shift is fast becoming a global challenge and an important public health concern. The proportion of people over 65 years is currently 10% around the world, but it is expected to rise to 22% by the year 2050 [1]. Populations ageing rapidly is widely seen as one of the most powerful transformative forces affecting society over the nex...
Article
Full-text available
Occupational balance promotes health, knowledge about occupational balance among older workers is important. This qualitative study aimed to describe occupational balance among older workers in Sweden. Six focus groups and two individual interviews were conducted with 26 workers, aged 65 years and older. The findings showed that drawing on abilitie...
Article
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Background In Sweden there is a socioeconomic divide between white and blue collar workers with respect to the risk for premature exit from working life. Disability pension has long represented a major reason behind early exits. Objective The present investigation aimed at studying the effect on socioeconomic groups of new guidelines issued by the...
Conference Paper
Hållbart arbetsliv för alla åldrar i Helsingborgs stad I Sverige har det av samhällsekonomiska orsaker föreslagits att ålderspensionen ska senareläggas, eftersom pensionssystemet är uppbyggt så att vi ska arbeta två tredjedelar av våra liv. En av de största utmaningarna för den svenska arbetsmarknaden är att göra arbetslivet hållbart så att fler k...
Article
This qualitative study investigates attitudes towards elderly workers and their work situation in different sectors, and explores perceptions and organizational measures that can enable an extended working life. Previous age management studies indicate that there are several interconnected measures and key areas of importance, and that there is a g...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to explore older workers’ motivation for a full or extended working life. With particular focus on assistant nurses aged 55–64 years, working in the elderly care sector. Focus group interviews were conducted with five different groups of assistant nurses. Inductive thematic analysis was used to analyse the interviews and f...
Article
Background: Societal interest in enabling older workers to prolong their working life has increased in recent years due to demographic change. Managers have a key role in extending working life among employees, because they control the organisation, work environment and potential measures enabling older workers to extend their working life. Objec...
Article
Background: Reforms are changing pension systems in many European countries, in order to both restrict early retirement and force people to extend their working life. From occupational therapy and occupational science perspectives, studies focusing on aspects of working life that motivate the older worker is urgent. Aim: The aim was to describe inc...
Article
Objectives: To perform an ergonomic analysis of work and machinery-related risks in a group of Swedish older farmers, investigating farmers' attitudes and perceptions about: 1) health status and work motivation, 2) physical and cognitive workload and difficulties in the interaction with machinery and technological innovations, and 3) risks and saf...
Chapter
Andelen äldre ökar i de flesta länder genom att allt fler lever till en högre ålder samtidigt som andelen nyfödda minskar. Välfärden i samhället hålls upp av arbetskraften och en åldrande befolkning ger effekter på samhällsordningen när fler behöver försörjas av pensionssystemen. Detta ses ofta som ett hot mot den globala välfärden. För att finansi...
Article
An increasing number of older people in the population will bring new challenges for the society and care coordination. One of the most important questions in care coordination is the employees’ work performance. The overall aim of this study was to examine care employees’ experience of factors that rule how they allocate their time and tasks in th...
Article
Full-text available
The present study was undertaken in order to examine the differences between occupations in the Swedish labour market with respect to the risk for men and women of leaving working life prematurely. The project was carried out as a population study employing methodology used in demographics to predict life length at birth. Here, calculations of expe...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate difference between whether individuals think they can work, and want to work until 65 years or not. Methods: A cross/sectional study including survey of 1949 employees aged 55 - 74 years. Results: Working environments were the most significant differences between the groups associated to if the responde...
Technical Report
Medellivslängden ökar och är idag över 80 år i 34 av världens länder, jämfört med i 19 länder år 2005. Detta ärpositivt, men den åldrande befolkningens hälsa är också en samhällsutmaning inte minst för välfärdssystemen.Hälso- och sjukvården riskerar blir särskilt belastad med allt fler vårdsökande äldre. Yrkesgrupperna inom hälsoochsjukvården har d...
Book
Full-text available
The aim of this knowledge compilation is to contribute with know-ledge about the work environment in relation to the ever-older workforce. How do employee needs and possibilities change from a course of life perspective? What should the employer and other work environment actors think about in order for the workforce to be able to and want to work...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Productivity intensities increase until people reach 50–55 years, and after that the subsequent decline very slight. However, the risk of work environmental injuries and disease increasing with general ageing, because ageing effects our senses and bodies. The working population is ageing and the demographic shift challenges and to make...
Article
Full-text available
Background More people will probably continue working into old age in the future due to the increased size of aging populations in many countries. We therefore need to know more about older workers’ health in relation to their work situation and retirement. This study is a part of a theoretical development of older workers’ situations. Older worker...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Children and young people growing up in a farm environment run a greater risk of being injured or dying in an accident than their non-farming counterparts. This study examines farming parents' attitudes and experiences of having their children grow up on farms, one of the most dangerous work environments as their home, everyday environ...
Article
Full-text available
http://sjp.sagepub.com/content/44/5/506?etoc Aims: This study investigated: (i) the workforce participation in Sweden among older employees before and after changes in eligibility for sickness absence and unemployment compensation by a social insurance reform; and (ii) absence and early exit mechanisms from the workforce for different professions...
Article
Full-text available
http://sjp.sagepub.com/content/44/5/490 Aim: The aim of this study was to explore and understand the complexity of ageing in relation to factors of importance for extending working life. Method: Discourse analysis of documents was used in an integrative review including 128 articles. Result: Four different conceptualisation of ageing are sho...
Research
A website about research towards a theoretical model and tools for a more sustainable working life for all ages and employability - swAge-model https://swage.org/en/
Conference Paper
Abstract: http://www.arbetetsmuseum.se/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Konferensrapport-H--llbart-Arbetsliv-2015.pdf