Kenneth Wasmund

Kenneth Wasmund
University of Portsmouth · School of Biological Sciences

PhD
Lecturer in Environmental Microbiology, University of Portsmouth, UK.

About

38
Publications
6,012
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
869
Citations
Introduction
My research aims to decipher the functions/modes of life of uncharacterised anaerobic microbes living in the massive/mostly unexplored marine subsurface, i.e. what are their nutrients/energy sources & how do they conserve energy. We apply complementary methods from gene/genome sequencing, stable isotope probing and experimental enrichments. My current projects investigate the ecology/functions of sulfate-reducing microbes in the Arctic, as well as the ecology/functions of subsurface Chloroflexi.
Additional affiliations
May 2013 - December 2021
University of Vienna
Position
  • Research fellow
July 2009 - March 2013
Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung
Position
  • PostDoc Position
April 2008 - June 2009
James Cook University
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (38)
Article
Full-text available
Almost the entire seafloor is covered with sediments that can be more than 10,000 m thick and represent a vast microbial ecosystem that is a major component of Earth's element and energy cycles. Notably, a significant proportion of microbial life in marine sediments can exploit energy conserved during transformations of sulfur compounds among diffe...
Article
Full-text available
Unlabelled: The marine subsurface sediment biosphere is widely inhabited by bacteria affiliated with the class Dehalococcoidia (DEH), phylum Chloroflexi, and yet little is known regarding their metabolisms. In this report, genomic content from a single DEH cell (DEH-C11) with a 16S rRNA gene that was affiliated with a diverse cluster of 16S rRNA g...
Article
Full-text available
The Arctic Baffin Bay between Canada and Greenland is sea-ice covered during the majority of the year, restricting primary production to the summer months. Sediments receive low amounts of mostly terrestrial- and less marine-derived organic matter. To study microbial communities constrained by physicochemical conditions changing with distance from...
Article
Bacteria of the class Dehalococcoidia (DEH) (phylum Chloroflexi) are widely distributed in the marine subsurface and are especially prevalent in deep marine sediments. Nevertheless, little is known about the specific distributions of DEH sub-groups at different sites and depths. This study therefore specifically examined the distributions of DEH th...
Article
Full-text available
Bacteria of the class Dehalococcoidia (DEH), phylum Chloroflexi, are widely distributed in the marine subsurface, yet metabolic properties of the many uncultivated lineages are completely unknown. This study therefore analysed genomic content from a single DEH cell designated 'DEH-J10' obtained from the sediments of Aarhus Bay, Denmark. Real-time P...
Article
Full-text available
The bacterial genus Tetrasphaera encompasses abundant polyphosphate accumulating organisms (PAOs) that are responsible for enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) in wastewater treatment plants. Recent analyses of genomes from pure cultures revealed that 16S rRNA genes cannot resolve the lineage, and that Tetrasphaera spp. are from several di...
Article
Trichloromethane (TCM) is a pollutant frequently detected in contaminated aquifers, and only four bacterial strains are known to respire it. Here, we obtained a novel Dehalobacter strain capable of transforming TCM to dichloromethane, which was denominated Dehalobacter sp. strain 8 M. Besides TCM, strain 8 M also completely transformed 1,1,2-trichl...
Article
Full-text available
Extracellular DNA is a major macromolecule in global element cycles, and is a particularly crucial phosphorus, nitrogen and carbon source for microorganisms in the seafloor. Nevertheless, the identities, ecophysiology and genetic features of DNA-foraging microorganisms in marine sediments are largely unknown. Here, we combined microcosm experiments...
Article
Full-text available
Acidobacteriota are widespread and often abundant in marine sediments, yet their metabolic and ecological properties are poorly understood. Here, we examined metabolisms and distributions of Acidobacteriota in marine sediments of Svalbard by functional predictions from metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs), amplicon sequencing of 16S rRNA and dissimi...
Article
Full-text available
Microorganisms in marine sediments play major roles in marine biogeochemical cycles by mineralizing substantial quantities of organic matter from decaying cells. Proteins and lipids are abundant components of necromass, yet the taxonomic identities of microorganisms that actively degrade them remain poorly resolved. Here, we revealed identities, tr...
Article
Full-text available
Many intestinal pathogens, including Clostridioides difficile, use mucus-derived sugars as crucial nutrients in the gut. Commensals that compete with pathogens for such nutrients are therefore ecological gatekeepers in healthy guts, and are attractive candidates for therapeutic interventions. Nevertheless, there is a poor understanding of which com...
Preprint
Full-text available
Acidobacteriota are widespread and often abundant in marine sediments, yet their metabolic and ecological properties are poorly understood. Here, we examined metabolisms and distributions of Acidobacteriota in marine sediments of Svalbard by functional predictions from metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs), amplicon sequencing of 16S rRNA and dissimi...
Article
Full-text available
Bacteria of the genus Dehalogenimonas respire with vicinally halogenated alkanes via dihaloelimination. We aimed to describe involved proteins and their supermolecular organization. Metagenomic sequencing of a Dehalogenimonas-containing culture resulted in a 1.65 Mbp draft genome of Dehalogenimonas alkenigignens strain BRE15M. It contained 31 full-...
Article
Full-text available
Distinct lineages of Gammaproteobacteria clade Woeseiales are globally distributed in marine sediments, based on metagenomic and 16S rRNA gene analysis. Yet little is known about why they are dominant or their ecological role in Arctic fjord sediments, where glacial retreat is rapidly imposing change. This study combined 16S rRNA gene analysis, met...
Preprint
Full-text available
Distinct lineages of Gammaproteobacteria clade Woeseiales are globally-distributed in marine sediments, based on metagenomic and 16S rRNA gene analysis. Yet little is known about why they are dominant or their ecological role in Arctic fjord sediments, where glacial retreat is rapidly imposing change. This study combined 16S rRNA gene analysis, met...
Preprint
Full-text available
Microorganisms in marine sediments play major roles in marine biogeochemical cycles by mineralizing substantial quantities of organic matter from decaying cells. Proteins and lipids are abundant components of necromass, yet microorganisms that degrade them remain understudied. Here, we revealed identities, trophic interactions and genomic features...
Article
Full-text available
Marine fjords with active glacier outlets are hot spots for organic matter burial in the sediments and subsequent microbial mineralization. Here, we investigated controls on microbial community assembly in sub-arctic glacier-influenced (GI) and non-glacier-influenced (NGI) marine sediments in the Godthåbsfjord region, south-western Greenland. We us...
Preprint
Full-text available
Marine fjords with active glacier outlets are hot spots for organic matter burial in the sediments and subsequent microbial mineralization, and will be increasingly important as climate warming causes more rapid glacial melt. Here, we investigated controls on microbial community assembly in sub-arctic glacier-influenced (GI) and non-glacier-influen...
Preprint
Full-text available
Extracellular DNA is a major macromolecule in global element cycles, and is a particularly crucial phosphorus as well as nitrogen and carbon source for microorganisms in the seafloor. Nevertheless, the identities, ecophysiology and genetic features of key DNA-foraging microorganisms in marine sediments are completely unknown. Here we combined micro...
Data
Fig. S1. Experimental overview. A. Setup of anoxic sediment incubations. B. Timeline for substrate additions and sampling. LD, low substrate dose (50 μg ml‐1 spirulina and 50 μM acetate). HD, high substrate dose (1 mg ml‐1 spirulina and 1 mM acetate). SR‐inhibitor, the sulfate reduction inhibitor molybdate. Fig. S2. Volatile fatty acids concentrat...
Article
Full-text available
Seafloor microorganisms impact global carbon cycling by mineralizing vast quantities of organic matter (OM) from pelagic primary production, which is predicted to increase in the Arctic because of diminishing sea ice cover. We studied microbial interspecies‐carbon‐flow during anaerobic OM degradation in arctic marine sediment using stable isotope p...
Data
rdhA gene arrangements. Download
Data
Pentanucleotide analysis. Download
Data
Long-range PCR dsrAB clone sequences.
Data
Supplemental materials and methods. Download
Data
CISM phylogenetic tree. Download
Data
NuoL phylogenetic tree. Download
Data
16S rRNA gene versus dsrAB similarity plot. Download
Data
Acetone carboxylase phylogenetic tree. Download
Article
Sulfidic benzene-contaminated groundwater was used to fuel a two-chambered microbial fuel cell (MFC) over a period of 770 days. We aimed to understand benzene and sulfide removal processes in the anoxic anode chamber and describe the microbial community enriched over the operational time. Operated in batch feeding-like circular mode, supply of fres...
Article
Full-text available
Apoptotic cell death has been implicated in coral bleaching but the molecules involved and the mechanisms by which apoptosis is regulated are only now being identified. In contrast the mechanisms underlying apoptosis in higher animals are relatively well understood. To better understand the response of corals to thermal stress, the expression of co...
Article
Full-text available
The success of any symbiosis under stress conditions is dependent upon the responses of both partners to that stress. The coral symbiosis is particularly susceptible to small increases of temperature above the long term summer maxima, which leads to the phenomenon known as coral bleaching, where the intracellular dinoflagellate symbionts are expell...
Article
Full-text available
Hydrocarbon seeps provide inputs of petroleum hydrocarbons to widespread areas of the Timor Sea. Alkanes constitute the largest proportion of chemical components found in crude oils, and therefore genes involved in the biodegradation of these compounds may act as bioindicators for this ecosystem's response to seepage. To assess alkane biodegradatio...
Article
This study examined the diversity of Bacteria, Archaea and in particular aerobic methanotrophs associated with a shallow (84 m) methane seep in the tropical Timor Sea, Australia. Seepage of thermogenic methane was associated with a large carbonate hardground covered in coarse carbonate-rich sediments and various benthic organisms such as solitary c...