Ken Aitken

Ken Aitken
University of St Andrews ·  School of Medicine

MA MPhil PhD

About

51
Publications
26,293
Reads
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2,139
Citations
Citations since 2016
3 Research Items
665 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
Introduction
Honorary Senior Lecturer in the Faculty of Medicine at the University of St Andrews and the Institute of Health and Wellness, University of Glasgow As lead researcher on the Rivers Project with Napier University and NHS Lothian, he helped to develop evidence-based recommendations for the implementation and maintenance of trauma-informed cross-disciplinary best practice. He is Editor-in-Chief of the 'Elements of ASD' series for Cambridge University Press.
Additional affiliations
May 2019 - December 2019
University of St Andrews
Position
  • Lecturer
January 2016 - December 2018
University of Glasgow
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
December 1981 - September 1998
SickKids
Position
  • Principal Clinical Neuropsychologist
Education
September 1980 - September 1991
The University of Edinburgh
Field of study
  • Developmental Psychology & Neurology
September 1978 - September 1980
South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust
Field of study
  • Clinical Psychology
September 1974 - September 1978
The University of Edinburgh
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (51)
Article
Tongue protrusion-retraction is critical to early nutrition but is also a gustatory-olfactory aspect of early infant social behaviour that is, in part, reliant on pre-natal exposure and learning. Most early development is necessarily dyadic and intrinsically associated with other aspects of social functioning.
Article
The parallels between the agricultural successes of ultrasocial insects and those of humans are interesting and potentially important. There are a number of important caveats, however, including the relative complexities of insect reproduction, their more rigidly determined altricial patterns of social behaviour, the roles of post-reproductive grou...
Research
Full-text available
Draft MS (part 3) discussing UK ASD research and implications of DSM5, RDoC and the IACC
Research
Full-text available
Draft MS (part 2) discussing UK ASD research and implications of DSM5, RDoC and the IACC
Research
Full-text available
Draft MS (part 1) discussing UK ASD research and implications of DSM5, RDoC and the IACC
Book
This cutting-edge resource provides a comprehensive review of available assessment tools for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), presenting up-to-date evidence for their efficacy as well as best practice for selecting appropriate forms of assessment across the lifespan. Gathering together the latest international research evidence, this is a clear ev...
Article
Guiding the positive evolution of behavior is an admirable goal. Wilson et al.’s arguments are based largely on studies of problem correction. The methodology is sound, but not the post hoc ergo procter hoc extrapolation. What is required is evidence that it can proactively generate positive change. The evolution of human behavior to date has been...
Book
Sleep difficulties are particularly prevalent amongst people with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and often cause or worsen other difficulties. This guide to the management of sleep problems introduces all the proven remedies and focuses on the problems most commonly found in ASDs and related conditions. The author discusses sleep in depth, includi...
Article
Full-text available
Summary: In this paper, I have indicated the recent and impending changes in diagnostic practice and have given a brief indication of the reasons that research funding for autism is likely to take a different direction in the coming decade, rather than sticking to evaluating treatments and approaches using traditional diagnostic groupings. These...
Book
This comprehensive guide to the management of sleep problems, introduces all the proven remedies and focuses on the problems commonly found in ASDs and related conditions. The author discusses sleep in depth, including how we currently define and understand it. The full spectrum of sleep disorders is explained alongside the range of possible treatm...
Article
Full-text available
Intensive Interaction is described as an approach to building a framework for communication with others who are in ‘the early stages of communicative development’. It has been used most widely with individuals who have both ASD and global learning disability. The approach was developed by Phoebe Caldwell, a British therapist who has been using it w...
Book
The book covers the biology and genetics of ASD, and provides detailed summaries of the various related genetic conditions, the research linking these to ASD, treatment and management issues, animal models and information on relevant professional organizations.
Article
Full-text available
Article in parents journal - Special Children, introducing the importance of genetic factors in ASD.
Chapter
Full-text available
Survival depends upon two contrasting phenomena or processes, two ways of achieving adaptive action. Evolution must always, Januslike, face in two directions: inward towards the developmental regularities and physiology of the living creature and outward towards the vagaries and demands of the environment. These two necessary components of life con...
Article
We review research of the last 30 years on the emergence and development of active « self-and-other » awareness in infancy, and examine the importance to mental health practice with children of the motives and emotions of the infant that have been found. There has been an historic bias in favour of reductive accounts of infant communication and cog...
Article
Full-text available
Self/other organization in human psychological development Evidence from the evolution of human cultural behavior and learning, embryology and genetics of the brain, and the behavior of human infants indicates that the critical and uniquely human motives for cooperative imagination and joint interest in objects and tasks are determined by expressio...
Article
Full-text available
We review research evidence on the emergence and development of active “ self-and-other ” awareness in infancy, and examine the importance of its motives and emotions to mental health practice with children. This relates to how communication begins and develops in infancy, how it influences the individual subject's movement, perception, and learnin...
Article
CHILD PSYCHOLOGY SELECTION Child Development (1997) M. S. De Wolf & M. H. van Ijzendoorn. Sensitivity and attachment: A meta-analysis of parental antecedents of infant attachment. Vol. 68, pp. 571–591. - Volume 4 Issue 1 - Ken Aitken
Article
CHILD PSYCHOLOGY SELECTION Child Development publishes many diverse topics. The papers I have chosen from Volumes 68 and 69 are broad in scope but are linked under the general theme of research papers that have potential to impact on clinical practice in child psychology and psychiatry. Child Development (1997) L. J. Groome, M. J. Swiber, J. L...
Article
A retrospective analysis of the epidemiological characteristics of non-accidental head injury (NAHI) in children in Scotland over the last fifteen years from 1981 until March 1996 was performed. The information was provided by the Information and Statistics Division of the Scottish Health Service. The average incidence of NAHI calculated over this...
Article
The Edinburgh Children's Hospital speech clinic is a joint paediatric and speech therapy clinic which was first established in 1950 and accepts referrals of children for whom speech and language difficulties are the principal concern. An audit was conducted for children presenting consecutively over January 1993 to January 1994 to identify what pro...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence from the evolution of human cultural behavior and learning, embryology and genetics of the brain, and the behavior of human infants indicates that the critical and uniquely human motives for cooperative imagination and joint interest in objects and tasks are determined by expression of genes and epigenetic neural systems elaboration long b...
Article
Full-text available
Disorders of emotion, communication, and learning in early childhood are considered in light of evidence on human brain growth from embryo stages. We cite microbehavioral evidence indicating that infants are born able to express the internal activity of their brains, including dynamic “motive states” that drive learning. Infant expressions stimulat...
Article
This study assessed the diagnostic utility of a computerized psychometry battery of tests: the Bexley-Maudsley Automated Psychological Screening Test and Category Sorting Test in the screening for deficits in cognitive function in a population of children who had been treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Central nervous system therapy with rad...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
Preverbal communication is a key area for NDDs and is linked to sensory issues. How are you planning to address the issue of attunement and how will you select your risk group/s - the difference between de novo and other ASD groups is important if you plan to generalise any findings from a sib-risk population, but otherwise you require large samples to obtain meaningful results. How are you planning to select your groups?

Network

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
This is a RCT of the New Orleans approach to helping families with difficulties in early interaction. It is Glasgow and London based and carrie out in collaboration with the NSPCC.