Kelly-Ann Allen

Kelly-Ann Allen
Monash University (Australia) · Educational Psychology and Inclusion

PhD

About

220
Publications
171,164
Reads
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2,341
Citations
Introduction
Kelly-Ann Allen a Senior Lecturer in Educational Psychology in the Faculty of Education, Monash University. She is a Senior Honorary Fellow of the Centre for Positive Psychology, University of Melbourne and a board endorsed educational and developmental psychologist. Her research interests are concerned with belonging and school belonging.
Education
November 2011 - June 2015
University of Melbourne
Field of study
  • Educational Psychology
January 2005 - January 2008
University of Melbourne
Field of study
  • Educational Psychology
January 2004 - January 2005
Central Queensland University
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (220)
Article
Full-text available
Belonging is an essential aspect of psychological functioning. Schools offer unique opportunities to improve belonging for school-aged children. Research on school belonging, however, has been fragmented and diluted by inconsistency in the use of terminology. To resolve some of these inconsistencies, the current study uses meta-analysis of individu...
Book
Full-text available
Suggests practical strategies and interventions for fostering school belonging ▶ Provides a model of school belonging underpinned by empirical research ▶ Presents the latest research in the field of school belonging distilled using findings derived from meta-analysis This book explores the concept of school belonging in adolescents from a socio-eco...
Article
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Purpose: The vision or mission statement of a school outlines the school’s purpose and defines the context, goals, and aspirations that govern the institution. Using vision and mission statements, the present descriptive research study investigated trends in Australian secondary schools’ priorities. Research Methods: A stratified sample of secondar...
Article
Reflective functioning is the process of reflecting on the thoughts and feelings of oneself and others and is foundational to healthy human relationships. The 54-item Reflective Function Questionnaire (RFQ) is a self-report measure that assesses reflective functioning, initially developed while studying individuals with borderline personality disor...
Article
Background Preconception care (PCC) is one of the most important components of healthcare services for women of reproductive age. Focus on improving preconception health; it can lead to improved reproductive outcomes, healthier pregnancies, and healthier babies. Aim Determine the predictive factors of receiving PCC in pregnant women of Qazvin. Me...
Article
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Background: Uncertainty intolerance (IU), the tendency to think or react negatively toward uncertain events may have implication on individuals' mental health and psychological wellbeing. The Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale-12 (IU-12) is commonly used across the globe to measure IU, however, its' psychometric properties are yet to be evaluated in...
Article
The present study aimed to examine whether the level of strength-based parenting a student receives during remote learning affects their levels of academic motivation once returning to school. Additionally, the study sought to explore whether school belonging mediated the association between strength-based parenting and academic motivation and whet...
Article
Providing an effective and high-quality education for all children and young people remains a significant challenge throughout the world. Disputes and contradictions contribute to the prevailing debate as to the justification and merits of inclusive education. One of the reoccurring themes within the literature on inclusive education is the relatio...
Article
Children who are excluded from school may end up being excluded from other social institutions. Yet little research has considered whether low school belonging is a risk factor for not being in education, employment, or training after graduation. Using two longitudinal cohorts from Australia (N = 14,082; 51% Boys), we explored this relationship. Co...
Article
Full-text available
Between the years of 2003–2015, the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) has identified a global trend signalling a decline in a sense of school belonging for secondary school students. Research has identified several factors that are positively related to school belonging, such as teacher support and academic motivation. However,...
Preprint
Despite a strong body of evidence demonstrating the importance of school belonging across multiple measures of wellbeing and academic outcomes, many students do not feel a sense of belonging to their school. Internationally, school closures caused by COVID-19 lockdowns contributed towards additional challenges for developing students’ sense of scho...
Article
The challenges and changes driven by the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in the education sector have been linked to high rates of anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic symptoms in school-aged populations. Despite this, it is also acknowledged that children and young people can be resilient and adaptable, with the right support in pl...
Article
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Interpersonal mindfulness is a construct that significantly contributes to social interaction. To date, no validated measure assessing interpersonal mindfulness has been developed in Iran. Therefore, the aim of this study was to translate and validate the Interpersonal Mindfulness Scale (IMS) among Iranian undergraduate students. Participants in th...
Preprint
The practice of inclusive education in schools has led to changes in policy and pedagogy, hence teacher acceptance and attitude are important components of its success. The aim of this study is to identify the differences in attitudes of primary and secondary pre-service teachers on inclusion. The study included 548 Australian university students s...
Article
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Compassionate love is beneficial in a variety of domains, including in education, health, and law, as well as in people’s personal lives. The topic of compassionate love has therefore attracted growing interest from researchers interested in its psychological and social dimensions. Given the importance of compassion to the education and health sect...
Article
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Sense of school belonging has a strong impact on adolescents’ well-being, and whilst there are many factors that can influence school belonging, two of the most salient factors include perceived teacher support and exposure to bullying . While the association between school belonging and teacher support and school belonging and exposure to bullying...
Article
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Complete mental health is characterized by the presence of well-being and the absence of psychopathological symptoms. Studies on the influence of complete mental health on general school functioning and school adjustment among youth is limited, but existing literature has shown its potential positive effects. The purpose of this study is to investi...
Article
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A student’s sense of school belonging is critical to school success, yet internationally, a large proportion of secondary students do not feel that they belong to their school. However, little is understood about how schools can address this issue, nor what evidence-based interventions are available to increase belonging among secondary school stud...
Article
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Social anxiety is one of the most prevalent and chronic mental-health conditions in young adults. To date, no studies have been conducted about the relationships between the Big Five personality dimensions, courage, and social anxiety among Malaysian undergraduate students. Therefore, this study was designed to examine courage as a potential mediat...
Article
Background: Psychological resources such as hope have been suggested to affect quality of life (QoL) positively in patients with heart disease. However, little information regarding the relationship between these two constructs is available. Purpose: This work was aimed at examining the factors associated with hope and QoL in patients with coron...
Article
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Introduction: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has changed the way families live, interact, and connect with others, resulting in higher levels of stress for many teenagers who struggle with the ongoing uncertainty and disrupted school and family life. The current study examined the psychosocial factors that influence the capacity of adolescent...
Article
Mental health literacy (MHL) encompasses understanding mental health and learning how to obtain and maintain good mental health. Increasing MHL may increase help-seeking behaviors and positive mental health. This study aimed to identify school-based MHL interventions for children/youth using a scoping review methodology following the Johanna Briggs...
Book
Full-text available
This book explores contemporary perspectives and research on inclusion, providing a platform for discussing inclusion at an international level and its intersections with belonging and equity. How inclusion is defined and applied between schools, districts, and even countries can vary markedly; thus, an international understanding of inclusion is u...
Article
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The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is currently a global health threat attributed to negatively affecting the mental health and well-being of people globally. The purpose of the present study is to examine the mediating role of optimism-pessimism and psychological inflexibility in the relationship of coronavirus stress with psychological problems...
Article
This Australian study examines whether and how technologies such as Artificially Intelligent (AI) toys in a home-based setting might socially and emotionally support children with diverse needs through play. Building on the concept of ‘emotional capital', and employing a design-based research approach, parents during the COVID-19 lockdown periods i...
Article
Objective: New technologies have afforded increased access to genetic testing providing valuable information for individuals and those biologically related. However, the management of such information is challenging for psychologists given the ethical issues that may arise. This paper aims to review the utility of existing ethical standards and cur...
Article
Young adults with psychological problems are at risk for experiencing personal, social, and economic difficulties, such as educational problems, poverty, social difficulties, and unemployment. Therefore, understanding the risks and protective factors of psychological health problems is a critical step in designing preventative approaches and interv...
Article
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We used Online Photovoice (OPV) to (1) examine mental health facilitators and barriers for counseling students during COVID-19; (2) advocate support towards wellbeing and address mental health issues; (3) investigate students’ attributions of facilitators and barriers to different systems; and, (4) test the use of an already adapted Turkish version...
Article
School belonging is an important component of adolescent well‐being, yet little is known about its relationship with adolescents' Information Communication Technology (ICT) use. This study aimed to examine the relationship between school belonging and various ICT use types in Australian adolescents. The sample was drawn from 14,530 Australian stude...
Article
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Religious perfectionism is a construct that may help to either improve mental health or cause mental health difficulties. The Religious Perfectionism Scale (RPS; Wang in J Relig Health 59: 318–333, 2020) is a useful tool for assessing religious perfectionism around the world, but its psychometric properties have yet to be tested in Iran. The sample...
Article
‘To learn about X, observe what happens to the system when X is removed.’ What happens to the higher education student experience when, during a pandemic, so many of the avenues for building a sense of belonging are radically and fundamentally disrupted? How should we respond as individuals, a collective and a sector, to redress this? The national...
Article
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This study investigates the relationship between spiritual wellbeing, social support, and financial distress with depressive symptoms due to the COVID-19 pandemic. A path analysis was used to analyze data collected from 1,156 Iranian participants via an online survey. The results showed that spiritual wellbeing and social support were negatively re...
Article
Background and purpose: Measuring student satisfaction among nursing students is necessary for academic institute. This study aimed to validate and measure the reliability of the Persian version of the Undergraduate Nursing Student Academic Satisfaction Scale (UNSASS). Methods: This study was conducted on 437 undergraduate nursing students from Se...
Article
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Social anxiety, perfectionism, and rumination in adults have been known to significantly decrease an individual’s perceptions toward their quality of life, yet little is known or understood about possible therapeutic approaches in Iranian populations. This randomized, controlled trial study was designed to examine the efficacy of Cognitive Behaviou...
Article
Mental illness accounts for 16% of the global burden of disease and injury for young people. Mental health literacy (MHL) and action refers to mental health knowledge, where to seek help, and ways to promote positive mental health. There are promising outcomes and effectiveness from youth MHL and action programs in promoting positive mental health...
Article
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Background Moral distress is a poorly defined and frequently misunderstood phenomenon, and little is known about its triggering factors during ICU end-of-life decisions for nurses in Iran. This study aimed to explore the experiences of nurses’ moral distress in the long-term care of older adults via a phenomenological study. Methods A qualitative,...
Article
The need to belong in human motivation is relevant for all academic disciplines that study human behavior, with immense importance to educational psychology. The presence of belonging, specifically school belonging, has powerful long- and short-term implications for students’ positive psychological and academic outcomes. This article presents a bri...
Article
This exploratory study aimed to identify the ways psychologists working in schools supported students' mental health during school closures related to the COVID-19 pandemic. An online survey was developed to determine (a) how psychologists working in schools across the United States, Canada, Germany, and Australia supported students' mental health...
Article
Full-text available
Although victimization is a serious problem in children and adolescents, research has commonly focused on risk factors and consequences of this experience and largely ignored factors that protect youth mental health and well-being from the effects of victimization. The purpose of the present study sought to investigate the longitudinal mediating ef...
Article
Romantic perfectionismi can be disruptive to relationships, yet no validated measure for assessing romantic perfectionism in Iranian couples has been developed. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to translate and validate the Romantic Perfectionism Scale (RPS) among Iranian couples. Participants in the study were 200 married men and 320 marri...
Article
Background Breastfeeding self-efficacy (BSE) is a strong predictor of the duration of breastfeeding. The aim of this study is to determine the predictors of BSE in breastfeeding mothers during the Covid-19 pandemic. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted with 300 breastfeeding mothers who breastfed during the Covid-19 pandemic. Convenience...
Chapter
School belonging is associated with a range of positive educational and developmental outcomes, including psychosocial health and wellbeing, prosocial behaviour and academic achievement, and transition into adulthood. However, an increasing number of students worldwide report not feeling a sense of belonging to their school. There is growing resear...
Article
Although overweight and obesity are increasing in prevalence, eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder are simultaneously on the rise. It is important to address the burden of disease of overweight and obesity on the population, yet there is concern that some of these efforts may be encouraging unhealthy...
Article
Background Dysmenorrhea or menstrual pain is a commonly occurring disorder in reproductive age women with different proposed risk factors, including body mass index. Objective This study aimed to investigate the association between body mass index and dysmenorrhea using a systematic review and meta-analysis approach. Methods Academic databases Sc...
Article
Historically, the professional structure of higher education has provided restricted employment, career, and leadership opportunities for women. This is exacerbated where there is an intersection between gender and race, culture, religion, or age. Women continue to be underrepresented in senior leadership positions across a range of disciplines, an...
Article
Historically, the professional structure of higher education has provided restricted employment, career, and leadership opportunities for women. This is exacerbated where there is an intersection between gender and race, culture, religion, or age. Women continue to be underrepresented in senior leadership positions across a range of disciplines, an...
Article
Full-text available
School bullying is a serious psychosocial problem due to its detrimental effects on youth school functioning and adjustment. The present study explored the effects of victimization and perpetration experiences on positive psychological orientations, mental health problems, and subjective wellbeing in high school students. Participants of the study...
Article
Full-text available
The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) has identified that one in three Australian students do not feel a sense of belonging to school, yet little research has investigated how the socio-ecological factors are differentially associated with school belonging for immigrant and native-born students. This study investigated the link...
Article
Objective The spiritual well-being scale (SWBS) is a widely used clinical scale which should be evaluated for Iranian patients with cancer. The aim of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the SWBS in Iranian patients with cancer. Method This cross-sectional, methodological study was conducted among Irania...
Article
Full-text available
The move to remote learning during COVID-19 has impacted billions of students. While research shows that school closure, and the pandemic more generally, has led to student distress, the possibility that these disruptions can also prompt growth in is a worthwhile question to investigate. The current study examined stress-related growth (SRG) in a s...
Article
While much research has focused on the direct impact of socioeconomic status on cancer patients, what is not clear is the impact of socioeconomic status on social support and the burden of care for caregivers. In this study, a cross-sectional method, using a convenience sampling approach, was adopted to collect the data of 191 caregivers of cancer...
Article
Full-text available
In the original article, the authors have translated the Spiritual Well-being Scale [Paloutzian, R. F., & Ellison, C. W. (1982). Loneliness, spiritual well-being and quality of life. In L. A. Peplau & D. Perlman (Eds.), Loneliess: A sourcebook of current theory, research and therapy (pp. 224–237).
Article
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Background Coping strategies play a key role in modulating the physical and psychological burden on caregivers of stroke patients. The present study aimed to determine the relationship between the severity of burden of care and coping strategies amongst a sample of Iranian caregivers of older stroke patients. It also aimed to examine the difference...
Article
Full-text available
Background A sense of belonging is a significant predictor of mental health and well-being in later life. A sense of belonging in childhood and adolescence contributes to a number of adult behavioural and psychological outcomes. A high sense of belonging has been associated with better health, longevity, psychological well-being, and disease recove...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: A sense of belonging-the subjective feeling of deep connection with social groups, physical places, and individual and collective experiences-is a fundamental human need that predicts numerous mental, physical, social, economic, and behavioural outcomes. However, varying perspectives on how belonging should be conceptualised, assessed,...
Preprint
Low school belonging and Not (being) in Employment, Education, or Training (NEET) are both signs of social exclusion. Yet little research has considered whether school belonging is a risk factor for NEET. Using two longitudinal cohorts from Australia (*N* = 17,692; 51% Boys), we explore this relationship. Controlling for a range of individual and s...
Book
Building Better Schools with Evidence-based Policy: Adaptable Policy for Teachers and School Leaders provides an extensive set of free-to-use policies for building better schools. The policies included in this book cover a broad range of popular topics for schools that are not readily accessible, and each policy is built on theory, driven by resea...
Article
Scholars and social commentators have noted the escalating rates of loneliness among global societies for more than a decade. The need to quarantine, self-isolate, and physically distance during the COVID-19 pandemic negatively affected the way we interacted with each other – exacerbating feelings of loneliness. A sense of belonging and loneliness...
Article
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Background Attachment and support from family and friends are core to the experiences of ageing for older adults. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationships between attachment styles and hope, religiosity, and life satisfaction and provide new knowledge that may assist future planning for a rapidly ageing global population. Methods...
Chapter
This chapter argues that trust nurtures face-to-face social interactions and can be strengthened through social and emotional competencies and the creation of policies that support the notions of community and belongingness in the corporate landscape.
Article
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There has been a call to action from much of the community to urgently investigate stress and well-being during the global health crisis instigated by COVID-19. This study seeks to investigate well-being, meaning in life, and psychological flexibility in relation to COVID-19 stress. Participants of the study consisted of 417 students from a public...
Article
Full-text available
Background In clinical environments, nursing students experience a range of stressors that can affect their health, learning, and quality of patient care. This study aimed to develop a Nursing Students’ Perceptions of Clinical Stressors Scale (NSPCSS) and to evaluate its psychometric properties. Methods This exploratory, sequential mixed-method st...