Kemal YILDIRIM

Kemal YILDIRIM
Gazi University · Department of Furniture and Decoration

PhD

About

131
Publications
106,283
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1,297
Citations
Introduction
Kemal Yıldırım is presently employed as a Professor at the Gazi University in Ankara, Turkey. Prof. Yıldırım has written over 100 national and international scientific articles in the field of Furniture and Interior Design. He won the “Unions of Exporters Grand Prize” with the design called AngledBOX at the “Eighth National Furniture Design Competition” and “Second Prize” with the design called Life Bed at the “Furniture Design Competition for Saving Lives in an Earthquake” on 2015.

Publications

Publications (131)
Article
The environmental setting has a direct impact on perception, comfort, motivation, and concentration in learning environments. Accordingly, in computer classrooms, technological equipment and classroom settings can enhance psychological comfort and the learning environment. With this in mind, seemingly subtle differences in interior design/layout, a...
Article
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This study was designed to explore the effects of color and light on indoor wayfinding and the subjective judgments of those perceiving the environment. Furthermore, how problems experienced in buildings with complex floor plans and successive spaces are addressed using variables such as color, brightness, and correlated color temperature through a...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this study is to compare the natural lighting performance of roof skylight systems in buildings with atriums and to compare the sustainability and energy efficiency of several roof skylight systems for educational buildings with atriums. Design/methodology/approach – Five roof skylight systems previously assessed in another...
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In this study, the role of interior characteristics of rooms and people – things' densities in space perception were argued by evaluating the functional and perceptual qualities of 2, 4 and 8-person rooms of Zübeyde Hanım Sorority located in Ankara. For this purpose, with the scope of evaluation of interior equipment elements and architectural feat...
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The purpose was to assess whether various colors across room interiors do, in fact, evoke different moods. Digital images of two imaginary living rooms were used as the experimental settings. For each of the experiments, the rooms' spatial characteristics were fixed, with only the colors changed: either warm, cool, or achromatic colors. As predicte...
Article
This study aimed to determine how light direction, window proximity and window dimensions could affect students' perceptual evaluations in design studios. The design studios of the Nuh Naci Yazgan University in Kayseri were selected as the research setting. The ‘semantic differential scale’ composed of 10 adjective pairs was used for determining su...
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Purpose This study aimed to make a comparative evaluation of the differences between the original façade (original) and the modified façade of the traditional Turkish Houses (collected from Afyonkarahisar city) based on perception. Design/Methodology/Approach In line with this purpose, digital images of eight sets of original and modified stree...
Article
Purpose This study aims to determine the effects of wall covering materials (wood, concrete and metal) used indoors on participants’ perceptual evaluations. The differences among participants’ perceptual evaluations regarding indoor physical environmental factors by occupation and gender were examined. Design/methodology/approach Cafes were select...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to focus on determining the effects of location of closed offices on the front facade, rear facade and side facade plans and the indoor layout (left and right users’ cabinets) on perceptual evaluations of users of physical environmental factors. Design/methodology/approach For this purpose, the responses of 54 academic user...
Article
It was aimed in this study to determine the evaluations for “spatial quality,” “social adaptation,” and “individual productivity” of students in design studios, which used different light color temperature values. With this intention, a detailed research questionnaire was developed for measuring the effects on spatial perception of low color temper...
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In this study, it was aimed to determine whether parents of different ages, genders and educational levels living in Ankara have knowledge about the harmful effects of organic chemicals spreading from children's room equipment elements on human health. The questionnaire, developed for this purpose, was applied to 205 people selected by random metho...
Article
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In this research, it was aimed to define the impacts of plants on the perceptual evaluation of participants in a restaurant environment. As an experimental setting, two different digital images of the modelled restaurant were used. Semantic differentiation scale was used to evaluate the environmental factors for this research environment, and the r...
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In this research, the effects of the opportunities and innovations offered by digital design technologies commonly used in the field of design on the creativity / originality, integration, conceptualization and application skills that constitute the performance of the designers were investigated. In the study, the effects of manual drawing (MD) and...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to focus on the effects of indoor plants on customers' shopping decisions in the restaurant environment. Design/methodology/approach The assumption of the research is that there is a relationship between restaurants where indoor plants are used and the customers' shopping decisions (restaurant entry and purchas...
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In this study, it is aimed to protect the passengers at the bus stops against effects such as rain, snow, sun and traffic accidents, to improve the comfort conditions, to design an original bus stop suitable for the ergonomic, technological, cultural and aesthetic requirements of the passengers. For these reasons, it was inspired by the dome struct...
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In this study, it was aimed to investigate and determine how often and for what reason the users of different socio-economic Status (SES) want to change the indoor equipment in their houses. For this purpose, a totally 280 occupant participated in the questionnaire which was prepared considering three different SES groups, lower, middle and upper....
Article
Purpose The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of window proximity on perceptions of employees in the call center offices. Design/methodology/approach A semantic differential scale composed of nine bipolar adjectives, four of which dealt with “planning,” three of “privacy,” while the rest measured “lighting” was applied for evaluati...
Conference Paper
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This study aims to determine the ways in which residential users of different socioeconomic status (SES) purchase the equipment elements / furniture. A detailed questionnaire was used to determine the general characteristics of residential users and how they purchased furniture. This survey was applied to 280 household users with lower, middle and...
Article
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to determine the effects of environmental factors in open-plan offices with the same characteristics but with different workstation partition heights (1.10, 1.40 and 1.65 m) on perceptual evaluations of office employees. Design/methodology/approach In this research, the effects of environmental factors on emplo...
Article
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In this study, it was aimed to determine the perceived quality of three modeled virtual design studios which have the same characteristics but different colors (warm, cool and neutral) and to determine whether there was a difference between the real space and the evaluations made in the virtual space. Accordingly, it was assumed that the wall color...
Article
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Abstract In this study, it was aimed to determine the perceived quality of three modeled virtual design studios which have the same characteristics but different colors (warm, cool and neutral) and to determine whether there was a difference between the real space and the evaluations made in the virtual space. Accordingly, it was assumed that the w...
Conference Paper
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Özet-Bu araştırmada, eğitim mekânlarında kullanılan farklı renklerdeki (kırmızı ve mavi) duvar bandlarının öğrencilerin algısal değerlendirmeleri üzerindeki etkilerinin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu maksatla, Ankara'da bulunan Ankara Üniversitesi Geliştirme Vakfı Özel Mesleki ve Teknik Anadolu Lisesi eğitim sınıfları araştırma ortamı olarak seçilm...
Article
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Bu araştırmada, iç mekân bitkilerinin müşterilerin kafeye giriş kararları üzerindeki etkilerinin belirlenmesine odaklanılmıştır. İç mekân bitkilerinin kullanıldığı kafeler ile müşterilerin kafeye giriş kararları arasındaki ilişkilerin var olduğu varsayımını test etmek için, hipotetik olarak sanal ortamda modellenmiş iki farklı kafenin (bitkili ve b...
Article
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In architecture, perception based studies about building facades have become more popular. In recent studies, mostly residential buildings and business center type of buildings had been selected as target buildings. The lack of study of the perception of the facades of religious structures has created the basic motivation for this work. In the curr...
Article
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ÖZET Bu araştırmada, konut pencerelerinin parapet yüksekliği, pencere açılış şekli, kullanılan kilit sistemi gibi özellikleri ile katılımcıların bu yönde istek ve memnuniyet durumlarının belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu maksatla, Ankara'nın Eryaman Bölgesinde bulunan Eryaman Kaya Evleri Sitesi apartman konutları araştırma ortamı olarak seçilmiştir. A...
Article
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ÖZET Bu çalışmada, aynı karakteristik özelliklerde fakat iki farklı çizim masası yoğunluğuna (%30, %40) sahip modellenmiş sanal tasarım stüdyolarının algısal kalitesinin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Çalışmada, modellenen sanal tasarım stüdyolarında kullanılan iki farklı çizim masası yoğunluğunun öğrencilerin algısal performansı üzerinde etkili olab...
Article
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In this study, the impact of different seating unit types on subjects' perceptional evaluation of café/restaurant environments has been examined. The scopes for assessment were being ergonomic, privacy and perceptual preferences. The data for this research were obtained from students' ratings of digital pictures for two hypothetical cafés/restauran...
Article
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This document contains paper format of In this study, it has been aimed to determine the effects of interior design characteristics in open-plan offices on users. For this purpose, the Forestry Regional Directorate and Forestry Operations Directorate buildings, which are located in Ankara, have been chosen as the study environment for work motivati...
Article
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ÖZ: Bu araştırmada, okul koridorlarının iç mekânında kullanılan farklı renklerin (krem, mavi ve yeşil) öğrencilerin algısal performansı üzerindeki etkilerinin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu maksatla, Ankara’da bulunan İncirli Teknik ve Endüstri Meslek Lisesi koridorları araştırma ortamı olarak seçilmiştir. Öğrencilerin üç farklı renge sahip koridor...
Article
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In this study, the impact of the differences between the hotel guestroom design styles and the participants' gender on the dependent variables including preference, complexity and impressiveness was investigated. In the experiment, 82 Turkish persons rated the nine guestrooms grouped in contemporary, traditional and classical styles on seven-point...
Article
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Bu çalışmada, ülkelere, mimari akımlara ve dönemlere göre farklı olarak yapılmış cami cephelerinin insanlar tarafından nasıl algılandığının irdelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu kapsamda, Osmanlı, Selçuklu ve Cumhuriyet Dönemi olmak üzere 3 farklı gruba ayrılan 16 adet cami cephe görseli, 100 kişi tarafından anket yolu ile analiz edilmiştir. Anketlerde kar...
Article
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This study determines application problems of restoration for wooden structures and puts suggestions for the identified problems. A questionnaire was developed in accordance with the aim of the study to determine of the application problems in the restoration of wooden structures and structural elements in various cities of Turkey. According to...
Article
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Kitchens and bathrooms called as wet spaces in houses have great importance for house construction and interior arrangement of house. During the design process, it is highly important to do consciously the planning of wet spaces. The most important criterion to be considered for design is that wet spaces have proper characteristics for changing lif...
Article
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Bu calismada, universite ogrencilerinin yasadigi odalarin mekân ve ic donati elemanlarinin karakteristik ozelliklerinin ve ogrencilerin odalarina iliskin istek ve memnuniyet durumlarinin belirlenmesi amaclanmistir. Bu maksatla, Orta Dogu Teknik Universitesi (ODTU) Biyoloji ve Gida Muhendisligi Bolumleri ogrencileri arasindan rastgele olarak secilen...
Article
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Bu çalışmada, 18 – 23 yaş grubu üniversite öğrencilerinin yaşadığı mekânlar ve iç donatı elemanlarının karakteristik özelliklerinin ve bu özelliklere ilişkin öğrencilerin istek ve memnuniyet durumlarının belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu maksatla, Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi (ODTÜ) Biyoloji ve Gıda Mühendisliği Bölümleri öğrencileri arasından rastge...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to ascertain the effect of age, gender and educational level on customer evaluations of the design characteristics of fitting rooms/dressing rooms, such as size, levels of illumination, number of hangers, materials and opening types of doors in retail clothing stores. In the light of these results, the study a...
Chapter
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The relationships between design and production processes have been realized by industrialized societies during the early 20 th century and qualified personnel requirement appearing in particular in design and production process intersection in manufacturing industry has been started to be addressed in education and training programs. Particularly...
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Problem Statement: Drafting course is essential for students in the design disciplines for becoming more organized and for complying with standards in the educational system. Drafting knowledge is crucial, both for comprehension of the issues and for the implementation phase. In any design project, drafting performance and success are as important...
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The main purpose of this study was to examine the viewer’s opinion about aesthetic judgment related to the individual feeling that is transferred through the designed object to the viewer and that shows the effects of cultural differences on aesthetic judgment by comparing the liking rates of African and Turkish participants on various symbolic str...
Article
Full-text available
This study determines application problems of restoration for wooden structures and puts suggestions for the identified problems. A questionnaire was developed in accordance with the aim of the study to determine of the application problems in the restoration of wooden structures and structural elements in various cities of Turkey. According to the...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, the determination of the features and the construction techniques of the wooden ceiling decorations at the traditional Turkish houses; the investigation of the regional and periodical changes in the decorations applied to the ceilings, have been aimed. For this purpose, the works of different researchers about the traditional Turkish...
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Many sociologists, psychologists and environmental designers have suggested that physical environment is stimulating the senses of children where they can explore and experiment not only positively effects their learning ability and skills but also influences their behavior. However practitioners of children space design adapt their spatial perspec...
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The objective of this article was to explore interior spatial qualifications on patient perception of two densities of multioccupancy hospital rooms. The research setting of this study was the three- and six-person capacity hospital rooms used for treatment of patients at a large hospital in a major metropolitan city in Turkey. The subjects used in...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to ascertain the effect of age, gender and education level on customer evaluations of store atmospheric attributes (colour, lighting type, musical genre/tempo/volume, circulation area, lighting, climatic conditions, ambient scent and cleanliness) in the context of retail furniture stores. Design/methodology/a...
Article
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In this research, interior design quality of classical type hotel rooms has been evaluated regarding the role furniture and decoration play on the perception of space. As part of the research, typical rooms of two five stars hotels from Ankara were included in the research. Each situation was tested by using atmospheric attributes through the use o...
Article
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This research aims to determine the difficulties that the users might be experiencing with dimensional standards of interior housing equipments in connection with the technological devices such as built-in cooker, oven, computer, television, etc. For that aim, the prepared research questionnaire was conducted on 128 residents of high socio-economic...
Article
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This study aims to determine the effects of environmental factors on users' functional and perceptual performance at the Gazi University Hospital Clinic for Children. For that aim, a detailed questionnaire was applied to policlinic staff (paediatrics, nurses, etc) and to sick children and their relatives to determine the satisfactions and the compl...
Article
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To compensate today's dwelling needs, mass housing examples, especially for the middle income, are continiously being built. This research determines at what stage the daily needs of the occupants accommodating in apartments has been answered and the complaints if there exist. For that aim, kitchens having the same interior organization were used a...
Article
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This study aims to investigate how the differences of various cultural regions reflect to the using process of living spaces in the apartment housing. For this purpose, the living spaces of the middle socio-economical-status families (SES), settled in different cultural regions in Osmaniye (Mansuroğlu Apartment Building) and Bursa (Şirinler Apartme...
Article
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In this study; to examine the validity of the hypothesis which states that "when component products & services that support each others sales presented together at shopping center's that have effective environmental qualities have affirmative effects on their trading success"; "book stores - cafes" has been chosen as a study model for it has been t...
Article
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In this study, solution recommendations were presented for to be suitable and productive drawing spaces in terms of ergonomic design criterias. For this purpose; along the 60 minutes 17 men subjects of experiment were made drawing in 9 combinations included 3 different seat heights and 3 different angles of drawing table. While the subjects of expe...
Article
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This study aims to determine the knowledge of users in Ankara according to gender, age and educational background, regarding the hazardous effects on human health of organic chemicals dispersed into the environment from interior equipment elements. The study group consisted of 92 randomly-selected people. The survey, developed in line with the aim...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to detect the knowledge levels of the final year students, attending at the Department of Interior Architecture and Environmental Design of various universities in Turkey, on the harmful effects of the pollutants released by the interior equipment elements on human health. A detailed questionnaire developed for this purpose was adm...
Article
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Bu araştırmada, Ankara’da bulunan Tahsin Banguoğlu Öğrenci Yurdu’nda kalan kız ve erkek öğrencilerin kullandıkları ve aynı özelliklere sahip 8 kişilik odaların, fonksiyonel ve algısal performans analizleri yapılmıştır. Buna bağlı olarak, odaların iç mekân karakteristiklerinin ve insan – donatı elemanı yoğunluğunun kullanıcıların mekân algılamaları...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to focus on assessing consumer perceptions and functional evaluations of store cash desks (Flat, L- and U-shaped) in the clothing retail context. Design/methodology/approach – To test the assumption that relationships exist between various types of cash desks and consumer perceptions and functional evaluation...
Article
The objective of this research was to assess the effects of three different colours on the interior wall surfaces of classrooms on the perceptual performance of male students, taking into account of their class distinctions. A semantic differential scale composed of 11 bipolar adjectives was applied in order for students of the Incirli Vocational H...
Article
Full-text available
Bu araştırmada, Türkiye mobilya sektöründe faaliyet gösteren küçük ve orta ölçekli işletmelerin mobilya tasarımı, üretim süreci, kapasite kullanımı gibi konularda karşılaşılan sorunların tespit edilmesi ve işletmelerin tasarım ve teknolojik alt yapısının belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu maksatla, Kütahya il merkezinde faaliyet gösteren küçük ve orta...
Conference Paper
The relationships between design and production processes have been realized by industrialized societies during the early 20 th century and qualified personnel requirement appearing in particular in design and production process intersection in manufacturing industry has been started to be addressed in education and training programs. Particularly...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
zet Bu çalışmada; mobilya mağazalarında birbirlerinin satışını destekleyen mobilya ve aksesuarların bir arada sunulmasının farklı müşterileri karakteristiklerine bağlı olarak alışveriş kararları üzerindeki etkilerinin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu maksatla hazırlanmış olan ayrıntılı araştırma anketi, Ankara'nın Siteler semtinde bulunan mobilya ve...
Article
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Bu çalışmada, Türkiye Mobilya Sektöründe kalite ve standartlaşmanın pazarlamaya etkilerinin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu maksatla araştırmanın amacına uygun olarak geliştirilmiş olan ayrıntılı anket, Ankara, Bursa ve Kayseri illerinde faaliyet gösteren orta ve büyük ölçekli işletmeler arasından tesadüfî yöntemle seçilen 51 mobilya işletmesinin ka...
Article
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This study, which has been carried out by means of a survey of 450 students of 10 departments of architecture in Turkey, has been formed to reveal, from the students' point of view, in adapting to the new language of architectural discourse. The survey consisted of interpretative questions related to the factors that affected their choice of studyi...
Article
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Work-related musculoskeletal disorders generated from working at a desk were primarily examined, usually in an effort to determine how desk and chair sizes and locations of equipment used during work influenced work performance and caused permanent or temporary disturbances in users. This study seeks to assess the comfort levels of participants at...
Article
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This study aims to see the local residents of Kahramanmaraş who are not in the design profession, to know how they find connotative meanings in house styles concerning different cultures and to see how these meanings differ according to socio-demographic qualities. It is hypothesized that foreign examples would be preferred as a 'social status' ind...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to see the local residents of Kahramanmaras who are not in the design profession, to know how they find connotative meanings in house styles concerning different cultures and to see how these meanings differ according to socio-demographic qualities. It is hypothesized that foreign examples would be preferred as a 'social status' ind...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this research was to assess the effects of three different colours on the interior wall surfaces of hairdressing salons on the perception of women taking into account their age and frequency of use. With this objective, a semantic differential scale composed of ten bipolar adjectives was applied for evaluating photographs of hairdr...
Conference Paper
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ZET Kalkınma çabası içindeki ülkemizde sanayi, teknoloji ve hizmet alanlarında nitelikli ara eleman gereksinimi her zaman şiddetle var olduğu halde eğitim politikalarımız, özellikle bu elemanların yetiştirileceği mesleki ortaöğretim sisteminin temel gerekçelerine inememiş ve zaman zaman doğru yönde gösterilen teşviklere rağmen, başarılı olmaktan uz...