Kelly Higgins

Kelly Higgins
Exponent Inc. · Chemical Regulatory & Food Safety

About

19
Publications
1,480
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
237
Citations

Publications

Publications (19)
Article
Full-text available
Background Dietary patterns developed by the USDA provide modest levels of protein (14–18% energy) within the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR) of 10–35% for adults, though diets providing a higher percentage of energy may be beneficial for some individuals. The purpose of this study was to determine if it is feasible to modify the...
Article
Background: Dairy products are a rich source of nutrients of public health concern, though most women do not meet the recommended intake of 3 cup-eq/day. Aim: The objective of this analysis was to examine micronutrient adequacy among pregnant women in the US by level of dairy consumption. Methods: Pregnant women (n = 791) ages 20–44 years in NHANES...
Article
Energy intake is the product of portion size (PS)-the energy content of an ingestive event-and ingestive frequency (IF)-the number of ingestive events per unit time. An uncompensated alteration in either PS or IF would result in a change in energy intake and body weight if maintained over time. The objective of this meta-analysis was to assess the...
Article
Full-text available
Background Sodium intake in the USA exceeds recommendations. The replacement of added sodium chloride (NaCl) with potassium chloride (KCl) provides a potential strategy to reduce sodium intake. Objective The purpose of this study was to quantitatively estimate changes in intakes of sodium and potassium by the US population assuming use of potassiu...
Article
Full-text available
Limited information is available on protein intake and adequacy of protein intake among pregnant women. Using data from a sample of 528 pregnant women in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) 2003-2012, usual intake of protein (g/day and g/kg body weight (bw)/day) and prevalence of intake below the Estimated Average Require...
Article
Full-text available
Snacks, while widely consumed in the United States (U.S.), do not have a standard definition, complicating research to understand associations, if any, with weight status. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the association between snacking frequency and weight status using various snacking definitions that exist in the scientific l...
Article
Objectives Folate, iron, iodine, DHA, choline, zinc, vitamin A, D, B6 and B12 are key nutrients for supporting the baby's neurodevelopment from conception, throughout pregnancy and for the first two years of life. The objective of this study is to determine total estimated usual nutrient intakes and to identify nutrient gaps by comparing the intake...
Article
Objectives Dairy products are a rich source of many nutrients including calcium, vitamins A and D, and potassium; these micronutrients are among the nutrients underconsumed by pregnant women. The objective of this analysis was to examine nutrient intake adequacy from foods (including beverages) and dietary supplements among pregnant women in the US...
Poster
Full-text available
Objectives Total energy intake is the product of portion size (PS), the energy content of an ingestive event, and ingestive frequency (IF), the number of ingestive events per unit time. An alteration in either portion size or ingestive frequency, that is not compensated by the other, must result in a change in energy intake and, if maintained over...
Article
Objectives The purpose of this analysis was to compare the association between adult snacking frequency and weight status and central adiposity across various definitions of a snack. Specifically, we investigated whether the definition of a snack alters the odds ratio (OR) of having overweight or obesity (OW/OB, BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) by consumption frequ...
Article
Background: Low-calorie sweeteners (LCSs) provide sweetness with little or no energy. However, each LCS's unique chemical structure has potential to elicit different sensory, physiological, and behavioral responses that affect body weight. Objective: The purpose of this trial was to compare the effects of consumption of 4 LCSs and sucrose on bod...
Article
Carbohydrate, fat, and protein have each been reported as the most satiating macronutrient. However, rarely is one macronutrient consumed in isolation, and the effects of each are context dependent. Effects in the oral, gastric, and intestinal phases of digestion of the macronutrients are reviewed in the context of their effects on appetite. Becaus...
Article
Full-text available
This report summarises a workshop convened by ILSI Europe on 3rd and 4th April 2017 to discuss the issue of dietary sweetness. The objectives were to understand the roles of sweetness in the diet; establish whether exposure to sweetness affects diet quality and energy intake; and consider whether sweetness per se affects health. Although there may...
Article
Background Low-calorie sweeteners are often used to moderate energy intake and postprandial glycemia, but some evidence indicates that they may exacerbate these aims. Objective The trial's primary aim was to assess the effect of daily aspartame ingestion for 12 wk on glycemia. Effects on appetite and body weight were secondary aims. Methods One h...
Article
Each of the macronutrients—carbohydrate, protein, and fat—has a unique set of properties that influences health, but all are a source of energy. The optimal balance of their contribution to the diet has been a long-standing matter of debate. Over the past half century, thinking has progressed regarding the mechanisms by which each macronutrient may...
Article
The purpose of this study was to examine whether the daily consumption of normal-protein (NP) vs. high-protein (HP) breakfast meals improves appetite control, food intake, and body composition in "breakfast skipping" young people with overweight/obesity. Fifty-seven adolescents (age: 19 ± 1 years; BMI: 29.7 ± 4.6 kg m(-2) ) completed a 12-week rand...

Network

Cited By