Kerry L Marsh

Kerry L Marsh
University of Connecticut | UConn · Psychological Sciences

Ph.D.

About

87
Publications
57,779
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4,455
Citations

Publications

Publications (87)
Article
The causal relationship of interpersonal liking affecting interpersonal synchrony is inconsistently documented. This study tests whether a) interpersonal liking increases both behavioral and perceived synchrony, and b) if people will synchronize with an agreeable partner over a competing musical stimulus. We had college students (N = 25) shake an e...
Article
Recent research indicates that individuals show diverse behavioral responses to social ostracism. The current studies evaluate how social motives following ostracism are reflected in preferences for physical environments that either facilitate (sociopetal) or inhibit (sociofugal) social interaction. Across three experiments, participants ostracized...
Article
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The purpose of this article is to provide some groundwork about ecological social psychology as a starting point for researchers tackling neglected issues of language ecologically. I review basic principles of the ecological approach to perceiving and acting and discuss how the ecological approach has been applied beyond solo actors in an ecologica...
Article
The current study examined whether exposure to sexually objectifying images in a potential romantic partner’s virtual apartment affects discrepancies between people’s perception of their own appearance (i.e., self-perceptions) and their perception of the body ideal that is considered desirable to a romantic partner (i.e., partner-ideals). Participa...
Article
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Cognitions about one’s physical environment have a clear psychological impact on inhabitants. However, judgments of a setting’s spaciousness have been shown to be based not solely on the dimensions of the enclosure, but also on a number of seemingly incidental environmental properties. Nevertheless, a theoretical integration and explanation of thes...
Article
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In building evacuation problems, psychological features such as route familiarity, following the guidance and herding may influence evacuees' route choice. Based on psychological findings, a new macroscopic network-flow model that incorporates the effects of psychological features is established in this paper. These features are unified through the...
Article
Full-text available
Cognitions about one’s physical environment have a clear psychological impact on inhabitants. However, judgments of a setting’s spaciousness have been shown to be based not solely on the dimensions of the enclosure, but also on a number of seemingly incidental environmental properties. Nevertheless, a theoretical integration and explanation of thes...
Article
Full-text available
We assessed the effects of three interventions, rhythm, robotic, and standard-of-care, on the imitation/praxis, interpersonal synchrony, and overall motor performance of 36 children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) between 5 and 12 years of age. Children were matched on age, level of functioning, and services received, prior to random assignment...
Conference Paper
Background: Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) have significant motor impairments in dual and multilimb coordination as well as imitation and praxis (Green et al., 2008; Fournier et al., 2010). Motor incoordination in this population not only impacts their performance of daily activities but also affects their social participation skill...
Article
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A growing empirical literature has demonstrated that perceptions of the physical environment are influenced by the perceiver’s behavioral ability. However, prior research has focused only on the perceptual consequences of individual behavior, despite the fact that individuals regularly take part in cooperative social interaction. To test whether si...
Article
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Background Coordination develops gradually over development with younger children showing more unstable coordination patterns compared to older children and adults. In addition, children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) display significant coordination impairments. In the current study, we examined whether robot–child interactions could improv...
Article
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Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) have significant visuomotor processing deficits, atypical motoric behavior, and often substantial problems connecting socially. We suggest that the perceptual, attentional, and adaptive timing deficiencies associated with autism might directly impact the ability to become a socially connected unit w...
Data
A solution has been drafted to bridge the gap between the microscopic model in FDS+Evac (Korhonen and Hostikka, 2010) and the macroscopic model in our probabilistic graph (Wang et al., 2009). The major revision refers to the smoke-and-human interaction in micro-modeling of evacuation. The solution also extends the social-force model to characterize...
Chapter
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This chapter offers a body-movement-based account of how essential our bodies, embedded in a social environment, are to social interaction. Evidence suggests that multiple bodies in motion are interdependent and coordinated such that, through selforganization processes, body movements are pulled toward universal patterns of synchrony. Consequently,...
Article
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A new method for assessing group synchrony is introduced as being potentially useful for objectively determining degree of group cohesiveness or entitativity. The cluster-phase method of Frank and Richardson (2010) was used to analyze movement data from the rocking chair movements of six-member groups who rocked their chairs while seated in a circl...
Article
Full-text available
In building emergency evacuation, the perception of hazards can stress crowds, evoke their competitive behaviors, and trigger disorder and blocking as they pass through narrow passages (e.g., a small exit). This is a serious concern threatening evacuees' survivability and egress efficiency. How to optimize crowd guidance while considering such effe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Creating virtual characters with natural movements is a challenging problem. Users are very aware of how people in general move when interacting based on a lifetime of experience. Unintentionally unnatural movements can adversely affect the experience of the participant. Computationally intensive techniques for calculating dynamic movements can cau...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A general challenge during a building emergency evacuation is guiding crowd to the best exits, given potential hazards and blockages due to high density use. Although computer simulation programs such as FDS+Evac allow researchers to evaluate various guidance policies under different circumstances, computational complexity limits their use during a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Typically developing children and children with autism spectrum disorder respond well to interactions with robots. This provides an opportunity to use robots as facilitators for various treatments. Robots systematize treatment by providing consistent repetitive training that is also spontaneous and interactive. Robots can also help the...
Conference Paper
Background: Complex multilimb coordination emerges gradually over development (Getchell and Whitall, 2003). Specifically, children progress from performing consistent dual-limb actions such as clapping to consistent, multilimb actions such as march and clap motions. Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) have significant motor impairments...
Conference Paper
Background: Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) present with generalized praxis deficits (i.e.; difficulty performing complex movement sequences) including praxis on imitation (Mostofsky et al., 2006). In addition, children with ASDs also present with significant motor coordination deficits including bilateral coordination, visuomotor...
Article
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People move to music and coordinate their movements with others spontaneously. Does music enhance spontaneous coordination? We compared the influence of visual information (seeing or not seeing another person) and auditory information (hearing movement or music or hearing no sound) on spontaneous coordination. Pairs of participants were seated side...
Conference Paper
Background: Verbal and nonverbal communication delays are hallmarks of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and are often addressed by traditional autism interventions. However, motor impairments in coordination, praxis, and imitation are often present yet seldom addressed through intervention. Currently, we are evaluating how an embodied social interven...
Conference Paper
Background: Dual-limb coordination such as clapping and marching emerges earlier in development than multilimb coordination, for example marching while clapping (Getchell, 2007). In addition, the difference between self-coordination (actions performed on your own) and social coordination (joint actions done as one follows a leader) within such mult...
Article
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Understanding the physical and interpersonal constraints that afford cooperation during real-world tasks requires consideration of the fit between the environment and task-relevant dimensions of coactors and the coactors' fit with each other. In the present study, we examined how cooperation can emerge during ongoing interaction using the simple ta...
Article
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Using virtual reality (VR) to examine risky behavior that is mediated by interpersonal contact, such as agreeing to have sex, drink, or smoke with someone, offers particular promise and challenges. Social contextual stimuli that might trigger impulsive responses can be carefully controlled in virtual environments (VE), and yet manipulations of risk...
Conference Paper
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We compared spontaneous vs intentional entrainment of rocking to a musical pulse. Participants sat in a rocking chair and rocked. As a cover task, in 13 of the 15 trials, they were asked to memorize five words and recall them after 45 seconds of rocking. In eleven of the trials, participants were exposed to a steady drum/cymbal beat. The tempo of t...
Article
A roadmap toward a more radically embodied social psychology is offered. The perspective embeds embodied minds in a niche: A physical and social environment with action possibilities (“affordances”) that humans are equipped to utilize. At the heart of this embedded perspective is the suggestion that the methods and conceptualizations of integrating...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In building emergency evacuation, the social bond of evacuees is a critical feature related to blocking in egress, and effective crowd guidance should consider this feature to prevent or mitigate such undesired blocking. Besides, the time-criticality of emergencies also requires an efficient computation method, and how to efficiently optimize crowd...
Article
The pull to coordinate with other individuals is fundamental, serving as the basis for our social connectedness to others. Discussed is a dynamical and ecological perspective to joint action, an approach that embeds the individual’s mind in a body and the body in a niche, a physical and social environment. Research on uninstructed coordination of s...
Article
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The actualization of a simple affordance task-grasping and moving wooden planks of different sizes using either one or two hands-was assessed in the context of task-relevant (plank sequence, plank presentation speed) and task-irrelevant (cognitive load) manipulations. In Experiment 1, fast (3 s/plank) and self-paced ( approximately 5 s/plank) prese...
Article
The reported study measured the ratio between aperture-width and hip-width that marked the critical transition from frontal walking to body rotation for male and female participants. Half of the participants of each sex wore form-fitting lycra clothes and half loose-fitting jogging suits. Participants wearing the form-fitting clothing reported heig...
Article
The current study investigated the interpersonal coordination that occurred between two people when sitting side-by-side in rocking chairs. In two experiments participant pairs rocked in chairs that had the same or different natural periods. By instructing pairs to coordinate their movements inphase or antiphase, Experiment 1 investigated whether t...
Chapter
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Over the last three decades, two major theoretical developments within cognitive science have enriched our understanding of perceptual function and coordinated action in real-world environments.
Article
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The current study investigated the perception of intrapersonal, interpersonal, and tool-based grasping possibilities. In Experiment 1, participants judged whether they would grasp planks of wood-presented in ascending, descending, and random orders of length-using one hand (1H), two hands (2H), or with a tool that extended their reach (TH). In Expe...
Article
Correct and consistent condom use has been promoted as a method to prevent sexually transmitted infections including HIV. Yet research has repeatedly shown that people fail to use condoms consistently. One influence on the pervasive lack of condom use that has received relatively little attention is the context in which consumers are exposed to con...
Article
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Since the emergence of HIV, sexual risk-reduction intervention and prevention programmes have promoted the 'condoms equal safer sex' message with a particular focus on the preventative aspects of condoms (i.e. disease or pregnancy prevention). Yet despite the pervasiveness of this message, research has found that most people fail to use condoms con...
Article
This research tests a tenet of attitude function theory–the motivational matching hypothesis–by using a functional approach to increase organ donation. Pilot studies validated experimental manipulations and persuasive messages. An experiment tested the hypothesis that persuasive messages that match an aroused function would be more effective than m...
Article
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How and why the presence of a person directly affects the perception and action of another person is a phenomenon that has been approached in a limited and piecemeal fashion within psychology. This kind of diffuse strategy has failed to capture the jointness of perception and action within and between people. In contradistinction, the authors offer...
Article
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Previous research has demonstrated that people's movements can become unintentionally coordinated during interpersonal interaction. The current study sought to uncover the degree to which visual and verbal (conversation) interaction constrains and organizes the rhythmic limb movements of coactors. Two experiments were conducted in which pairs of pa...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter discusses attitudes’ influence on beliefs, drawing from limited research and theorizing because most researchers have focused on the reciprocal causal direction. Theories that examine attitudes as anchors against which subsequent judgments are adjusted, theories of cognitive consistency, theories regarding the organization of thought s...
Article
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To summarize studies that have tested the efficacy of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) sexual risk-reduction interventions in adolescents. Reports were gathered from computerized databases, by contacting individual researchers, by searching conference proceedings and relevant journals, and by reviewing reference sections of obtained articles. Stu...
Article
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Considerable research has shown that people have stereotypical beliefs about the speech and communication style of women and men. There is less research about stereotypes of Black people's speech, and none that jointly or comparably investigates communication stereotypes as a function of both gender and race. In this study, White college students (...
Article
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We present a domain-specific analysis of control motivation, which distinguishes between three types of control needs: desire for mastery of one's physical and non-social environment, desire for power in one's interpersonal environment, and desire for autonomy. A new version of the Bains Control Motivation (CM) Scale is developed and validated for...
Chapter
An essential step in attacking the pandemic of HIV is changing adolescents’ sexual risk behavior. Individuals become infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) through contact with infected body fluids, primarily through sexual intercourse or contact with infected blood (sharing needles in drug injection or receiving blood transfusions)....
Chapter
Adults become infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitting diseases (STDs) through contact with infected body fluids, primarily through sexual intercourse or contact with infected blood (e.g., sharing needles in drug injection). Unfortunately, most people who acquire HIV do not learn about their status until much l...
Article
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Using illustrations from HIV prevention research, the current article advocates approaching meta-analysis as a theory-testing scientific method rather than as merely a set of rules for quantitative analysis. Like other scientific methods, meta-analysis has central concerns with internal, external, and construct validity. The focus of a meta-analysi...
Article
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We test the hypothesis that explicit and implicit measures of attitudes would differentially predict deliberate versus spontaneous behavior in the domain of condom use. Students completed explicit attitudinal and thought-listing measures about using condoms and implicit measures using attitude priming and Implicit Association Test (IAT) procedures....
Article
The functional perspective on attitudes suggests that individuals will be more persuaded by advertisements that match their individual needs or attitude functions. Although previous research provided correlational support for this functional approach, the current study aimed to provide a stronger, experimental test. A pilot study validated situatio...
Article
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The control-gaining influence of counterfactual thought was examined in a month-long study of real-life exam performances. Participants were contacted immediately after receiving a test grade, the day before their next test, and right after receiving their second grade. Previous research has proposed that upward counterfactuals lead to improved fut...
Article
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A theoretical perspective is presented that organizes overlapping predictions of various areas of research including attribution, counterfactual thinking, self-efficacy, action control, and perceptions of control research. The controllability bias hypothesis predicts that individuals are motivated to believe that future events will be under their c...
Article
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These studies investigated how the verbal and nonverbal content of a message affected value-based attitudes. Participants viewed a speaker who advocated a policy change at their own university (high-personal-relevance condition) or another university (low-personal-relevance condition) on an issue relevant to participants' values. Verbal content of...