Kemper Lewis

Kemper Lewis
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York | SUNY Buffalo · Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Professor, Mechanical and Aero

About

242
Publications
111,257
Reads
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4,560
Citations
Introduction
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
August 1996 - present
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York
Position
  • Professor
Education
April 1994 - August 1996
Georgia Institute of Technology
Field of study
  • Mechanical Engineering
August 1992 - April 1994
Georgia Institute of Technology
Field of study
  • Mechanical Engineering
September 1988 - May 1992
Duke University
Field of study
  • Mechanical Engineering

Publications

Publications (242)
Article
Increasingly complex engineering design challenges requires the diversification of knowledge required on design teams. In the context of open innovation, positioning key members within these teams or groups based on their estimated abilities leads to more impactful results since mass collaboration is fundamentally a sociotechnical system. Determini...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study is to provide an overview of Blockchain technology and Industry 4.0 for advancing supply chains towards sustainability. First, extracted from the existing literature, we evaluate the capabilities of Industry 4.0 for sustainability under three main topics of (1) Internet of things (IoT)-enabled energy management in smart...
Conference Paper
Product development is a key component of engineering education taught at a number of universities through their capstone design course. This course provides students with an opportunity to apply their newly obtained knowledge in engineering to design, build, and test working prototypes. This educational approach also encourages students to place a...
Conference Paper
To appropriately leverage the benefits of Additive Manufacturing (AM), it would be advantageous if a printing could be guaranteed before allocating the necessary resources. Further, when considering AM for an inventory of existing components traditionally fabricated through traditional means, such a guarantee could result in significant technical a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Additive Manufacturing (AM) is a revolutionary development that is being viewed as a core technology for fabricating current and future engineered products. While AM has many advantages over subtractive manufacturing processes, one of the primary limitations of AM is to swiftly evaluate precise part build orientations. Current algorithms are either...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the benefits associated with additive manufacturing (AM), there are increasingly more opportunities to leverage AM to enable the fabrication of components that were previously made using conventional techniques such as subtractive manufacturing or casting. To support this transition, it is critical to be able to rigorously evaluate the techn...
Article
Full-text available
The substantial role of additive manufacturing (AM) in fabricating unique geometries is undeniable in the domain of design and manufacturing. However, the successful implementation of AM technologies requires a consistency between the geometric specifications of a component and AM manufacturability capabilities and constraints. Otherwise, AM could...
Conference Paper
Increasing the complexity of engineering design projects expands of the diversity of required topic knowledge. Multi-disciplinary design processes have the need for expertise from multiple fields of study. In the context of mass collaboration within engineering design, positioning key members within multi-disciplinary teams is of great importance....
Conference Paper
The substantial role of additive manufacturing (AM) in fabricating unique geometries is undeniable in the domain of design and manufacturing. However, the successful implementation of AM technologies requires a consistency between the geometric specifications of a component and AM manufacturability capabilities and constraints. Otherwise, AM could...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the wake of increasing proliferation of renewable energy and distributed energy resources (DERs), grid designers and operators alike are faced with several emerging challenges in curbing allocative grid inefficiencies and maintaining operational stability. One such challenge relates to the increased price volatility within real-time electricity...
Article
The flexibility afforded by distributed energy resources in terms of energy generation and storage has the potential to disrupt the way we currently access and manage electricity. But as the energy grid moves to fully embrace this technology, grid designers and operators are having to come to terms with managing its adverse effects, exhibited throu...
Article
Mass collaboration within the design engineering process supports the inclusion of unique perspectives when working on complex problems. Increasing the number of individuals providing input and support into these perplexing challenges can increase innovation, decrease product development times, and provide solutions that truly encompass the needs o...
Article
The potential of smart cities in remediating environmental problems in general and waste management, in particular, is an important question that needs to be investigated in academic research. Built on an integrative review of the literature, this study offers insights into the potential of smart cities and connected communities in facilitating was...
Article
Full-text available
The potential of smart cities in remediating environmental problems in general and waste management, in particular, is an important question that needs to be investigated in academic research. Built on an integrative review of the literature, this study offers insights into the potential of smart cities and connected communities in facilitating was...
Article
The control of shared energy assets within building clusters has traditionally been confined to a discrete action space, owing in part to a computationally intractable decision space. In this work, we leverage the current state of the art in reinforcement learning (RL) for continuous control tasks, the deep deterministic policy gradient (DDPG) algo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This work leverages the current state of the art in reinforcement learning for continuous control, the Deep Deterministic Policy Gradient (DDPG) algorithm, towards the optimal 24-hour dispatch of shared energy assets within building clusters. The modeled DDPG agent interacts with a battery environment, designed to emulate a shared battery system. T...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Due to their volatile behavior, natural disasters are challenging problems as they often cannot be accurately predicted. An efficient method to gather updated information of the status of a disaster, such as the location of any trapped survivors, is extremely important to properly conduct rescue operations. To accomplish this, an algorithm is prese...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The use of additive manufacturing (AM) for fabricating industrial grade components has increased significantly in recent years. Numerous industrial entities are looking to leverage new AM techniques to enable fabrication of components that were typically manufactured previously using conventional manufacturing techniques such as subtractive manufac...
Conference Paper
Mass collaboration within the design engineering process supports the inclusion of unique perspectives when working on complex problems. Increasing the number of individuals providing input and support into these perplexing challenges can increase innovation, decrease product development times and provide solutions that truly encompass the needs of...
Article
Full-text available
A critical task in product design is mapping information from the consumer space to the design space. This process is largely dependent on the designer to identify and relate psychological and consumer level factors to engineered product attributes. In this way, current methodologies lack provision to test a designer’s cognitive reasoning and may i...
Article
Full-text available
Mass collaboration efforts can increase innovation and design possibilities. Incorporation of open innovation into the product development process allows for a vast array of unique perspectives and ideas. However, with the broad expansion of design possibilities, coordination of these development processes is paramount. To best make use of open inn...
Article
Full-text available
As college students enter engineering, they face challenges when they navigate across various transitions. These challenges impact whether a student can successfully adapt to the rigorous curricular requirements of an engineering degree and to the norms and expectations that are particular to engineering. This paper focuses on the transitions betwe...
Conference Paper
Innovation in engineering design remains a topic that lacks a formal and consistent framework. It is difficult developing a consistent definition of innovation since it is a phenomenon that is multidisciplinary in nature and present in every facet of our lives from engineering products to the performing and culinary arts. It is thus important to di...
Conference Paper
The potential for mass collaboration and concurrent engineering among individuals working on a design project allows for increased innovation in idea generation while also supporting the parallelization of project development. The former of these two benefits is highlighted by recent corporate initiatives to incorporate crowdsourcing in their desig...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A critical task in product design is mapping information from consumer space to design space. Currently, this process is largely dependent on the designer to identify and map how psychological and consumer level factors relate to engineered product attributes. In this way, current methodologies lack provision to test a designer's cognitive reasonin...
Article
Usage context is considered a critical driving factor for customers' product choices. In addition, physical use of a product (i.e., user-product interaction) dictates a number of customer perceptions (e.g., level of comfort). In the emerging internet of things (IoT), this work hypothesizes that it is possible to understand product usage and level o...
Article
Background: A critical task in product design is mapping information from consumer to design space. Currently, this process largely depends on designers identifying and mapping psychological and consumer level factors to engineered attributes. In this way, current methodologies lack provision to test a designer's cognitive reasoning and could intro...
Article
Objective: Teenage drivers diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at significant risk for negative driving outcomes related to morbidity and mortality. However, there are few viable psychosocial treatments for teens with ADHD and none focus on the key functional area of driving. The Supporting the Effective Entry to the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Usage context is considered a critical driving factor for customers’ product choices. In addition, the physical use of a product (i.e., user-product interaction) dictates a number of customer perceptions (e.g. level of comfort, ease-of-use or users’ physical fatigue). In the emerging Internet-of-Things (IoT), this work hypothesizes that it is possi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A unique set of cognitive and computational challenges arise in large-scale decision making, in relation to trade-off processing and design space exploration. While several multi-attribute decision making methods exist in the current design literature, many are insufficient or not fully explored for many-attribute decision problems of six or more a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One of the critical tasks in product design is to map information from the consumer space to the design space. Currently, this process is largely dependent on the designer to identify and map how psychological and consumer level factors relate to engineered product attributes. In this way current methodologies lack provision to test a designer’s co...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Optimization research on operational strategies of energy use in building clusters have generally marginalized the effects of uncertainty in favor of reduced computational expense. This however leads to a significant disconnect between the expected energy cost and the average cost observed under uncertainty. Bridging this divide requires the incorp...
Article
Full-text available
The tower represents a significant portion of the materials and cost of the small wind turbine system. Optimization techniques typically maximize the tower loading capability while reducing material use and cost. Still, tower design focuses mainly on structural integrity and durability. Moreover, tower motion that intensifies drivetrain and structu...
Article
Full-text available
Traditionally viewed as mere energy consumers, buildings have adapted, capitalizing on smart grid technologies and distributed energy resources to efficiently use and trade energy, as evident in net-zero energy buildings (NZEBs). In this paper, we examine the opportunities presented by applying net-zero to building communities (clusters). This pape...
Article
When developing a product, designers must decide what consumer variation will be addressed and how they will address it, because each consumer has a unique set of human factors, preferences, personal knowledge, and solution constraints. Numerous design methodologies exist to support the design of a product or set of products that address this consu...
Article
Objective: Youth with ADHD exhibit positive bias, an overestimation of ability, relative to external indicators. The positive bias construct is understudied in adolescents, particularly in the domain of driving. Study is needed as youth with ADHD experience greater negative outcomes in driving relative to typically developing teens. Method: Posi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, we strive to combine concepts from the field of ergonomics with techniques from design analytics in order to inform the specifications of a product, such that a designer can create products that are both universal and well-received by consumers. While the ergonomic guidelines dictated by anthropometric data can provide a broad target...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In light of the growing strain on the energy grid and the increased awareness of the significant role buildings play within the energy ecosystem, the need for building operational strategies which minimize energy consumption has never been greater. One of the major hurdles impeding this realization primarily lies not in the lack of decision strateg...
Article
Full-text available
Material selection significantly affects environmental impacts and other objectives of a product design. Life cycle assessment (LCA) methods are not efficient enough for use at the early design stages to prune a design space. Material properties consist of discrete data sets, which are further complicated when LCA data are included, thus posing a s...
Article
Full-text available
When developing an artifact, designers must first understand the problem. This includes the benefits that the artifact must deliver and the user variation that is present. Each user has a unique set of human factors, preferences, personal knowledge, and solution constraints that could potentially influence the characteristics of the artifact. Curre...
Article
Research on complex system optimization has focused on areas including algorithms, coordination strategies, and communication tools. This paper considers optimization from the perspective of information coordination during the solution process. This work aims to determine the potential impact of factors including the role of a system facilitator in...
Presentation
Full-text available
A question often asked by M&S educators is: how close must simulations be to “real-life” situations to maximize training effectiveness? Fidelity is defined as the degree of correspondence between simulation and real circumstances, and allows managers and developers to specify the required characteristics of media (e.g., software) and equipment (e.g...
Article
Full-text available
During the design of complex systems, a design process may be subjected to stochastic disruptions, interruptions, and changes, which can be described broadly as “design impulses.” These impulses can have a significant impact on the transient response and converged equilibrium for the design system. We distinguish this research by focusing on the in...
Article
Traditionally viewed as mere energy consumers, buildings have in recent years adapted, capitalizing on smart grid technologies and distributed energy resources to not only efficiently use energy, but to also output energy. This has led to the development of net-zero energy buildings, a concept which encapsulates the synergy of energy efficient buil...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A sustainable solution should holistically optimize all objectives related to the environment and a product’s cost and performance. As such, it should explicitly address material selection, which significantly affects environmental impacts and other objectives of a product design. While Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) provides credible methods to accou...
Article
Full-text available
Wind turbine tower design looks primarily at the structural integrity and durability of the tower. Optimization techniques are sometimes employed to maximize the loading capability while reducing material use and cost. Still, the tower is a dynamic part of a complex wind energy conversion system. During system operation, the tower is excited and sw...
Conference Paper
The motivation behind this work is to integrate economic and environmental sustainability into decision making at the early phases of design through the development of a hierarchical concept selection method. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a frequently implemented technique used to assess the environmental impacts of products, but it does not provi...
Article
Full-text available
When developing an artifact, designers must first capture and represent user needs. These needs can then be transformed into system requirements or objectives. The contribution of this work is rooted in the formalization of the affordance-based approach for capturing user needs in the early stages of design. This formalization comes in three forms:...
Article
Full-text available
Reconfigurable and multifunctional products are breeds of products that cater to the increased diversification of customer needs. Unlike single-state static products which can perform only one primary function, these products cater to different customer needs by performing more than one function with or without changing their configuration. However...
Article
Full-text available
The use of analytics has been emerging as a way to better understand the complex dynamics and resulting trends that occur when social and technical systems intersect. For instance, web analytics studies the intersection between society and the Internet to better understand use patterns and preferences. Business analytics studies the interfaces betw...
Article
AI EDAM Special Issue, November 2014, Vol. 28, No. 4 - Volume 28 Issue 1 - Irem Y. Tumer, Kemper E. Lewis
Article
Product archaeology refers to the process of reconstructing the lifecycle of a product to understand the decisions that led to its development and has been used as an educational framework for promoting students' consideration of the broader impacts of engineering on people, economics, and the environment. As a result, product archaeology offers st...
Presentation
Full-text available
A question often asked by M&S educators is: how close must simulations be to “real-life” situations to achieve effective training? The matter of “Fidelity”, defined as the degree of correspondence between simulation and real circumstances, is vital for managers and developers to specify the required characteristics of media (e.g., software) and equ...
Article
AI EDAM Special Issue, November 2014, Vol. 28, No. 4 - Volume 27 Issue 4 - Irem Y. Tumer, Kemper E. Lewis
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A growing area of research in the engineering community is the use of data and analytics for transforming information into knowledge to design better systems, products, and processes. Data-driven decisions can be made in the early, middle, and late stages in a design process where customer needs are identified and understood, a final concept for a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
During the design of complex systems, a design process may be subjected to stochastic inputs, interruptions, and changes. These design impulses can have a significant impact on the transient response and converged equilibrium for the design system. We distinguish this research by focusing on the interactions between local and architectural impulses...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
When developing an artifact, designers must first capture and represent consumer needs. These needs can then be transformed into system requirements or objectives. This paper proposes a formalized affordance-based method for capturing consumer needs which leverages previous work in the area of Affordance-based design. The creation of an affordance...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Many engineering departments struggle to meet "the broad education necessary to understand the impact of engineering solutions in a global, economic, environmental, and societal context" (Outcome h) that is required for ABET. As a result, engineering students receive meaningful contextual experiences in piecemeal fashion and graduate with a lack of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The design of more sustainable products can be best accomplished in a tradeoff-based design process that methodically handles conflicting objectives. Such conflicts are often seen between, environmental impact, cost, and product performance. To support such a process, we propose the development of an environment where sustainability considerations...
Article
Full-text available
Time is an asset of critical importance in a multidisciplinary design process and it is desirable to reduce the amount of time spent designing products and systems. Design is an iterative activity and designers consume a significant portion of the product development process negotiating a mutually acceptable solution. The amount of time necessary t...