Kerry Peter Black

Kerry Peter Black
University of Melbourne | MSD · School of BioSciences

PhD

About

540
Publications
27,322
Reads
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5,299
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 1995 - December 2003
The University of Waikato
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (540)
Book
Full-text available
More than an engineering manual, the Guidelines recognize the links between economic, physical, social and governmental complexity in handling climate change. The concept promoted is that solutions may occur only when all facets are improved simultaneously. Fundamentally practical solutions to inhibit coastal erosion and sustain life and livelihood...
Article
The role of diatom dominance and phytoplankton concentration in determining the abundance of the dominant calanoid and cyclopoid copepod species in Port Phillip Bay, southern Australia, was investigated. Sampling for Chlorophyll-a, phytoplankton and zooplankton was conducted on 11 sampling trips between August 2016 and June 2017. The proportion of...
Article
Survival of larval fish is often linked to production of preferred prey such as copepods, both inter- and intra-annually. In turn, copepod production depends not only the quantity of food, but also on the nutritional quality, edibility and/or toxicity of their micro-algal food. Hence, larval fish survival can become de-coupled from levels of nutrie...
Article
Full-text available
Population connectivity, which is essential for the persistence of benthic marine metapopulations, depends on how life history traits and the environment interact to influence larval production, dispersal and survival. Although we have made significant advances in our understanding of the spatial and temporal dynamics of these individual processes,...
Technical Report
The REEF project was established to examine the effect of sea urchins and potential anthropogenic stressors (sediment and nutrients) associated with urbanisation on the local and system-wide dynamics of rocky reefs in Port Phillip Bay (PPB), Victoria. The project explicitly addressed implications for management of resilience of PPB reefs. The REEF...
Article
Observations of a large temperate embayment in Victoria, Australia, reveal a sustained climatic shift that occurred in response to a prolonged drought in the region during 1997–2009. Historically, the bay is fresher than the ocean with fresh outflow to the sea. However, the drought has caused substantially elevated salinity and temperatures above a...
Article
Full-text available
The Great Sumatra Tsunami on 26 December 2004 generated large amounts of debris and waste throughout the affected coastal region in the Indian Ocean. In Banda Aceh—Indonesia, the tsunami flows were observed carrying a thick muddy sludge that mixed with all kinds of debris from the destroyed buildings, bridges and culverts, vehicles, fallen trees, a...
Article
Full-text available
The tsunami inundation flows on Banda Aceh, Indonesia reached 5 km inland during the December 26, 2004, event and devastated most of the houses, buildings, and infrastructure along the coast and killed more than 167,000 people. The overland flows from the northwest coast and the west coast collided at Lampisang village approximately 3.7 km from Ule...
Article
Full-text available
Entrainment, dispersal, and settlement of sediment plumes generated by scallop dredging were measured with an instrumented towed sled and downstream sensors during a series of experiments conducted in the main scallop grounds in Port Phillip Bay in southeastern Australia. When three 36-ha experimental plots were subjected to closely supervised, int...
Article
Modelling sedimentation rates within an estuary over the time scale of years to decades is a difficult undertaking. The complex nature of sediment transport and the compounding errors associated with making predictions over longer time-scales introduce a high degree of uncertainty when predicting the fate of catchment-derived sediments. In this pap...
Article
Full-text available
The current status of multi-purpose surfing reef development is evolving. Projects worldwide are in various stages of completion and lessons have been learned from each. This paper considers continuing developments in reef design and reef engineering construction, and the need for blending of the two aspects. INTRODUCTION Multi-purpose surfing reef...
Article
Within New Zealand, growth in the aquaculture industry has led to the diversification of aquaculture sites from more sheltered bays and harbours toward open coast locations. Coastal zone managers, along with the aquaculture industry, aim to ensure the long-term sustainability of any ‘new’ sites selected. Through targeted data collection programmes...
Article
Scour risk provides a basis for structural designs to be modified, and for the assessment of appropriate preventive measures in offshore wind farm developments. Scour is a serious and ongoing industry-wide issue. It can lead to excessive excavation of the immediate seabed and undercut the foundations with potentially serious consequences for the st...
Article
Cross-correlations between along-shelf wind stress and both along- and cross-shelf currents within the central Bay of Plenty, New Zealand show the circulation during spring–summer to be highly responsive to wind events. Current meter records indicate that upwelling-favourable wind stresses generate upwelling dynamics in both mean and fluctuating se...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Almost 3 years after the extreme 26 December 2004 tsunami event, which devastated the Bandeh Aceh region of Sumatra, certain coastal protection works have been planned and implemented. They comprise mainly of seawalls, breakwaters, and planting forest trees and mangroves as a wave-absorbing greenbelt. Numerical modelling of this catastrophic event...
Article
Full-text available
On the coast of Kerala, southwest India, oceanographic measurements were made at the beach, in the surf zone region, and on the inner shelf and then were combined with mechanism-focussed numerical modelling. The goal was to investigate the sedimentary dynamics of an open coast monsoonal beach. A closed sedimentary circulatory system (here described...
Article
Full-text available
The coastal waters of eastern Australia are frequently influenced by eddies driven by the East Australian Current stream. Topographic steering and bottom shear associated with western boundary flows are considered responsible for localised coastal upwelling. A 300km array of temperature and current meter moorings (1996-2000) assessed the spatial an...
Article
Full-text available
Phytoplankton blooms are often studied too late in their development when the surface expression of predominantly senescent cells triggers an investigation. As a result studies typically depict an environment exhausted of nutrients and provide limited information on the mechanisms that caused the bloom. The purpose of the study reported here is to...
Article
Full-text available
Time series analysis and model simulations defined dynamics of coastal boundary layer formation off Coffs Harbour based on four deployed acoustic Doppler current (ADCP) meters and wind data from Coffs Harbour airport. Variance preserving spectra revealed peak energies at 7.8, 3.9 and 2.5 days plus ~24 and ~12 hours consistent with dominant forcing...
Article
Full-text available
The suspension and enrichment of heavy sands at Chavara, southwest coast of India, were examined by studying the beach and nearshore sedimentology, mineralogy, fall velocity patterns, bed reference concentrations, and mixing length characteristics. The outer shelf is carpeted with sand mixed with silty-clay sediments. On the inner shelf, the coarse...
Article
Full-text available
Tidally generated eddies that form behind reefs are potentially important physical mechanisms of retention for coral reef fishes during their presettlement phase. The re-circulating properties of eddies may reduce the potential for dispersing fishes to be transported away from settlement habitat and influence patterns of connectivity among adult po...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Gold Coast, Australia, ISSN 0749-0208 The benthic environment of the nearshore to inner-shelf within the Bay of Plenty, New Zealand, was sampled and surveyed to classify sedimentary environments and benthic habitats. Reef and soft sediment habitats are characterised, delineated, and the potential impacts of suspended bivalve aquaculture considered....
Article
Full-text available
Many marine fish and invertebrates show a dual life history where settled adults produce dispersing larvae. The planktonic nature of the early larval stages suggests a passive dispersal model where ocean currents would quickly cause panmixis over large spatial scales and prevent isolation of populations, a prerequisite for speciation. However, high...
Article
Full-text available
To live successfully in wave-swept habitats, plants and animals must be able to survive, consume resources, and reproduce in the presence of incessant, variable and often unpredictable levels of water motion at a range of scales. However, there is a relatively poor understanding of water motion in natural habitats at the scales necessary to determi...
Article
On a high-energy coast, with heterogeneous nearshore bathymetry and sediment dynamics (New Plymouth, New Zealand), two colours of artificial fluorescent tracer were used to i) investigate the sediment entrapment/bypassing of a port entrance, and ii) to monitor sediment movement from an experimental nearshore dredged-sand dump mound (47,000 m3). Two...
Article
Wave, current, and temperature measurements from the north side of Cape Rodney, northeastern New Zealand, over a 6‐week field programme, reveal the detailed internal dynamics of a baroclinic eddy. The measurements include water levels, currents, and water temperatures through the water column and seabed descriptions. A detailed calibration of a 3‐d...