Kenneth E Wallen

Kenneth E Wallen
University of Idaho | UID · Department of Natural Resources and Society

PhD

About

39
Publications
9,406
Reads
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317
Citations
Introduction
T.H.E. Lab (www.human-element-lab.com) views conservation and natural resources management through the lens of human behavior and social process. We produce actionable insights from rigorous psychological, sociological, and behavioral science inquiry with observational, experimental, and survey methods to explore the nature of and reasons for environmentally significant behavior. We contribute to conservation and management via insights into behavioral patterns and social processes.
Additional affiliations
August 2017 - August 2019
University of Arkansas at Monticello
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
August 2017 - August 2019
University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
August 2012 - August 2017
Texas A&M University
Field of study
  • Human Dimensions of Natural Resource Management
August 2008 - December 2010
August 2003 - December 2007
Truman State University
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Lake Pend Oreille and the Clark Fork River provide essential ecosystem services, including fisheries and hydroelectric power, to residents of Montana, Idaho, and Washington. Although conflicts exist, these services are maintained in concert by emergent sociocultural services created by a multi-institutional, transboundary collaboration. This has be...
Article
Full-text available
Global raptor conservation relies on humans to establish and improve interaction and coexistence. Human–wildlife interaction research is well-established, but tends to focus on large-bodied, terrestrial mammals. The scope and characteristics of research that explores human–raptor interactions are relatively unknown. As an initial step toward quanti...
Article
Understanding the relationships among social psychological drivers of pro-environmental behavior has been the focus of a long-standing body of research aimed at minimizing human impacts on the environment. Within public land management contexts, empirical evidence has suggested that place-based motivations and normative beliefs explain why people i...
Preprint
Full-text available
The survey commons is a global common-pool resource that consists of all populations of potential survey participants that researchers share. As survey research methodology and technology advances, the survey commons has become more accessible and used by an ever-growing variety of professional and non-professional researchers, which creates a clim...
Article
Full-text available
Conservation science and practice commonly draw on the theories and methods of social psychology to explain human cognition, emotion, and behavior germane to biodiversity conservation. We created a systematic map of the cross-disciplinary conservation science literature, which draws on social psychology concepts and methods in their application bro...
Article
Full-text available
Conservation psychology has a history of measuring variables that cannot be seen (e.g., values, attitudes , norms). Such latent variables are critical drivers of human action and are often measured using responses to survey questions. Tools for establishing the psychometric adequacy of unobservable, latent variables has been a century-long pursuit...
Article
Full-text available
The sustainable building design movement has gained momentum within the United States in recent years. This has led to a proliferation of green building certification programs like Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) and the development of engineered wood products (EWP) like cross laminated timber (CLT). Often, architects serve as...
Article
Full-text available
Global raptor conservation depends on non-governmental conservation organizations (NGCOs) and, fundamentally, members of those organizations. But while NGCOs declare a central mission, their membership may be more varied. This can pose a challenge to a NGCO in terms of developing programs and advocacy that reflects its membership’s preference and l...
Preprint
Global raptor conservation depends on non-profit and non-governmental organizations and, fundamentally, members of those organizations. While an organization may have a central mission, internally, its membership can be diverse. This can pose a challenge to a member-driven organization to implement programming and advocacy that reflects its members...
Preprint
Full-text available
Understanding aspects of the survey climate that contribute to nonresponse is an essential component of stakeholder opinion research. Participants’ general attitude towards surveys has only been recently considered as a factor contributing to nonresponse. This study presents exploratory results of data gathered using recently developed survey attit...
Preprint
Conservation science and practice commonly draw on the theories and methods of social psychology to explain human cognitions, emotions, and behaviors germane to biodiversity conservation. Here, we present a systematic map of the cross-disciplinary conservation science literature that draws on social psychology concepts and methods in their applicat...
Article
Full-text available
Waterfowl hunter numbers and waterfowl populations were closely correlated until the past 2 decades when hunter numbers declined despite near‐record breeding population estimates for ducks in North America. As a result, efforts to recruit, retain, and reactivate (R3) waterfowl hunters have been promoted by the North American Waterfowl Management Pl...
Article
Knowledge of the relationships among psychological constructs such as values and motivations that influence proenvironmental behavior provides public land management agencies with guidance on how to minimize stakeholder impacts on the environment. A rich body of research has demonstrated that values form a tripartite structure underlying environmen...
Article
Full-text available
The American West exists in the popular imagination as a distinct region, and policies and politics often suggest that both the challenges and the opportunities for land management and human well-being across the region are relatively homogeneous. In this paper, we argue that there are key characteristics that define the West as a social-ecological...
Article
Full-text available
Complex socio-environmental challenges require interdisciplinary, team-based research capacity. Graduate students are fundamental to building such capacity, yet formal opportunities for graduate students to develop these capacities and skills are uncommon. This paper presents an assessment of the Graduate Pursuit (GP) program, a formal interdiscipl...
Article
This paper evaluates a model of the antecedents of place attachment reported by outdoor recreationists engaged in consumptive and non-consumptive activities. Using data collected from visitors to Hinchinbrook Island National Park, Australia, we hypothesized that reported levels of attachment would be shaped by concerns about a protected area settin...
Article
Full-text available
Norm research continually informs our understanding of the relationships between societies and natural resources. This research note presents an operationalization of descriptive beliefs within the return potential model (RPM) framework. We observed significant differences between a traditional RPM measure of approval and a descriptive measure of c...
Article
Full-text available
Biodiversity conservation is contingent upon managing human behaviour and, at times, changing behaviour. This is particularly relevant to the illegal trade in wildlife and wildlife products, both flora and fauna. Driven by dynamics of consumer demand and illicit supply, mitigation of illegal trade requires a fuller appreciation of human behaviour a...
Article
Full-text available
Aquatic invasive species (AIS) management often requires a human-centered focus that entails communicating with resource-users about needed mitigation behaviors. Messaging is a common communication practice to this end, and evaluating how messaging influences user behavior is an essential component. To test the effects of messaging on AIS mitigatio...
Article
Full-text available
Consumer demand for illegal wildlife is a major factor in species over-exploitation and global biodiversity loss. Governments and non-governmental organizations increasingly recognize the significance of demand and its inherent social drivers. While greater recognition of demand is necessary, conventional wildlife trade policy and practice often ov...
Article
Full-text available
Bennett and colleagues (2016) discerningly point out calls to integrate the social and natural sciences in conservation are “now routine.” Yet, these calls have a limited effect as they continue to go unheeded, although “everyone working in conservation, it seems, recognizes that natural science alone cannot solve conservation problems”. Highlighti...
Article
The effects of gender on involvement in high-risk recreation have received limited research attention despite mounting evidence suggesting the learned interactions between people and places likely vary for men and women. The purpose of this study was to provide insights into how gender influenced the motivation-involvement relationship among whitew...
Article
Full-text available
While the social, economic, and ecological impact of recreational fisheries is well established, the inherent diversity of both fisheries resources and resource users, particularly anglers, continues to present a challenge for management agencies. To better understand the diversity of recreational anglers, agencies often utilize survey methods to c...
Article
We empirically tested relationships among the characteristics of trustworthiness, trust instilled in river guides, and risks perceived by whitewater recreationists that rafted a Wild and Scenic River in the Southern Sierra Nevada, CA. Drawing on a social exchange framework, we used survey data to address the following objectives: (1) investigate th...
Article
We empirically tested relationships among the characteristics of trustworthiness, trust instilled in river guides, and risks perceived by whitewater recreationists that rafted a Wild and Scenic River in the Southern Sierra Nevada, CA. Drawing on a social exchange framework, we used survey data to address the following objectives: 1) investigate thr...
Article
Full-text available
In 2012, Kareiva and Marvier published What is Conservation Science? almost 30 years after Soulé’s (1985) What is Conservation Biology? The “New Conservation Science” (NCS), as it has been called (Doak et al. 2014; Miller et al. 2014; Soulé 2013), refocuses conservation biology towards human wellbeing by placing it under the broader umbrella of con...
Article
Full-text available
Traditional valuation methodologies tend to focus solely on the biophysical and economic dimensions of ecosystem services. It has been argued that “cultural” and “social” values of ecosystem services must also be incorporated in decision‐making to provide accurate valuations that reflect tangible and intangible dimensions of human‐environment i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background/Question/Methods Natural grasslands have undergone extensive habitat fragmentation and loss, with less than one percent remaining today. Therefore, the contribution of managed grasslands to biodiversity and as refuges for native plants and animals has become increasingly important. Pollinators are an important component of grassland ec...
Article
Full-text available
Pan traps are often used to sample bee communities because of their efficiency and lack of observer bias. However, several known biases exist for pan traps, including not capturing larger bodied bees and capturing some species in lower or higher numbers than expected based on their abundance. Several researchers have also suggested that pan trap ef...
Thesis
Full-text available
Scope and Method of Study: Bees are critical components of ecosystems worldwide due to the pollination services they provide and their influence over plant reproductive success. Within Oklahoma, rangelands provide the majority of grassland habitat utilized by bee communities. Contemporary rangeland management practices commonly disrupt natural dist...
Article
Full-text available
Anthropogenic disturbances are capable of affecting the diversity of mammal communities essential for ecosystem development and sustainability. This study assessed small mammal populations and communities of Sugar Creek Conservation Area alongside the habitat structure created by the current trends of forest management implemented by the Missouri D...

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Projects

Projects (8)
Project
The overarching goal of this research was to initially evaluate the agricultural practice effectiveness of the Rice Stewardship Program by adding an understanding to why producers enrolled in the program, why they selected for certain practices that were offered by the program, and which attributes of innovation may motivate their continuation of practices after contracts expire.
Project
The project goal is to quantify and characterize the state of applied, multidisciplinary literature (peer-reviewed and grey) germane to the human dimensions of raptor conservation, i.e., interaction, conflict, tolerance, acceptance, and coexistence. Formal systematic map (scoping review) protocol (ROSES and PRISMA) will catalog and collate literature to elucidate trends, identify gaps and biases, and critically reflect on the current state of research.
Project
The project goal is to understand motivations of golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) persecution in the American West. The project employs an exploratory mixed method design to contextualize and obtain empirical evidence of reasons for intentional, anthropogenic mortality in the form of shooting, trapping, and poisoning. Data are collected from the following target populations: wildlife enforcement officers, rehabilitation specialists, wildlife biologists, local experts, and landowners (ranchers).